A great building requires a strong foundation. This book teaches basic Artificial Intelligence algorithms such as dimensionality, distance metrics, clustering, error calculation, hill climbing, Nelder Mead, and linear regression. These are not just foundational algorithms for the rest of the series, but are very useful in their own right. The book explains all algorithms using actual numeric calculations that you can perform yourself.Artificial Intelligence for Humans is a book series meant to teach AI to those without an extensive mathematical background. The reader needs only a knowledge of basic college algebra or computer programming—anything more complicated than that is thoroughly explained. Every chapter also includes a programming example. Examples are currently provided in Java, C#, R, Python and C. Other languages planned.
As modern technologies continue to develop and evolve, the ability of users to adapt with new systems becomes a paramount concern. Research into new ways for humans to make use of advanced computers and other such technologies through artificial intelligence and computer simulation is necessary to fully realize the potential of tools in the 21st century. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation, and Human-Computer Interaction provides emerging research in advanced trends in robotics, AI, simulation, and human-computer interaction. Readers will learn about the positive applications of artificial intelligence and human-computer interaction in various disciples such as business and medicine. This book is a valuable resource for IT professionals, researchers, computer scientists, and researchers invested in assistive technologies, artificial intelligence, robotics, and computer simulation.
In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International RuleML Symposium, RuleML 2012, held in Montpellier, France, in August 2012 - collocated with the 20th biennial European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2012. The 14 full papers, 8 short papers and 2 track papers presented together with 2 keynote talks were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The accepted papers address topics such as business rules and processes; rule-based event processing and reaction rules; rule-based policies and agents on the pragmatic web; rules and the semantic web; rule markup languages and rule interchange; and rule transformation, extraction and learning.
By paying close attention to the metaphors of artificial intelligence and their consequences for the field's patterns of success and failure, this text argues for a reorientation of the field away from thought and toward activity. It offers a critical reconstruction of AI research.
Artificial Intelligence is the study of how to build or program computers to enable them to do what minds can do. This volume discusses the ways in which computational ideas and computer modeling can aid our understanding of human and animal minds. Major theoretical approaches are outlined, as well as some promising recent developments. Fundamental philosophical questions are discussed along with topics such as: the differences between symbolic and connectionist AI, planning and problem solving, knowledge representation, learning, expert systems, vision, natural language, creativity, and human-computer interaction. This volume is suitable for any psychologist, philosopher, or computer scientist wanting to know the current state of the art in this area of cognitive science. Up-to-date account of how computational ideas and techniques are relevant to psychology Includes discussions of "classical" (symbolic) AI, of connectionism (neural nets), of evolutionary programming, and of A-Life Discusses a wide range of psychology from low-level vision to creativity
إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.
Business & Economics by Project Management Institute
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) Fifth Edition reflects the collaboration and knowledge of working project managers and provides the fundamentals of project management as they apply to a wide range of projects. This internationally recognized standard gives project managers the essential tools to practice project management and deliver organizational results. A 10th Knowledge Area has been added; Project Stakeholder Management expands upon the importance of appropriately engaging project stakeholders in key decisions and activities. Project data information and information flow have been redefined to bring greater consistency and be more aligned with the Data, Information, Knowledge and Wisdom (DIKW) model used in the field of Knowledge Management. Four new planning processes have been added: Plan Scope Management, Plan Schedule Management, Plan Cost Management and Plan Stakeholder Management: These were created to reinforce the concept that eac