Why, in the late nineteenth century, did Jewish woman suddenly march into the pages of radical history? A Price below Rubies introduces us to some of these memorable women - particularly, Anna Kuliscioff, Rosa Luxemburg, Esther Frumkin, Manya Shochat, Bertha Pappenheim, Rose Pesotta, and Emma Goldman - a few of them familiar, others less so but no less intriguing. Naomi Shepherd's collective biography of these seven women and others tells the story of a revolution that began at home, in communities whose limits stirred women to rebel. Each woman, whether feminist or unionist, Marxist scholar or Jewish Commissar, was a member of a distinct historical group. A Price below Rubies takes us into the middle-class Jewish families in Czarist Russia that produced populists and terrorists, Marxist teachers and theorists - and, in many cases, exiles and martyrs. We come to know the working-class women who swelled the ranks of the Jewish socialist movement, the Bund, and the women revolutionary Zionists who were indispensable members of the Palestinian agricultural collectives. In Western Europe, we meet the semi-assimilated Jews whose daughters would dominate pacifist movements in Hungary and Holland and would create a vigorous Jewish feminism in Germany. Among the masses emigrating from Eastern Europe in the 1880s, we find Jewish women who would become the most active European anarchists and American union organizers. The story of a world in upheaval, taking us from the 1870s through the 1930s, A Price below Rubies shows us Jewish radical women at once remarkable and representative, writing themselves into history - and out of the tradition that produced them.
Am Beispiel dreier Frauen – einer Aktivistin der polnischen Bauernbewegung, einer ruthenischen Feministin und einer Zionistin – analysiert die Studie politische Bewegungen in Galizien um 1900 als Performance, als Zusammenspiel von Mitwirkenden, Stücken, Bühnen und Auftritten. Die Aktivistinnen konstruierten die Geschichte ihrer Benachteiligung, sie organisierten Räume, in denen eine bessere Zukunft vorgeführt wurde, sie inszenierten ihre Deutungen als historisch begründete Unumgänglichkeit des Wandels. So gelang es ihnen, diese »identity politics« bis in die Narrative der heutigen Geschichtswissenschaft hinein zu etablieren.
This volume of the annual Studies in Contemporary Jewry series presents essays on the origins of the Holocaust. With contributions from many of the world's leading Holocaust scholars, The Fate of the European Jews, 1933-1945 provides multiple perspectives on the question of whether the Holocaust can best be explained as an inevitable result of Europe's anti-Semitic history, or as a tragic historical mutation.
Author: ChaeRan Y. Freeze,Paula Hyman,Antony Polonsky
Publisher: Littman Library of Jewish
Jewish women's exclusion from the public domains of religious and civil life has been reflected in their near absence in the master narratives of the East European Jewish past. As a result, the study of Jewish women in eastern Europe is still in its infancy. The fundamental task of historians to construct women as historical subjects, 'as a focus of inquiry, a subject of the story, an agent of the narrative', has only recently begun. This volume is the first collection of essays devoted to the study of Jewish Women's experience in Eastern Europe.
Wilfrid Israel was a most unlikely hero. Heir to a Jewish business dynasty in Berlin, he was a contemporary of Einstein and Spender in the cosmopolitan circles of Weimar Berlin, and emerged from his world of privilege to become German Jewry's chief (and often anonymous) emissary to the outside world and one of the great unsung heroes of the Holocaust. In the dark days of the 1930s, the ever tightening persecution of German Jews made the diffident Wilfrid Israel assume a major role in their escape. Using his British passport and high connections, he lobbied British diplomats and politicians with plans for Jewish support and rescue. At home he faced down stormtroopers and the Gestapo, enabled the emigration of the Jewish employees of his firm, and ransomed thousands of Jewish and anti-Nazi prisoners from the concentration camps. When the Nazis finally requisitioned the Israel firm, and the Jewish leadership disintegrated, he ran the Jewish emigration office which enabled thousands to find refuge abroad, partly by his connection with the head of British intelligence in Berlin. After the Kristallnacht pogrom of November 1938, through the Council for German Jewry in London, and with the help of his Quaker friends and German Jewish women’s organisations, he set in motion the famous Kindertransport. This was the admission to Britain without formalities of nearly ten thousand unaccompanied Jewish children. Leaving Germany days before the outbreak of the war, he lobbied on behalf of German Jews interned as enemy aliens. In 1942 he was recruited by the British Foreign Office to put his extensive knowledge of German politics and economics at the disposal of the government – also his expertise in rescue to its Refugee Department. Wilfrid Israel was one of the first to warn of the Nazis’ plans to exterminate the Jews of Europe and the dimensions of the Holocaust. His final mission, to distribute certificates of admission to Palestine among the Jews of Spain and Portugal, ended when the plane in which he was returning to England was shot down by the Luftwaffe. This biography, first published in 1984 and now revised with a new foreword, restores Wilfrid Israel to his rightful place in the history of the Holocaust. It also brings into new focus the disturbing indifference of Allied leaders to the plight of the Jews, early arguments over the emerging Palestinian homeland, and questions still unresolved today about the politics of rescue and the practicality of humanist ideals.
Jewish Female Identity in Contemporary British Art
Author: Monica Bohm-Duchen,Vera Grodzinski
Publisher: Lund Humphries Publishers
Jewish female identity in Contemporary British Art: This book reproduces works by the twenty artists. The artworks included range widely: from work that addresses issues of identity in a direct and explicit manner to work where such references are more oblique; from work which is affirmative to work that adopts a more critical approach.