Science

Computational Physics

Problem Solving with Python

Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel J. Páez,Cristian C. Bordeianu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527413154

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 5103

The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose). The text could be used for a one-semester course on scientific computing. The relevant topics for that are covered in the first third of the book. The latter two-thirds of the text includes more physics and can be used for a two-semester course in computational physics, covering nonlinear ODEs, Chaotic Scattering, Fourier Analysis, Wavelet Analysis, Nonlinear Maps, Chaotic systems, Fractals and Parallel Computing. The e-book extends the paper version by including many codes, visualizations and applets, as well as links to video lectures. * A table at the beginning of each chapter indicates video lectures, slides, applets and animations. * Applets illustrate the results to be expected for projects in the book, and to help understand some abstract concepts (e.g. Chaotic Scattering) * The eBook's figures, equations, sections, chapters, index, table of contents, code listings, glossary, animations and executable codes (both Applets and Python programs) are linked, much like in a Web document. * Some equations are linked to their xml forms (which can be imported into Maple or Mathematica for manipulation). * The e-book will link to video-based lecture modules, held by principal author Professor Rubin Landau, that cover most every topic in the book.
Science

Computational Physics

Problem Solving with Python

Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel J P?ez,Cristian C. Bordeianu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527684662

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 9830

The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose).
Science

Computational Physics

Problem Solving with Python

Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel J P?ez,Cristian C. Bordeianu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527684697

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 9021

The use of computation and simulation has become an essential part of the scientific process. Being able to transform a theory into an algorithm requires significant theoretical insight, detailed physical and mathematical understanding, and a working level of competency in programming. This upper-division text provides an unusually broad survey of the topics of modern computational physics from a multidisciplinary, computational science point of view. Its philosophy is rooted in learning by doing (assisted by many model programs), with new scientific materials as well as with the Python programming language. Python has become very popular, particularly for physics education and large scientific projects. It is probably the easiest programming language to learn for beginners, yet is also used for mainstream scientific computing, and has packages for excellent graphics and even symbolic manipulations. The text is designed for an upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course and provides the reader with the essential knowledge to understand computational tools and mathematical methods well enough to be successful. As part of the teaching of using computers to solve scientific problems, the reader is encouraged to work through a sample problem stated at the beginning of each chapter or unit, which involves studying the text, writing, debugging and running programs, visualizing the results, and the expressing in words what has been done and what can be concluded. Then there are exercises and problems at the end of each chapter for the reader to work on their own (with model programs given for that purpose).
Science

Effective Computation in Physics

Field Guide to Research with Python

Author: Anthony Scopatz,Kathryn D. Huff

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491901586

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 3673

More physicists today are taking on the role of software developer as part of their research, but software development isn’t always easy or obvious, even for physicists. This practical book teaches essential software development skills to help you automate and accomplish nearly any aspect of research in a physics-based field. Written by two PhDs in nuclear engineering, this book includes practical examples drawn from a working knowledge of physics concepts. You’ll learn how to use the Python programming language to perform everything from collecting and analyzing data to building software and publishing your results. In four parts, this book includes: Getting Started: Jump into Python, the command line, data containers, functions, flow control and logic, and classes and objects Getting It Done: Learn about regular expressions, analysis and visualization, NumPy, storing data in files and HDF5, important data structures in physics, computing in parallel, and deploying software Getting It Right: Build pipelines and software, learn to use local and remote version control, and debug and test your code Getting It Out There: Document your code, process and publish your findings, and collaborate efficiently; dive into software licenses, ownership, and copyright procedures
Science

Computational Physics

Author: Mark E. J. Newman

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781480145511

Category: Science

Page: 549

View: 399

This book explains the fundamentals of computational physics and describes the techniques that every physicist should know, such as finite difference methods, numerical quadrature, and the fast Fourier transform. The book offers a complete introduction to the topic at the undergraduate level, and is also suitable for the advanced student or researcher. The book begins with an introduction to Python, then moves on to a step-by-step description of the techniques of computational physics, with examples ranging from simple mechanics problems to complex calculations in quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, statistical mechanics, and more.
Computers

Programming for Computations - Python

A Gentle Introduction to Numerical Simulations with Python

Author: Svein Linge,Hans Petter Langtangen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319324284

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 1573

This book presents computer programming as a key method for solving mathematical problems. There are two versions of the book, one for MATLAB and one for Python. The book was inspired by the Springer book TCSE 6: A Primer on Scientific Programming with Python (by Langtangen), but the style is more accessible and concise, in keeping with the needs of engineering students. The book outlines the shortest possible path from no previous experience with programming to a set of skills that allows the students to write simple programs for solving common mathematical problems with numerical methods in engineering and science courses. The emphasis is on generic algorithms, clean design of programs, use of functions, and automatic tests for verification.
Science

A Survey of Computational Physics

Introductory Computational Science

Author: Rubin H. Landau,José Páez,Cristian C. Bordeianu

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841186

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 2728

Computational physics is a rapidly growing subfield of computational science, in large part because computers can solve previously intractable problems or simulate natural processes that do not have analytic solutions. The next step beyond Landau's First Course in Scientific Computing and a follow-up to Landau and Páez's Computational Physics, this text presents a broad survey of key topics in computational physics for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students, including new discussions of visualization tools, wavelet analysis, molecular dynamics, and computational fluid dynamics. By treating science, applied mathematics, and computer science together, the book reveals how this knowledge base can be applied to a wider range of real-world problems than computational physics texts normally address. Designed for a one- or two-semester course, A Survey of Computational Physics will also interest anyone who wants a reference on or practical experience in the basics of computational physics. Accessible to advanced undergraduates Real-world problem-solving approach Java codes and applets integrated with text Companion Web site includes videos of lectures
Computers

A Primer on Scientific Programming with Python

Author: Hans Petter Langtangen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662498871

Category: Computers

Page: 922

View: 8022

The book serves as a first introduction to computer programming of scientific applications, using the high-level Python language. The exposition is example and problem-oriented, where the applications are taken from mathematics, numerical calculus, statistics, physics, biology and finance. The book teaches "Matlab-style" and procedural programming as well as object-oriented programming. High school mathematics is a required background and it is advantageous to study classical and numerical one-variable calculus in parallel with reading this book. Besides learning how to program computers, the reader will also learn how to solve mathematical problems, arising in various branches of science and engineering, with the aid of numerical methods and programming. By blending programming, mathematics and scientific applications, the book lays a solid foundation for practicing computational science. From the reviews: Langtangen ... does an excellent job of introducing programming as a set of skills in problem solving. He guides the reader into thinking properly about producing program logic and data structures for modeling real-world problems using objects and functions and embracing the object-oriented paradigm. ... Summing Up: Highly recommended. F. H. Wild III, Choice, Vol. 47 (8), April 2010 Those of us who have learned scientific programming in Python ‘on the streets’ could be a little jealous of students who have the opportunity to take a course out of Langtangen’s Primer.” John D. Cook, The Mathematical Association of America, September 2011 This book goes through Python in particular, and programming in general, via tasks that scientists will likely perform. It contains valuable information for students new to scientific computing and would be the perfect bridge between an introduction to programming and an advanced course on numerical methods or computational science. Alex Small, IEEE, CiSE Vol. 14 (2), March /April 2012 “This fourth edition is a wonderful, inclusive textbook that covers pretty much everything one needs to know to go from zero to fairly sophisticated scientific programming in Python...” Joan Horvath, Computing Reviews, March 2015
Science

Computational Modeling and Visualization of Physical Systems with Python

Author: Jay Wang

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 111917919X

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 2611

Computational Modeling, by Jay Wang introduces computational modeling and visualization of physical systems that are commonly found in physics and related areas. The authors begin with a framework that integrates model building, algorithm development, and data visualization for problem solving via scientific computing. Through carefully selected problems, methods, and projects, the reader is guided to learning and discovery by actively doing rather than just knowing physics.
Computers

A Student's Guide to Python for Physical Modeling

Author: Jesse M. Kinder,Philip Nelson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889421

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 7083

A fully updated tutorial on the basics of the Python programming language for science students Python is a computer programming language that is rapidly gaining popularity throughout the sciences. This fully updated edition of A Student's Guide to Python for Physical Modeling aims to help you, the student, teach yourself enough of the Python programming language to get started with physical modeling. You will learn how to install an open-source Python programming environment and use it to accomplish many common scientific computing tasks: importing, exporting, and visualizing data; numerical analysis; and simulation. No prior programming experience is assumed. This tutorial focuses on fundamentals and introduces a wide range of useful techniques, including: Basic Python programming and scripting Numerical arrays Two- and three-dimensional graphics Monte Carlo simulations Numerical methods, including solving ordinary differential equations Image processing Animation Numerous code samples and exercises--with solutions—illustrate new ideas as they are introduced. Web-based resources also accompany this guide and include code samples, data sets, and more. This current edition brings the discussion of the Python language, Spyder development environment, and Anaconda distribution up to date. In addition, a new appendix introduces Jupyter notebooks.
Mathematics

Introduction to Numerical Programming

A Practical Guide for Scientists and Engineers Using Python and C/C++

Author: Titus A. Beu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466569670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 674

View: 1510

Makes Numerical Programming More Accessible to a Wider Audience Bearing in mind the evolution of modern programming, most specifically emergent programming languages that reflect modern practice, Numerical Programming: A Practical Guide for Scientists and Engineers Using Python and C/C++ utilizes the author’s many years of practical research and teaching experience to offer a systematic approach to relevant programming concepts. Adopting a practical, broad appeal, this user-friendly book offers guidance to anyone interested in using numerical programming to solve science and engineering problems. Emphasizing methods generally used in physics and engineering—from elementary methods to complex algorithms—it gradually incorporates algorithmic elements with increasing complexity. Develop a Combination of Theoretical Knowledge, Efficient Analysis Skills, and Code Design Know-How The book encourages algorithmic thinking, which is essential to numerical analysis. Establishing the fundamental numerical methods, application numerical behavior and graphical output needed to foster algorithmic reasoning, coding dexterity, and a scientific programming style, it enables readers to successfully navigate relevant algorithms, understand coding design, and develop efficient programming skills. The book incorporates real code, and includes examples and problem sets to assist in hands-on learning. Begins with an overview on approximate numbers and programming in Python and C/C++, followed by discussion of basic sorting and indexing methods, as well as portable graphic functionality Contains methods for function evaluation, solving algebraic and transcendental equations, systems of linear algebraic equations, ordinary differential equations, and eigenvalue problems Addresses approximation of tabulated functions, regression, integration of one- and multi-dimensional functions by classical and Gaussian quadratures, Monte Carlo integration techniques, generation of random variables, discretization methods for ordinary and partial differential equations, and stability analysis This text introduces platform-independent numerical programming using Python and C/C++, and appeals to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in natural sciences and engineering, researchers involved in scientific computing, and engineers carrying out applicative calculations.
Computers

A First Course in Scientific Computing

Symbolic, Graphic, and Numeric Modeling Using Maple, Java, Mathematica, and Fortran90

Author: Rubin H. Landau,Robyn Wangberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691121834

Category: Computers

Page: 481

View: 6997

Mathematica, Fortran90, Maple, and Java on the accompanying CD-ROM in an interactive workbook format.
Science

Applied Computational Physics

Author: Joseph F. Boudreau,Eric S. Swanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708637

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 9099

Applied Computational Physics is a graduate-level text stressing three essential elements: advanced programming techniques, numerical analysis, and physics. The goal of the text is to provide students with essential computational skills that they will need in their careers, and to increase the confidence with which they write computer programs designed for their problem domain, physics. The physics problems give them an opportunity to reinforce their programmingskills, while the acquired programming skills augment their ability to solve physics problems. The C++ language is used throughout the text. Physics problems include Hamiltonian systems, chaoticsystems, percolation, critical phenomena, few-body and multi-body quantum systems, quantum field theory, simulation of radiation transport, and data modeling. The book, the fruit of a collaboration between a theoretical physicist and an experimental physicist, covers a broad diversity of topics from both viewpoints. Examples, program libraries, and additional documentation can be found at the companion website. Hundreds of original problems reinforce programming skills and increase theability to solve real-life physics problems at and beyond the graduate level.
Science

Elementary Mechanics Using Python

A Modern Course Combining Analytical and Numerical Techniques

Author: Anders Malthe-Sorenssen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319195964

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 3782

This book – specifically developed as a novel textbook on elementary classical mechanics – shows how analytical and numerical methods can be seamlessly integrated to solve physics problems. This approach allows students to solve more advanced and applied problems at an earlier stage and equips them to deal with real-world examples well beyond the typical special cases treated in standard textbooks. Another advantage of this approach is that students are brought closer to the way physics is actually discovered and applied, as they are introduced right from the start to a more exploratory way of understanding phenomena and of developing their physical concepts. While not a requirement, it is advantageous for the reader to have some prior knowledge of scientific programming with a scripting-type language. This edition of the book uses Python, and a chapter devoted to the basics of scientific programming with Python is included. A parallel edition using Matlab instead of Python is also available. Last but not least, each chapter is accompanied by an extensive set of course-tested exercises and solutions.
Science

Computational Problems for Physics

With Guided Solutions Using Python

Author: Rubin H. Landau,Manuel José Páez

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351784021

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 4924

Our future scientists and professionals must be conversant in computational techniques. In order to facilitate integration of computer methods into existing physics courses, this textbook offers a large number of worked examples and problems with fully guided solutions in Python as well as other languages (Mathematica, Java, C, Fortran, and Maple). It’s also intended as a self-study guide for learning how to use computer methods in physics. The authors include an introductory chapter on numerical tools and indication of computational and physics difficulty level for each problem. Readers also benefit from the following features: • Detailed explanations and solutions in various coding languages. • Problems are ranked based on computational and physics difficulty. • Basics of numerical methods covered in an introductory chapter. • Programming guidance via flowcharts and pseudocode. Rubin Landau is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physics at Oregon State University in Corvallis and a Fellow of the American Physical Society (Division of Computational Physics). Manuel Jose Paez-Mejia is a Professor of Physics at Universidad de Antioquia in Medellín, Colombia.
Computers

Learning Scientific Programming with Python

Author: Christian Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107075416

Category: Computers

Page: 482

View: 4678

Learn to master basic programming tasks from scratch with real-life scientific examples in this complete introduction to Python.
Science

Computational Physics

Simulation of Classical and Quantum Systems

Author: Philipp O.J. Scherer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319610880

Category: Science

Page: 633

View: 435

This textbook presents basic numerical methods and applies them to a large variety of physical models in multiple computer experiments. Classical algorithms and more recent methods are explained. Partial differential equations are treated generally comparing important methods, and equations of motion are solved by a large number of simple as well as more sophisticated methods. Several modern algorithms for quantum wavepacket motion are compared. The first part of the book discusses the basic numerical methods, while the second part simulates classical and quantum systems. Simple but non-trivial examples from a broad range of physical topics offer readers insights into the numerical treatment but also the simulated problems. Rotational motion is studied in detail, as are simple quantum systems. A two-level system in an external field demonstrates elementary principles from quantum optics and simulation of a quantum bit. Principles of molecular dynamics are shown. Modern boundary element methods are presented in addition to standard methods, and waves and diffusion processes are simulated comparing the stability and efficiency of different methods. A large number of computer experiments is provided, which can be tried out even by readers with no programming skills. Exercises in the applets complete the pedagogical treatment in the book. In the third edition Monte Carlo methods and random number generation have been updated taking recent developments into account. Krylov-space methods for eigenvalue problems are discussed in much more detail. The wavelet transformation method has been included as well as simple applications to continuum mechanics and convection-diffusion problems. Lastly, elementary quantum many-body problems demonstrate the application of variational and Monte-Carlo methods.
Computers

Python for Scientists

Author: John M. Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316641236

Category: Computers

Page: 273

View: 2301

Scientific Python is a significant public domain alternative to expensive proprietary software packages. This book teaches from scratch everything the working scientist needs to know using copious, downloadable, useful and adaptable code snippets. Readers will discover how easy it is to implement and test non-trivial mathematical algorithms and will be guided through the many freely available add-on modules. A range of examples, relevant to many different fields, illustrate the language's capabilities. The author also shows how to use pre-existing legacy code (usually in Fortran77) within the Python environment, thus avoiding the need to master the original code. In this new edition, several chapters have been re-written to reflect the IPython notebook style. With an extended index, an entirely new chapter discussing SymPy and a substantial increase in the number of code snippets, researchers and research students will be able to quickly acquire all the skills needed for using Python effectively.
Science

Computational Methods in Physics and Engineering

Author: Samuel Shaw Ming Wong

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810230432

Category: Science

Page: 508

View: 7155

Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, and research scientists in computational physics, engineering, physical science, applied physics, and fractals.

Numerical Methods for Physics

Author: Alejandro L. Garcia

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781514136683

Category:

Page: 432

View: 6315

This book covers a broad spectrum of the most important, basic numerical and analytical techniques used in physics -including ordinary and partial differential equations, linear algebra, Fourier transforms, integration and probability. Now language-independent. Features attractive new 3-D graphics. Offers new and significantly revised exercises. Replaces FORTRAN listings with C++, with updated versions of the FORTRAN programs now available on-line. Devotes a third of the book to partial differential equations-e.g., Maxwell's equations, the diffusion equation, the wave equation, etc. This numerical analysis book is designed for the programmer with a physics background.Previously published by Prentice Hall / Addison-Wesley