Science

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Jeffrey I. Steinfeld,Joseph Salvadore Francisco,William L. Hase

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780137371235

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 2065

This text presents a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. This second edition includes the latest information, as well as new topics such as heterogeneous reactions in atmospheric chemistry, reactant product imaging, and molecular dynamics of H + H2.
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1117

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div
Technology & Engineering

Molecular Reaction Dynamics

Author: Raphael D. Levine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139442879

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 5737

Molecular reaction dynamics is the study of chemical and physical transformations of matter at the molecular level. The understanding of how chemical reactions occur and how to control them is fundamental to chemists and interdisciplinary areas such as materials and nanoscience, rational drug design, environmental and astrochemistry. This book provides a thorough foundation to this area. The first half is introductory, detailing experimental techniques for initiating and probing reaction dynamics and the essential insights that have been gained. The second part explores key areas including photoselective chemistry, stereochemistry, chemical reactions in real time and chemical reaction dynamics in solutions and interfaces. Typical of the new challenges are molecular machines, enzyme action and molecular control. With problem sets included, this book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as being supplementary to chemical kinetics, physical chemistry, biophysics and materials science courses, and as a primer for practising scientists.
Technology & Engineering

Catalytic Kinetics

Chemistry and Engineering

Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin,Tapio Salmi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444634630

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 7476

Catalytic Kinetics: Chemistry and Engineering, Second Edition offers a unified view that homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic catalysis form the cornerstone of practical catalysis. The book has an integrated, cross-disciplinary approach to kinetics and transport phenomena in catalysis, but still recognizes the fundamental differences between different types of catalysis. In addition, the book focuses on a quantitative chemical understanding and links the mathematical approach to kinetics with chemistry. A diverse group of catalysts is covered, including catalysis by acids, organometallic complexes, solid inorganic materials, and enzymes, and this fully updated second edition contains a new chapter on the concepts of cascade catalysis. Finally, expanded content in this edition provides more in-depth discussion, including topics such as organocatalysis, enzymatic kinetics, nonlinear dynamics, solvent effects, nanokinetics, and kinetic isotope effects. Fully revised and expanded, providing the latest developments in catalytic kinetics Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and enzymatic-catalysis Provides necessary tools and new concepts for researchers already working in the field of catalytic kinetics Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field Examples and exercises following each chapter make it suitable as an advanced course book
Science

Kinetics of Chemical Reactions

Author: Guy Marin,Gregory S. Yablonsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527317635

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 2425

This systematic presentation covers both experimental and theoretical kinetic methods, as well as fundamental and applied. The identification of dominant reaction paths, reaction intermediates and rate-determining steps allows a quantification of the effects of reaction conditions and catalyst properties, providing guidelines for catalyst optimization. In addition, the form in which the equations are presented allows for their straightforward implementation for scale-up and chemical reactor design purposes. Throughout, the methodologies given are illustrated by many examples.
Science

Introduction to Process Control

Author: Jose A. Romagnoli,Ahmet Palazoglu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849334962

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 343

Improvements in software, instrumentation, and feedback control as well as deepening linkages between fundamental aspects of process technology have vastly changed the practice of industrial process control. Newcomers to the field must have a strong understanding of the new demands and capabilities of modern process control operations. Reflecting these changes, Introduction to Process Control infuses traditional topics with industry-based practices that provide more integrated process operation, control, and information systems. The authors adopt a thoughtfully conceived approach that follows a "Continuing Problem" throughout the text, adding new concepts and strategies to the example, which culminates in a complete control design strategy. This fully realized system is implemented in MATLAB®, with software downloads available from the CRC Web site. This approach not only provides seamless continuity, but also addresses the plantwide control problem and engenders hands-on, step-by-step understanding of how the concepts apply to real processes. The book introduces data processing and reconciliation along with process monitoring as integral components of overall control system architecture. Along with an introduction to modern architectures of industrial computer control systems, Introduction to Process Control offers unique and unparalleled coverage of the expanded role of process control in modern industry, from modeling the process to implementing a plant-wide system.
Technology & Engineering

Fluid Dynamics

Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation

Author: C. Pozrikidis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489979913

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 901

View: 5269

This book provides an accessible introduction to the basic theory of fluid mechanics and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) from a modern perspective that unifies theory and numerical computation. Methods of scientific computing are introduced alongside with theoretical analysis and MATLAB® codes are presented and discussed for a broad range of topics: from interfacial shapes in hydrostatics, to vortex dynamics, to viscous flow, to turbulent flow, to panel methods for flow past airfoils. The third edition includes new topics, additional examples, solved and unsolved problems, and revised images. It adds more computational algorithms and MATLAB programs. It also incorporates discussion of the latest version of the fluid dynamics software library FDLIB, which is freely available online. FDLIB offers an extensive range of computer codes that demonstrate the implementation of elementary and advanced algorithms and provide an invaluable resource for research, teaching, classroom instruction, and self-study. This book is a must for students in all fields of engineering, computational physics, scientific computing, and applied mathematics. It can be used in both undergraduate and graduate courses in fluid mechanics, aerodynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. The audience includes not only advanced undergraduate and entry-level graduate students, but also a broad class of scientists and engineers with a general interest in scientific computing.
Science

The Physical Basis of Chemistry

Author: Warren S. Warren

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080513832

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 5446

If the text you're using for general chemistry seems to lack sufficient mathematics and physics in its presentation of classical mechanics, molecular structure, and statistics, this complementary science series title may be just what you're looking for. Written for the advanced lower-division undergraduate chemistry course, The Physical Basis of Chemistry, Second Edition, offers students an opportunity to understand and enrich the understanding of physical chemistry with some quantum mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution, and spectroscopy. Posed and answered are questions concerning everyday phenomena. Unlike other texts on this subject, however, Dr. Warren deals directly with the substance of the questions, avoiding the use of predigested material more appropriate for memorization exercises than for actual concrete learning. The only prerequisite is first-semester calculus or familiarity with one-variable derivatives. In this new edition, the entire text has been rewritten and keyed with an accompanying website, which contains instructive QuickTime movies on topics presented in the text to enhance student learning and participation.
Science

Chemical Reaction Kinetics

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies

Author: Jorge Ancheyta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119226651

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1590

A practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics—from basic concepts to laboratory methods—featuring numerous real-world examples and case studies This book focuses on fundamental aspects of reaction kinetics with an emphasis on mathematical methods for analyzing experimental data and interpreting results. It describes basic concepts of reaction kinetics, parameters for measuring the progress of chemical reactions, variables that affect reaction rates, and ideal reactor performance. Mathematical methods for determining reaction kinetic parameters are described in detail with the help of real-world examples and fully-worked step-by-step solutions. Both analytical and numerical solutions are exemplified. The book begins with an introduction to the basic concepts of stoichiometry, thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. This is followed by chapters featuring in-depth discussions of reaction kinetics; methods for studying irreversible reactions with one, two and three components; reversible reactions; and complex reactions. In the concluding chapters the author addresses reaction mechanisms, enzymatic reactions, data reconciliation, parameters, and examples of industrial reaction kinetics. Throughout the book industrial case studies are presented with step-by-step solutions, and further problems are provided at the end of each chapter. Takes a practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics basic concepts and methods Features numerous illustrative case studies based on the author’s extensive experience in the industry Provides essential information for chemical and process engineers, catalysis researchers, and professionals involved in developing kinetic models Functions as a student textbook on the basic principles of chemical kinetics for homogeneous catalysis Describes mathematical methods to determine reaction kinetic parameters with the help of industrial case studies, examples, and step-by-step solutions Chemical Reaction Kinetics is a valuable working resource for academic researchers, scientists, engineers, and catalyst manufacturers interested in kinetic modeling, parameter estimation, catalyst evaluation, process development, reactor modeling, and process simulation. It is also an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in chemical kinetics, homogeneous catalysis, chemical reaction engineering, and petrochemical engineering, biotechnology.
Science

Modeling of Chemical Reactions

Author: R.W. Carr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080546179

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 541

Modeling of Chemical Reactions covers detailed chemical kinetics models for chemical reactions. Including a comprehensive treatment of pressure dependent reactions, which are frequently not incorporated into detailed chemical kinetic models, and the use of modern computational quantum chemistry, which has recently become an extraordinarily useful component of the reaction kinetics toolkit. It is intended both for those who need to model complex chemical reaction processes but have little background in the area, and those who are already have experience and would benefit from having a wide range of useful material gathered in one volume. The range of subject matter is wider than that found in many previous treatments of this subject. The technical level of the material is also quite wide, so that non-experts can gain a grasp of fundamentals, and experts also can find the book useful. A solid introduction to kinetics Material on computational quantum chemistry, an important new area for kinetics Contains a chapter on construction of mechanisms, an approach only found in this book
Science

Enzyme Kinetics for Systems Biology

Author: Herbert M. Sauro

Publisher: Future Skill Software

ISBN: 0982477317

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 6913

The 2nd edition has recently been published, the 1st edition has therefore been reduced in price by 20%. Enzyme Kinetics for System Biology is geared towards those who need a reference or classroom textbook that describes the various rate laws one can use to build computer models of cellular networks. The book covers commonly addressed topics such as rapid-equilibrium and steady state kinetics, including chapters on inhibitors, activators, cooperatively and allostery. The text book also includes topics more relevant to systems biology; these include chapters on elasticities, generalized rate laws and kinetics laws used to describe gene expression. Exercises are provided in most chapters with a summary of all the major kinetic rate laws in an appendix. Chapters include: Reaction Kinetics Elasticities Basic Enzyme Kinetics Enzyme Inhibition and Activation Multireactant Rate Laws Cooperativity Allostery Generalized Rate Laws Kinetics of Gene Regulation Basic Thermodynamics Current Print version: 1.08 Original publication date: April 2011
Science

Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere

Theory, Experiments, and Applications

Author: Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts,James N. Pitts, Jr.

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080529073

Category: Science

Page: 969

View: 1992

Here is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of one of the hottest areas of chemical research. The treatment of fundamental kinetics and photochemistry will be highly useful to chemistry students and their instructors at the graduate level, as well as postdoctoral fellows entering this new, exciting, and well-funded field with a Ph.D. in a related discipline (e.g., analytical, organic, or physical chemistry, chemical physics, etc.). Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere provides postgraduate researchers and teachers with a uniquely detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative resource. The text bridges the "gap" between the fundamental chemistry of the earth's atmosphere and "real world" examples of its application to the development of sound scientific risk assessments and associated risk management control strategies for both tropospheric and stratospheric pollutants. Serves as a graduate textbook and "must have" reference for all atmospheric scientists Provides more than 5000 references to the literature through the end of 1998 Presents tables of new actinic flux data for the troposphere and stratospher (0-40km) Summarizes kinetic and photochemical date for the troposphere and stratosphere Features problems at the end of most chapters to enhance the book's use in teaching Includes applications of the OZIPR box model with comprehensive chemistry for student use
Science

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Author: James E. House

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080550503

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9008

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors
Technology & Engineering

Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780884154815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1096

View: 6302

Selecting the best type of reactor for any particular chemical reaction, taking into consideration safety, hazard analysis, scale-up, and many other factors is essential to any industrial problem. An understanding of chemical reaction kinetics and the design of chemical reactors is key to the success of the of the chemist and the chemical engineer in such an endeavor. This valuable reference volume conveys a basic understanding of chemical reactor design methodologies, incorporating control, hazard analysis, and other topics not covered in similar texts. In addition to covering fluid mixing, the treatment of wastewater, and chemical reactor modeling, the author includes sections on safety in chemical reaction and scale-up, two topics that are often neglected or overlooked. As a real-world introduction to the modeling of chemical kinetics and reactor design, the author includes a case study on ammonia synthesis that is integrated throughout the text. The text also features an accompanying CD, which contains computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods. Students, chemists, technologists, and chemical engineers will all benefit from this comprehensive volume. Shows readers how to select the best reactor design, hazard analysis, and safety in design methodology Features computer programs developed to solve modeling problems using numerical methods
Technology & Engineering

Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Author: H. Scott Fogler

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0137146124

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 707

View: 935

Learn Chemical Reaction Engineering through Reasoning, Not Memorization Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering is the complete, modern introduction to chemical reaction engineering for today's undergraduate students. Starting from the strengths of his classic Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, in this volume H. Scott Fogler added new material and distilled the essentials for undergraduate students. Fogler's unique way of presenting the material helps students gain a deep, intuitive understanding of the field's essentials through reasoning, using a CRE algorithm, not memorization. He especially focuses on important new energy and safety issues, ranging from solar and biomass applications to the avoidance of runaway reactions. Thoroughly classroom tested, this text reflects feedback from hundreds of students at the University of Michigan and other leading universities. It also provides new resources to help students discover how reactors behave in diverse situations-including many realistic, interactive simulations on DVD-ROM. New Coverage Includes Greater emphasis on safety: following the recommendations of the Chemical Safety Board (CSB), discussion of crucial safety topics, including ammonium nitrate CSTR explosions, case studies of the nitroaniline explosion, and the T2 Laboratories batch reactor runaway Solar energy conversions: chemical, thermal, and catalytic water spilling Algae production for biomass Steady-state nonisothermal reactor design: flow reactors with heat exchange Unsteady-state nonisothermal reactor design with case studies of reactor explosions About the DVD-ROM The DVD contains six additional, graduate-level chapters covering catalyst decay, external diffusion effects on heterogeneous reactions, diffusion and reaction, distribution of residence times for reactors, models for non-ideal reactors, and radial and axial temperature variations in tubular reactions. Extensive additional DVD resources include Summary notes, Web modules, additional examples, derivations, audio commentary, and self-tests Interactive computer games that review and apply important chapter concepts Innovative "Living Example Problems" with Polymath code that can be loaded directly from the DVD so students can play with the solution to get an innate feeling of how reactors operate A 15-day trial of Polymath(tm) is included, along with a link to the Fogler Polymath site A complete, new AspenTech tutorial, and four complete example problems Visual Encyclopedia of Equipment, Reactor Lab, and other intuitive tools More than 500 PowerPoint slides of lecture notes Additional updates, applications, and information are available at www.umich.edu/~essen and www.essentialsofcre.com.
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 7256

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div