The First Complete Guide to Bluetooth Low Energy: How It Works, What It Can Do, and How to Apply It A radical departure from conventional Bluetooth technology, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) enables breakthrough wireless applications in industries ranging from healthcare to transportation. Running on a coin-sized battery, BLE can operate reliably for years, connecting and extending everything from personal area network devices to next-generation sensors. Now, one of the standard’s leading developers has written the first comprehensive, accessible introduction to BLE for every system developer, designer, and engineer. Robin Heydon, a member of the Bluetooth SIG Hall of Fame, has brought together essential information previously scattered through multiple standards documents, sharing the context and expert insights needed to implement high-performance working systems. He first reviews BLE’s design goals, explaining how they drove key architectural decisions, and introduces BLE’s innovative usage models. Next, he thoroughly covers how the two main parts of BLE, the controller and host, work together, and then addresses key issues from security and profiles through testing and qualification. This knowledge has enabled the creation of Bluetooth Smart and Bluetooth Smart Ready devices. This guide is an indispensable companion to the official BLE standards documents and is for every technical professional and decision-maker considering BLE, planning BLE products, or transforming plans into working systems. Topics Include BLE device types, design goals, terminology, and core concepts Architecture: controller, host, applications, and stack splits Usage models: presence detection, data broadcasting, connectionless models, and gateways Physical Layer: modulation, frequency band, radio channels, power, tolerance, and range Direct Test Mode: transceiver testing, hardware interfaces, and HCI Link Layer: state machine, packets, channels, broadcasting, encryption, and optimization HCI: physical/logical interfaces, controller setup, and connection management L2CAP: channels and packet structure, and LE signaling channels Attributes: grouping, services, characteristics, and protocols Security: pairing, bonding, and data signing Generic Access Profiles: roles, modes, procedures, security modes, data advertising, and services Applications, devices, services, profiles, and peripherals Testing/qualification: starting projects, selecting features, planning, testing, compliance, and more
A radical departure from conventional Bluetooth technology, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) enables breakthrough wireless applications in industries ranging from healthcare to transportation. Running on a coin-sized battery, BLE can operate reliably for years, connecting and extending everything from personal area network devices to next-generation sensors. Now, one of the standard leading developers has written the first comprehensive, accessible introduction to BLE for every system developer, designer, and engineer.
Computers by Kevin Townsend,Carles Cufí,Akiba,Robert Davidson
Author: Kevin Townsend,Carles Cufí,Akiba,Robert Davidson
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
With Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), smart devices are about to become even smarter. This practical guide demonstrates how this exciting wireless technology helps developers build mobile apps that share data with external hardware, and how hardware engineers can gain easy and reliable access to mobile operating systems. This book provides a solid, high-level overview of how devices use BLE to communicate with each other. You’ll learn useful low-cost tools for developing and testing BLE-enabled mobile apps and embedded firmware and get examples using various development platforms—including iOS and Android for app developers and embedded platforms for product designers and hardware engineers. Understand how data is organized and transferred by BLE devices Explore BLE’s concepts, key limitations, and network topology Dig into the protocol stack to grasp how and why BLE operates Learn how BLE devices discover each other and establish secure connections Set up the tools and infrastructure for BLE application development Get examples for connecting BLE to iPhones, iPads, Android devices, and sensors Develop code for a simple device that transmits heart rate data to a mobile device
This updated and expanded second edition of the Artech House bestseller, Inside Bluetooth Low Energy, presents the recent developments within the Bluetooth Core Specifications 4.1 and 4.2. This new edition explores both Internet of Things (IoT) and Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) in one single flow and demonstrates how this technology is very well suited for IoT implementations. The book covers all the advances within the new specifications including Bluetooth LE enhanced power efficiency, faster connections, and enhanced privacy and security. Developed for ultra-low power devices, such as heart rate monitors, thermometers, and sensors, Bluetooth LE is one of the latest, most exciting enhancements to Bluetooth technology. This cutting-edge book presents an easy-to-understand, broad-based explanation of Bluetooth LE, its building blocks and how they all come together. Packed with examples and practical scenarios, the book helps readers rapidly gain a clear, solid understanding of Bluetooth LE in order to work more effectively with its specification. This book explores the architecture of the Bluetooth LE stack and functionality of its layers and includes a broad view of the technology, identifies the various building blocks, and explains how they come together. Readers will also find discussions on Bluetooth basics, providing the background information needed to master Bluetooth LE.
"Bluetooth (enabled devices) will ship in the billions of units once it gains momentum." - Martin Reynolds, Gartner Group Bluetooth is the most exciting development in wireless computing this decade! Bluetooth enabled devices can include everything from network servers, laptop computers and PDAs, to stereos and home security systems. Most Bluetooth products to hit the market in 2001 will be PC cards for laptop computers and access points, which allow up to seven Bluetooth devices to connect to a network. Reports indicate that by the end of 2003 there will be over 2 billion Bluetooth-enabled devices. Bluetooth-enabled devices communicate with each other through embedded software applications. Bluetooth Developer's Guide to Embedded Applications will provide embedded applications developers with advanced tutorials and code listings written to the latest Bluetooth's latest specification, version 1.1. Written by Bluetooth pioneers from market leaders in Bluetooth software development, Extended Systems and Cambridge Silicon Radio, this is the first advanced level Bluetooth developer title on the market. White Hot Topic While other books introduce readers to the possibilities of Bluetooth, this is the first comprehensive, advanced level programming book written specifically for embedded application developers Authors are responsible for SDK, the market-leading development tool for Bluetooth Comes with Syngress' revolutionary Credit Card CD containing a printable HTML version of the book, all of the source code and sample applications from Extended Systems and Cambridge Silicon Radio
This book provides an introduction to Bluetooth programming, with a specific focus on developing real code. The authors discuss the major concepts and techniques involved in Bluetooth programming, with special emphasis on how they relate to other networking technologies. They provide specific descriptions and examples for creating applications in a number of programming languages and environments including Python, C, Java, GNU/Linux, Windows XP, Symbian Series 60, and Mac OS X. No previous experience with Bluetooth is assumed, and the material is suitable for anyone with some programming background. The authors place special emphasis on the essential concepts and techniques of Bluetooth programming, starting simply and allowing the reader to quickly master the basic concepts before addressing advanced features.
Use the power of BLE to create exciting IoT applications About This Book Build hands-on IoT projects using Bluetooth Low Energy and learn about Bluetooth 5 and its features. Build a health tracking system, and indoor navigation and warehouse weather monitoring projects using smart devices. Build on a theoretical foundation and create a practice-based understanding of Bluetooth Low Energy. Who This Book Is For If you're an application developer, a hardware enthusiast, or just curious about the Internet of Things and how to convert it into hands-on projects, then this book is for you. Having some knowledge of writing mobile applications will be advantageous. What You Will Learn Learn about the architecture and IoT uses of BLE, and in which domains it is being used the most Set up and learn about various development platforms (Android, iOS, Firebase, Raspberry Pi, Beacons, and GitHub) Create an Explorer App (Android/iOS) to diagnose a Fitness Tracker Design a Beacon with the Raspberry Pi and write an app to detect the Beacon Write a mobile app to periodically poll the BLE tracking sensor Compose an app to read data periodically from temperature and humidity sensors Explore more applications of BLE with IoT Design projects for both Android and iOS mobile platforms In Detail Bluetooth Low Energy, or Bluetooth Smart, is Wireless Personal Area networking aimed at smart devices and IoT applications. BLE has been increasingly adopted by application developers and IoT enthusiasts to establish connections between smart devices. This book initially covers all the required aspects of BLE, before you start working on IoT projects. In the initial stages of the book, you will learn about the basic aspects of Bluetooth Low Energy—such as discovering devices, services, and characteristics—that will be helpful for advanced-level projects. This book will guide you through building hands-on projects using BLE and IoT. These projects include tracking health data, using a mobile App, and making this data available for health practitioners; Indoor navigation; creating beacons using the Raspberry Pi; and warehouse weather Monitoring. This book also covers aspects of Bluetooth 5 (the latest release) and its effect on each of these projects. By the end of this book, you will have hands-on experience of using Bluetooth Low Energy to integrate with smart devices and IoT projects. Style and Approach A practical guide that will help you promote yourself into an expert by building and exploring practical applications of Bluetooth Low Energy.
Learn the key standards—iBeacon, Eddystone, Bluetooth 4.0, and AltBeacon—and how they work with other proximity technologies. Then build your understanding of the proximity framework and how to identify and deploy the best solutions for your own business, institutional, or consulting needs. Proximity technology—in particular, Bluetooth beacons—is a major source of business opportunity, and this book provides everything you need to know to architect a solution to capitalize on that opportunity. What You'll Learn Understand the disruptive implications of digital–physical convergence and the new applications it makes possible Review the key standards that solutions developers need to understand to capitalize on the business opportunity of proximity technology Discover the new phenomenon of beacon networks, which will be hugely significant in driving strategic decisions and creating wealth See other technologies in the proximity ecosystem catalyzed by and complementary to Bluetooth beacons, including visual light communication, magnetic resonance, and RFID Examine the Beacosystem framework for analyzing the proximity ecosystem Who This Book Is For Solutions architects of all types—venture capitalists, founders, CEOs, strategists, product managers, CTOs, business developers, and programmers Stephen Statler is a writer, public speaker, and consultant working in the beacon ecosystem. He trains and advises retailers, venue owners, VCs, as well as makers of beacon software and hardware, and is a thought leader in the beacosystem community. Previously he was the Senior Director for Strategy and Solutions Management at Qualcomm's Retail Solutions Division, helping to incubate Gimbal, one of the leading Bluetooth beacons in the market. He is also the CEO of Cause Based Solutions, creators of Give the Change, democratizing philanthropy, enabling non-profit supporters to donate the change from charity branded debit cards, and developer of The Good Traveler program. Contributors: Anke Audenaert, CEO, Favrit John Coombs, CEO, Rover Labs Theresa Mary Gordon, Co-Founder, tapGOconnect Phil Hendrix, Director, immr Kris Kolodziej, President, IndoorLBS Patrick Leddy, CEO, Pulsate Ben Parker, VP Business Development, AccelerateIT Mario Proietti, CEO, Location Smart Ray Rotolo, SVP OOH, Gimbal Kjartan Slette, COO, Unacast Jarno Vanto, Partner, Borenius Attorneys LLP David Young, Chief Engineer, Radius Networks Foreword by Asif Khan, President LBMA
Unlike most other references on the market, this next-generation resource goes well beyond Bluetooth specifications and thoroughly examines different implementation approaches--as taught by a "master instructor." * Discusses Bluetooth in detail, covering both operational characteristics as well as its use in a wireless communications system * Addresses the coexistence of Bluetooth's with other wireless networks * Provides information on the significant security problems that exist when communicating without wires * Based on 2 very popular and highly effective courses the author has been teaching for more than a year
Proximity and Location Services with Bluetooth Low Energy
Author: Matthew S. Gast
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
High-precision location information is increasingly useful for mobile application developers, since it allows devices to interact with the world around them. This practical book shows you how to achieve arm’s reach accuracy with iBeacons, simple transmitters that enable your applications to react to nearby surroundings and then deliver timely, relevant information—especially indoors, where GPS and cell service are inaccurate. Whether you’re enabling a map, giving users directions, creating a game, recommending purchases, letting users check in, or creating an immersive experience, you’ll learn how iBeacons provide precise location information, empowering your applications to engage and interact with users nearby. Get examples of several application types you can build with iBeacons Learn how iBeacons provide applications with proximity information Set up, activate, and test iBeacons on both specialized and general-purpose hardware Explore the APIs and tools you need to develop location-aware mobile applications Use built-in iOS features to interact with iBeacons, including Passbook Build networks to help shoppers, travelers, conference attendees, and others find what they’re looking for
Computers by Alasdair Allan,Don Coleman,Sandeep Mistry
Mobile Phone, Arduino, and Raspberry Pi Projects with BLE
Author: Alasdair Allan,Don Coleman,Sandeep Mistry
Publisher: Make Books
This book is where your adventures with Bluetooth LE begin. You'll start your journey by getting familiar with your hardware options: Arduino, BLE modules, computers (including Raspberry Pi!), and mobile phones. From there, you'll write code and wire circuits to connect off-the-shelf sensors, and even go all the way to writing your own Bluetooth Services. Along the way you'll look at lightbulbs, locks, and Apple's iBeacon technology, as well as get an understanding of Bluetooth security--both how to beat other people's security, and how to make your hardware secure.
Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Author: Karen Scarfone
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
This document provides info. to organizations on the security capabilities of Bluetooth and provide recommendations to organizations employing Bluetooth technologies on securing them effectively. It discusses Bluetooth technologies and security capabilities in technical detail. This document assumes that the readers have at least some operating system, wireless networking, and security knowledge. Because of the constantly changing nature of the wireless security industry and the threats and vulnerabilities to the technologies, readers are strongly encouraged to take advantage of other resources (including those listed in this document) for more current and detailed information. Illustrations.
According to IHS Markit, the number of IoT (Internet of Things) devices will grow to 30.7 billion in 2020, and to 75.4 billion by 2025! IDC Forecasts Worldwide spending on the IoT to reach $772 Billion in 2018! Whether it is connected automobiles, fitness watches, smart coffee machines, smart locks or even medical equipment such as insulin pumps, IoT is becoming all-pervasive. In the future, there will hardly be any aspect of our lives that IoT will not touch one way or the other. Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is one of the popular radio protocols used by many IoT devices. As the footprint of IoT devices has increased, so have the attacks on these devices by cyber criminals. Given our increasing dependency on IoT and the increasing number of cyber attacks on these devices, it's intuitive that their security will have a huge implication on safety and security of the digital society that we are a part of! If you wish to acquire hands-on (BLE) IoT penetration testing and securing skills and be a white hat cyber security superstar, this book is for you!
Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems
Author: Peter Friess
Publisher: River Publishers
Category: Technology & Engineering
The book aims to provide a broad overview of various topics of the Internet of Things (IoT) from the research and development priorities to enabling technologies, architecture, security, privacy, interoperability and industrial applications. It is intended to be a stand-alone book in a series that covers the Internet of Things activities of the IERC - Internet of Things European Research Cluster - from technology to international cooperation and the global "state of play." The book builds on the ideas put forward by the European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda and presents views and state of the art results on the challenges facing the research, development and deployment of IoT at the global level. Today we see the integration of Industrial, Business and Consumer Internet which is bringing together the Internet of People, Internet of Things, Internet of Energy, Internet of Vehicles, Internet of Media, Services and Enterprises in forming the backbone of the digital economy, the digital society and the foundation for the future knowledge and innovation based economy. These developments are supporting solutions for the emerging challenges of public health, aging population, environmental protection and climate change, the conservation of energy and scarce materials, enhancements to safety and security and the continuation and growth of economic prosperity. Penetration of smartphones and advances in nanoelectronics, cyber-physical systems, wireless communication, software, and Cloud computing technology will be the main drivers for IoT development. The IoT contribution is seen in the increased value of information created by the number of interconnections among things and the transformation of the processed information into knowledge shared into the Internet of Everything. The connected devices are part of ecosystems connecting people, processes, data, and things which are communicating in the Cloud using the increased storage and computing power while attempting to standardize communication and metadata. In this context, the next generation of Cloud computing technologies will need to be flexible enough to scale autonomously, adaptive enough to handle constantly changing connections and resilient enough to stand up to the huge flows of data that will occur. In 2025, analysts forecast that there will be six devices per human on the planet, which means around 50 billion more connected devices over the next 12 years. The Internet of Things market is connected to this anticipated device growth from industrial Machine to Machine (M2M) systems, smart meters and wireless sensors. Internet of Things technology will generate new services and new interfaces by creating smart environments and smart spaces with applications ranging from Smart Cities, Smart Transport, Buildings, Energy, Grid, to Smart Health and Life.
The next frontier for wireless LANs is 802.11ac, a standard that increases throughput beyond one gigabit per second. This concise guide provides in-depth information to help you plan for 802.11ac, with technical details on design, network operations, deployment, and monitoring. Author Matthew Gast—an industry expert who led the development of 802.11-2012 and security task groups at the Wi-Fi Alliance—explains how 802.11ac will not only increase the speed of your network, but its capacity as well. Whether you need to serve more clients with your current level of throughput, or serve your existing client load with higher throughput, 802.11ac is the solution. This book gets you started. Understand how the 802.11ac protocol works to improve the speed and capacity of a wireless LAN Explore how beamforming increases speed capacity by improving link margin, and lays the foundation for multi-user MIMO Learn how multi-user MIMO increases capacity by enabling an AP to send data to multiple clients simultaneously Plan when and how to upgrade your network to 802.11ac by evaluating client devices, applications, and network connections
The authoritative, in-depth guide to the new Bluetooth 1.1 specification Bluetooth 1.1's dramatic improvements in interoperability and reliability Includes thoroughly revised coverage of Bluetooth security and power conservation New Bluetooth profiles-including the long-awaited Personal Area Networking profile! The first complete guide to the new Bluetooth 1.1 wireless specification! The Bluetooth specification has been updated to deliver dramatic improvements in both reliability and interoperability. Bluetooth 1.1: Connect Without Cables, Second Edition updates the industry's #1 Bluetooth guide to cover these critical new enhancements-and to offer detailed guidance on every aspect of Bluetooth 1.1 development. Bluetooth SIG committee members Jennifer Bray and Charles Sturman place Bluetooth 1.1 in context, covering markets, applications, complementary technologies, key development issues, and explaining every goal of the new release. They review the components of a Bluetooth system, explain how Bluetooth connections work, introduce essential concepts such as piconets and scatternets, and cover the Bluetooth protocol stack in detail from top to bottom. Interoperability between 1.0b and 1.1 Details of 1.1 improvements with explanations of the reasons behind each change Important changes to Bluetooth low-power modes, encryption, and authentication Bridging Ethernet and Bluetooth with Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol How to use Universal Plug and Play with the Bluetooth protocol stack Profiles which will bring new products including: Human Interface Devices, Hands-Free Phone usage, Basic Printing, Basic Imaging, and Hard Copy Cable Replacement Technologies used by Bluetooth: OBEX, WAP, GSM TS07.10, UPnP, Q.931, and UUIDs Comparison of related technologies: DECT, IrDA, Home RF, HiperLAN, and 802.11 Whether you're experienced with V.1.0 or working with Bluetooth for the first time, Bluetooth 1.1: Connect Without Cables, Second Edition is your definitive resource for building interoperable, reliable wireless applications-right now!
Modern cars are more computerized than ever. Infotainment and navigation systems, Wi-Fi, automatic software updates, and other innovations aim to make driving more convenient. But vehicle technologies haven’t kept pace with today’s more hostile security environment, leaving millions vulnerable to attack. The Car Hacker’s Handbook will give you a deeper understanding of the computer systems and embedded software in modern vehicles. It begins by examining vulnerabilities and providing detailed explanations of communications over the CAN bus and between devices and systems. Then, once you have an understanding of a vehicle’s communication network, you’ll learn how to intercept data and perform specific hacks to track vehicles, unlock doors, glitch engines, flood communication, and more. With a focus on low-cost, open source hacking tools such as Metasploit, Wireshark, Kayak, can-utils, and ChipWhisperer, The Car Hacker’s Handbook will show you how to: –Build an accurate threat model for your vehicle –Reverse engineer the CAN bus to fake engine signals –Exploit vulnerabilities in diagnostic and data-logging systems –Hack the ECU and other firmware and embedded systems –Feed exploits through infotainment and vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems –Override factory settings with performance-tuning techniques –Build physical and virtual test benches to try out exploits safely If you’re curious about automotive security and have the urge to hack a two-ton computer, make The Car Hacker’s Handbook your first stop.
This book is not intended to be a deep-dive on security, programming, reporting, configuration, etc. but more of a high-level overview on salesforce.com, Force.com development, tools, methodology and other resources. We will not cover all aspects of salesforce.com. We wrote this book to (hopefully) become an invaluable resource for anyone new or inexperienced with the Force.com platform. For new administrators and developers coming on to the platform, we see a gaping hole in existing reference books. This book is not intended for end users or advanced developers. This book is for people somewhere in the middle; let's say a business analyst or a new Java or .NET developer. We would like this to be the first book you pick up after your boss walks in and says, "Let's take a look at salesforce.com and see if we can build some applications in the cloud."This book contains the information that we wish we had when we started developing applications on Force.com.