Science

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Jeffrey I. Steinfeld,Joseph Salvadore Francisco,William L. Hase

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780137371235

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 1884

This text presents a balanced presentation of the macroscopic view of empirical kinetics and the microscopic molecular viewpoint of chemical dynamics. This second edition includes the latest information, as well as new topics such as heterogeneous reactions in atmospheric chemistry, reactant product imaging, and molecular dynamics of H + H2.
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 7698

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div
Technology & Engineering

Molecular Reaction Dynamics

Author: Raphael D. Levine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139442879

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9167

Molecular reaction dynamics is the study of chemical and physical transformations of matter at the molecular level. The understanding of how chemical reactions occur and how to control them is fundamental to chemists and interdisciplinary areas such as materials and nanoscience, rational drug design, environmental and astrochemistry. This book provides a thorough foundation to this area. The first half is introductory, detailing experimental techniques for initiating and probing reaction dynamics and the essential insights that have been gained. The second part explores key areas including photoselective chemistry, stereochemistry, chemical reactions in real time and chemical reaction dynamics in solutions and interfaces. Typical of the new challenges are molecular machines, enzyme action and molecular control. With problem sets included, this book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as being supplementary to chemical kinetics, physical chemistry, biophysics and materials science courses, and as a primer for practising scientists.
Science

Kinetics of Chemical Reactions

Decoding Complexity

Author: Guy B. Marin,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Denis Constales

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 3527342958

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 8512

This second, extended and updated edition presents the current state of kinetics of chemical reactions, combining basic knowledge with results recently obtained at the frontier of science. Special attention is paid to the problem of the chemical reaction complexity with theoretical and methodological concepts illustrated throughout by numerous examples taken from heterogeneous catalysis combustion and enzyme processes. Of great interest to graduate students in both chemistry and chemical engineering.
Science

Modeling of Chemical Reactions

Author: R.W. Carr

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080546179

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 7113

Modeling of Chemical Reactions covers detailed chemical kinetics models for chemical reactions. Including a comprehensive treatment of pressure dependent reactions, which are frequently not incorporated into detailed chemical kinetic models, and the use of modern computational quantum chemistry, which has recently become an extraordinarily useful component of the reaction kinetics toolkit. It is intended both for those who need to model complex chemical reaction processes but have little background in the area, and those who are already have experience and would benefit from having a wide range of useful material gathered in one volume. The range of subject matter is wider than that found in many previous treatments of this subject. The technical level of the material is also quite wide, so that non-experts can gain a grasp of fundamentals, and experts also can find the book useful. A solid introduction to kinetics Material on computational quantum chemistry, an important new area for kinetics Contains a chapter on construction of mechanisms, an approach only found in this book
Science

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Author: James E. House

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080550503

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 5079

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors
Science

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics

Author: Paul L. Houston

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131696

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1634

DIVThis text teaches the principles underlying modern chemical kinetics in a clear, direct fashion, using several examples to enhance basic understanding. Solutions to selected problems. 2001 edition. /div
Science

Physical Chemistry for the Biosciences

Author: Raymond Chang

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389337

Category: Science

Page: 677

View: 8058

Chang's newest text is intended for use in a one-semester introductory course in physical chemistry for students of the biosciences. The author emphasizes the understanding of physical concepts rather than focussing on precise mathematical development or on actual experimental details. Only basic skills of differential and integral calculus are required to understand the equations. The extensive array of end of chapter problems have both physicochemical and biological applications, and a detailed Solutions Manual is available.
Science

Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere

Theory, Experiments, and Applications

Author: Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts,James N. Pitts, Jr.

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080529073

Category: Science

Page: 969

View: 9020

Here is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of one of the hottest areas of chemical research. The treatment of fundamental kinetics and photochemistry will be highly useful to chemistry students and their instructors at the graduate level, as well as postdoctoral fellows entering this new, exciting, and well-funded field with a Ph.D. in a related discipline (e.g., analytical, organic, or physical chemistry, chemical physics, etc.). Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere provides postgraduate researchers and teachers with a uniquely detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative resource. The text bridges the "gap" between the fundamental chemistry of the earth's atmosphere and "real world" examples of its application to the development of sound scientific risk assessments and associated risk management control strategies for both tropospheric and stratospheric pollutants. Serves as a graduate textbook and "must have" reference for all atmospheric scientists Provides more than 5000 references to the literature through the end of 1998 Presents tables of new actinic flux data for the troposphere and stratospher (0-40km) Summarizes kinetic and photochemical date for the troposphere and stratosphere Features problems at the end of most chapters to enhance the book's use in teaching Includes applications of the OZIPR box model with comprehensive chemistry for student use
Science

Introduction to Process Control

Author: Jose A. Romagnoli,Ahmet Palazoglu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849334962

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 3766

Improvements in software, instrumentation, and feedback control as well as deepening linkages between fundamental aspects of process technology have vastly changed the practice of industrial process control. Newcomers to the field must have a strong understanding of the new demands and capabilities of modern process control operations. Reflecting these changes, Introduction to Process Control infuses traditional topics with industry-based practices that provide more integrated process operation, control, and information systems. The authors adopt a thoughtfully conceived approach that follows a "Continuing Problem" throughout the text, adding new concepts and strategies to the example, which culminates in a complete control design strategy. This fully realized system is implemented in MATLAB®, with software downloads available from the CRC Web site. This approach not only provides seamless continuity, but also addresses the plantwide control problem and engenders hands-on, step-by-step understanding of how the concepts apply to real processes. The book introduces data processing and reconciliation along with process monitoring as integral components of overall control system architecture. Along with an introduction to modern architectures of industrial computer control systems, Introduction to Process Control offers unique and unparalleled coverage of the expanded role of process control in modern industry, from modeling the process to implementing a plant-wide system.
Science

Enzyme Kinetics for Systems Biology

Author: Herbert M. Sauro

Publisher: Future Skill Software

ISBN: 0982477317

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 9307

The 2nd edition has recently been published, the 1st edition has therefore been reduced in price by 20%. Enzyme Kinetics for System Biology is geared towards those who need a reference or classroom textbook that describes the various rate laws one can use to build computer models of cellular networks. The book covers commonly addressed topics such as rapid-equilibrium and steady state kinetics, including chapters on inhibitors, activators, cooperatively and allostery. The text book also includes topics more relevant to systems biology; these include chapters on elasticities, generalized rate laws and kinetics laws used to describe gene expression. Exercises are provided in most chapters with a summary of all the major kinetic rate laws in an appendix. Chapters include: Reaction Kinetics Elasticities Basic Enzyme Kinetics Enzyme Inhibition and Activation Multireactant Rate Laws Cooperativity Allostery Generalized Rate Laws Kinetics of Gene Regulation Basic Thermodynamics Current Print version: 1.08 Original publication date: April 2011
Science

Chemical Reaction Kinetics

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies

Author: Jorge Ancheyta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119226643

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 5011

A practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics—from basic concepts to laboratory methods—featuring numerous real-world examples and case studies This book focuses on fundamental aspects of reaction kinetics with an emphasis on mathematical methods for analyzing experimental data and interpreting results. It describes basic concepts of reaction kinetics, parameters for measuring the progress of chemical reactions, variables that affect reaction rates, and ideal reactor performance. Mathematical methods for determining reaction kinetic parameters are described in detail with the help of real-world examples and fully-worked step-by-step solutions. Both analytical and numerical solutions are exemplified. The book begins with an introduction to the basic concepts of stoichiometry, thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. This is followed by chapters featuring in-depth discussions of reaction kinetics; methods for studying irreversible reactions with one, two and three components; reversible reactions; and complex reactions. In the concluding chapters the author addresses reaction mechanisms, enzymatic reactions, data reconciliation, parameters, and examples of industrial reaction kinetics. Throughout the book industrial case studies are presented with step-by-step solutions, and further problems are provided at the end of each chapter. Takes a practical approach to chemical reaction kinetics basic concepts and methods Features numerous illustrative case studies based on the author’s extensive experience in the industry Provides essential information for chemical and process engineers, catalysis researchers, and professionals involved in developing kinetic models Functions as a student textbook on the basic principles of chemical kinetics for homogeneous catalysis Describes mathematical methods to determine reaction kinetic parameters with the help of industrial case studies, examples, and step-by-step solutions Chemical Reaction Kinetics is a valuable working resource for academic researchers, scientists, engineers, and catalyst manufacturers interested in kinetic modeling, parameter estimation, catalyst evaluation, process development, reactor modeling, and process simulation. It is also an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate-level courses in chemical kinetics, homogeneous catalysis, chemical reaction engineering, and petrochemical engineering, biotechnology.
Science

Chemically Reacting Flow

Theory and Practice

Author: Robert J. Kee,Michael E. Coltrin,Peter Glarborg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047146130X

Category: Science

Page: 928

View: 496

Complex chemically reacting flow simulations are commonly employed to develop quantitative understanding and to optimize reaction conditions in systems such as combustion, catalysis, chemical vapor deposition, and other chemical processes. Although reaction conditions, geometries, and fluid flow can vary widely among the applications of chemically reacting flows, all applications share a need for accurate, detailed descriptions of the chemical kinetics occurring in the gas-phase or on reactive surfaces. Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory and Practice combines fundamental concepts in fluid mechanics and physical chemistry, assisting the student and practicing researcher in developing analytical and simulation skills that are useful and extendable for solving real-world engineering problems. The first several chapters introduce transport processes, primarily from a fluid-mechanics point of view, incorporating computational simulation from the outset. The middle section targets physical chemistry topics that are required to develop chemically reacting flow simulations, such as chemical thermodynamics, molecular transport, chemical rate theories, and reaction mechanisms. The final chapters deal with complex chemically reacting flow simulations, emphasizing combustion and materials processing. Among other features, Chemically Reacting Flow: Theory and Practice: -Advances a comprehensive approach to interweaving the fundamentals of chemical kinetics and fluid mechanics -Embraces computational simulation, equipping the reader with effective, practical tools for solving real-world problems -Emphasizes physical fundamentals, enabling the analyst to understand how reacting flow simulations achieve their results -Provides a valuable resource for scientists and engineers who use Chemkin or similar software Computer simulation of reactive systems is highly effective in the development, enhancement, and optimization of chemical processes. Chemically Reacting Flow helps prepare both students and professionals to take practical advantage of this powerful capability.
Science

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics

Unimolecular Kinetics, Part 1. The Reaction Step

Author: Nicholas Green

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543444

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 3091

Unimolecular reactions are in principle the simplest chemical reactions, because they only involve one molecule. The basic mechanism, in which the competition between the chemical reaction step and a collisional deactivation leads to a pressure-dependent coefficient, has been understood for a long time. However, this is a rapidly developing field, and many new and important discoveries have been made in the past decade. This First Part Part of Two CCK Volumes dealing with Unimolecular Rections, deals with the Reaction Step. The first chapter is an introduction to the whole project, aiming to cover the material necessary to understand the content of the detailed chapters, as well as the history of the development of the area. Chapter 2 is a review of the modern view of the statistical theories, as embodied in the various forms of RRKM theory. Chapter 3 deals with the fully quantum mechanical view of reactive states as resonances. . Presents considerable advances in the field made during the last decade. . Treats both the statistical as well as the fully quantum mechanical view.
Science

Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: J. Richard Elliott,Carl T. Lira

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0132901099

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 4261

A Practical, Up-to-Date Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems Learning objectives, problem-solving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and “important equations” for every chapter Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of non-ideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB® and spreadsheets Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources
Science

The Physical Basis of Chemistry

Author: Warren S. Warren

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293688

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 7145

If the descriptive text youre using for teaching general chemistry seems to lack sufficient mathematics and physics to make the results of its presentation of classical mechanics, molecular structure, and statisticsunderstandable, youre not alone. Written to provide supplemental and mathematically challenging topics for the advanced lower-division undergraduate chemistry course, or the non-major, junior-level physical chemistry course, The Physical Basis of Chemistry will offer your students an opportunity to explore quantum mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution, and spectroscopy in a refreshingly compelling way. Posed and answered are questions concerning everyday phenomena: How can two discharging shotguns and two stereo speakers be used to contrast particles and waves? Why does a collision between one atom of gas and the wall of its container transfer momentum but not much energy? How does a microwave oven work? Why does carbon dioxide production heat the earth? Why are leaves green, water blue, and how do the eyes detect the difference? Unlike other texts on this subject, however, The Physical Basis of Chemistry deals directly with the substance of these questions, avoiding the use of predigested material more appropriate for memorization exercises than for actual concrete learning. The only prerequisite is first-semester calculus, or familiarity withderivatives of one variable. Provides a concise, logical introduction to physical chemistry Features carefully worked-out sample problems at the end of each chapter Includes more detailed and clearly explained coverage of quantum mechanics and statistics than found in other texts Available in an affordable paperback edition Designed specifically as a supplementary text for advanced/honors chemistry courses Uses SI units throughout
Technology & Engineering

Catalytic Kinetics

Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin,Tapio Salmi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080455464

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 492

View: 1382

Chemistry and chemical technology have been at the heart of the revolutionary developments of the 20th century. The chemical industry has a long history of combining theory (science) and practice (engineering) to create new and useful products. Worldwide, the process industry (which includes chemicals, petrochemicals, petroleum refining, and pharmaceuticals) is a huge, complex, and interconnected global business with an annual production value exceeding 4 trillion dollars. Although in industry special focus is in heterogeneous catalysis, homogeneous, enzymatic, photochemical and electrochemical catalysis should not be overlooked; as the major aim is to produce certain chemicals in the best possible way, applying those types of catalysis, which suit a particular process in the most optimal way. Catalysis according to the very definition of it deals with enhancement of reaction rates, that is, with catalytic kinetics. This book unifies the main sub disciplines forming the cornerstone of catalytic kinetics. * Provides a broad overview catalytic kinetics * Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and bio-catalysis * Written by internationally renowned experts in this field