Social Science

Changing Contours of Work

Jobs and Opportunities in the New Economy

Author: Stephen Sweet,Peter Meiksins

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483358267

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8621

In the Third Edition of Changing Contours of Work: Jobs and Opportunities in the New Economy, Stephen Sweet and Peter Meiksins once again provide a rich analysis of the American workplace in the larger context of an integrated global economy. Through engaging vignettes and rich data, this text frames the development of jobs and employment opportunities in an international comparative perspective, revealing the historical transformations of work (the “old economy” and the “new economy”) and identifying the profound effects that these changes have had on lives, jobs, and life chances. The text examines the many complexities of race, class, and gender inequalities in the modern-day workplace, and details the consequences of job insecurity and work schedules mismatched to family needs. Throughout the text, strategic recommendations are offered to improve the new economy.
Business & Economics

Changing Contours of Work

Jobs and Opportunities in the New Economy

Author: Stephen A. Sweet,Peter Meiksins

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412917441

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 239

View: 1511

A comparative review of the historical transformations in work Opening with engaging vignettes of four workers, Jamal (a low-wage worker), Eileen (a high-powered professional), Dan (a displaced autoworker), and Chi-Ying (a young, Chinese, employee), Changing Contours of Work: Jobs and Opportunities in the New Economy frames the development of jobs and employment opportunities in an international comparative perspective, revealing the historical transformations of work and examining the often profound effects that these changes have had on employee satisfaction. This text provides a rich analysis of the overtime-laden American workplace in the larger context of an integrated global economy and offers strategic recommendations for making the new economy work for us all.
Social Science

Working in America

Continuity, Conflict, and Change in a New Economic Era

Author: Amy S Wharton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317248767

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 597

The Great Recession brought rising inequality and changing family economies. New technologies continued to move jobs overseas, including those held by middle-class information workers. The first new edition to capture these historic changes, this book is the leading text in the sociology of work and related research fields. Wharton s readings retain the classics but offer a new spectrum of articles accessible to undergraduate students that focus on the changes that will most affect their lives.New to the fourth edition"
Social Science

An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations

Author: Rudi Volti

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342417

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2100

The Sociology of Work and Occupations, Second Edition connects work and occupations to the key subjects of sociological inquiry: social and technological change, race, ethnicity, gender, social class, education, social networks, and modes of organization. In 15 chapters, Rudi Volti succinctly but comprehensively covers the changes in the world of work, encompassing everything from gathering and hunting to working in today's Information Age. This book introduces students to a highly relevant analysis of society today. In this new and updated edition, globalization and technology are each given their own chapter and discussed in great depth.
Business & Economics

Dignity at Work

Author: Randy Hodson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521778121

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6405

Dignity at Work describes workers' efforts to maintain and defend their dignity in the workplace.
Psychology

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Lifespan Human Development

Author: Marc H. Bornstein

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506353312

Category: Psychology

Page: 2616

View: 5944

Lifespan human development is the study of all aspects of biological, physical, cognitive, socioemotional, and contextual development from conception to the end of life. In more than 800 signed articles by experts from a wide diversity of fields, this volume explores all individual and situational factors related to human development across the lifespan. The Encyclopedia promises to be an authoritative, discipline-defining work for students and researchers seeking to become familiar with various theories and empirical findings about human development broadly construed. Some of the broad thematic areas will include: Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood Aging Behavioral and Developmental Disorders Cognitive Development Community and Culture Early and Middle Childhood Education through the Lifespan Genetics and Biology Gender and Sexuality Life Events Mental Health through the Lifespan Research Methods in Lifespan Development Speech and Language Across the Lifespan Theories and Models of Development. Featuring signed articles by experts from the fields of child development, psychology, neuroscience, behavior analysis, education, sociology, and more, this encyclopedia promises to be an authoritative, discipline-defining work for students and researchers seeking to become familiar with the various approaches to and theories of human development as well as past and current research.
Business & Economics

Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD

Essays in Macro-Economic History

Author: Angus Maddison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199227217

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 418

View: 9725

Written by a pioneer in the quantitative and macroeconomic analysis of economic history, this book combines qualitative histories with quantitative data. It also seeks a new understanding of the forces of economic growth and development by taking the ultimate long view - the whole of the last millennium - and looking to the future.
Social Science

The Sociology of Work

Continuity and Change in Paid and Unpaid Work

Author: Stephen Edgell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446260461

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 524

"A highly readable and approachable account of the sociology of work... a first-rate introductory text that is sure to become essential reading for students, teachers, and researchers." - Jason Hughes, Brunel University "An excellent text. Its comparative and historical sweep is particularly welcome and the analysis provided is thoughtful and well grounded." - John Eldridge, University of Glasgow "An invaluable and up-to-date text for students and researchers. Detailed and wide-ranging in its scope it is an excellent source of materials combined with a thought provoking and challenging set of arguments." - Huw Beynon, Cardiff University Stephen Edgell's book charts the rise of 'work' and explores all aspects of work including paid and unpaid, standard and non-standard and unemployment. New material has been incorporated covering the theories and practices of globalization, interactive service work, economic crisis, technological and organizational change, and trade unions. Drawing on classic and contemporary theorists, the book: Covers key issues regarding paid industrial and service sector work: alienation, skill, post-industrial society, network enterprises, flexibility, Fordism, neo-Fordism, post-Fordism, McDonaldization, emotional labour, destandardization and the social impact of unemployment. Discusses key issues regarding non-paid work: domestic work as 'work', the impact of technology, symmetrical family thesis, the impact of feminism, and globalization. Provides student friendly pedagogy: suggestions for further reading, questions for discussion and assessment, an extensive glossary and links to key websites and downloadable articles. This latest edition will be welcomed by lecturers and students wanting an authoritative guide to the sociology of work.
Business & Economics

Disposable People

New Slavery in the Global Economy

Author: Kevin Bales

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520217973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 9150

Investigates slavery and other inhumane conditions in Mauritania, Brazil, Thailand, Pakistan, and India, and proposes three interrelated factors that helped to fuel the new slavery.
Social Science

Flawed System/Flawed Self

Job Searching and Unemployment Experiences

Author: Ofer Sharone

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022607367X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3696

Today 4.7 million Americans have been unemployed for more than six months. In France more than ten percent of the working population is without work. In Israel it’s above seven percent. And in Greece and Spain, that number approaches thirty percent. Across the developed world, the experience of unemployment has become frighteningly common—and so are the seemingly endless tactics that job seekers employ in their quest for new work. Flawed System/Flawed Self delves beneath these staggering numbers to explore the world of job searching and unemployment across class and nation. Through in-depth interviews and observations at job-search support organizations, Ofer Sharone reveals how different labor-market institutions give rise to job-search games like Israel’s résumé-based “spec games”—which are focused on presenting one’s skills to fit the job—and the “chemistry games” more common in the United States in which job seekers concentrate on presenting the person behind the résumé. By closely examining the specific day-to-day activities and strategies of searching for a job, Sharone develops a theory of the mechanisms that connect objective social structures and subjective experiences in this challenging environment and shows how these different structures can lead to very different experiences of unemployment.
Education

Sociology of Higher Education

Contributions and Their Contexts

Author: Patricia J. Gumport

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801892158

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 8173

Featuring extensive reviews of the literature, this volume will be invaluable for scholars and students of sociology and higher education.
History

Hard Work

Remaking the American Labor Movement

Author: Rick Fantasia,Kim Voss

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520240902

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 6688

Annotation This book provides an overview of unions and labor in America.
Social Science

Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

Author: Wendy Griswold

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289409

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 7782

In the Fourth Edition of Cultures and Societies in a Changing World, author Wendy Griswold illuminates how culture shapes our social world and how society shapes culture. Through this book, students will gain an understanding of the sociology of culture and explore stories, beliefs, media, ideas, art, religious practices, fashions, and rituals from a sociological perspective. Cultural examples from multiple countries and time periods will broaden students' global understanding. Students will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and that will help equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world.
Social Science

Consuming Work

Youth Labor in America

Author: Yasemin Besen-Cassino

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439909485

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 4563

Youth labor is an important element in our modern economy, but as students’ consumption habits have changed, so too have their reasons for working. In Consuming Work, Yasemin Besen-Cassino reveals that many American high school and college students work for social reasons, not monetary gain. Most are affluent, suburban, white youth employed in part-time jobs at places like the Coffee Bean so they can be associated with a cool brand, hangout with their friends, and get discounts. Consuming Work offers a fascinating picture of youth at work and how jobs are marketed to these students. Besen-Cassino also shows how the roots of gender and class inequality in the labor force have their beginnings in this critical labor sector. Exploring the social meaning of youth at work, and providing critical insights into labor and the youth workforce, Consuming Work contributes a deeper understanding of the changing nature of American labor.
History

Children of the Dictatorship

Student Resistance, Cultural Politics and the 'Long 1960s' in Greece

Author: Kostis Kornetis

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782380019

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4764

Putting Greece back on the cultural and political map of the "Long 1960s," this book traces the dissent and activism of anti-regime students during the dictatorship of the Colonels (1967-74). It explores the cultural as well as ideological protest of Greek student activists, illustrating how these "children of the dictatorship" managed to re-appropriate indigenous folk tradition for their "progressive" purposes and how their transnational exchange molded a particular local protest culture. It examines how the students' social and political practices became a major source of pressure on the Colonels' regime, finding its apogee in the three day Polytechnic uprising of November 1973 which laid the foundations for a total reshaping of Greek political culture in the following decades.
Science

Global Shift

Reshaping the Global Economic Map in the 21st Century

Author: Peter Dicken

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572309074

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 1680

Now in a fully revised and expanded fourth edition, this comprehensive work is the definitive text on globalization. Students gain a solid understanding of the economic, political, and technological processes that are creating global shifts in economic activity and affecting local communities in highly uneven ways. Examined are the actions and interactions of two major groups of actors--transnational corporations and states--set within a volatile technological environment. Of special utility are detailed case studies of key global industries and more than 200 fully updated figures and tables. The fourth edition has been extensively rewritten to reflect the latest empirical and theoretical developments, and several entirely new chapters are included. New in the Fourth Edition *Increased attention to the globalization and anti-globalization debates *A new case study on the distribution industries: logistics, retailing, and e-commerce *Expanded coverage of developmental, environmental, and governance issues *Definitions and cross-referencing of key terms *Many additional maps, graphs, tables, and diagrams
Social Science

Internet Communication and Qualitative Research

A Handbook for Researching Online

Author: Chris Mann,Fiona Stewart

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876560

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9719

`Internet Communication and Qualitative Research is a trailblazing introduction to data sources that will come to the fore in the new millennium. Its cogent discussion of the techniques, ethics and methods of analysis of Internet data should be read by every qualitative researcher' - David Silverman, Goldsmiths College `The internet is exploding with possibilities for conducting social research. Mann and Stewart offer the first in-depth consideration of the prospects and potentials for doing qualitative research on-line. This wide ranging, clearly-written book is essential reading for researchers working at the cutting edge of qualitative methodology' - James A. Holstein, Marquette University `This is e-scholarship. The book is a transformative project which brings the best skills of the old print scholarship to the cyberworld. The authors are no mere theoreticians - but hands-on net-users, who have made the imaginative leap to the dot.com world, and who have mapped the way for net research and researchers. The authors are pioneers in the realm of digit-crit - opening the way with their critical evaluation of the digital media and net research. They profile the skills required by the online researcher and evaluate the context in which they are used - in relation to privacy, security, ethics and legal considerations. They also take up issues of power; they explore the social and political implications of the digital media, (with specific reference to gender) and the role of the online researcher. An absolute must for cybercitizens and an indispensable guide for students, researchers, and knowledge workers in the dot.com world' - Dale Spender `Mann and Stewart have prized open the mysteries of on-line qualitative research. For those new to this methodology the technology review demystifies; the social science research ethics issues are re-addressed with reference to the on-line situation; methods of conducting online focus groups and interviews, in particular, are detailed. The tone is both analytical and practical with a host of techniques suggested. I recommend this accessible text for all qualitative researchers, both academic and practitioner' - Rehan Ul-Haq, University of Birmingham Business School `Here is the clear, useful guide to the Internet research needed by all of us interested in on-line relationships and research. The authors address such issues as ethics, confidentiality, the theory and practice of on-line research, and on-line power relationships (which will be of concern in distance learning plans and programs). A very valuable book.' - Cheris Kramarae, Center for the Study of Women in Society, University of Oregon `Wonderful - "beyond the software" and into on-line interaction to aid and abet our qualitative research. This book shines the light. Mann and Stewart are to be congratulated in offering qualitative researchers effective and authentic ways forward through electronic communication. I'll use and recommend it!' - Gilly Salmon, Centre for Information and Innovation, Open University Business School `Opens to view a whole new avenue for social research. Internet communication is the wave of the future. Mann and Stewart capture its potential with insight, caution, and consummate procedural skill. Pathbreaking in its area of research methodology! Students and researchers will be very pleased with its clarity and usefulness' - Jaber F Gubrium, Department of Sociology, University of Florida `The authors have produced a timely and stimulating publication with handy explanations of Internet terms and qualitative research applications. This work should be made readily available not only for reference to academics and practitioners of marketing, but also to those with a lay interest in it' - Professor Len Tiu Wright, De Montfort University Internet Communication and Qualitative Research is the first textbook to examine the impact of Internet technology on qualitative research methods. Drawing on many pioneering studies using computer-mediated communication (CMC), the authors show how online researchers can employ Internet-based qualitative methods to collect rich, descriptive, contextually-situated data. They discuss the methodological, practical and theoretical considerations associated with such methods as: in-depth online interviewing, virtual focus groups, participant observation in virtual communities. This is a comprehensive and practical guide that: - reviews online research practice and basic Internet technology - looks in detail at the skills required by the online researcher - examines the ethical, confidentiality, security and legal issues involved in online research - considers the theoretical challenges surrounding data collected in a 'virtual venue' - addresses the social and cultural impact of researching online through a discussion of power, gender and identity issues in the virtual world. Internet Communication and Qualitative Research will be an indispensable guide for all students and researchers working in the digital age.
Business & Economics

Economy/Society

Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure

Author: Bruce G. Carruthers,Sarah L. Babb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412994969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 523

In this long-awaited second edition of Economy/Society Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure, authors Carruthers and Babb continue to offer an accessible introduction to the way social arrangements affect economic activity, and shows that economic exchanges are deeply embedded in social relationships. Understanding how society shapes the economy helps us answer many important questions. For example, how does advertising get people to buy things? How do people use their social connections to get jobs? How did large bureaucratic organizations come to be so pervasive in modern economies—and what difference does it make? How can we explain the persistence of economic inequalities between men and women and across racial groups? Why do some countries become rich while others stay poor? This book presents sociological answers to questions like these, and encourages its readers to view the economy through a sociological lens.
Political Science

Men Without Work

America's Invisible Crisis

Author: Nicholas Eberstadt

Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press

ISBN: 1599474700

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 1705

By one reading, things look pretty good for Americans today: the country is richer than ever before and the unemployment rate is down by half since the Great Recession—lower today, in fact, than for most of the postwar era. But a closer look shows that something is going seriously wrong. This is the collapse of work—most especially among America’s men. Nicholas Eberstadt, a political economist who holds the Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute, shows that while “unemployment” has gone down, America’s work rate is also lower today than a generation ago—and that the work rate for US men has been spiraling downward for half a century. Astonishingly, the work rate for American males aged twenty-five to fifty-four—or “men of prime working age”—was actually slightly lower in 2015 than it had been in 1940: before the War, and at the tail end of the Great Depression. Today, nearly one in six prime working age men has no paid work at all—and nearly one in eight is out of the labor force entirely, neither working nor even looking for work. This new normal of “men without work,” argues Eberstadt, is “America’s invisible crisis.” So who are these men? How did they get there? What are they doing with their time? And what are the implications of this exit from work for American society? Nicholas Eberstadt lays out the issue and Jared Bernstein from the left and Henry Olsen from the right offer their responses to this national crisis. For more information, please visit http://menwithoutwork.com.
Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment

Author: Stephen Edgell,Heidi Gottfried,Edward Granter

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473943280

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 7221

The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment is a landmark collection of original contributions by leading specialists from around the world. The coverage is both comprehensive and comparative (in terms of time and space) and each ‘state of the art’ chapter provides a critical review of the literature combined with some thoughts on the direction of research. This authoritative text is structured around six core themes: Historical Context and Social Divisions The Experience of Work The Organization of Work Nonstandard Work and Employment Work and Life beyond Employment Globalization and the Future of Work. Globally, the contours of work and employment are changing dramatically. This handbook helps academics and practitioners make sense of the impact of these changes on individuals, groups, organizations and societies. Written in an accessible style with a helpful introduction, the retrospective and prospective nature of this volume will be an essential resource for students, teachers and policy-makers across a range of fields, from business and management, to sociology and organization studies.