The definitive guide to the life and work of Antonin Artaud Antonin Artaud's theatre of cruelty is one of the most vital forces in world theatre, yet the concept is one of the most frequently misunderstood. In this incisive study, Albert Bermel looks closely at Artaud's work as a playwright, director, actor, designer, producer and critic, and provides a fresh insight into his ideas, innovations and, above all, his writings. Tracing the theatre of cruelty's origins in earlier dramatic conventions, tribal rituals of cleansing, transfiguration and exaltation, and in related arts such as film and dance, Bermel examines each of Artaud's six plays for form and meaning, as well as surveying the application of Artaud's theories and techniques to the international theatre of recent years.
A collection of manifestos originally published in 1938, in which the French artist and philosopher attacks conventional assumptions about the drama, and calls for the influx of irrational material - based on dreams, religion, and emotion - in order to make the theater vital for modern audiences.
Departing from a refreshing look at the ideas of Antonin Artaud, this book provides a thorough analysis of how both Sarah Kane and Samuel Beckett are indebted to his legacy. In juxtaposing these playwrights, De Vos minutely points out how both in their own way struggle with coming to terms with Artaud. A key concept in Lacanian psychoanalytic theories, desire lies at the root of the Theatre of Cruelty; Kane and Beckett prove that desire and cruelty are inextricably linked to one another, but that they appear in radically different disguises. Relying on Kane and Beckett, this book not only sheds a light on the precise intentions behind Artaud's project, it also maps out the structural parallels and dichotomies between the Theatre of Cruelty and the literary genre of tragedy.
Why did medieval dramatists weave so many scenes of torture into their plays? Exploring the cultural connections among rhetoric, law, drama, literary creation, and violence, Jody Enders addresses an issue that has long troubled students of the Middle Ages. Theories of rhetoric and law of the time reveal, she points out, that the ideology of torture was a widely accepted means for exploiting such essential elements of the stage and stagecraft as dramatic verisimilitude, pity, fear, and catharsis to fabricate truth. Analyzing the consequences of torture for the history of aesthetics in general and of drama in particular, Enders shows that if the violence embedded in the history of rhetoric is acknowledged, we are better able to understand not only the enduring "theater of cruelty" identified by theorists from Isidore of Seville to Antonin Artaud, but also the continuing modern devotion to the spectacle of pain.
Der leere Raum ist der Klassiker unter den Büchern zum Theater. Es basiert auf vier Vorlesungen, die Peter Brook unter dem Titel The Empty Space: The Theater Today in den sechziger Jahren an den Universitäten von Hull, Keele, Manchester und Sheffield hielt. 1968 erschienen diese Gedanken zum Gegenwartstheater in Buchform. Nachdem der Band für längere Zeit vergriffen war, machte ihn der Alexander Verlag 1983 wieder greifbar für das deutsche Publikum. Brook unterteilt das Theater in vier verschiedene Formen: Das konventionelle Theater definiert er als "tödlich", das an Ritualen festhaltende Theater als das "heilige", das leicht verständliche, volksnahe Theater als "derbes" und das von ihm favorisierte als "unmittelbares Theater".
Antonin Artaud was a poet, theorist, philosopher, essayist, playwright, actor and director, and one of the 20th century’s most important theoreticians of drama. His theory of the ‘Theatre of Cruelty’ has influenced playwrights as diverse as Beckett, Genet, Albee and Gelber. Magic was always a central concept for Artaud, and in nearly all his writing it is given the most positive force, as something capable of healing the rift between words and things, culture and life. But during his nine years of incarceration in mental asylums, magic seemed to lose its illuminating transformative power and to become demonic and persecutory. Artaud entered the realm of spectres and vampires which he believed were sucking the vitality from his mind and body. Artaud later filled twelve little exercise books with an account of his struggles to escape this physical, psychological and artistic hell. The first eleven books are filled with fragments of writing and extraordinary sketches of totemic figures, pierced bodies and enigmatic machines. Two months before his death, he took a twelfth exercise book and wrote a remarkable, incantatory text, 50 Drawings to Murder Magic. It was the last thing he wrote.
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French literature by David Clark Cabeen,Richard A. Brooks,Douglas W. Alden
Japanese Horror and the Transnational Cinema of Sensations undertakes a critical reassessment of Japanese horror cinema by attending to its intermediality and transnational hybridity in relation to world horror cinema. Neither a conventional film history nor a thematic survey of Japanese horror cinema, this study offers a transnational analysis of selected films from new angles that shed light on previously ignored aspects of the genre, including sound design, framing techniques, and lighting, as well as the slow attack and long release times of J-horror’s slow-burn style, which have contributed significantly to the development of its dread-filled cinema of sensations.
Simone de Beauvoir ist nicht nur eine eigenwillige und geistreiche Schriftstellerin, sondern auch eine glänzende Vertreterin des Existenzialismus Sartre'scher Prägung. Sie beschränkt sich keineswegs darauf, die Gedanken des großen französischen Philosophen und Schriftstellers zu popularisieren, sondern versteht es, aufgrund ihrer Vertrautheit mit Sartres Denken und ihrer Kenntnis vor allem der Kant'schen und Hegel'schen Philosophie wesentliche Aspekte des menschlichen Seins unter einem neuen Blickwinkel darzustellen.
Die Möwe ist ein Drama von Anton Tschechow aus dem Jahre 1895. Tschechows Stück spielt auf dem Land im zaristischen Russland der Jahrhundertwende (19./20. Jahrhundert). In schrecklicher Langeweile öden die Gäste auf einem Landsitz einander an: Sie gehen sich mit kleinen Sticheleien auf die Nerven und machen sich so das Leben zur Hölle. Der Sohn einer Schauspielerin, Konstantin Gavrilovič Treplev, möchte Schriftsteller werden und hat ein kleines Theaterstück geschrieben, welches am Abend auf einer improvisierten Bühne den Gästen vorgespielt werden soll. Die Hauptrolle spielt dabei seine Geliebte und Muse Nina. Treplev leidet jedoch unter der ständigen Nörgelei seiner Mutter, die sein schriftstellerisches Talent und sein ganzes Leben in Frage stellt. Außerdem hat sie einen Freund, Boris Alekseevič Trigorin, der ebenfalls und bereits sehr erfolgreich Schriftsteller ist. Diesen Trigorin führt sie immer wieder an, wenn sie versucht, Treplevs Selbstvertrauen in sich und seine Arbeit zu schwächen. Bei der Aufführung von Treplevs Stück kommt es schließlich zum Eklat, Mutter und Sohn geraten in Streit. Mehr und mehr zeigt sich, dass Nina sich zu Trigorin hingezogen fühlt...