History

Baloma; The Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: BiblioBazaar, LLC

ISBN: 9780559110894

Category: History

Page: 132

View: 4327

This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Baloma

The Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: Pinnacle Press

ISBN: 9781375007757

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 124

View: 863

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Baloma, the Spirits of the Dead

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781542957175

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7414

Among the natives of Kiriwina, death is the starting point of two series of events which run almost independently of each other. Death affects the deceased individual; his soul (baloma or balom) leaves the body and goes to another world, there to lead a shadowy existence. His passing is also a matter of concern to the bereft community. Its members wail for him, mourn for him, and celebrate an endless series of feasts. These festivities consist, as a rule, in the distribution of uncooked food; while less frequently they are actual feasts in which cooked food is eaten on the spot. They center around the dead man's body, and are closely connected with the duties of mourning, wailing and sorrowing for the dead individual. But--and this is the important point for the present description--these social activities and ceremonies have no connection with the spirit. They are not performed, either to send a message of love and regret to the baloma(spirit), or to deter him from returning; they do not influence his welfare, nor do they affect his relation to the survivors. It is possible, therefore, to discuss the native beliefs in afterlife without touching the subject of mourning and mortuary ceremonies. The latter are extremely complex, and, in order to be properly described, a thorough knowledge of the native social system would be required. In this article the beliefs concerning the spirits of the dead and afterlife will be described.
Social Science

Ways of Baloma

Rethinking Magic and Kinship from the Trobriands

Author: Mark Mosko

Publisher: Hau

ISBN: 9780997367560

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 3222

Bronislaw Malinowski's path-breaking research in the Trobriand Islands shaped much of modern anthropology's disciplinary paradigm. Yet many conundrums remain. For example, Malinowski asserted that baloma spirits of the dead were responsible for procreation but had limited influence on their living descendants in magic and other matters, claims largely unchallenged by subsequent field investigators, until now. Based on extended fieldwork at Omarakana village--home of the Tabalu "Paramount Chief"--Mark S. Mosko argues instead that these and virtually all contexts of indigenous sociality are conceived as sacrificial reciprocities between the mirror worlds that baloma and humans inhabit. Informed by a synthesis of Strathern's model of "dividual personhood" and L�vy-Bruhl's theory of "participation," Mosko upends a century of discussion and debate extending from Malinowski to anthropology's other leading thinkers. His account of the intimate interdependencies of humans and spirits in the cosmic generation and coordination of "life" (momova) and "death" (kaliga) strikes at the nexus of anthropology's received wisdom, and Ways of Baloma will inevitably lead practitioners and students to reflect anew on the discipline's multifold theories of personhood, ritual agency, and sociality.
Karma

Karma and Rebirth

A Cross Cultural Study

Author: Gananath Obeyesekere

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 9788120826090

Category: Karma

Page: 448

View: 7366

With Karma and Rebirth: A Cross Cultural Study on the very first comparison of rebirth concepts across a wide range of cultures. Exploring in rich detail the beliefs of small scale indigenous societies of West Africa, Melanesia, and North America, Obeyesekere compares their ideas with those of the ancient and modern Indic civilizations and with the Greek rebirth theories of Pythagoras, Empedocles, Pindar and Plato. His groundbreaking and authoritiative discussion decenters the popular notion that India was the origin and locus of ideas of rebirth.
Biography & Autobiography

Malinowski

Odyssey of an Anthropologist, 1884-1920

Author: Michael W. Young

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300102949

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 690

View: 5478

"Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942) was one of the most colourful and charismatic social scientists of the twentieth century. His contributions as a founding father of social anthropology and his complex personality earned him international notoriety and near-mythical status. This book presents a portrait of Malinowski's early life, from his birth in Cracow to his departure from Australia in 1920. By the age of 36, Malinowski had already created the innovative fieldwork methods and techniques that would secure his intellectual legacy.". "Young draws on an array of primary documents, including Malinowski's letters and unpublished diaries and manuscripts, and presents new information on the anthropologist's personality, private life, and early career. He describes Malinowski's restless life of travel - some of it in the imaginary footsteps of his literary hero and compatriot, Joseph Conrad - from Cracow to the Mediterranean and the Canary Island, Leipzig, London, Warsaw, Zakopane, Ceylon, Australia, colonial Papua, and the Trobriand Islands. Young also explores Malinowski's complicated relationships with women and with some of the greatest scholars of his generation."--BOOK JACKET.
Social Science

Classic Anthropology

Critical Essays, 1944-1996

Author: John William Bennett

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412819732

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 6742

Classic Anthropology is Bennett's label for the work produced by anthropologists during the period 1915-1955, which many believe represents the most productive era in the discipline's history. It is also one that can never be repeated, given the fact that most of anthropology's basic data - the ideas and customs of tribal peoples - have been extinguished or greatly transformed by modernization and nationalization. The book is composed of some fifteen essays. Among the issues examined are: the emergence of a functionalist viewpoint in ethnology; the difficulties of developing a theory of human behavior because of the focus on culture; the "search" for concepts of culture to serve specialized needs; the neglect of social psychology by the "culture and personality" field; how value judgments emerged, willy-nilly - or conversely, were neglected, in ethnological research; how applied anthropology was challenged by "Action Anthropology"; and how the interdisciplinary anthropology of the late 1940s was submerged in the postwar effort to return the discipline to traditionalroots. Individual anthropologists whose work is examined include, among others. Bronislaw Malinowski, Leslie Spier, Alfred Kroeber, Ralph Linton, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Clyde Kluckhohn, Gregory Bateson, and Walter Taylor.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Trobriand Islanders' Ways of Speaking

Author: Gunter Senft

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110227991

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 6845

Bronislaw Maliniowski claimed in his monograph Argonauts of the Western Pacific that to approach the goal of ethnographic field-work, requires a "collection of ethnographic statements, characteristic narratives, typical utterances, items of folk-lore and magical formulae ... as a corpus inscriptionum, as documents of native mentality". This book finally meets Malinowski's demand. Based on more than 40 months of field research the author presents, documents and illustrates the Trobriand Islanders' own indigenous typology of text categories or genres, covering the spectrum from ditties children chant while spinning a top, to gossip, songs, tales, and myths. The typology is based on Kilivila metalinguistic terms for these genres, and considers the relationship they have with registers or varieties which are also metalinguistically distinguished by the native speakers of this language. Rooted in the 'ethnography of speaking' paradigm and in the 'anthropological linguistics/linguistic anthropology' approach, the book highlights the relevance of genres for researching the role of language, culture and cognition in social interaction, and demonstrates the importance of understanding genres for achieving linguistic and cultural competence. In addition to the data presented in the book, its readers have the opportunity to access the original audio- and video-data presented via the internet on a special website, which mirrors the structure of the book. Thus, the reader can check the transcriptions against the original data recordings. This makes the volume particularly valuable for teaching purposes in (general, Austronesian/ Oceanic, documentary, and anthropological) linguistics and ethnology.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Tuma Underworld of Love

Erotic and Other Narrative Songs of the Trobriand Islanders and Their Spirits of the Dead

Author: Gunter Senft

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027202877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 138

View: 3953

The Trobriand Islanders' eschatological belief system explains what happens when someone dies. Bronislaw Malinowski described essentials of this eschatology in his articles "Baloma: the Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands" and "Myth in Primitive Psychology" There he also presented the Trobrianders' belief that a "baloma" can be reborn; he claimed that Trobrianders are unaware of the father's role as genitor. This volume presents a critical review of Malinowski's ethnography of Trobriand eschatology - finally settling the "virgin birth" controversy. It also documents the ritualized and highly poetic "wosi milamala" - the harvest festival songs. They are sung in an archaic variety of Kilivila called "biga baloma" - the baloma language. Malinowski briefly refers to these songs but does not mention that they codify many aspects of Trobriand eschatology. The songs are still sung at specific occasions; however, they are now moribund. With these songs Trobriand eschatology will vanish.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Cultural Models in Language and Thought

Author: Dorothy Holland,Naomi Quinn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521311687

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 9007

A multidisciplinary collaboration exploring the role of cultural knowledge in everyday language and understanding.
Ethnology

Magic, Science and Religion

And Other Essays

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780285647459

Category: Ethnology

Page: 274

View: 6807

In the same way that Frazer mapped out new worlds for modern anthropologists by rediscovering a common poetry in the mythologies of cultures, so Malinowski (through his studies of the Melanesian peoples) found a poetry in daily living. By exploring the rhythm of work and ritual among primitive peoples, he reveals essentials about ourselves. The three essays included here, first published in the 1920's, retain their power to move. In 'Magic, Science and Religion' Malinowski examines the various views of primitive religion (put forth by Frazer and Durkheim among others) and goes on to explore his own theories. Scientific knowledge, he finds, is common to all peoples, even the most primitive but religion and magic are special means by which man in a specific culture reconciles his place in the universe. The second essay, 'Myth in Primitive Psychology', was written as a tribute to Sir James Frazer, where Malinowski links myth with magic as a source of ethical and philosophical ideas, stressing the changing relationship with the culture that produces it. In the final essay, 'Baloma', Malinowski describes beliefs found in the Trobriand Islands regarding the spirits of the dead and explains his basic ideas on the functional link between behaviour, belief and society.
Social Science

The Triads

The Hung Society Or the Society of Heaven on Earth

Author: John Sebastian Marlow Ward,William George Stirling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 1988

First published in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Anthropology

Cambridge Anthropology

A Journal of the Department of Social Anthropology, Cambridge University

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 9945

Religion

Religion

what is it?

Author: William C. Tremmel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780030155512

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 3551

Social Science

Cultural Anthropology

A Contemporary Perspective

Author: Roger M. Keesing

Publisher: Holt McDougal

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 4567