This book is an introduction to mathematical analysis (i.e real analysis) at a fairly elementary level. A great (unusual) emphasis is given to the construction of rational and then of real numbers, using the method of equivalence classes and of Cauchy sequences. The text includes the usual presentation of: sequences of real numbers, infinite numerical series, continuous functions, derivatives and Riemann-Darboux integration. There are also two “special” sections: on convex functions and on metric spaces, as well as an elementary appendix on Logic, Set Theory and Functions. We insist on a rigorous presentation throughout in the framework of the classical, standard, analysis. Contents: NumbersSequences of Real NumbersInfinite Numerical SeriesContinuous FunctionsDerivativesConvex FunctionsMetric SpacesIntegrationIndexIndex of NotationsAppendix (Logic, Set Theory and Functions)Bibliography Readership: Undergraduate students of calculus and real analysis. keywords:Numbers;Sequences;Series;Continuous Functions;Derivatives;Convex Functions;Metric Spaces;Integration
Introduces analysis, presenting analytical proofs backed by geometric intuition and placing minimum reliance on geometric argument. This edition separates continuity and differentiation and expands coverage of integration to include discontinuous functions. The discussion of differentiation of a vector function of a vector variable has been modernized by defining the derivative to be the Jacobian matrix; and, the general form of the chain rule is given, as is the general form of the implicit transformation theorem.
Advanced Calculus: An Introduction to Modem Analysis, an advanced undergraduate textbook,provides mathematics majors, as well as students who need mathematics in their field of study,with an introduction to the theory and applications of elementary analysis. The text presents, inan accessible form, a carefully maintained balance between abstract concepts and applied results ofsignificance that serves to bridge the gap between the two- or three-cemester calculus sequence andsenior/graduate level courses in the theory and appplications of ordinary and partial differentialequations, complex variables, numerical methods, and measure and integration theory.The book focuses on topological concepts, such as compactness, connectedness, and metric spaces,and topics from analysis including Fourier series, numerical analysis, complex integration, generalizedfunctions, and Fourier and Laplace transforms. Applications from genetics, spring systems,enzyme transfer, and a thorough introduction to the classical vibrating string, heat transfer, andbrachistochrone problems illustrate this book's usefulness to the non-mathematics major. Extensiveproblem sets found throughout the book test the student's understanding of the topics andhelp develop the student's ability to handle more abstract mathematical ideas.Advanced Calculus: An Introduction to Modem Analysis is intended for junior- and senior-levelundergraduate students in mathematics, biology, engineering, physics, and other related disciplines.An excellent textbook for a one-year course in advanced calculus, the methods employed in thistext will increase students' mathematical maturity and prepare them solidly for senior/graduatelevel topics. The wealth of materials in the text allows the instructor to select topics that are ofspecial interest to the student. A two- or three?ll?lester calculus sequence is required for successfuluse of this book.
Features an introduction to advanced calculus and highlights itsinherent concepts from linear algebra Advanced Calculus reflects the unifying role of linearalgebra in an effort to smooth readers' transition to advancedmathematics. The book fosters the development of completetheorem-proving skills through abundant exercises while alsopromoting a sound approach to the study. The traditional theoremsof elementary differential and integral calculus are rigorouslyestablished, presenting the foundations of calculus in a way thatreorients thinking toward modern analysis. Following an introduction dedicated to writing proofs, the bookis divided into three parts: Part One explores foundational one-variable calculus topics fromthe viewpoint of linear spaces, norms, completeness, and linearfunctionals. Part Two covers Fourier series and Stieltjes integration, whichare advanced one-variable topics. Part Three is dedicated to multivariable advanced calculus,including inverse and implicit function theorems and Jacobiantheorems for multiple integrals. Numerous exercises guide readers through the creation of theirown proofs, and they also put newly learned methods into practice.In addition, a "Test Yourself" section at the end of each chapterconsists of short questions that reinforce the understanding ofbasic concepts and theorems. The answers to these questions andother selected exercises can be found at the end of the book alongwith an appendix that outlines key terms and symbols from settheory. Guiding readers from the study of the topology of the real lineto the beginning theorems and concepts of graduate analysis,Advanced Calculus is an ideal text for courses in advancedcalculus and introductory analysis at the upper-undergraduate andbeginning-graduate levels. It also serves as a valuable referencefor engineers, scientists, and mathematicians.
A course in analysis that focuses on the functions of a real variable, this text introduces the basic concepts in their simplest setting and illustrates its teachings with numerous examples, theorems, and proofs. 1955 edition.
Dealing chiefly with functions of a single real variable, this text by a distinguished educator introduces limits, continuity, differentiability, integration, convergence of infinite series, double series, and infinite products. 1963 edition.
Business & Economics by Dean Corbae,Maxwell B. Stinchcombe,Juraj Zeman
Author: Dean Corbae,Maxwell B. Stinchcombe,Juraj Zeman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Providing an introduction to mathematical analysis as it applies to economic theory and econometrics, this book bridges the gap that has separated the teaching of basic mathematics for economics and the increasingly advanced mathematics demanded in economics research today. Dean Corbae, Maxwell B. Stinchcombe, and Juraj Zeman equip students with the knowledge of real and functional analysis and measure theory they need to read and do research in economic and econometric theory. Unlike other mathematics textbooks for economics, An Introduction to Mathematical Analysis for Economic Theory and Econometrics takes a unified approach to understanding basic and advanced spaces through the application of the Metric Completion Theorem. This is the concept by which, for example, the real numbers complete the rational numbers and measure spaces complete fields of measurable sets. Another of the book's unique features is its concentration on the mathematical foundations of econometrics. To illustrate difficult concepts, the authors use simple examples drawn from economic theory and econometrics. Accessible and rigorous, the book is self-contained, providing proofs of theorems and assuming only an undergraduate background in calculus and linear algebra. Begins with mathematical analysis and economic examples accessible to advanced undergraduates in order to build intuition for more complex analysis used by graduate students and researchers Takes a unified approach to understanding basic and advanced spaces of numbers through application of the Metric Completion Theorem Focuses on examples from econometrics to explain topics in measure theory
This superb and self-contained work is an introductory presentation of basic ideas, structures, and results of differential and integral calculus for functions of several variables. The wide range of topics covered include the differential calculus of several variables, including differential calculus of Banach spaces, the relevant results of Lebesgue integration theory, and systems and stability of ordinary differential equations. An appendix highlights important mathematicians and other scientists whose contributions have made a great impact on the development of theories in analysis. This text motivates the study of the analysis of several variables with examples, observations, exercises, and illustrations. It may be used in the classroom setting or for self-study by advanced undergraduate and graduate students and as a valuable reference for researchers in mathematics, physics, and engineering.
An essential undergraduate textbook on algebra, topology, and calculus An Introduction to Analysis is an essential primer on basic results in algebra, topology, and calculus for undergraduate students considering advanced degrees in mathematics. Ideal for use in a one-year course, this unique textbook also introduces students to rigorous proofs and formal mathematical writing--skills they need to excel. With a range of problems throughout, An Introduction to Analysis treats n-dimensional calculus from the beginning—differentiation, the Riemann integral, series, and differential forms and Stokes's theorem—enabling students who are serious about mathematics to progress quickly to more challenging topics. The book discusses basic material on point set topology, such as normed and metric spaces, topological spaces, compact sets, and the Baire category theorem. It covers linear algebra as well, including vector spaces, linear mappings, Jordan normal form, bilinear mappings, and normal mappings. Proven in the classroom, An Introduction to Analysis is the first textbook to bring these topics together in one easy-to-use and comprehensive volume. Provides a rigorous introduction to calculus in one and several variables Introduces students to basic topology Covers topics in linear algebra, including matrices, determinants, Jordan normal form, and bilinear and normal mappings Discusses differential forms and Stokes's theorem in n dimensions Also covers the Riemann integral, integrability, improper integrals, and series expansions
With a fresh geometric approach that incorporates more than 250 illustrations, this textbook sets itself apart from all others in advanced calculus. Besides the classical capstones--the change of variables formula, implicit and inverse function theorems, the integral theorems of Gauss and Stokes--the text treats other important topics in differential analysis, such as Morse's lemma and the Poincaré lemma. The ideas behind most topics can be understood with just two or three variables. The book incorporates modern computational tools to give visualization real power. Using 2D and 3D graphics, the book offers new insights into fundamental elements of the calculus of differentiable maps. The geometric theme continues with an analysis of the physical meaning of the divergence and the curl at a level of detail not found in other advanced calculus books. This is a textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and economics. Prerequisites are an introduction to linear algebra and multivariable calculus. There is enough material for a year-long course on advanced calculus and for a variety of semester courses--including topics in geometry. The measured pace of the book, with its extensive examples and illustrations, make it especially suitable for independent study.
This book provides an introduction to the basic ideas and tools used in mathematical analysis. It is a hybrid cross between an advanced calculus and a more advanced analysis text and covers topics in both real and complex variables. Considerable space is given to developing Riemann integration theory in higher dimensions, including a rigorous treatment of Fubini's theorem, polar coordinates and the divergence theorem. These are used in the final chapter to derive Cauchy's formula, which is then applied to prove some of the basic properties of analytic functions. Among the unusual features of this book is the treatment of analytic function theory as an application of ideas and results in real analysis. For instance, Cauchy's integral formula for analytic functions is derived as an application of the divergence theorem. The last section of each chapter is devoted to exercises that should be viewed as an integral part of the text. A Concise Introduction to Analysis should appeal to upper level undergraduate mathematics students, graduate students in fields where mathematics is used, as well as to those wishing to supplement their mathematical education on their own. Wherever possible, an attempt has been made to give interesting examples that demonstrate how the ideas are used and why it is important to have a rigorous grasp of them.
Abstract analysis, and particularly the language of normed linear spaces, now lies at the heart of a major portion of modern mathematics. Unfortunately, it is also a subject which students seem to find quite challenging and difficult. This book presumes that the student has had a first course in mathematical analysis or advanced calculus, but it does not presume the student has achieved mastery of such a course. Accordingly, a gentle introduction to the basic notions of convergence of sequences, continuity of functions, open and closed set, compactness, completeness and separability is given. The pace in the early chapters does not presume in any way that the readers have at their fingertips the techniques provided by an introductory course. Instead, considerable care is taken to introduce and use the basic methods of proof in a slow and explicit fashion. As the chapters progress, the pace does quicken and later chapters on differentiation, linear mappings, integration and the implicit function theorem delve quite deeply into interesting mathematical areas. There are many exercises and many examples of applications of the theory to diverse areas of mathematics. Some of these applications take considerable space and time to develop, and make interesting reading in their own right. The treatment of the subject is deliberately not a comprehensive one. The aim is to convince the undergraduate reader that analysis is a stimulating, useful, powerful and comprehensible tool in modern mathematics. This book will whet the readers' appetite, not overwhelm them with material.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Advanced Calculus, An Introduction to Linear Analysis. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
This book provides a rigorous course in the calculus of functions of a real variable. Its gentle approach, particularly in its early chapters, makes it especially suitable for students who are not headed for graduate school but, for those who are, this book also provides the opportunity to engage in a penetrating study of real analysis.The companion onscreen version of this text contains hundreds of links to alternative approaches, more complete explanations and solutions to exercises; links that make it more friendly than any printed book could be. In addition, there are links to a wealth of optional material that an instructor can select for a more advanced course, and that students can use as a reference long after their first course has ended. The on-screen version also provides exercises that can be worked interactively with the help of the computer algebra systems that are bundled with Scientific Notebook.
The aim of this book is to make Robinson's discovery, and some of the subsequent research, available to students with a background in undergraduate mathematics. In its various forms, the manuscript was used by the second author in several graduate courses at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The first chapter and parts of the rest of the book can be used in an advanced undergraduate course. Research mathematicians who want a quick introduction to nonstandard analysis will also find it useful. The main addition of this book to the contributions of previous textbooks on nonstandard analysis (12,37,42,46) is the first chapter, which eases the reader into the subject with an elementary model suitable for the calculus, and the fourth chapter on measure theory in nonstandard models.
For courses in Real Analysis, Advanced Calculus, and Transition to Advanced Mathematics or Proofs course. Carefully focused on reading and writing proofs, this introduction to the analysis of functions of a single real variable helps students in the transition from computationally oriented courses to abstract mathematics by its emphasis on proofs. Student oriented and instructor friendly, it features clear expositions and examples, helpful practice problems, many drawings that illustrate key ideas, and hints/answers for selected exercises. *NEW - True/False questions - (More than 250 total) located at the beginning of the exercises for each section and relating directly to the reading. *NEW - 8 new illustrations of key concepts make this the most visually compelling analysis text. *Straightforward discussion of logic - As it applies to the proving of theorems in analysis (Ch. 1). Can be covered briefly or in depth, depending on the needs of students. *Practice problems - Scattered throughout the narrative (more than 140 total). These problems relate directly to what has just been presented. Includes complete answers at the end of each section. *Fill-in-the-blank proofs. Helps stude
Now considered a classic text on the topic, Measure and Integral: An Introduction to Real Analysis provides an introduction to real analysis by first developing the theory of measure and integration in the simple setting of Euclidean space, and then presenting a more general treatment based on abstract notions characterized by axioms and with less geometric content. Published nearly forty years after the first edition, this long-awaited Second Edition also: Studies the Fourier transform of functions in the spaces L1, L2, and Lp, 1 p Shows the Hilbert transform to be a bounded operator on L2, as an application of the L2 theory of the Fourier transform in the one-dimensional case Covers fractional integration and some topics related to mean oscillation properties of functions, such as the classes of Hölder continuous functions and the space of functions of bounded mean oscillation Derives a subrepresentation formula, which in higher dimensions plays a role roughly similar to the one played by the fundamental theorem of calculus in one dimension Extends the subrepresentation formula derived for smooth functions to functions with a weak gradient Applies the norm estimates derived for fractional integral operators to obtain local and global first-order Poincaré–Sobolev inequalities, including endpoint cases Proves the existence of a tangent plane to the graph of a Lipschitz function of several variables Includes many new exercises not present in the first edition This widely used and highly respected text for upper-division undergraduate and first-year graduate students of mathematics, statistics, probability, or engineering is revised for a new generation of students and instructors. The book also serves as a handy reference for professional mathematicians.