Risk Assessment, Epidemiology, and Health Effects, Second Edition
Author: Ronald F. Dodson,Samuel P. Hammar
Publisher: CRC Press
The first edition of Asbestos: Risk Assessment, Epidemiology, and Health Effects received critical acclaim due to the interdisciplinary nature of its content. Editors Ronald Dodson and Samuel Hammar have carefully kept this popular focus while updating and expanding the topics covered in the first edition with the help of internationally known experts. While there are hundreds of books available on many different aspects of asbestos, none contain the encyclopedic, comprehensive coverage you will find here. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Definitions of asbestos by different methodologies and the potential impact that those forms have on health Internationally accepted sampling/analytical schemes Findings of major asbestos-related diseases that continue to increase in most industrialized countries where asbestos is widely used Information on asbestos-induced diseases in biological systems Expanded regulations chapter Copiously illustrated with diagrams, tables, and photographs, including some in color, the book remains an interdisciplinary resource on the major issues in asbestos exposure and human health, with coverage that spans history, pathology, and epidemiology as well as sampling, analysis, and regulatory issues. The editors’ expertise and careful updating set this book apart, making it a comprehensive resource that interlinks diverse specialties. They provide an updated and expanded state-of-the-art discussion of important interdisciplinary factors associated with asbestos-related issues in an easy-to-use reference.
Medical by Anthony Newman Taylor,Paul Cullinan,Paul Blanc,Anthony Pickering
Author: Anthony Newman Taylor,Paul Cullinan,Paul Blanc,Anthony Pickering
Publisher: CRC Press
This authoritative text on occupational lung disorders builds upon the fundamentals, including clinical, epidemiological, and predictive approaches. It discusses interstitial and malignant diseases, airways diseases, and other respiratory issues, such as diving, working at high altitudes, and abnormal sleep conditions. It also covers related long-term conditions, such as asthma and COPD. This edition has been completely revised and brought up to date for all physicians dealing with pulmonary disorders caused by the environment or the workplace.
Medical by Anna M. Fan,George Alexeeff,Elaine Khan
The presence of chemicals in our environment is a subject of intense interest owing to the many potential adverse health effects to humans following exposure to these chemicals. The principles and practices of risk assessment are used to assess the associated health risks to provide a scientific and health basis for guidance or regulatory standards development and risk management decision making for public health protection. This book compiles, discusses, and presents cutting-edge research data and methodology in performing risk assessment of some major chemicals of concern in our environment. It also discusses the complexity of the scientific databases, the available and updated methodology, emerging issues, limitations in knowledge and methods, considerations of developmental and age sensitivities, use of defaults, case samples on results in risk assessment and risk management, and current and future perspectives. The editors are prominent in the field of environmental toxicology, risk assessment, and chemical regulations. This book will appeal to those interested in evaluating the human health effects of exposure to chemicals in the environment and the associated assessments and findings.
Technology & Engineering by Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Vivian Tam,João Labrincha,Yining Ding,Jorge de Brito
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Vivian Tam,João Labrincha,Yining Ding,Jorge de Brito
Category: Technology & Engineering
The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts in meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals. Part one considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants and the economics of managing construction and demolition waste. Part two reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste. It begins with a comparison between conventional demolition and construction techniques before going on to discuss the preparation, refinement and quality control of concrete aggregates produced from waste. It concludes by assessing the mechanical properties, strength and durability of concrete made using recycled aggregates. Part three includes examples of the use of recycled aggregates in applications such as roads, pavements, high-performance concrete and alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. Finally, the book discusses environmental and safety issues such as the removal of gypsum, asbestos and alkali-silica reaction (ASR) concrete, as well as life-cycle analysis of concrete with recycled aggregates. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste is a standard reference for all those involved in the civil engineering sector, as well as academic researchers in the field. Summarises key recent research in recycling and reusing concrete and demolition waste to reduce environmental impacts and meet national, regional and global environmental targets Considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants Reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste
A comprehensive guide to assessing the health effects of environmental toxicants in nonoccupational settings Now in a second edition, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects continues to offer a unique perspective on a topic that is usually focused on exposure and effects in industrial settings. Fully revised and expanded, it presents comprehensive, cutting-edge information on the effects of human exposure to selected chemicals and physical agents in nonoccupational environments. Dr. Morton Lippmann assembles expert contributions by leading authorities on each of the twenty-five environmental agents examined, providing a critical review of the accumulated evidence concerning their known or likely impact on human health, especially after long-term exposure. Six new chapters have been added to this edition, discussing ambient particulate matter, chromium, mercury, noise, pesticides, and ultraviolet radiation. Existing chapters have been updated to include the most current information on performing risk assessments for established toxicants-from asbestos and benzene to the sick building syndrome. In the closing chapters, the authors place the discussion in a broader social and scientific context, exploring such issues as individual and community risk, environmental engineering for risk reduction, pulmonary medicine, and lessons learned in the industrial sector. Supplemented with more than 100 illustrations and photographs, and with a view to future research trends, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects is an indispensable guide for public health officials, industrial hygienists, epidemiologists, and primary care physicians involved in risk assessment and management for exposed individuals and populations.
Business & Economics by Eric Stallard,Kenneth G. Manton,Joel E. Cohen
Epidemiology and Modeling in the Manville Asbestos Case
Author: Eric Stallard,Kenneth G. Manton,Joel E. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
The Johns-Manville asbestos litigation took 12 years to reach settlement and is expected to generate nearly 500,000 claims at a value of over $34 billion. This book describes the tasks of forecasting the number, timing, and nature of claims from a set of exposed persons of unknown size. The models will be of use in other product liability cases. Written for a broad audience of actuaries, biostatisticans, health scientists, financial analysts, and statisticians.
Conclusions, and recommendations -- Introduction -- Risk analysis -- Dose-response modelling : basic concepts -- Dose-response modelling : why and when to use it -- Principles of dose-response modelling -- Communicating the results of dose-response modelling -- Conclusions and recommendations.
The objective of this second edition of Occupational Epidemiology is to update and extend the first edition. It includes a basic introduction to epidemiology in the occupational context and introduces new analytic methods. This volume-packed with mostly new material-empasizes the relation between occupation and a variety of illnesses. These chapters extensively cover the current epidemiologic literature on occupation and provide a valuable basic reference. This interesting work also includes case studies in occupational epidemiology. It discusses the evaluation of individual studies and the integration of information from several studies. Students as well as professionals who wish to integrate an understanding of epidemiology into their professional practice will find this book to be an indispensable resource tool.
Medical by Robert V. DiGregorio, PharmD, BCACP,Carol Green-Hernandez, PhD, ARNP, FNP-BC, FNS,Stephen Paul Holzemer, PhD, RN
Author: Robert V. DiGregorio, PharmD, BCACP,Carol Green-Hernandez, PhD, ARNP, FNP-BC, FNS,Stephen Paul Holzemer, PhD, RN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
A complete, state-of-the-art bible of interprofessional primary care in one easy-to-use resource for Interprofessional Primary Care A truly interprofessional primary care textbook, created by DNPs/APRNs, MDs, PharmDs, PAs, CNSs, and CNMs Evidence-based practice guidelines for Primary Care Includes community care, team work, and wellness coachings Strong guidance on differential diagnosis, disease prevention, risk reduction and lifestyle management Across the lifespan focus PLUS gender, occupational and palliative care considerations Case Studies in PPT format available to faculty adopting the text This second edition of Primary Care delivers succinct, current, and integrated information on the assessment, differential diagnosis, treatment, and management of individuals with commonly seen conditions in primary care settings. Written and edited by APNs, MDs, PAs, PharmDs and other health professionals, it emphasizes guidance on differential diagnosis, interprofessional primary care, lifestyle management, health promotion, risk reduction, and disease prevention. The text features ërelationship-centered care, extensive coverage of age, gender, and occupational considerations; complementary approaches; nutritional assessment; violence exposure and vulnerability assessment; family, community, and cultural assessment; palliative care; and evidence-based practice guidelines. This important text presents current diagnostic criteria for each condition and includes relevant anatomy, pathology, and physiology, epidemiology of the condition, including cultural and economic factors, risk identification, and disease prevention strategies. Also included are related laboratory studies, the focused physical exam, wellness coaching, treatment options, potential pitfalls, and much more. Additionally, the book includes clinical "pearls", clinical warnings, referrals and warning points, and references. The text is of value to all interprofessional primary care providers, with a special focus on the needs of advanced practice nurses and MSN/DNP students, and as a course textbook for teaching primary health care topics New to the Second Edition: Increased focus on interprofessional primary care, including community care, team work, and wellness coaching Strong guidance on differential diagnosis, disease prevention, risk reduction and lifestyle management Broad team of interprofessional authors and editors Special focus on elder/geriatric primary care and palliative care Evidence-based practice guidelines Stronger focus on age, gender, and occupational considerationsFocus on age, gender, and occupational considerations Case Studies in PPT format available to faculty adopting the text
Medical by Carr, Susan,Unwin, Nigel,Pless-Mulloli, Tanja
From reviews of the first edition:'An up-to-date presentation of research methods in occupational epidemiology is provided by this well-written and well-structured textbook... This excellent book is likely to become a standard reference text. All those engaged in occupational epidemiology should obtain a copy.' -International Journal of Epidemiology'A remarkably well-written, easy-to-read, concise synopsis of the whole range of methods used in occupational epidemiology. Many examples, tables, diagrams, with comprehensive summaries of statistical concepts and various methods used to model exposure and dose. A valuable reference for basic and intermediate work.' -APHA Occupational Health and Safety Newsletter'This book is a worthwhile introductory text to the emerging field of occupational epidemiology. It gives an extensive discussion of the practical problems to be faced in planning and executing occupational studies, and will be of particular benefit to persons starting work in this field of study.' -Chronic DiseasesThis widely used text provides a clear and critical summary of research approaches to the epidemiological study of workplace hazards. It describes the historical development of occupational epidemiology, methods for characterizing occupational exposures, and techniques for designing and implementing epidemiologic studies in this area. The relative strengths and limitations of various study designs for investigating specific health outcomes are emphasized. Also included are more advanced discussions of statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and subsequent applications of data derived from epidemiologic research, as in meta-analysis, pooled analysis, and statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and risk assessment. Since the first edition was published 15 years ago, there have been numerous advances in epidemiologic methods to accommodate a broadened scope of investigations of occupational exposures and associated adverse health outcomes. Thus, in this Second Edition the authors have updated their discussions of methodology to include such topics as case-cohort and case-crossover designs and statistical analysis of repeated measures data, and have expanded the examples they use throughout the book to demonstrate the applications of these methods to a wide range of acute and chronic health outcomes. They have also added a new chapter on occupational health surveillance. Their text is unique for its strong emphasis on the definition and assessment of exposures, the application of quantitative exposure data to epidemiologic models, and the recognition that improvements in workplace risk identification and quantification will come from careful integration of these approaches.
Technology & Engineering by Chris Winder,Neill H. Stacey
Hazardous agents are an ongoing concern in the modern workplace, with many examples of workers being severely affected by chemicals as a result of both acute and chronic exposure. Occupational Toxicology, 2nd Edition introduces the basics of toxicology that underpin the application of toxicological information to the workplace environment. The book contains chapters on the most important workplace exposures such as metals, pesticides, solvents, plastics, gases, and particulate matter, as well as the organs likely to be affected. The lungs and the skin are given individual consideration as common sites of injury and disease caused by exposure to chemicals. Genotoxicity and cancer are also singled out for particular attention due to ongoing concern about cancer-related effects of chemicals. Important fields interfacing with occupational toxicology - hygiene, epidemiology, and occupational medicine - are also covered to assist the reader in understanding the necessity of cross-discipline considerations in dealing with workplace exposures. This practical approach makes this book particularly valuable to students of toxicology as well as to occupational health and safety professionals at all levels.
Medical by R. Bonita,R. Beaglehole,Tord Kjellström,World Health Organization
Author: R. Bonita,R. Beaglehole,Tord Kjellström,World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.
Across the last forty years, epidemiology has developed into a vibrant scientific discipline that brings together the social and biological sciences, incorporating everything from statistics to the philosophy of science in its aim to study and track the distribution and determinants of health events. A now-classic text, the second edition of this essential introduction to epidemiology presents the core concepts in a unified approach that aims to cut through the fog and elucidate the fundamental concepts. Rather than focusing on formulas or dogma, the book presents basic epidemiologic principles and concepts in a coherent and straightforward exposition. By emphasizing a unifying set of ideas, students will develop a strong foundation for understanding the principles of epidemiologic research.
This book is about the legal, economical, and practical assessment and management of risky activities arising from routine, catastrophic environmental and occupational exposures to hazardous agents. It includes a discussion of aspects of US and European Union law concerning risky activities, and then develops the economic analyses that are relevant to implementing choices within a supply and demand framework. The book also discusses exposure-response and time-series models used in assessing air and water pollution, as well as probabilistic cancer models, including toxicological compartmental, pharmaco-kinetic models and epidemiological relative risks and odds ratios-based models. Statistical methods to measure agreement, correlation and discordance are also developed. The methods and criteria of decision-analysis, including several measures of value of information (VOI) conclude the expositions. This book is an excellent text for students studying risk assessment and management.
Law by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety
still lethal/still legal : the need to better protect the health of American workers and their families : hearing before the Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, on examining asbestos, focusing on efforts to better protect the health of American workers and their families, March 1, 2007
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety
Medical by Julia Smedley,Finlay Dick,Steven Sadhra
Fully revised for this second edition, the Oxford Handbook of Occupational Health provides a concise practice-based guide. Bringing together the latest legislation and guidance with current practice in the field, this is your authoritative guide to assessing and managing health risks in the workplace. Consisting of twelve sections covering the full breadth of practice, the Handbook includes workplace hazards and diseases, occupational health emergencies, and practical procedures. This second edition is also updated with new information on psychiatric emergencies, psychological therapies, chronic pain management, writing a policy, and obesity. Providing a thorough, easy-to-use guide to the whole of occupational health, this Handbook is the essential resource for all occupational physicians, occupational health nurses, occupational hygienists, and all those dealing with workplace health and fitness, giving you the information you need at your fingertips.
Here’s the multidisciplinary guidance you need for optimal imaging of malignancies. Radiologists, surgeons, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists offer state-of-the-art guidelines for diagnosis, staging, and surveillance, equipping all members of the cancer team to make the best possible use of today’s noninvasive diagnostic tools. Consult with the best. Dr. Paul M. Silverman and more than 100 other experts from MD Anderson Cancer Center provide you with today's most dependable answers on every aspect of the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the cancer patient. Recognize the characteristic presentation of each cancer via current imaging modalities and understand the clinical implications of your findings. Effectively use traditional imaging modalities such as Multidetector CT (MDCT), PET/CT, and MR in conjunction with the latest advances in molecular oncology and targeted therapies. Find information quickly and easily thanks to a consistent, highly templated format complete with "Key Point" summaries, algorithms, drawings, and full-color staging diagrams. Make confident decisions with guidance from comprehensive algorithms for better staging and imaging evaluation. Access the fully searchable text online, along with high-quality downloadable images for use in teaching and lecturing and online-only algorithms, at expertconsult.com.
Medical by Victor L. Roggli,Tim D. Oury,Thomas A. Sporn
Author: Victor L. Roggli,Tim D. Oury,Thomas A. Sporn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Pathology of Asbestos-Associated Diseases integrates the newest research and advances in its discussion of asbestos-induced diseases. Organized in 13 chapters, the book begins with background information on the mineralogy of asbestos, occupation and environmental exposure to asbestos, and asbestosis. A detailed discussion on mesothelioma includes a historical background, addresses etiologic considerations and epidemiology, pathologic features, differential diagnosis and treatment and prognosis. Guidelines for assessing and identifying asbestos-associated carcinomas of the lung, including histopathology and differential diagnosis, are discussed. The text also addresses the explosion of research in the area of molecular biology and the abundance of information bearing on the mechanisms by which asbestos causes disease. Chapters also cover cytopathology and experimental models of asbestos-related diseases. The diseases associated with asbestos have significant medico-legal implications, and there are two chapters dedicated to addressing the issue. More than 190 illustrations complement the text. An invaluable reference for the pathologist, pulmonologist, radiologist, and occupational medical practitioner interested in asbestos-related disease as well as malpractice attorneys needing an understanding of asbestos, the diseases it induces, prognosis and clinical implications.