Algebraic geometry is a fascinating branch of mathematics that combines methods from both, algebra and geometry. It transcends the limited scope of pure algebra by means of geometric construction principles. Moreover, Grothendieck’s schemes invented in the late 1950s allowed the application of algebraic-geometric methods in fields that formerly seemed to be far away from geometry, like algebraic number theory. The new techniques paved the way to spectacular progress such as the proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem by Wiles and Taylor. The scheme-theoretic approach to algebraic geometry is explained for non-experts. More advanced readers can use the book to broaden their view on the subject. A separate part deals with the necessary prerequisites from commutative algebra. On a whole, the book provides a very accessible and self-contained introduction to algebraic geometry, up to a quite advanced level. Every chapter of the book is preceded by a motivating introduction with an informal discussion of the contents. Typical examples and an abundance of exercises illustrate each section. This way the book is an excellent solution for learning by yourself or for complementing knowledge that is already present. It can equally be used as a convenient source for courses and seminars or as supplemental literature.
Along the lines developed by Grothendieck, this book delves into the rich interplay between algebraic geometry and commutative algebra. With concise yet clear definitions and synopses a selection is made from the wealth of meterial in the disciplines including the Riemann-Roch theorem for arbitrary projective curves."--pub. desc.
Eine verständliche, konzise und immer flüssige Einführung in die Algebra, die insbesondere durch ihre sorgfältige didaktische Aufbereitung bei vielen Studierenden Freunde findet. Die vorliegende Auflage bietet neben zahlreichen Aufgaben (mit Lösungshinweisen) sowie einführenden und motivierenden Vorbemerkungen auch Ausblicke auf neuere Entwicklungen. Auch selten im Lehrbuch behandelte Themen wie Resultanten, Diskriminanten, Kummer-Theorie und Witt-Vektoren werden angesprochen. Die berühmten Formeln aus dem 16. Jahrhundert zur Auflösung von Gleichungen dritten und vierten Grades werden ausführlich erläutert und in den Rahmen der Galois-Theorie eingeordnet. Ein klares, modernes und inhaltsreiches Lehrbuch, das für das Studium der Algebra unentbehrlich ist.
Originally published in 1985, this classic textbook is an English translation of Einführung in die kommutative Algebra und algebraische Geometrie. As part of the Modern Birkhäuser Classics series, the publisher is proud to make Introduction to Commutative Algebra and Algebraic Geometry available to a wider audience. Aimed at students who have taken a basic course in algebra, the goal of the text is to present important results concerning the representation of algebraic varieties as intersections of the least possible number of hypersurfaces and—a closely related problem—with the most economical generation of ideals in Noetherian rings. Along the way, one encounters many basic concepts of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry and proves many facts which can then serve as a basic stock for a deeper study of these subjects.
Mathematics by Hiroaki Hijikata,Heisuke Hironaka,Masaki Maruyama
Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra in Honor of Masayoshi Nagata presents a collection of papers on algebraic geometry and commutative algebra in honor of Masayoshi Nagata for his significant contributions to commutative algebra. Topics covered range from power series rings and rings of invariants of finite linear groups to the convolution algebra of distributions on totally disconnected locally compact groups. The discussion begins with a description of several formulas for enumerating certain types of objects, which may be tabular arrangements of integers called Young tableaux or some types of monomials. The next chapter explains how to establish these enumerative formulas, with emphasis on the role played by transformations of determinantal polynomials and recurrence relations satisfied by them. The book then turns to several applications of the enumerative formulas and universal identity, including including enumerative proofs of the straightening law of Doubilet-Rota-Stein and computations of Hilbert functions of polynomial ideals of certain determinantal loci. Invariant differentials and quaternion extensions are also examined, along with the moduli of Todorov surfaces and the classification problem of embedded lines in characteristic p. This monograph will be a useful resource for practitioners and researchers in algebra and geometry.
This is a comprehensive review of commutative algebra, from localization and primary decomposition through dimension theory, homological methods, free resolutions and duality, emphasizing the origins of the ideas and their connections with other parts of mathematics. The book gives a concise treatment of Grobner basis theory and the constructive methods in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry that flow from it. Many exercises included.
This volume contains papers presented at the International Conference on Commutative Algebra, Algebraic geometry, and Computational methods held in Hanoi in 1996, as well as papers written subsequently. It features both expository articles as well as research papers on a range of currently active areas in commutative algebra, algebraic geometry (particularly surveys on intersection theory) and combinatorics. In addition, a special feature is a section on the life and work of Wolfgang Vogel, who was an organiser of the conference.
This ACM volume deals with tackling problems that can be represented by data structures which are essentially matrices with polynomial entries, mediated by the disciplines of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry. The discoveries stem from an interdisciplinary branch of research which has been growing steadily over the past decade. The author covers a wide range, from showing how to obtain deep heuristics in a computation of a ring, a module or a morphism, to developing means of solving nonlinear systems of equations - highlighting the use of advanced techniques to bring down the cost of computation. Although intended for advanced students and researchers with interests both in algebra and computation, many parts may be read by anyone with a basic abstract algebra course.
Algebraic geometry is a fascinating branch of mathematics that combines methods from both, algebra and geometry. It transcends the limited scope of pure algebra by means of geometric construction principles. The major objects of study in algebraic geometry are algebraic varieties, which are geometric manifestations of solutions of systems of polynomial equations. Examples of the most studied classes of algebraic varieties are: plane algebraic curves, which include lines, circles, parabolas, ellipses, hyperbolas, cubic curves like elliptic curves and quartic curves like lemniscates, and Cassini ovals. Commutative algebra is the branch of algebra that studies commutative rings, their ideals, and modules over such rings. Both algebraic geometry and algebraic number theory build on commutative algebra. Commutative algebra is the main technical tool in the local study of schemes. The study of rings which are not necessarily commutative is known as noncommutative algebra; it includes ring theory, representation theory, and the theory of Banach algebras. This textbook provides a gateway into the two difficult fields of algebraic geometry and commutative algebra. Algebraic geometry, supported fundamentally by commutative algebra, is a cornerstone of pure mathematics. This book explores into the rich interplay between algebraic geometry and commutative algebra.
Mathematics by R. Keith Dennis,Claudio Pedrini,Michael R. Stein
Proceedings of the U.S.--Italy Joint Seminar Held June 18-24, 1989 at Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy, with Support from the National Science Foundation and Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche
Author: R. Keith Dennis,Claudio Pedrini,Michael R. Stein
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
In the mid-1960s, several Italian mathematicians began to study the connections between classical arguments in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry, and the contemporaneous development of algebraic $K$-theory in the U.S. These connections were exemplified by the work of Andreotti-Bombieri, Salmon, and Traverso on seminormality, and by Bass-Murthy on the Picard groups of polynomial rings. Interactions proceeded far beyond this initial point to encompass Chow groups of singular varieties, complete intersections, and applications of $K$-theory to arithmetic and real geometry. This volume contains the proceedings from a U.S.-Italy Joint Summer Seminar, which focused on this circle of ideas. The conference, held in June 1989 in Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy, was supported jointly by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche and the National Science Foundation. The book contains contributions from some of the leading experts in this area.
Mathematics by David A Cox,John Little,Donal O'Shea
An Introduction to Computational Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra
Author: David A Cox,John Little,Donal O'Shea
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book details the heart and soul of modern commutative and algebraic geometry. It covers such topics as the Hilbert Basis Theorem, the Nullstellensatz, invariant theory, projective geometry, and dimension theory. In addition to enhancing the text of the second edition, with over 200 pages reflecting changes to enhance clarity and correctness, this third edition of Ideals, Varieties and Algorithms includes: a significantly updated section on Maple; updated information on AXIOM, CoCoA, Macaulay 2, Magma, Mathematica and SINGULAR; and presents a shorter proof of the Extension Theorem.
Mathematics by Gunnar Fløystad,Trygve Johnsen,Andreas Leopold Knutsen
Author: Gunnar Fløystad,Trygve Johnsen,Andreas Leopold Knutsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The Abel Symposium 2009 "Combinatorial aspects of Commutative Algebra and Algebraic Geometry", held at Voss, Norway, featured talks by leading researchers in the field. This is the proceedings of the Symposium, presenting contributions on syzygies, tropical geometry, Boij-Söderberg theory, Schubert calculus, and quiver varieties. The volume also includes an introductory survey on binomial ideals with applications to hypergeometric series, combinatorial games and chemical reactions. The contributions pose interesting problems, and offer up-to-date research on some of the most active fields of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry with a combinatorial flavour.
This work focuses on the association of methods from topology, category and sheaf theory, algebraic geometry, noncommutative and homological algebras, quantum groups and spaces, rings of differential operation, Cech and sheaf cohomology theories, and dimension theories to create a blend of noncommutative algebraic geometry. It offers a scheme theory that sustains the duality between algebraic geometry and commutative algebra to the noncommutative level.
Mathematics by Gert-Martin Greuel,Luis Narváez Macarro,Sebastià Xambó-Descamps
This volume brings together recent, original research and survey articles by leading experts in several fields that include singularity theory, algebraic geometry and commutative algebra. The motivation for this collection comes from the wide-ranging research of the distinguished mathematician, Antonio Campillo, in these and related fields. Besides his influence in the mathematical community stemming from his research, Campillo has also endeavored to promote mathematics and mathematicians' networking everywhere, especially in Spain, Latin America and Europe. Because of his impressive achievements throughout his career, we dedicate this book to Campillo in honor of his 65th birthday. Researchers and students from the world-wide, and in particular Latin American and European, communities in singularities, algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, coding theory, and other fields covered in the volume, will have interest in this book.
Contains contributions by over 25 leading international mathematicians in the areas of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry. The text presents developments and results based on, and inspired by, the work of Mario Fiorentini. It covers topics ranging from almost numerical invariants of algebraic curves to deformation of projective schemes.
Mathematics by Nguyen Tu CUONG,Le Tuan HOA,Ngo Viet TRUNG
Author: Nguyen Tu CUONG,Le Tuan HOA,Ngo Viet TRUNG
This book presents four lectures on recent research in commutative algebra and its applications to algebraic geometry. Aimed at researchers and graduate students with an advanced background in algebra, these lectures were given during the Commutative Algebra program held at the Vietnam Institute of Advanced Study in Mathematics in the winter semester 2013 -2014. The first lecture is on Weyl algebras (certain rings of differential operators) and their D-modules, relating non-commutative and commutative algebra to algebraic geometry and analysis in a very appealing way. The second lecture concerns local systems, their homological origin, and applications to the classification of Artinian Gorenstein rings and the computation of their invariants. The third lecture is on the representation type of projective varieties and the classification of arithmetically Cohen -Macaulay bundles and Ulrich bundles. Related topics such as moduli spaces of sheaves, liaison theory, minimal resolutions, and Hilbert schemes of points are also covered. The last lecture addresses a classical problem: how many equations are needed to define an algebraic variety set-theoretically? It systematically covers (and improves) recent results for the case of toric varieties.