Science

Complexity

Life at the Edge of Chaos

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226476551

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 7359

Examines the field of complexity science, with sections focusing on how the discipline works within computer simulations, natural ecosystems, and various social systems.
Business & Economics

Projektmanagement am Rande des Chaos

Sozialtechniken für komplexe Systeme

Author: Alfred Oswald,Jens Köhler,Roland Schmitt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662557568

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 2944

Die Autoren zeigen in diesem Buch, dass Komplexität ein Geschenk ist, das man für die erfolgreiche Durchführung von Projekten nutzbar machen kann, sei es um Neues zu erschaffen oder auch um Bestehendes zu ändern. Dabei ist das Methodenparadigma im Projektmanagement derzeit massiv im Umbruch. Durch Vernetzung einer Vielzahl von Einflussgrößen sind Projekte komplexe Gebilde, die mit klassischen Methoden, die auf Ursache-Wirkung-Ansätzen beruhen, nicht bewältigt werden können. Komplexität und das damit verbundene Phänomen der Selbstorganisation bieten eine große Chance, indem sie als wesentliche Treiber für die Durchführung von Projekten genutzt werden können. Dies erfordert die Prinzipien der Komplexität zu identifizieren und für das Projektmanagement einzusetzen. Damit werden ganz eigene und neuartige Kompetenzanforderungen an die beteiligten Personen gestellt. In diesem Buch werden neueste Erkenntnisse aus den Naturwissenschaften und der Hirnforschung verwendet und in ein praxisorientiertes Framework übertragen. Es wird dargelegt, was Komplexität ist, welche Möglichkeiten der Komplexitätsregulation es in Projekten gibt und wie Selbstorganisation für das Management von Projekten angewendet werden kann.
Mathematics

Complexity

The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos

Author: Mitchell M. Waldrop

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0671872346

Category: Mathematics

Page: 380

View: 8438

A look at the rebellious thinkers who are challenging old ideas with their insights into the ways countless elements of complex systems interact to produce spontaneous order out of confusion
Political Science

World Politics at the Edge of Chaos

Reflections on Complexity and Global Life

Author: Emilian Kavalski

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438456093

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 1070

Comprehensive overview of the inroads made by Complexity Thinking approaches and ideas in the study and practice of world politics. Why are policymakers, scholars, and the general public so surprised when the world turns out to be unpredictable? World Politics at the Edge of Chaos suggests that the study of international politics needs new forms of knowledge to respond to emerging challenges such as the interconnectedness between local and transnational realities; between markets, migration, and social movements; and between pandemics, a looming energy crisis, and climate change. Asserting that Complexity Thinking (CT) provides a much-needed lens for interpreting these challenges, the contributors offer a parallel assessment of the impact of CT to anthropocentric and non-anthropocentric (post-human) International Relations. Using this perspective, the result should be less surprise when confronting the dynamism of a fragile and unpredictable global life.
Psychology

Living at the Edge of Chaos

Complex Systems in Culture and Psyche

Author: Helene Shulman

Publisher: Daimon

ISBN: 3856305610

Category: Psychology

Page: 252

View: 4661

Helen Shulman integrates experiences of synchronicity, altered states of consciousness, trance, ritual, Buddhist meditation practice and creativity into a broad perspective on cross-cultural psychology. What emerges is a comprehensive way to understand pyschological illness and healing as a perpetual work-in-progress near "the edge of chaos," where the seeds for new models of reality lie. With mental illness as the focus, she leads us on a fascinating interdisciplinary exploration, linking such areas as cultural studies, anthropology, evolutionary science and new work in mathematics and computer science - known as complexity theory - to Jungian psychology. A new paradigm for postmodern psychology emerges as the author presents a dynamic theoretical model containing rational and irrational aspects of individual and collective life.
Science

At Home in the Universe

The Search for the Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity

Author: Stuart Kauffman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199840304

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 5381

A major scientific revolution has begun, a new paradigm that rivals Darwin's theory in importance. At its heart is the discovery of the order that lies deep within the most complex of systems, from the origin of life, to the workings of giant corporations, to the rise and fall of great civilizations. And more than anyone else, this revolution is the work of one man, Stuart Kauffman, a MacArthur Fellow and visionary pioneer of the new science of complexity. Now, in At Home in the Universe, Kauffman brilliantly weaves together the excitement of intellectual discovery and a fertile mix of insights to give the general reader a fascinating look at this new science--and at the forces for order that lie at the edge of chaos. We all know of instances of spontaneous order in nature--an oil droplet in water forms a sphere, snowflakes have a six-fold symmetry. What we are only now discovering, Kauffman says, is that the range of spontaneous order is enormously greater than we had supposed. Indeed, self-organization is a great undiscovered principle of nature. But how does this spontaneous order arise? Kauffman contends that complexity itself triggers self-organization, or what he calls "order for free," that if enough different molecules pass a certain threshold of complexity, they begin to self-organize into a new entity--a living cell. Kauffman uses the analogy of a thousand buttons on a rug--join two buttons randomly with thread, then another two, and so on. At first, you have isolated pairs; later, small clusters; but suddenly at around the 500th repetition, a remarkable transformation occurs--much like the phase transition when water abruptly turns to ice--and the buttons link up in one giant network. Likewise, life may have originated when the mix of different molecules in the primordial soup passed a certain level of complexity and self-organized into living entities (if so, then life is not a highly improbable chance event, but almost inevitable). Kauffman uses the basic insight of "order for free" to illuminate a staggering range of phenomena. We see how a single-celled embryo can grow to a highly complex organism with over two hundred different cell types. We learn how the science of complexity extends Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection: that self-organization, selection, and chance are the engines of the biosphere. And we gain insights into biotechnology, the stunning magic of the new frontier of genetic engineering--generating trillions of novel molecules to find new drugs, vaccines, enzymes, biosensors, and more. Indeed, Kauffman shows that ecosystems, economic systems, and even cultural systems may all evolve according to similar general laws, that tissues and terra cotta evolve in similar ways. And finally, there is a profoundly spiritual element to Kauffman's thought. If, as he argues, life were bound to arise, not as an incalculably improbable accident, but as an expected fulfillment of the natural order, then we truly are at home in the universe. Kauffman's earlier volume, The Origins of Order, written for specialists, received lavish praise. Stephen Jay Gould called it "a landmark and a classic." And Nobel Laureate Philip Anderson wrote that "there are few people in this world who ever ask the right questions of science, and they are the ones who affect its future most profoundly. Stuart Kauffman is one of these." In At Home in the Universe, this visionary thinker takes you along as he explores new insights into the nature of life.
Crisis management

The Soul at Work

Unleashing the Power of Complexity Science for Business Success

Author: Roger Lewin,Birute Regine

Publisher: Orion Business Success

ISBN: 9780752811857

Category: Crisis management

Page: 394

View: 5160

For the past few years, convinced of the potential of Complexity Theory, multinationals and large consultancy firms have put large amounts of money in research into the business application of the theory. This book is based on the findings of these programmes and the authors' own extensive research. It includes detailed case studies of companies.
Business & Economics

The Edge of Organization

Chaos and Complexity Theories of Formal Social Systems

Author: Russ Marion

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761912668

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 357

View: 6519

Russ Marion describes formal and social organizations from the perspective of chaos and complexity theories. The book is generously illustrated and includes references plus an annotated bibliography.
Complexity (Philosophy)

Life at the Edge of Chaos

Creating the Quantum Organization

Author: Mark D. Youngblood

Publisher: Perceval Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Complexity (Philosophy)

Page: 323

View: 9184

Philosophy

Deep simplicity

chaos, complexity and the emergence of life

Author: John R. Gribbin

Publisher: Lane, Allen

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 251

View: 9341

John Gribbin is currently a Visiting Fellow in Astronomy at the University of Sussex.
Social Science

12 Rules For Life

Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!

Author: Jordan B. Peterson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641239842

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 6473

Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!
Science

The Collapse of Chaos

Discovering Simplicity in a Complex World

Author: Ian Stewart,Jack Cohen

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141938285

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1943

Do we live in a simple or a complex universe? Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart explore the ability of complicated rules to generate simple behaviour in nature through 'the collapse of chaos'. 'The most startling, thought-provoking book I've read all year. I was pleased to learn that most of the things I thought I knew were wrong' -- Terry Pratchett
Business & Economics

Teaching about the Future

Author: P. Bishop,A. Hines

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137020709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4509

The faculty at the University of Houston's program in Futures Studies share their comprehensive, integrated approach to preparing foresight professionals and assisting others doing foresight projects. Provides an essential guide to developing classes on the future or even establishing whole degree programs.
History

Capturing the Complexity of Conflict

Dealing with Violent Ethnic Conflicts of the Post-Cold War Era

Author: Dennis J. D. Sandole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134208979

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4422

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Architecture

The Story of Post-Modernism

Five Decades of the Ironic, Iconic and Critical in Architecture

Author: Charles Jencks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119960096

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 5266

In The Story of Post-Modernism, Charles Jencks, the authority on Post-Modern architecture and culture, provides the defining account of Post-Modern architecture from its earliest roots in the early 60s to the present day. By breaking the narrative into seven distinct chapters, which are both chronological and overlapping, Jencks charts the ebb and flow of the movement, the peaks and troughs of different ideas and themes. The book is highly visual. As well as providing a chronological account of the movement, each chapter also has a special feature on the major works of a given period. The first up-to-date narrative of Post-Modern Architecture - other major books on the subject were written 20 years ago. An accessible narrative that will appeal to students who are new to the subject, as well as those who can remember its heyday in the 70s and 80s.
Political Science

Distant Proximities

Dynamics Beyond Globalization

Author: James N. Rosenau

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691095240

Category: Political Science

Page: 439

View: 2315

In "Distant Proximities" one of America's senior scholars presents a work of sweeping vision that addresses the dizzying anxieties of the post-Cold War, post-September 11th world.
Science

Self-organization in Biological Systems

Author: Scott Camazine

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691116242

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 2406

Researchers are finding in certain patterns in nature - phenomena that have fascinated naturalists for centuries - a fertile approach to understanding biological systems: the study of self-organization. This work introduces readers to the basic concepts and tools for studying self-organization.
Psychology

Psyche's Veil

Psychotherapy, Fractals and Complexity

Author: Terry Marks-Tarlow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317723651

Category: Psychology

Page: 380

View: 9535

Historically, the language and concepts within clinical theory have been steeped in linear assumptions and reductionist thinking. Because the essence of psychotherapy involves change, Psyche’s Veil suggests that clinical practice is inherently a nonlinear affair. In this book Terry Marks-Tarlow provides therapists with new language, models and metaphors to narrow the divide between theory and practice, while bridging the gap between psychology and the sciences. By applying contemporary perspectives of chaos theory, complexity theory and fractal geometry to clinical practice, the author discards traditional conceptions of health based on ideals of regularity, set points and normative statistics in favour of models that emphasize unique moments, variability, and irregularity. Psyche’s Veil further explores philosophical and spiritual implications of contemporary science for psychotherapy. Written at the interface between artistic, scientific and spiritual aspects of therapy, Psyche’s Veil is a case-based book that aspires to a paradigm shift in how practitioners conceptualize critical ingredients for internal healing. Novel treatment of sophisticated psychoanalytical issues and tie-ins to interpersonal neurobiology make this book appeal to both the specialist practitioner, as well as the generalist reader. .
Philosophy

An Essay Concerning Sociocultural Evolution

Theoretical Principles and Mathematical Models

Author: Juergen Kluever

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401599769

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 8020

Writing about sociocultural evolution is always a complicated enterprise, because the subject is not only difficult in a scientific way but also in a political one. In particular since the events of September 11, 2001 the debates about the differences between cultures and their evolutionary developments have left the fields of pure scientific research once and for all. However, there have probably never been scientific discourses that did not touch the realms of political discussions - Darwin, Marx, the atomic physicists and the recent debates about genetic engineering are just a few examples. The aim of this book is not to take part in these debates but it is written as a contribution to the foundations of evolutionary theories in the social sciences. The readers will have to judge if I have succeeded with it. Perhaps essays like this one will help to clarify the problems we all have to face just now in regard to intercultural discourses. Theoretically and mathematically grounded insights into cultural development as the source of many political problems will not solve to how to deal with them them immediately but may serve as signposts in the long run.