Law

Black's Law, 9th Ed, 2009

Law Encyclopedia

Author: West Publishing, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1943

View: 7068

Since becoming editor in chief of Black's Law Dictionary in the mid-1990s, I've tried with each successive edition-the seventh, the eighth, and now the ninth-to make the book at once both more scholarly and more practical. Anyone who cares to put this book alongside the sixth or earlier editions will discover that the book has been almost entirely rewritten, with an increase in precision and clarity. It's true that I've cut some definitions that appeared in the sixth and earlier editions. On a representative sample of two consecutive pages of the sixth can be found botulism, bouche (mouth), bough ofa tree, bought (meaning "purchased"), bouncer (referring to a nightclub employee), bourg (a village), boulevard, bourgeois, brabant (an obscure kind ofancient coin also called a crocard), brabanter (a mercenary soldier in the Middle Ages), and brachium maris (an arm of the sea). These can hardly be counted as legal terms worthy of inclusion in a true law dictionary, and Black's had been properly criticized for including headwords such as these." Meanwhile, though, within the same span of terms, I've added entries for three types of boundaries (agreed boundary, land boundary, lost boundary), as well as for bounty hunter, bounty land, bounty-land warrant, boutique (a specialized law firm), box day (a day historically set aside for filing papers in Scotland's Court of Session), box-top license (also known as a shrink-wrap license), Boykin Act (an intellectual-property statute enacted after World War II), Boyle defense (also known as the government-contractor defense), bracket system (the tax term), Bracton (the title of one of the earliest, most important English lawbooks), and Brady Act (the federal law for background checks on handgun-purchasers). And all the other entries have been wholly revised-shortened here and amplified there to bring the book into better proportion. Hence, in one brief span of entries, the sixth and the ninth editions appear to be entirely different books. That's true throughout the work. But it's not as if I've revised the book with any hostility toward historical material. In fact, I've added hundreds of Roman-law terms that had been omitted from earlier editions and retranslated all the others on grounds that current users ofthe dictionary might need to look up the meanings ofthese historical terms. But whatever appears here, in my view, should be plausibly a law-related term-and closely related to the law. Users ought to be reminded once again about the handy collection oflegal maxims in Appendix B. It is, I believe, the most comprehensive and accurate set of translated maxims to be found anywhere in print-thanks to the erudite revisions of two civillaw experts of the first rank: Professor Tony Honore of Oxford and Professor David Walker of Glasgow. A lexicographer must do what is practicable to improve each new edition ofa dictionary. One of the notable features ofthis new edition is the dating of the most common terms-that is, the parenthetical inclusion of a date to show the term's earliest known use in the English language. For researching these dates, I'm grateful to the distinguished and industrious lexicographer at the Yale Law Library, Fred R. Shapiro. "See David Mellinkoff, The Myth ofPrecision and the Law Dictionary, 31 U.C.L.A. L. Rev. 423, 440 (1983). As a lexicographer, I've learned a great deal from my friends and mentors in the field-especially the late Robert W. Burchfield, editor ofthe Oxford English Dictionary Supplement during the latter halfofthe 20th century. Like his 19th-century precursors at the Oxford English Dictionary, Burchfield had a battalion oflexicographic volunteers from around the globe to help him in his momentous work. I have tried to do the same. Because I genuinely believe in a community ofscholars- a community oflearned people who understand the cultural and historical importance ofhaving a first-rate dictionary, and are willing to playa role in producing it-I have called on volunteers to help in the production ofthis vast and complex dictionary. It has been rewarding to have so many lawyers, judges, and scholars answer the call. Take a moment, if you will, and scan the masthead on pages vi-ix. Consider that each of these contributors personally edited 30 to 50 pages ofsingle-spaced manuscript-some more than that. They suggested improved wordings and solved editorial difficulties they encountered. Consider the geographical variety of the panelists, and ponder the years of specialist knowledge they brought to their work. Look at the panel of academic contributors and notice that they are distinguished scholars ofthe highest order, many ofthem household names among lawyers. They exerted themselves not just for the betterment of this book, but for the betterment ofthe law as a whole. For this is the law dictionary that the profession has relied on for over a century. Everyone who cares about the law owes our contributors a debt ofthanks. Bryan A. Garner LawProse, Inc. Dallas, Texas April 2009
Law

New England Law Review: Volume 48, Number 1 - Fall 2013

Author: New England Law Review

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610278607

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 1711

The New England Law Review now offers its issues in convenient and modern ebook formats for e-reader devices, apps, pads, smartphones, and computers. This first issue of Volume 48, Fall 2013, was published in 2014 and contains articles and presentations from leading figures of the academy, the judiciary, and the legal community. Contents of this issue include: • Commencement Address at New England Law: Boston, May 24, 2013, by U.S. Attorney Carmen M. Ortiz Articles: • Creamskimming and Competition, by Jim Chen • "Give Me That Old Time Religion": The Persistence of the Webster Reasonable Doubt Instruction and the Need to Abandon It, by Hon. Richard E. Welch, III • Standing Up to Clapper: How to Increase Transparency and Oversight of FISA Surveillance, by Alan Butler Notes: • Avoiding Unintended House Boats: Towards Sensible Coastal Land Use Policy in Massachusetts, by Keith Richard • The Moral Judiciary: Restoring Morality as a Basis of Judicial Decision-Making, by Erik Hagen • Tales of the Dead: Why Autopsy Reports Should Be Classified as Testimonial Statements Under the Confrontation Clause, by Andrew Higley Comments: • Putting Beer Goggles on the Jury: Rape, Intoxication, and the Reasonable Man in Commonwealth v. Mountry, by Annalise H. Scobey • A Government of the People, by the People, for Whom? How In re Enforcement of a Subpoena Ensures that the Judiciary Is Unaccountable, by Lindsay Bohan
Law

Legal Consequences of Peremptory Norms in International Law

Author: Daniel Costelloe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108509541

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3026

When is a norm peremptory? This is a question that has troubled legal scholars throughout the development of modern international law. In this work, Daniel Costelloe suggests - through an examination of State practice and international materials - that it is the legal consequences of a norm which distinguish it as peremptory. This book sheds new light on the legal consequences that peremptory norms have, for instance, in the law of treaties, international responsibility and state immunity. Unlike their substance or identification, the consequences of peremptory norms have remained under-studied. This book is the first specifically on this topic and is essential reading for all scholars and practitioners of public international law.
Medical

Adolescent Sexual Behavior in the Digital Age

Considerations for Clinicians, Legal Professionals and Educators

Author: Fabian Saleh,Albert Grudzinskas Jr.,Abigail Judge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199357978

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 8300

The nexus between the digital revolution and adolescent sexual behavior has posed significant challenges to mental health practitioners, attorneys, and educators. These digital technologies may facilitate dangerous behaviors and serious consequences for some youth. Adolescent Sexual Development in the Digital Age considers adolescent sexual behavior in both clinical and legal contexts and provides a basis for clinicians, legal professionals, educators, policy makers, parents and the general public to understand the impact that technology has on human growth and development. The book's contributing authors are leading authorities in adolescent development, law, and ethics, fostering an interdisciplinary dialogue within the text. New technology poses many opportunities for both normal and risky sexual behavior in youth; including "sexting," social networking, cyber-sexual harassment, commercial exploitation of children, and child pornography. Beyond just cataloging the various technologies impacting sexual behavior, this volume offers guidance and strategies for addressing the issues created by the digital age.
Business & Economics

Mikroökonomie

Author: Robert S. Pindyck,Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 348678420X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 918

View: 9742

Eine fundierte Lehrbuchdarstellung, die den Anforderungen der Studierenden in Grund- und Hauptstudium gerecht wird. Das Werk betont die Relevanz der Mikroökonomie für Managemententscheidungen und politische Entscheidungen. Ausführliche Beispiele sind direkt in die Darstellung integriert.
Law

The Sierra Leone Special Court and its Legacy

The Impact for Africa and International Criminal Law

Author: Charles Chernor Jalloh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107029147

Category: Law

Page: 824

View: 3908

The Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) is the third modern international criminal tribunal supported by the United Nations and the first to be situated where the crimes were committed. This timely, important and comprehensive book is the first to critically assess the impact and legacy of the SCSL for Africa and international criminal law. Contributors include leading scholars and respected practitioners with inside knowledge of the tribunal, who analyze cutting-edge and controversial issues with significant implications for international criminal law and transitional justice. These include joint criminal enterprise; forced marriage; enlisting and using child soldiers; attacks against United Nations peacekeepers; the tension between truth commissions and criminal trials in the first country to simultaneously have the two; and the questions of whether it is permissible under international law for states to unilaterally confer blanket amnesties to local perpetrators of universally condemned international crimes.
Political Science

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 4260

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Biography & Autobiography

Farbenblind

Author: Trevor Noah

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 364120643X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 7231

Trevor Noah kam 1984 im Township Soweto als Sohn einer Xhosa und eines Schweizers zur Welt. Zu einer Zeit, da das südafrikanische Apartheidsregime „gemischtrassige“ Beziehungen weiterhin unter Strafe stellte. Als Kind, das es nicht geben durfte, erlebte er Armut und systematischen Rassismus, aber auch die mutige Auflehnung seiner "farbenblinden" Eltern, die einfallsreich versuchten, Trennungen zwischen Ethnien und Geschlechtern zu überwinden. Heute ist er ein international gefeierter Comedian, der die legendäre "The Daily Show" in den USA leitet und weltweit – ob Sydney, Dubai, Toronto, San Francisco oder Berlin – in ausverkauften Sälen auftritt. In "Farbenblind" erzählt Trevor Noah ebenso feinsinnig wie komisch in achtzehn Geschichten von seinem Aufwachsen in Südafrika, das den ganzen Aberwitz der Apartheid bündelt: warum ihn seine Mutter aus einem fahrenden Minibus warf, um Gottes Willen zu erfüllen, welche Musik er für einen tanzenden Hitler aufzulegen pflegte, um sein erstes Geld zu verdienen, und wie ihn eine Überwachungskamera, die nicht einmal zwischen Schwarz und Weiß unterscheiden konnte, vor dem Gefängnis bewahrte.

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 4178

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.
Fiction

Waverley: Historischer Roman

So war's vor sechzig Jahren

Author: Walter Scott

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: 802730010X

Category: Fiction

Page: 519

View: 9064

Dieses eBook: "Waverley: Historischer Roman" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Edward Waverley stammt aus englischem Adel. Während sein Vater in London eine politische Karriere als Parteigänger der Whigs macht, damals die Unterstützer der Monarchen aus dem Haus Hannover, wird Waverley von seinem Onkel aufgezogen, der ihm die alten jakobitischen Werte vermittelt, also die der Anhänger des Hauses Stuart. Auf Wunsch seines Vaters beginnt Edward eine Laufbahn als Offizier beim britischen Militär. Wegen eines Missverständnisses und wegen falscher Anschuldigungen kann er von einem Urlaub in den schottischen Highlands nicht zurückkehren und schließt sich dem zu dieser Zeit (1745) in Schottland ausbrechenden zweiten Jakobitenaufstand an der Seite von Charles Edward Stuart an, der den britischen Thron mit Unterstützung insbesondere aus den schottischen Highlands von der 1714 durch den Hannoveraner Georg I. begründeten britischen Dynastie für die Stuarts zurückerobern möchte. Walter Scott (1771-1832) war ein schottischer Dichter und Schriftsteller.
Social Science

Das andere Geschlecht

Sitte und Sexus der Frau

Author: Simone de Beauvoir

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644051615

Category: Social Science

Page: 944

View: 3727

Das berühmte Standardwerk von Simone de Beauvoir. Die universelle Standortbestimmung der Frau, die aus jahrtausendealter Abhängigkeit von männlicher Vorherrschaft ausgebrochen ist, hat nichts an Gültigkeit eingebüßt. Die Scharfsichtigkeit der grundlegenden Analyse tritt in der Neuübersetzung noch deutlicher hervor.
Law

Harvard Law Review: Volume 125, Number 2 - December 2011

Author: Harvard Law Review

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610279670

Category: Law

Page: 310

View: 3346

The Harvard Law Review is offered in a digital edition, featuring active and nested Table of Contents, linked footnotes and active cross-references, legible tables, and proper ebook formatting. This current issue of the Review is December 2011, the second issue of academic year 2011-2012 (Volume 125). Articles in this issue are written by such recognized scholars as Jamal Greene (writing on notorious or anti-canonical Supreme Court cases such as Plessy and Lochner), Orin Kerr (on Fourth Amendment theory), and Michael Klarman (reviewing a new book on the Constitutional Convention). Student contributions feature Notes on the John Dewey model of democracy and administrative agencies, and on breaching international trade law. Case Notes discuss recent decisions on such topics as civil procedure, tort law, patent law, constitutional law (on transgender prisoners and on firing ranges), stem cell research funding, and corporate immunity. Aside from serving as an important academic forum for legal scholarship, the Review has two other goals. First, the journal is designed to be an effective research tool for practicing lawyers and students of the law. Second, it provides opportunities for Review members to develop their own editing and writing skills. Accordingly, each issue contains pieces by student editors as well as outside authors. The Review generally publishes articles by professors, judges, and practitioners and solicits reviews of important recent books from recognized experts. Most student writing takes the form of Notes, Recent Cases, Recent Legislation, and Book Notes.
Law

Take the Witness: Cross-examination in International Arbitration

Author: Lawrence W. Newman,Ben H. Sheppard (Jr.)

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1933833637

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 6047

This volume is the “go to” reference for the arbitration practitioner who needs to master the art of cross-examination in the international arena. In this concise volume international arbitrators and world-class attorneys present proven techniques for the effective cross-examination of laypersons, adverse witnesses, scientific experts, legal experts and others anywhere in the world.