Technology & Engineering

A Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition

Author: Norman Lieberman,Elizabeth Lieberman

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071828125

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 8545

The latest methods for troubleshooting and maintaining process equipment Applicable to a broad range of technicians and industries and fully updated throughout, A Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition, explains how to diagnose, troubleshoot, and correct problems with chemical and petroleum refining process equipment. Nine new chapters cover: Tray design details Shell-and-tube heat exchanger design details Relief valve system design Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam systems Steam generation operating and design details Wastewater strippers Thermodynamics -- how it applies to process equipment Centrifugal pumps -- reducing seal and bearing failures Hand calculations for distillation towers Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations Filled with examples and illustrations, this practical resource demonstrates how theory applies to solving real-world plant operation problems. Selected hand calculation methods are also provided. Comprehensive coverage includes: Distillation Tower Trays * Tower Pressure Control * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * Instruments * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate Systems * Bubble Point and Dew Point * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows * Condensers and Tower Pressure Control * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam Systems * Steam Generation * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum Systems * Steam Turbines * Surface Condensers * Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers * Fired Heaters * Refrigeration Systems * Cooling Water Systems * Catalytic Effects * Centrifugal Pumps * Control Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid Flow in Pipes * Super-Fractionation Stage * Computer Control * Field Troubleshooting
Technology & Engineering

Working Guide to Process Equipment, Third Edition

Author: Norman Lieberman,Elizabeth Lieberman

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071640961

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 2838

Diagnose and Troubleshoot Problems in Chemical Process Equipment with This Updated Classic! Chemical engineers and plant operators can rely on the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment for the latest diagnostic tips, practical examples, and detailed illustrations for pinpointing trouble and correcting problems in chemical process equipment. This updated classic contains new chapters on Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, Fundamental Concepts of Process Equipment, and Process Safety. Filled with worked-out calculations, the book examines everything from trays, reboilers, instruments, air coolers, and steam turbines...to fired heaters, refrigeration systems, centrifugal pumps, separators, and compressors. The authors simplify complex issues and explain the technical issues needed to solve all kinds of equipment problems. Comprehensive and clear, the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment features: Guidance on diagnosing and troubleshooting process equipment problems Explanations of how theory applies to real-world equipment operations Many useful tips, examples, illustrations, and worked-out calculations New to this edition: Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, and Process Safety Inside this Renowned Guide to Solving Process Equipment Problems • Trays • Tower Pressure • Distillation Towers • Reboilers • Instruments • Packed Towers • Steam and Condensate Systems • Bubble Point and Dew Point • Steam Strippers • Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics • Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows • Condensers and Tower Pressure Control • Air Coolers • Deaerators and Steam Systems • Vacuum Systems • Steam Turbines • Surface Condensers • Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers • Fire Heaters • Refrigeration Systems • Centrifugal Pumps • Separators • Compressors • Safety • Corrosion • Fluid Flow • Computer Modeling and Control • Field Troubleshooting Process Problems
Science

Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems

Steam Turbine Surface Condensers and Refinery Vacuum Towers

Author: Norman P. Lieberman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290348

Category: Science

Page: 253

View: 4460

Vacuum systems are in wide spread use in the petrochemical plants, petroleum refineries and power generation plants. The existing texts on this subject are theoretical in nature and only deal with how the equipment functions when in good mechanical conditions, from the viewpoint of the equipment vendor. In this much-anticipated volume, one of the most well-respected and prolific process engineers in the world takes on troubleshooting vacuum systems, and especially steam ejectors, an extremely complex and difficult subject that greatly effects the profitability of the majority of the world's refineries.
Technology & Engineering

Process Plant Equipment

Operation, Control, and Reliability

Author: Michael D. Holloway,Chikezie Nwaoha,Oliver A. Onyewuenyi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118162544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 728

View: 7118

“Process Plant Equipment Book is another great publication from Wiley as a reference book for final year students as well as those who will work or are working in chemical production plants and refinery…” -Associate Prof. Dr. Ramli Mat, Deputy Dean (Academic), Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia “…give[s] readers access to both fundamental information on process plant equipment and to practical ideas, best practices and experiences of highly successful engineers from around the world… The book is illustrated throughout with numerous black & white photos and diagrams and also contains case studies demonstrating how actual process plants have implemented the tools and techniques discussed in the book. An extensive list of references enables readers to explore each individual topic in greater depth…” –Stainless Steel World and Valve World, November 2012 Discover how to optimize process plant equipment, from selection to operation to troubleshooting From energy to pharmaceuticals to food, the world depends on processing plants to manufacture the products that enable people to survive and flourish. With this book as their guide, readers have the information and practical guidelines needed to select, operate, maintain, control, and troubleshoot process plant equipment so that it is efficient, cost-effective, and reliable throughout its lifetime. Following the authors' careful explanations and instructions, readers will find that they are better able to reduce downtime and unscheduled shutdowns, streamline operations, and maximize the service life of processing equipment. Process Plant Equipment: Operation, Control, and Reliability is divided into three sections: Section One: Process Equipment Operations covers such key equipment as valves, pumps, cooling towers, conveyors, and storage tanks Section Two: Process Plant Reliability sets forth a variety of tested and proven tools and methods to assess and ensure the reliability and mechanical integrity of process equipment, including failure analysis, Fitness-for-Service assessment, engineering economics for chemical processes, and process component function and performance criteria Section Three: Process Measurement, Control, and Modeling examines flow meters, process control, and process modeling and simulation Throughout the book, numerous photos and diagrams illustrate the operation and control of key process equipment. There are also case studies demonstrating how actual process plants have implemented the tools and techniques discussed in the book. At the end of each chapter, an extensive list of references enables readers to explore each individual topic in greater depth. In summary, this text offers students, process engineers, and plant managers the expertise and technical support needed to streamline and optimize the operation of process plant equipment, from its initial selection to operations to troubleshooting.
Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, Fourth Edition

Author: Tyler Hicks,Nicholas Chopey

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071768041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 768

View: 726

Solve chemical engineering problems quickly and accurately Fully revised throughout with new procedures, Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations, Fourth Edition shows how to solve the main process-related problems that often arise in chemical engineering practice. New calculations reflect the latest green technologies and environmental engineering standards. Featuring contributions from global experts, this comprehensive guide is packed with worked-out numerical procedures. Practical techniques help you to solve problems manually or by using computer-based methods. By following the calculations presented in this book, you will be able to achieve accurate results with minimal time and effort. Coverage includes: Physical and chemical properties Stoichiometry Phase equilibrium Chemical reaction equilibrium Reaction kinetics, reactor design, and system thermodynamics Flow of fluids and solids Heat transfer Distillation Extraction and leaching Crystallization Absorption and stripping Liquid agitation Size reduction Filtration Air pollution control Water pollution control Biotechnology Cost engineering
Technology & Engineering

Process Plant Layout

Author: Sean Moran

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128033568

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 756

View: 5919

Process Plant Layout, Second Edition, explains the methodologies used by professional designers to layout process equipment and pipework, plots, plants, sites, and their corresponding environmental features in a safe, economical way. It is supported with tables of separation distances, rules of thumb, and codes of practice and standards. The book includes more than seventy-five case studies on what can go wrong when layout is not properly considered. Sean Moran has thoroughly rewritten and re-illustrated this book to reflect advances in technology and best practices, for example, changes in how designers balance layout density with cost, operability, and safety considerations. The content covers the ‘why’ underlying process design company guidelines, providing a firm foundation for career growth for process design engineers. It is ideal for process plant designers in contracting, consultancy, and for operating companies at all stages of their careers, and is also of importance for operations and maintenance staff involved with a new build, guiding them through plot plan reviews. Based on interviews with over 200 professional process plant designers Explains multiple plant layout methodologies used by professional process engineers, piping engineers, and process architects Includes advice on how to choose and use the latest CAD tools for plant layout Ensures that all methodologies integrate to comply with worldwide risk management legislation
Technology & Engineering

Troubleshooting Process Operations

Author: Norman P. Lieberman

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 1593701764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 686

View: 3951

Drawing on his passion, training, and experience, Lieberman presents problems and troubleshooting techniques that are associated with specific processes, systems, and equipment, leading novice and practiced troubleshooters alike to the crux of malfunctions and failures. The fourth edition updates troubleshooting and design techniques, and adds seven new chapters with information on turbines, motors, heat exchangers, and environmentally friendly operations. Norm Lieberman sprinkles his troubleshooting guide with insightful and humorous anecdotes from 45 years in the petrochemical and refining industry. Features: * Nitty-gritty descriptions of common refinery and chemical plant problems and the diagnostic field observations, experiments, and calculations that reveal their origin * Troubleshooting checklists and references following each chapter * Practical advice for optimizing interactions with key plant operations personnel
Technology & Engineering

Process Steam Systems

A Practical Guide for Operators, Maintainers, and Designers

Author: Carey Merritt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119085462

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 8400

Comprehensively describes the equipment used in process steam systems, good operational and maintenance practices, and techniques used to troubleshoot system problems Explains how an entire steam system should be properly designed, operated and maintained Includes chapters on commissioning and troubleshooting various process systems and problems Presents basic thermodynamics and heat transfer principles as they apply to good process steam system design Covers Steam System Efficiency Upgrades; useful for operations and maintenance personnel responsible for modifying their systems
Technology & Engineering

Compressors: How to Achieve High Reliability & Availability

Author: Heinz P. Bloch,Fred K. Geitner

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007177288X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 8525

Practical techniques for optimizing compressor performance Written by experts with more than 100 combined years of industry experience in machinery failure avoidance, Compressors: How to Achieve High Reliability & Availability offers proven solutions to a pervasive and expensive problem in modern industry--compressor failure. This succinct, on-the-job guide addresses elusive causes of compressor failure and clearly maps out permanent remedies you can put to use right away. With a focus on centrifugal and reciprocating compressors, this accessible reference is based on real-world processes and procedures used by successful global companies. Coverage includes: Compression principles and internal labyrinths Selection factors for process compressors Operation characteristics of turbocompressors Wet and dry gas seals Bearings, stability, and vibration guidance Lube and seal oil systems Impellers and rotors Compressor maintenance and surveillance Inspection and repair of rotors Machinery quality assessment (MQA) Failure analysis and troubleshooting Reciprocating compressor operation, control, maintenance, and rebuilding Maintenance and operations interfaces Reciprocating compressor monitoring and surveillance Training competent compressor engineers
Technology & Engineering

Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080469706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 8282

This complete revision of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 1 builds upon Ernest E. Ludwig’s classic text to further enhance its use as a chemical engineering process design manual of methods and proven fundamentals. This new edition includes important supplemental mechanical and related data, nomographs and charts. Also included within are improved techniques and fundamental methodologies, to guide the engineer in designing process equipment and applying chemical processes to properly detailed equipment. All three volumes of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants serve the practicing engineer by providing organized design procedures, details on the equipment suitable for application selection, and charts in readily usable form. Process engineers, designers, and operators will find more chemical petrochemical plant design data in: Volume 2, Third Edition, which covers distillation and packed towers as well as material on azeotropes and ideal/non-ideal systems. Volume 3, Third Edition, which covers heat transfer, refrigeration systems, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers. A. Kayode Coker, is Chairman of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology department at Jubail Industrial College in Saudi Arabia. He’s both a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for more than 15 years. and an author of Fortran Programs for Chemical Process Design, Analysis and Simulation, Gulf Publishing Co., and Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Butterworth-Heinemann. Provides improved design manuals for methods and proven fundamentals of process design with related data and charts Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day petrochemical operation topics with new material on significant industry changes since 1995.
Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes

Author: Robert A. Meyers

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071500944

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 900

View: 2628

* Offers detailed description of process chemistry and thermodynamics and product by-product specifications of plants * Contributors are drawn from the largest petroleum producers in the world, including Chevron, Mobil, Shell, Exxon, UOP, and Texaco * Covers the very latest technologies in the field of petroleum refining processes * Completely updated 3rd Edition features 50% all new material
Technology & Engineering

Industrial and Process Furnaces

Principles, Design and Operation

Author: Barrie Jenkins,Peter Mullinger

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080993788

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 676

View: 3337

Furnaces sit at the core of all branches of manufacture and industry, so it is vital that these are designed and operated safely and effi-ciently. This reference provides all of the furnace theory needed to ensure that this can be executed successfully on an industrial scale. Industrial and Process Furnaces: Principles, 2nd Edition provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of furnace operation and design, including topics essential for process engineers and operators to better understand furnaces. This includes: the combustion process and its control, furnace fuels, efficiency, burner design and selection, aerodynamics, heat release profiles, furnace atmosphere, safety and emissions. These elements and more are brought together to illustrate how to achieve optimum design and operation, with real-world case studies to showcase their application. Up-to-date and comprehensive reference encompassing not only best practice of operation but the essential elements of furnace theory and design, essential to anyone working with furnaces, ovens and combustion-based systems. More case studies, more worked examples. New material in this second edition includes further application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), with additional content on flames and burners, costs, efficiencies and future trends.
Technology & Engineering

Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment

Author: Maan H. Jawad,James R. Farr

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119311527

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 3737

Still the only book offering comprehensive coverage of the analysis and design of both API equipment and ASME pressure vessels This edition of the classic guide to the analysis and design of process equipment has been thoroughly updated to reflect current practices as well as the latest ASME Codes and API standards. In addition to covering the code requirements governing the design of process equipment, the book supplies structural, mechanical, and chemical engineers with expert guidance to the analysis and design of storage tanks, pressure vessels, boilers, heat exchangers, and related process equipment and its associated external and internal components. The use of process equipment, such as storage tanks, pressure vessels, and heat exchangers has expanded considerably over the last few decades in both the petroleum and chemical industries. The extremely high pressures and temperatures involved with the processes for which the equipment is designed makes it potentially very dangerous to property and life if the equipment is not designed and manufactured to an exacting standard. Accordingly, codes and standards such as the ASME and API were written to assure safety. Still the only guide covering the design of both API equipment and ASME pressure vessels, Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment, 3rd Edition: Covers the design of rectangular vessels with various side thicknesses and updated equations for the design of heat exchangers Now includes numerical vibration analysis needed for earthquake evaluation Relates the requirements of the ASME codes to international standards Describes, in detail, the background and assumptions made in deriving many design equations underpinning the ASME and API standards Includes methods for designing components that are not covered in either the API or ASME, including ring girders, leg supports, and internal components Contains procedures for calculating thermal stresses and discontinuity analysis of various components Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment, 3rd Edition is an indispensable tool-of-the-trade for mechanical engineers and chemical engineers working in the petroleum and chemical industries, manufacturing, as well as plant engineers in need of a reference for process equipment in power plants, petrochemical facilities, and nuclear facilities.
Technology & Engineering

Machinery Failure Analysis and Troubleshooting

Practical Machinery Management for Process Plants

Author: Heinz P. Bloch,Fred K. Geitner

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123860458

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 743

View: 3086

This is a trusted, established reference in the field, authored by Heinz Bloch, "a legend almost" and a reputable, well-known authority on failure and reliability. This eagerly awaited update provides a robust go-to reference and training resource for all engineers and managers working in manufacturing and process plants.
Technology & Engineering

Chemical Engineering for Non-Chemical Engineers

Author: Jack Hipple

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119309654

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 2745

Outlines the concepts of chemical engineering so that non-chemical engineers can interface with and understand basic chemical engineering concepts Overviews the difference between laboratory and industrial scale practice of chemistry, consequences of mistakes, and approaches needed to scale a lab reaction process to an operating scale Covers basics of chemical reaction eningeering, mass, energy, and fluid energy balances, how economics are scaled, and the nature of various types of flow sheets and how they are developed vs. time of a project Details the basics of fluid flow and transport, how fluid flow is characterized and explains the difference between positive displacement and centrifugal pumps along with their limitations and safety aspects of these differences Reviews the importance and approaches to controlling chemical processes and the safety aspects of controlling chemical processes, Reviews the important chemical engineering design aspects of unit operations including distillation, absorption and stripping, adsorption, evaporation and crystallization, drying and solids handling, polymer manufacture, and the basics of tank and agitation system design
Technology & Engineering

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook

An Expert Guide to the Practical Operation, Design, and Optimization of FCC Units

Author: Reza Sadeghbeigi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123870046

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 7314

This new and improved edition focuses on providing practical information and tools that engineers can use to maximize the profitability and reliability of their fluid catalytic cracking operations. The updated chapters and new content deliver expertise and know-how to an industry that faces significant cost cutting in capital expenditure and R&D, along with the retirement of technical specialists who are taking existing knowledge out of the industry with them. This FCC Handbook provides a valuable easy-to-understand resource for both experienced and inexperienced engineers and anyone else associated with the FCC process. This book gives those who need a quick reference, and gives those who are developing their skills and knowledge trusted information that will help them succeed with their projects. Key features include; Common examples that will enable engineers to achieve increased unit savings Updated with the latest process technologies for handling residue and "deep" hydrotreated feedstock New chapter discussing refractory lining, providing an introduction to the different refractories employed in FCC units, examples of various refractory linings and associated anchors, installation techniques as well as some guidelines for proper drying and curing refractory lining. New troubleshooting chapter, increasing the practical application of the book, along with new visual references to operation optimization About the author; Reza Sadeghbeigi is President of RMS Engineering, Inc. a Houston, Texas based engineering firm providing high-level technical expertise in the area of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) and related processes. Reza has 35 years of hands-on FCC experience in the refining industry, focusing on technical services, troubleshooting, process design, and project management, including major FCC revamps. A licensed Professional Engineer (P.E.) in Texas and Louisiana, Reza has published technical papers and produced industry seminars on refining and catalytic cracking operations and conducted numerous client customized FCC training courses and public seminars. The only practical approach, with tools and techniques for those with FCC responsibilities to help maximize the profitability and reliability of fluid catalytic cracking operations. Updated throughout, with new material focusing on latest developments, the shift to using FCC to process lower quality crudes, and new applied material on troubleshooting. Provides a reference for both experienced engineers who need a quick reference, as well as providing those who are developing their skills and knowledge with access to trusted information that will help them succeed in their projects.
Technology & Engineering

Control System Design Guide

Using your Computer to Develop and Diagnose Feedback Controllers

Author: George Ellis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323138446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 5524

This is a practical approach to control techniques. The author covers background material on analog controllers, digital controllers, and filters. Commonly used controllers are presented. Extended use of PSpice (a popular circuit simulation program) is used in problem solving. The book is also documented with 50 computer programs that circuit designers can use. Explains integration of control systems with a personal computer**Compares numerous control algorithms in digital and analog form**Details the use of SPICE in problem solving**Presents modeling concepts for linear and nonlinear systems**Examines commonly used controllers
Technology & Engineering

A Guide to Writing as an Engineer, 4th Edition

Author: David F. Beer,David A. McMurrey

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118476743

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 4453

The fourth edition of A Guide to Writing as an Engineer updates Beer and McMurrey’s popular book on communication and technical writing for engineers. Used predominantly in freshmen engineering survey courses, the text is also applicable for specific courses on engineering writing or technical communication later in the curriculum. A Guide to Writing as an Engineer deals with a variety of topics ranging from important writing concepts that apply to professional engineers, to content, organization, format, and style of various kinds of engineering writing. The book also covers oral presentations, research techniques, ethics, and proper citation methods. Beer remains a practical, handy book that can function not only as a classroom textbook, but also as a reference and guide for writing and research, for practicing engineers.
Computers

Official (ISC)2 Guide to the CISSP CBK - Fourth Edition

Author: Adam Gordon

Publisher: (ISC)2 Press

ISBN: 1939572061

Category: Computers

Page: 1200

View: 8762

As an information security professional, it is essential to stay current on the latest advances in technology and the effluence of security threats. Candidates for the CISSP® certification need to demonstrate a thorough understanding of the eight domains of the CISSP Common Body of Knowledge (CBK®), along with the ability to apply this indepth knowledge to daily practices. Recognized as one of the best tools available for security professionals, specifically for the candidate who is striving to become a CISSP, the Official (ISC)²® Guide to the CISSP® CBK®, Fourth Edition is both up-to-date and relevant. Reflecting the significant changes in the CISSP CBK, this book provides a comprehensive guide to the eight domains. Numerous illustrated examples and practical exercises are included in this book to demonstrate concepts and real-life scenarios. Endorsed by (ISC)² and compiled and reviewed by CISSPs and industry luminaries around the world, this textbook provides unrivaled preparation for the certification exam and is a reference that will serve you well into your career. Earning your CISSP is a respected achievement that validates your knowledge, skills, and experience in building and managing the security posture of your organization and provides you with membership to an elite network of professionals worldwide.
Technology & Engineering

Reciprocating Compressors

Operation & Maintenance

Author: Heinz P. Bloch,John J. Hoefner

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780884155256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 419

View: 7996

Reciprocating compressors and their applications. Design and materials of reciprocating compressor components. Operation and maintenance of reciprocating compressors. Overhaul and repair of reciprocating compressors. Troubleshooting compressor problems. Preventive maintenance of reciprocating compressors. Safety in operation and maintenance. Appendix: Reciprocating compressor calculations. Index.