Philosophy

Toward a Political Philosophy of Race

Author: Falguni A. Sheth

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791493970

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 1786

Timely, controversial, and incisive, Toward a Political Philosophy of Race looks uncompromisingly at how a liberal society enables racism and other forms of discrimination. Drawing on the examples of the internment of U.S. citizens and residents of Japanese descent, of Muslim men and women in the contemporary United States, and of Asian Indians at the turn of the twentieth century, Falguni A. Sheth argues that racial discrimination and divisions are not accidents in the history of liberal societies. Race, she contends, is a process embedded in a range of legal technologies that produce racialized populations who are divided against other groups. Moving past discussions of racial and social justice as abstract concepts, she reveals the playing out of race, racialization of groups, and legal frameworks within concrete historical frameworks. Book jacket.
Science

Fatal Invention

How Science, Politics, and Big Business Re-create Race in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Dorothy Roberts

Publisher: New Press/ORIM

ISBN: 1595586911

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 7284

An incisive, groundbreaking book that examines how a biological concept of race is a myth that promotes inequality in a supposedly “post-racial” era. Though the Human Genome Project proved that human beings are not naturally divided by race, the emerging fields of personalized medicine, reproductive technologies, genetic genealogy, and DNA databanks are attempting to resuscitate race as a biological category written in our genes. This groundbreaking book by legal scholar and social critic Dorothy Roberts examines how the myth of race as a biological concept—revived by purportedly cutting-edge science, race-specific drugs, genetic testing, and DNA databases—continues to undermine a just society and promote inequality in a supposedly “post-racial” era. Named one of the ten best black nonfiction books 2011 by AFRO.com, Fatal Invention offers a timely and “provocative analysis” (Nature) of race, science, and politics that “is consistently lucid . . . alarming but not alarmist, controversial but evidential, impassioned but rational” (Publishers Weekly, starred review). “Everyone concerned about social justice in America should read this powerful book.” —Anthony D. Romero, executive director, American Civil Liberties Union “A terribly important book on how the ‘fatal invention’ has terrifying effects in the post-genomic, ‘post-racial’ era.” —Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, professor of sociology, Duke University, and author of Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States “Fatal Invention is a triumph! Race has always been an ill-defined amalgam of medical and cultural bias, thinly overlaid with the trappings of contemporary scientific thought. And no one has peeled back the layers of assumption and deception as lucidly as Dorothy Roberts.” —Harriet A. Washington, author of and Deadly Monopolies: The Shocking Corporate Takeover of Life Itself
Political Science

What Terrorists Want

Understanding the Enemy, Containing the Threat

Author: Louise Richardson

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 0812975448

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 6332

Explores the origins of terrorism, the goals of diverse terrorist groups throughout history, the impact of 9/11 and the changing face of terrorism, the future prospects of terrorist activities, and what can be done to restore global order.
Political Science

The Muslims Are Coming!

Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror

Author: Arun Kundnani

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781682127

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 4232

Powerful critique of UK and US surveillance and repression of Muslims and prosecution of homegrown terrorism The new front in the War on Terror is the “homegrown enemy,” domestic terrorists who have become the focus of sprawling counterterrorism structures of policing and surveillance in the United States and across Europe. Domestic surveillance has mushroomed—at least 100,000 Muslims in America have been secretly under scrutiny. British police compiled a secret suspect list of more than 8,000 al-Qaeda “sympathizers,” and in another operation included almost 300 children fifteen and under among the potential extremists investigated. MI5 doubled in size in just five years. Based on several years of research and reportage, in locations as disperate as Texas, New York and Yorkshire, and written in engrossing, precise prose, this is the first comprehensive critique of counterradicalization strategies. The new policy and policing campaigns have been backed by an industry of freshly minted experts and liberal commentators. The Muslims Are Coming! looks at the way these debates have been transformed by the embrace of a narrowly configured and ill-conceived anti-extremism. From the Trade Paperback edition.
History

Italy in the International System from Détente to the End of the Cold War

The Underrated Ally

Author: Antonio Varsori,Benedetto Zaccaria

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319651633

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 3060

This edited collection offers a new approach to the study of Italy’s foreign policy from the 1960s to the end of the Cold War, highlighting its complex and sometimes ambiguous goals, due to the intricacies of its internal system and delicate position in the fault line of the East-West and North-South divides. According to received opinion, during the Cold War era Italy was more an object rather than a factor in active foreign policy, limiting itself to paying lip service to the Western alliance and the European integration process, without any pretension to exerting a substantial international influence. Eleven contributions by leading Italian historians reappraise Italy’s international role, addressing three complex and intertwined issues, namely, the country’s political-diplomatic dimension; the economic factors affecting Rome’s international stance; and Italy’s role in new approaches to the international system and the influence of political parties’ cultures in the nation’s foreign policy.
Political Science

The Antimafia

Italy’s Fight against Organized Crime

Author: A. Jamieson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0333983424

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 5693

This exploration of the full diversity of the Italian Antimafia draws on primary sources and interviews to provide the first complete analysis of social, political and grassroots efforts since 1992. This fascinating study looks at Antimafia initiatives within the context of international initiatives against organized crime.
Technology & Engineering

Mexico at the World's Fairs

Crafting a Modern Nation

Author: Mauricio Tenorio-Trillo

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520202672

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 373

View: 1840

"Cosmopolitan approach frames the issue within a more international setting than is common in works about a single Latin American country. Recommended"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.
History

NATO's Secret Armies

Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe

Author: Daniele Ganser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135767858

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3398

This fascinating new study shows how the CIA and the British secret service, in collaboration with the military alliance NATO and European military secret services, set up a network of clandestine anti-communist armies in Western Europe after World War II. These secret soldiers were trained on remote islands in the Mediterranean and in unorthodox warfare centres in England and in the United States by the Green Berets and SAS Special Forces. The network was armed with explosives, machine guns and high-tech communication equipment hidden in underground bunkers and secret arms caches in forests and mountain meadows. In some countries the secret army linked up with right-wing terrorist who in a secret war engaged in political manipulation, harrassement of left wing parties, massacres, coup d'états and torture. Codenamed 'Gladio' ('the sword'), the Italian secret army was exposed in 1990 by Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti to the Italian Senate, whereupon the press spoke of "The best kept, and most damaging, political-military secret since World War II" (Observer, 18. November 1990) and observed that "The story seems straight from the pages of a political thriller." (The Times, November 19, 1990). Ever since, so-called 'stay-behind' armies of NATO have also been discovered in France, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland, Austria, Greece and Turkey. They were internationally coordinated by the Pentagon and NATO and had their last known meeting in the NATO-linked Allied Clandestine Committee (ACC) in Brussels in October 1990.
History

A History of Knowledge

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Charles Lincoln Van Doren

Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.

ISBN: 0345373162

Category: History

Page: 422

View: 351

Covers every aspect of knowledge--scientific, intellectual, and historical--from the beginning of the human experience into the twenty-first century and beyond
Language Arts & Disciplines

Spanish Books in the Europe of the Enlightenment (Paris and London)

A View from Abroad

Author: Nicolás Bas Martín

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004359524

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 7995

In A View from Abroad Nicolás Bas recreates, using a bibliographical approach, the manner in which Spain was regarded in Europe in the Eighteenth century, by consulting booksellers’ catalogues, private book collections and key auctions in Paris and London.
Young Adult Fiction

The Terrorist

Author: Caroline B. Cooney

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453264280

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 198

View: 7540

A terrorist attack in London sends a teenage girl on a dangerous hunt for revenge in this gripping suspense novel from the author of The Voice on the Radio. Laura and Billy Williams are two ordinary American expat kids living with their parents in England. Then, in an instant, everything changes when Billy is handed a mysterious package in a London Underground station . . . Billy’s tragic death leaves a hole in Laura’s heart, one that soon becomes filled with anger and a burning obsession to find the terrorist responsible for taking her brother’s life. Her search for the truth takes her into dangerous territory, forcing Laura to question everyone she knows and everything she believes. The bestselling author of The Face on the Milk Carton ratchets up the tension in this thriller about a girl who will stop at nothing to separate the truth from the lies. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Caroline B. Cooney including rare images and never-before-seen documents from the author’s personal collection.
History

The Ciano Diaries, 1939-1943

The Complete and Unabridged Diaries of Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1936-1943

Author: Count Galeazzo Ciano

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 1787206874

Category: History

Page: 509

View: 3191

The inside story of international politics in Nazi-controlled Europe during World War II, told by the ultimate insider, Count Galeazzo Ciano—Italian Foreign Minister and son-in-law of Mussolini—who was ultimately charged as a traitor and killed by the Fascists in 1943. “In this state of mind, which excludes any falsehood, I declare that not a single word of what I have written in my diaries is false or exaggerated or dictated by selfish resentment. It is all just what I have seen and heard. And if, when making ready to take leave of life, I consider allowing the publication of my hurried notes, it is not because I expect posthumous revaluation or vindication, but because I believe that an honest testimonial of the truth in this sad world may still be useful in bringing relief to the innocent and striking at those who are responsible.”—(signed) GALEAZZO CIANO, December 23, 1943, Cell 27 of the Verona Jail.
History

War and Nature

Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring

Author: Edmund Russell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521799379

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 8112

A social narrative documents the close ties between chemical weapons development and “peaceful†applications in insect warfare, discussing the role of chemists and chemistry in military history and the changing attitude of war departments toward chemists.
History

Scientific and Medical Writings in Old and Middle English

An Electronic Reference

Author: Linda Ehrsam Voigts,Patricia Deery Kurtz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780472002795

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 385

A valuable electronic reference for medieval manuscripts
Nature

Clearcutting the Pacific Rain Forest

Production, Science, and Regulation

Author: Richard A. Rajala

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774842237

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 3911

This book integrates class, environmental, and political analysis to uncover the history of clearcutting in the Douglas fir forests of B.C., Washington, and Oregon between 1880 and 1965. Part I focuses on the mode of production, analyzing the technological and managerial structures of worker and resource exploitation from the perspective of current trends in labour process research. Rajala argues that operators sought to neutralize the variable forest environment by emulating the factory model of work organization. The introduction of steam-powered overhead logging methods provided industry with a rudimentary factory regime by 1930, accompanied by productivity gains and diminished workplace autonomy for loggers. After a Depression-inspired turn to selective logging with caterpillar tractors timber capital continued its refinement of clearcutting technologies in the post-war period, achieving complete mechanization of yarding with the automatic grapple. Driviing this process of innovation was a concept of industrial efficiency that responded to changing environmental conditions, product and labour markets, but sought to advance operators' class interests by routinizing production. The managerial component of the factory regime took shape in accordance with the principles of the early 20th century scientific management movement. Requiring expertise in the organization of an expanded, technologically sophisticated exploitation process, operators presided over the establishment of logging engineering programs in the region's universities. Graduates introduced rational planning procedures to coastal logging, contributing to a rate of deforestation that generated a corporate call for technical forestry expertise after 1930. Industrial foresters then emerged from the universities to provide firms with data needed for long-range investment decisions in land acquisition and management. Part II constitutes an environmental and political history of clearcutting. This reconstructs the process of scientific research concenring the factory regime's impact on the ecology of the Douglas fir forest, assessing how knowledge was utitized in the regulation of cutting practices. Analysis of business-government relations in British Columbia, Washington and Oregon suggests that the reliance of those client states on revenues generated by timber capital enouraged a pattern of regulation that served corporate rather than social and ecological ends.
Biography & Autobiography

Young Humphry Davy

The Making of an Experimental Chemist

Author: June Z. Fullmer

Publisher: American Philosophical Society

ISBN: 9780871692375

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 385

View: 4819

History

Churchmen and Urban Government in Late Medieval Italy, c.1200-c.1450

Cases and Contexts

Author: Frances Andrews,Agata Pincelli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110704426X

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 7323

Major new study of secular-religious boundaries and the role of the clergy in the administration of Italy's late medieval city-states.
Health & Fitness

The People's Doctors

Samuel Thomson and the American Botanical Movement, 1790-1860

Author: John S. Haller

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809323395

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 377

View: 1632

Samuel Thomson, born in New Hampshire in 1769 to an illiterate farming family, had no formal education, but he learned the elements of botanical medicine from a "root doctor," who he met in his youth. Thomson sought to release patients from the harsh bleeding or purging regimens of regular physicians by offering inexpensive and gentle medicines from their own fields and gardens. He melded his followers into a militant corps of dedicated believers, using them to successfully lobby state legislatures to pass medical acts favorable to their cause. John S. Haller Jr. points out that Thomson began his studies by ministering to his own family. He started his professional career as an itinerant healer traveling a circuit among the small towns and villages of Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts. Eventually, he transformed his medical practice into a successful business enterprise with agents selling several hundred thousand rights or franchises to his system. His popular New Guide to Health (1822) went through thirteen editions, including one in German, and countless thousands were reprinted without permission. Told here for the first time, Haller's history of Thomsonism recounts the division within this American medical sect in the last century. While many Thomsonians displayed a powerful, vested interest in anti-intellectualism, a growing number found respectability through the establishment of medical colleges and a certified profession of botanical doctors. The People's Doctors covers seventy years, from 1790, when Thomson began his practice on his own family, until 1860, when much of Thomson's medical domain had been captured by the more liberal Eclectics. Eighteen halftones illustrate this volume.
Science

Continental Drift

Colliding Continents, Converging Cultures

Author: Constantin Roman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306867

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 7409

Continental Drift: Colliding Continents, Converging Cultures is as much an account of the impressions Western culture made on Constantin Roman as a young researcher from behind the Iron Curtain as a personal history of the developing new science of plate tectonics. The book elucidates the author's struggles against a web of bureaucracy to secure his rights in the free world while exploring historical events. A refined observer of the contrast of cultures between East and West, Roman's personal story relates his encounters with eminent scientists, artists, and embassy officials. Constantin Roman defied communist restrictions by coming to England in 1968 on a NATO travel grant. After being encouraged by Keith Runcorn at the University of Newcastle to stay in Britain for a higher degree, he received a Ph.D. scholarship at the University of Cambridge. This is where he studied under Sir Edward Bullard when plate tectonics was in its infancy, when the concepts of continental drift and sea floor spreading were galvanizing geology. As a continental student adrift on English shores, Roman soon staked his claim on the plate tectonics map with his work on the deep earthquakes of the Carpathians. But the stakes became higher with a race against the clock to be the first to publish a plate tectonics solution to the Himalayan earthquakes. Continental Drift delves into all of this and more. It will delight earth scientists, physicists, and general readers as well as historians of science, who will find a wealth of personal recollections of key figures in the continental drift story.