Medical

An Introduction to Infectious Disease Modelling

Author: Emilia Vynnycky,Richard White

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191511366

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 8716

Mathematical models are increasingly being used to examine questions in infectious disease control. Applications include predicting the impact of vaccination strategies against common infections and determining optimal control strategies against HIV and pandemic influenza. This book introduces individuals interested in infectious diseases to this exciting and expanding area. The mathematical level of the book is kept as simple as possible, which makes the book accessible to those who have not studied mathematics to university level. Understanding is further enhanced by models that can be accessed online, which will allow readers to explore the impact of different factors and control strategies, and further adapt and develop the models themselves. The book is based on successful courses developed by the authors at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It will be of interest to epidemiologists, public health researchers, policy makers, veterinary scientists, medical statisticians and infectious disease researchers.
Mathematics

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases

Author: Michael Y. Li

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319721224

Category: Mathematics

Page: 156

View: 5331

This text provides essential modeling skills and methodology for the study of infectious diseases through a one-semester modeling course or directed individual studies. The book includes mathematical descriptions of epidemiological concepts, and uses classic epidemic models to introduce different mathematical methods in model analysis. Matlab codes are also included for numerical implementations. It is primarily written for upper undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematical sciences who have an interest in mathematical modeling of infectious diseases. Although written in a rigorous mathematical manner, the style is not unfriendly to non-mathematicians.
Science

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals

Author: Matt J. Keeling,Pejman Rohani

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841038

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 5880

For epidemiologists, evolutionary biologists, and health-care professionals, real-time and predictive modeling of infectious disease is of growing importance. This book provides a timely and comprehensive introduction to the modeling of infectious diseases in humans and animals, focusing on recent developments as well as more traditional approaches. Matt Keeling and Pejman Rohani move from modeling with simple differential equations to more recent, complex models, where spatial structure, seasonal "forcing," or stochasticity influence the dynamics, and where computer simulation needs to be used to generate theory. In each of the eight chapters, they deal with a specific modeling approach or set of techniques designed to capture a particular biological factor. They illustrate the methodology used with examples from recent research literature on human and infectious disease modeling, showing how such techniques can be used in practice. Diseases considered include BSE, foot-and-mouth, HIV, measles, rubella, smallpox, and West Nile virus, among others. Particular attention is given throughout the book to the development of practical models, useful both as predictive tools and as a means to understand fundamental epidemiological processes. To emphasize this approach, the last chapter is dedicated to modeling and understanding the control of diseases through vaccination, quarantine, or culling. Comprehensive, practical introduction to infectious disease modeling Builds from simple to complex predictive models Models and methodology fully supported by examples drawn from research literature Practical models aid students' understanding of fundamental epidemiological processes For many of the models presented, the authors provide accompanying programs written in Java, C, Fortran, and MATLAB In-depth treatment of role of modeling in understanding disease control
Medical

Mathematical Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Pauline van den Driessche,J. Wu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540789103

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 3887

Based on lecture notes of two summer schools with a mixed audience from mathematical sciences, epidemiology and public health, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to basic ideas and techniques in modeling infectious diseases, for the comparison of strategies to plan for an anticipated epidemic or pandemic, and to deal with a disease outbreak in real time. It covers detailed case studies for diseases including pandemic influenza, West Nile virus, and childhood diseases. Models for other diseases including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, fox rabies, and sexually transmitted infections are included as applications. Its chapters are coherent and complementary independent units. In order to accustom students to look at the current literature and to experience different perspectives, no attempt has been made to achieve united writing style or unified notation. Notes on some mathematical background (calculus, matrix algebra, differential equations, and probability) have been prepared and may be downloaded at the web site of the Centre for Disease Modeling (www.cdm.yorku.ca).
Mathematics

An Introduction to Mathematical Epidemiology

Author: Maia Martcheva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489976124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 8770

The book is a comprehensive, self-contained introduction to the mathematical modeling and analysis of infectious diseases. It includes model building, fitting to data, local and global analysis techniques. Various types of deterministic dynamical models are considered: ordinary differential equation models, delay-differential equation models, difference equation models, age-structured PDE models and diffusion models. It includes various techniques for the computation of the basic reproduction number as well as approaches to the epidemiological interpretation of the reproduction number. MATLAB code is included to facilitate the data fitting and the simulation with age-structured models.
Political Science

Big Data

Die Revolution, die unser Leben verändern wird

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger,Viktor; Cukier Mayer-Schönberger

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864144590

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8306

Ob Kaufverhalten, Grippewellen oder welche Farbe am ehesten verrät, ob ein Gebrauchtwagen in einem guten Zustand ist – noch nie gab es eine solche Menge an Daten und noch nie bot sich die Chance, durch Recherche und Kombination in der Daten¬flut blitzschnell Zusammenhänge zu entschlüsseln. Big Data bedeutet nichts weniger als eine Revolution für Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik. Es wird die Weise, wie wir über Gesundheit, Erziehung, Innovation und vieles mehr denken, völlig umkrempeln. Und Vorhersagen möglich machen, die bisher undenkbar waren. Die Experten Viktor Mayer-Schönberger und Kenneth Cukier beschreiben in ihrem Buch, was Big Data ist, welche Möglichkeiten sich eröffnen, vor welchen Umwälzungen wir alle stehen – und verschweigen auch die dunkle Seite wie das Ausspähen von persönlichen Daten und den drohenden Verlust der Privatsphäre nicht.
Medical

Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author: Ibrahim Abubakar,Helen R. Stagg,Ted Cohen,Laura C. Rodrigues

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191030546

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 1878

Infectious Disease Epidemiology is a concise reference guide which provides trainees and practicing epidemiologists with the information that they need to understand the basic concepts necessary for working in this specialist area. Divided into two sections, part one comprehensively covers the basic principles and methods relevant to the study of infectious disease epidemiology. It is organised in order of increasing complexity, ranging from a general introduction to subjects such as mathematical modelling and sero-epidemiology. Part two examines key major infectious diseases that are of global significance. Grouped by their route of transmission for ease of reference, they include diseases that present a particular burden or a high potential for causing mortality. This practical guide will be essential reading for postgraduate students in infectious disease epidemiology, health protection trainees, and practicing epidemiologists.
Mathematics

Epidemic Modelling

An Introduction

Author: D. J. Daley,J. Gani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521014670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 213

View: 4792

This is a general introduction to the mathematical modelling of diseases.
Science

Medizinische Mikrobiologie

Author: Ernest Jawetz,Joseph L. Melnick,Edward A. Adelberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662001551

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9099

Die Autoren haben beabsichtigt, diejenigen Gebiete der medizinischen Mikrobiologie kurz, exakt und in ihrem gegenwärtigen Stand darzustellen, die für die Infektionskrankheiten und ihre Chemotherapie von besonderer Bedeutung sind. Das Buch wendet sich in erster Linie an Medizinstudenten, außerdem an alle Ärzte in Krankenhaus und Praxis. Die Notwendigkeit für ein klares Verständnis der mlkrobiologischen Grundtatsachen ist in den letzten Jahren stärker geworden, da in Biochemie, Virologie und Chemotherapie so wie auf weiteren, die Medizin beeinflussenden Gebieten bedeutende Entwicklungen statt gefunden haben. Ein wesendicher Teil dieses Lehrbuches ist deswegen der Darstellung der Grundlagen gewidmet, wodurch sich das Buch auch für die Einführung des Studenten in den mikrobiologischen Kurs als brauchbar erweisen wird. Für die neue Auflage wurde ein Kapitel über Virus und Krebs neu geschrieben, und das Kapitel über antimikrobielle Chemotherapie wurde von Grund auf neu bearbeitet. Die Autoren freuen sich, bei dem Erscheinen der 7. amerikanischen Ausgabe von einer spanischen, deutschen, italienischen und griechischen Ausgabe, sowie von der Vorbereitung für eine serbokroatische Übersetzung berichten zu können. Die Autoren möchten nochmals allen danken, die ihnen bei der Bearbeitung dieser Auf lage behilflich waren, und die es ihnen durch ihre Kommentare und ihre Kritik ermöglicht haben, die in 2jährigen Abständen erscheinenden Revisionen dieses Buches auf dem neu esten Stand zu halten. ERNEsr JAWETZ JOSEPH L MELNICK San Frandsco, August 1966 EnWARD A AnELBERG III Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Kapitell Die ~lt der Mikroben 8 Kapitel 2 Cytologie der Bakterien Optische Methoden 8 9 Eukaryote Zellstrukturen Prokaryote Zellstrukturen . 12 14 Cytoplasmatische Strukturen. 27 Färbeverfahren .
Medical

Mathematical Approaches for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases: Models, Methods, and Theory

Author: Carlos Castillo-Chavez,Sally Blower,Pauline van den Driessche,Denise Kirschner,Abdul-Aziz Yakubu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387953557

Category: Medical

Page: 377

View: 5271

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications MATHEMATICAL APPROACHES FOR EMERGING AND REEMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES: MODELS, AND THEORY METHODS is based on the proceedings of a successful one week workshop. The pro ceedings of the two-day tutorial which preceded the workshop "Introduction to Epidemiology and Immunology" appears as IMA Volume 125: Math ematical Approaches for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases: An Introduction. The tutorial and the workshop are integral parts of the September 1998 to June 1999 IMA program on "MATHEMATICS IN BI OLOGY. " I would like to thank Carlos Castillo-Chavez (Director of the Math ematical and Theoretical Biology Institute and a member of the Depart ments of Biometrics, Statistics and Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Cornell University), Sally M. Blower (Biomathematics, UCLA School of Medicine), Pauline van den Driessche (Mathematics and Statistics, Uni versity of Victoria), and Denise Kirschner (Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School) for their superb roles as organizers of the meetings and editors of the proceedings. Carlos Castillo-Chavez, es pecially, made a major contribution by spearheading the editing process. I am also grateful to Kenneth L. Cooke (Mathematics, Pomona College), for being one of the workshop organizers and to Abdul-Aziz Yakubu (Mathe matics, Howard University) for serving as co-editor of the proceedings. I thank Simon A. Levin (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton Uni versity) for providing an introduction.
Mathematics

Modeling Paradigms and Analysis of Disease Transmission Models

Author: Abba B. Gumel,Suzanne Lenhart

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821843842

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

View: 6741

This volume stems from two DIMACS activities, the U.S.-Africa Advanced Study Institute and the DIMACS Workshop, both on Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases in Africa, held in South Africa in the summer of 2007. It contains both tutorial papers and research papers. Students and researchers should find the papers on modeling and analyzing certain diseases currently affecting Africa very informative. In particular, they can learn basic principles of disease modeling and stability from the tutorial papers where continuous and discrete time models, optimal control, and stochastic features are introduced.
Mathematics

A Historical Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases

Seminal Papers in Epidemiology

Author: Ivo M. Foppa

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128024992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 5657

A Historical Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases: Seminal Papers in Epidemiology offers step-by-step help on how to navigate the important historical papers on the subject, beginning in the 18th century. The book carefully, and critically, guides the reader through seminal writings that helped revolutionize the field. With pointed questions, prompts, and analysis, this book helps the non-mathematician develop their own perspective, relying purely on a basic knowledge of algebra, calculus, and statistics. By learning from the important moments in the field, from its conception to the 21st century, it enables readers to mature into competent practitioners of epidemiologic modeling. Presents a refreshing and in-depth look at key historical works of mathematical epidemiology Provides all the basic knowledge of mathematics readers need in order to understand the fundamentals of mathematical modeling of infectious diseases Includes questions, prompts, and answers to help apply historical solutions to modern day problems
Mathematics

Mathematical Modelling of Immune Response in Infectious Diseases

Author: Guri I. Marchuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792345282

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 7145

Beginning his work on the monograph to be published in English, this author tried to present more or less general notions of the possibilities of mathematics in the new and rapidly developing science of infectious immunology, describing the processes of an organism's defence against antigen invasions. The results presented in this monograph are based on the construc tion and application of closed models of immune response to infections which makes it possible to approach problems of optimizing the treat ment of chronic and hypertoxic forms of diseases. The author, being a mathematician, had creative long-Iasting con tacts with immunologists, geneticist, biologists, and clinicians. As far back as 1976 it resulted in the organization of a special seminar in the Computing Center of Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sci ences on mathematical models in immunology. The seminar attracted the attention of a wide circle of leading specialists in various fields of science. All these made it possible to approach, from a more or less united stand point, the construction of models of immune response, the mathematical description of the models, and interpretation of results.
Mathematics

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 5959

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.
Business & Economics

The Economics of Epidemiology

Author: Troy Tassier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642381200

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 94

View: 7535

The book presents a basic introduction to epidemiology from the perspective of economics, using economic modeling to better understand and describe how infectious disease spreads. Three main elements are introduced: epidemiology, social network analysis, and the economics needed to model the behavior of individuals in the presence of infectious disease. The book aims to provide a starting point for discussion between medical professionals, social scientists and public health officials, the three groups interested in the spread of disease.
Mathematics

Models for Life

An Introduction to Discrete Mathematical Modeling with Microsoft Office Excel

Author: Jeffrey T. Barton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119039762

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 6384

Features an authentic and engaging approach to mathematical modeling driven by real-world applications With a focus on mathematical models based on real and current data, Models for Life: An Introduction to Discrete Mathematical Modeling with Microsoft® Office Excel® guides readers in the solution of relevant, practical problems by introducing both mathematical and Excel techniques. The book begins with a step-by-step introduction to discrete dynamical systems, which are mathematical models that describe how a quantity changes from one point in time to the next. Readers are taken through the process, language, and notation required for the construction of such models as well as their implementation in Excel. The book examines single-compartment models in contexts such as population growth, personal finance, and body weight and provides an introduction to more advanced, multi-compartment models via applications in many areas, including military combat, infectious disease epidemics, and ranking methods. Models for Life: An Introduction to Discrete Mathematical Modeling with Microsoft® Office Excel® also features: A modular organization that, after the first chapter, allows readers to explore chapters in any order Numerous practical examples and exercises that enable readers to personalize the presented models by using their own data Carefully selected real-world applications that motivate the mathematical material such as predicting blood alcohol concentration, ranking sports teams, and tracking credit card debt References throughout the book to disciplinary research on which the presented models and model parameters are based in order to provide authenticity and resources for further study Relevant Excel concepts with step-by-step guidance, including screenshots to help readers better understand the presented material Both mathematical and graphical techniques for understanding concepts such as equilibrium values, fixed points, disease endemicity, maximum sustainable yield, and a drug’s therapeutic window A companion website that includes the referenced Excel spreadsheets, select solutions to homework problems, and an instructor’s manual with solutions to all homework problems, project ideas, and a test bank The book is ideal for undergraduate non-mathematics majors enrolled in mathematics or quantitative reasoning courses such as introductory mathematical modeling, applications of mathematics, survey of mathematics, discrete mathematical modeling, and mathematics for liberal arts. The book is also an appropriate supplement and project source for honors and/or independent study courses in mathematical modeling and mathematical biology. Jeffrey T. Barton, PhD, is Professor of Mathematics in the Mathematics Department at Birmingham-Southern College. A member of the American Mathematical Society and Mathematical Association of America, his mathematical interests include approximation theory, analytic number theory, mathematical biology, mathematical modeling, and the history of mathematics.
Medical

An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling in Physiology, Cell Biology, and Immunology

American Mathematical Society, Short Course, January 8-9, 2001, New Orleans, Louisiana

Author: James Sneyd

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821828169

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 7398

In many respects, biology is the new frontier for applied mathematicians. This book demonstrates the important role mathematics plays in the study of some biological problems. It introduces mathematicians to the biological sciences and provides enough mathematics for bioscientists to appreciate the utility of the modelling approach. This book presents a number of diverse topics, such as neurophysiology, cell biology, immunology, and human genetics. It examines how research is done, what mathematics is used, what the outstanding questions are, and how to enter the field. Also given is a brief historical survey of each topic, putting current research into perspective. The book is suitable for mathematicians and biologists interested in mathematical methods in biology.
Medical

Modeling and Dynamics of Infectious Diseases

Author: Zhien Ma,Yicang Zhou,Jianhong Wu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814261254

Category: Medical

Page: 343

View: 832

This book provides a systematic introduction to the fundamental methods and techniques and the frontiers of ? along with many new ideas and results on ? infectious disease modeling, parameter estimation and transmission dynamics. It provides complementary approaches, from deterministic to statistical to network modeling; and it seeks viewpoints of the same issues from different angles, from mathematical modeling to statistical analysis to computer simulations and finally to concrete applications.
Science

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 2062

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.