**Author**: Serge Lang

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 1441985328

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 731

**View:** 6115

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# Free eBooks PDF

## A First Course in Calculus

This fifth edition of Lang's book covers all the topics traditionally taught in the first-year calculus sequence. Divided into five parts, each section of A FIRST COURSE IN CALCULUS contains examples and applications relating to the topic covered. In addition, the rear of the book contains detailed solutions to a large number of the exercises, allowing them to be used as worked-out examples -- one of the main improvements over previous editions.
## Advanced Calculus

Advanced Calculus is intended as a text for courses that furnish the backbone of the student's undergraduate education in mathematical analysis. The goal is to rigorously present the fundamental concepts within the context of illuminating examples and stimulating exercises. This book is self-contained and starts with the creation of basic tools using the completeness axiom. The continuity, differentiability, integrability, and power series representation properties of functions of a single variable are established. The next few chapters describe the topological and metric properties of Euclidean space. These are the basis of a rigorous treatment of differential calculus (including the Implicit Function Theorem and Lagrange Multipliers) for mappings between Euclidean spaces and integration for functions of several real variables. Special attention has been paid to the motivation for proofs. Selected topics, such as the Picard Existence Theorem for differential equations, have been included in such a way that selections may be made while preserving a fluid presentation of the essential material. Supplemented with numerous exercises, Advanced Calculus is a perfect book for undergraduate students of analysis.
## Lineare Algebra

Diese Einführung in die lineare Algebra bietet einen sehr anschaulichen Zugang zum Thema. Die englische Originalausgabe wurde rasch zum Standardwerk in den Anfängerkursen des Massachusetts Institute of Technology sowie in vielen anderen nordamerikanischen Universitäten. Auch hierzulande ist dieses Buch als Grundstudiumsvorlesung für alle Studenten hervorragend lesbar. Darüber hinaus gibt es neue Impulse in der Mathematikausbildung und folgt dem Trend hin zu Anwendungen und Interdisziplinarität. Inhaltlich umfasst das Werk die Grundkenntnisse und die wichtigsten Anwendungen der linearen Algebra und eignet sich hervorragend für Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften, Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Informatik, die einen modernen Zugang zum Einsatz der linearen Algebra suchen. Ganz klar liegt hierbei der Schwerpunkt auf den Anwendungen, ohne dabei die mathematische Strenge zu vernachlässigen. Im Buch wird die jeweils zugrundeliegende Theorie mit zahlreichen Beispielen aus der Elektrotechnik, der Informatik, der Physik, Biologie und den Wirtschaftswissenschaften direkt verknüpft. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungen runden das Werk ab.
## Short Calculus

From the reviews "This is a reprint of the original edition of Lang’s ‘A First Course in Calculus’, which was first published in 1964....The treatment is ‘as rigorous as any mathematician would wish it’....[The exercises] are refreshingly simply stated, without any extraneous verbiage, and at times quite challenging....There are answers to all the exercises set and some supplementary problems on each topic to tax even the most able." --Mathematical Gazette
## Vektoranalysis

Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Flächen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integralsätzen von Gauß, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalkül mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grundsätzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgfältig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr persönliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen Büchern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte Übungsaufgaben, über 100 Tests mit Antworten, machen auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.
## Advanced Calculus

With a fresh geometric approach that incorporates more than 250 illustrations, this textbook sets itself apart from all others in advanced calculus. Besides the classical capstones--the change of variables formula, implicit and inverse function theorems, the integral theorems of Gauss and Stokes--the text treats other important topics in differential analysis, such as Morse's lemma and the Poincaré lemma. The ideas behind most topics can be understood with just two or three variables. The book incorporates modern computational tools to give visualization real power. Using 2D and 3D graphics, the book offers new insights into fundamental elements of the calculus of differentiable maps. The geometric theme continues with an analysis of the physical meaning of the divergence and the curl at a level of detail not found in other advanced calculus books. This is a textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and economics. Prerequisites are an introduction to linear algebra and multivariable calculus. There is enough material for a year-long course on advanced calculus and for a variety of semester courses--including topics in geometry. The measured pace of the book, with its extensive examples and illustrations, make it especially suitable for independent study.
## Von Fermat bis Minkowski

## Elementary Analysis

For over three decades, this best-selling classic has been used by thousands of students in the United States and abroad as a must-have textbook for a transitional course from calculus to analysis. It has proven to be very useful for mathematics majors who have no previous experience with rigorous proofs. Its friendly style unlocks the mystery of writing proofs, while carefully examining the theoretical basis for calculus. Proofs are given in full, and the large number of well-chosen examples and exercises range from routine to challenging. The second edition preserves the book’s clear and concise style, illuminating discussions, and simple, well-motivated proofs. New topics include material on the irrationality of pi, the Baire category theorem, Newton's method and the secant method, and continuous nowhere-differentiable functions.
## A Course in Multivariable Calculus and Analysis

This self-contained textbook gives a thorough exposition of multivariable calculus. The emphasis is on correlating general concepts and results of multivariable calculus with their counterparts in one-variable calculus. Further, the book includes genuine analogues of basic results in one-variable calculus, such as the mean value theorem and the fundamental theorem of calculus. This book is distinguished from others on the subject: it examines topics not typically covered, such as monotonicity, bimonotonicity, and convexity, together with their relation to partial differentiation, cubature rules for approximate evaluation of double integrals, and conditional as well as unconditional convergence of double series and improper double integrals. Each chapter contains detailed proofs of relevant results, along with numerous examples and a wide collection of exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, making the book useful to undergraduate and graduate students alike.
## Lineare Algebra

## Inside Calculus

The approach here relies on two beliefs. The first is that almost nobody fully understands calculus the first time around. The second is that graphing calculators can be used to simplify the theory of limits for students. This book presents the theoretical pieces of introductory calculus, using appropriate technology, in a style suitable to accompany almost any first calculus text. It offers a large range of increasingly sophisticated examples and problems to build an understanding of the notion of limit and other theoretical concepts. Aimed at students who will study fields in which the understanding of calculus as a tool is not sufficient, the text uses the "spiral approach" of teaching, returning again and again to difficult topics, anticipating such returns across the calculus courses in preparation for the first analysis course. Suitable as the "content" text for a transition to upper level mathematics course.
## Intermediate Calculus

## The How and Why of One Variable Calculus

First course calculus texts have traditionally been either“engineering/science-oriented” with too little rigor,or have thrown students in the deep end with a rigorous analysistext. The How and Why of One Variable Calculus closes thisgap in providing a rigorous treatment that takes an original andvaluable approach between calculus and analysis. Logicallyorganized and also very clear and user-friendly, it covers 6 maintopics; real numbers, sequences, continuity, differentiation,integration, and series. It is primarily concerned with developingan understanding of the tools of calculus. The author presentsnumerous examples and exercises that illustrate how the techniquesof calculus have universal application. The How and Why of One Variable Calculus presents anexcellent text for a first course in calculus for students in themathematical sciences, statistics and analytics, as well as a textfor a bridge course between single and multi-variable calculus aswell as between single variable calculus and upper level theorycourses for math majors.
## Mathematics and Its History

From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.
## Second Year Calculus

Second Year Calculus: From Celestial Mechanics to Special Relativity covers multi-variable and vector calculus, emphasizing the historical physical problems which gave rise to the concepts of calculus. The book guides us from the birth of the mechanized view of the world in Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy in which mathematics becomes the ultimate tool for modelling physical reality, to the dawn of a radically new and often counter-intuitive age in Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity in which it is the mathematical model which suggests new aspects of that reality. The development of this process is discussed from the modern viewpoint of differential forms. Using this concept, the student learns to compute orbits and rocket trajectories, model flows and force fields, and derive the laws of electricity and magnetism. These exercises and observations of mathematical symmetry enable the student to better understand the interaction of physics and mathematics.
## Calculus II

The second of a three-volume work, this is the result of the authors'experience teaching calculus at Berkeley. The book covers techniques and applications of integration, infinite series, and differential equations, the whole time motivating the study of calculus using its applications. The authors include numerous solved problems, as well as extensive exercises at the end of each section. In addition, a separate student guide has been prepared.
## Calculus III

The third of a three-volume work, this book is the outgrowth of the authors' experience teaching calculus at Berkeley. It covers multivariable calculus and begins with the necessary material from analytical geometry. It goes on to cover partial differention, the gradient and its applications, multiple integration, and the theorems of Green, Gauss and Stokes. The authors motivate the study of calculus using its applications. Features many solved problems and extensive exercises.
## Calculus I

The goal of this text is to help students learn to use calculus intelligently for solving a wide variety of mathematical and physical problems. This book is an outgrowth of our teaching of calculus at Berkeley, and the present edition incorporates many improvements based on our use of the first edition. We list below some of the key features of the book. Examples and Exercises The exercise sets have been carefully constructed to be of maximum use to the students. With few exceptions we adhere to the following policies. • The section exercises are graded into three consecutive groups: (a) The first exercises are routine, modelled almost exactly on the exam ples; these are intended to give students confidence. (b) Next come exercises that are still based directly on the examples and text but which may have variations of wording or which combine different ideas; these are intended to train students to think for themselves. (c) The last exercises in each set are difficult. These are marked with a star (*) and some will challenge even the best students. Difficult does not necessarily mean theoretical; often a starred problem is an interesting application that requires insight into what calculus is really about. • The exercises come in groups of two and often four similar ones.
## Was ist Mathematik?

47 brauchen nur den Nenner n so groß zu wählen, daß das Intervall [0, IJn] kleiner wird als das fragliche Intervall [A, B], dann muß mindestens einer der Brüche m/n innerhalb des Intervalls liegen. Also kann es kein noch so kleines Intervall auf der Achse geben, das von rationalen Punkten frei wäre. Es folgt weiterhin, daß es in jedem Intervall unendlich viele rationale Punkte geben muß; denn wenn es nur eine endliche Anzahl gäbe, so könnte das Intervall zwischen zwei beliebigen benachbarten Punkten keine rationalen Punkte enthalten, was, wie wir eben sahen, unmöglich ist. § 2. Inkommensurable Strecken, irrationale Zahlen und der Grenzwertbegriff 1. Einleitung Vergleicht man zwei Strecken a und b hinsichtlich ihrer Größe, so kann es vor kommen, daß a in b genau r-mal enthalten ist, wobei r eine ganze Zahl darstellt. In diesem Fall können wir das Maß der Strecke b durch das von a ausdrücken, indem wir sagen, daß die Länge von b das r-fache der Länge von a ist.

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