History

Baloma; The Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: BiblioBazaar, LLC

ISBN: 9780559110894

Category: History

Page: 132

View: 8066

This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide.
Body, Mind & Spirit

Baloma

The Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: Pinnacle Press

ISBN: 9781375007757

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 124

View: 6243

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Baloma, the Spirits of the Dead

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781542957175

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8850

Among the natives of Kiriwina, death is the starting point of two series of events which run almost independently of each other. Death affects the deceased individual; his soul (baloma or balom) leaves the body and goes to another world, there to lead a shadowy existence. His passing is also a matter of concern to the bereft community. Its members wail for him, mourn for him, and celebrate an endless series of feasts. These festivities consist, as a rule, in the distribution of uncooked food; while less frequently they are actual feasts in which cooked food is eaten on the spot. They center around the dead man's body, and are closely connected with the duties of mourning, wailing and sorrowing for the dead individual. But--and this is the important point for the present description--these social activities and ceremonies have no connection with the spirit. They are not performed, either to send a message of love and regret to the baloma(spirit), or to deter him from returning; they do not influence his welfare, nor do they affect his relation to the survivors. It is possible, therefore, to discuss the native beliefs in afterlife without touching the subject of mourning and mortuary ceremonies. The latter are extremely complex, and, in order to be properly described, a thorough knowledge of the native social system would be required. In this article the beliefs concerning the spirits of the dead and afterlife will be described.
Social Science

Tod, Modernität und Gesellschaft

Entwurf einer Theorie der Todesverdrängung

Author: Georg Weber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322998339

Category: Social Science

Page: 483

View: 4424

Daß der Tod in modernen Gesellschaften "verdrängt" wird, gehört zu den scheinbar sicheren Wissensbeständen des alltagsweltlichen common-sense. Hauptziel der Untersuchung ist, mit gesellschaftstheoretischen Mitteln dieses vermeintlich sichere Urteil auf seinen Gehalt kritisch zu überprüfen. Nach einer erkenntnistheoretischen und geistesgeschichtlichen Hinführung zum Thema bekommt die Formulierung einer sozialwissenschaftlich fundierten Theorie der Todesverdrängung, die die üblichen kulturkritischen Folien einer totalisierenden Vernunft- und Modernitätskritik vermeidet, einen zentralen Stellenwert. Die in einem letzten größeren Gedankenschritt formulierten "Überwindungsversuche" moderner Todesverdrängung beziehen die Kriterien ihrer Kritik aus den Kategorien der Moderne selbst und nicht von einem extramundanen Standpunkt her.
Biography & Autobiography

Malinowski

Odyssey of an Anthropologist, 1884-1920

Author: Michael W. Young

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300102949

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 690

View: 8808

Bronislaw Malinowski (1884–1942) was one of the most colorful and charismatic social scientists of the twentieth century. His contributions as a founding father of social anthropology and his complex personality earned him international notoriety and near-mythical status. This landmark book presents a vivid portrait of Malinowski’s early life, from his birth in Cracow to his departure in 1920 from the Trobriand Islands of the South Pacific. At the age of 36, he had already created the innovative fieldwork methods and techniques that would secure his intellectual legacy. Drawing on an exceptionally rich array of primary documents, including Malinowski’s letters and unpublished diaries and manuscripts, Michael Young provides significant new information about the anthropologist’s personality, private life, and career. The author describes Malinowski’s restless life of travel, connections with intellectuals and artists, Nietzschean belief in his own destiny, and legendary fieldwork. The singular man who emerges from these pages fascinates on every level—as a volatile friend and lover, a provocative colleague, a passionate diarist, and a brilliant thinker who pioneered radical change in the field of anthropology.
Social Science

Ways of Baloma

Rethinking Magic and Kinship from the Trobriands

Author: Mark Mosko

Publisher: Hau

ISBN: 9780997367560

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 2057

Bronislaw Malinowski's path-breaking research in the Trobriand Islands shaped much of modern anthropology's disciplinary paradigm. Yet many conundrums remain. For example, Malinowski asserted that baloma spirits of the dead were responsible for procreation but had limited influence on their living descendants in magic and other matters, claims largely unchallenged by subsequent field investigators, until now. Based on extended fieldwork at Omarakana village--home of the Tabalu "Paramount Chief"--Mark S. Mosko argues instead that these and virtually all contexts of indigenous sociality are conceived as sacrificial reciprocities between the mirror worlds that baloma and humans inhabit. Informed by a synthesis of Strathern's model of "dividual personhood" and L�vy-Bruhl's theory of "participation," Mosko upends a century of discussion and debate extending from Malinowski to anthropology's other leading thinkers. His account of the intimate interdependencies of humans and spirits in the cosmic generation and coordination of "life" (momova) and "death" (kaliga) strikes at the nexus of anthropology's received wisdom, and Ways of Baloma will inevitably lead practitioners and students to reflect anew on the discipline's multifold theories of personhood, ritual agency, and sociality.
Karma

Karma and Rebirth

A Cross Cultural Study

Author: Gananath Obeyesekere

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishe

ISBN: 9788120826090

Category: Karma

Page: 448

View: 5669

With Karma and Rebirth: A Cross Cultural Study on the very first comparison of rebirth concepts across a wide range of cultures. Exploring in rich detail the beliefs of small scale indigenous societies of West Africa, Melanesia, and North America, Obeyesekere compares their ideas with those of the ancient and modern Indic civilizations and with the Greek rebirth theories of Pythagoras, Empedocles, Pindar and Plato. His groundbreaking and authoritiative discussion decenters the popular notion that India was the origin and locus of ideas of rebirth.
Language Arts & Disciplines

The Tuma Underworld of Love

Erotic and Other Narrative Songs of the Trobriand Islanders and Their Spirits of the Dead

Author: Gunter Senft

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027202877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 138

View: 379

The Trobriand Islanders' eschatological belief system explains what happens when someone dies. Bronislaw Malinowski described essentials of this eschatology in his articles "Baloma: the Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands" and "Myth in Primitive Psychology" There he also presented the Trobrianders' belief that a "baloma" can be reborn; he claimed that Trobrianders are unaware of the father's role as genitor. This volume presents a critical review of Malinowski's ethnography of Trobriand eschatology - finally settling the "virgin birth" controversy. It also documents the ritualized and highly poetic "wosi milamala" - the harvest festival songs. They are sung in an archaic variety of Kilivila called "biga baloma" - the baloma language. Malinowski briefly refers to these songs but does not mention that they codify many aspects of Trobriand eschatology. The songs are still sung at specific occasions; however, they are now moribund. With these songs Trobriand eschatology will vanish.
Anthropology

Cambridge Anthropology

A Journal of the Department of Social Anthropology, Cambridge University

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2044

Social Science

The Triads

The Hung Society Or the Society of Heaven on Earth

Author: John Sebastian Marlow Ward,William George Stirling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 3326

First published in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Birth customs

Die Verhaltensökologie der Couvade

perinatale Tabus und Einschränkungen für werdende Väter an der Schnittstelle von Biologie und Kultur

Author: Jürgen Kunz

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3833006560

Category: Birth customs

Page: 400

View: 3691

Warum unterlassen M nner vor oder nach der Geburt ihrer Kinder das Singen, Tanzen oder Jagen; und das - wie bei den equadorianischen Jivaro - bis zu drei Jahre lang? Warum liegen M nner w hrend der Schwangerschaft ihrer Partnerinnen krank danieder oder nach der Entbindung mit dem Kind in der H ngematte, w hrend die Mutter des Kindes sofort wieder arbeitet? Aus den Ans tzen der modernen Evolutionsbiologie heraus werden L sungen f r die Frage nach der tiologie der Couvade aufgezeigt. Zudem wird in diesem Buch ein weiterer Weg beschritten, die Restriktionen zu verstehen: der Vergleich mit dem Verhalten deutscher Paare von heute. Hat sich mit den neuen V tern" eine neue Couvade" entwickelt? Es wird gezeigt, dass viele der in au ereurop ischen Gesellschaften gefundenen Tabus sowie die entsprechenden verhaltens kologischen Zusammenh nge in abgewandelter Form auch im Deutschland von heute zu finden sind und beiden Ph nomenen der Versuch zugrunde liegt, mit der Erschaffung neuen Lebens verbundene Probleme zu l sen.
Religion

Religion

What is It?

Author: William C. Tremmel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780030155512

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 8171

Social Science

Cultural Anthropology

A Contemporary Perspective

Author: Roger M. Keesing

Publisher: Holt McDougal

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 9537