Philosophy

Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience

Author: Richard Brown

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400760019

Category: Philosophy

Page: 457

View: 2870

This volume is product of the third online consciousness conference, held at http://consciousnessonline.com in February and March 2011. Chapters range over epistemological issues in the science and philosophy of perception, what neuroscience can do to help us solve philosophical issues in the philosophy of mind, what the true nature of black and white vision, pain, auditory, olfactory, or multi-modal experiences are, to higher-order theories of consciousness, synesthesia, among others. Each chapter includes a target article, commentaries, and in most cases, a final response from the author. Though wide-ranging all of the papers aim to understand consciousness both from the inside, as we experience it, and from the outside as we encounter it in our science. The Online Consciousness Conference, founded and organized by Richard Brown, is dedicated to the rigorous study of consciousness and mind. The goal is to bring philosophers, scientists, and interested lay persons together in an online venue to promote high-level discussion and exchanging of views, ideas and data related to the scientific and philosophical study of consciousness.
Philosophy

Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness

Author: David Bennett,Christopher Hill

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026202778X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 9162

In this volume, cognitive scientists and philosophers examine two closely related aspects of mind and mental functioning: the relationships among the various senses and the links that connect different conscious experiences to form unified wholes. The contributors address a range of questions concerning how information from one sense influences the processing of information from the other senses and how unified states of consciousness emerge from the bonds that tie conscious experiences together. Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness is the first book to address both of these topics, integrating scientific and philosophical concerns.A flood of recent work in both philosophy and perception science has challenged traditional conceptions of the sensory systems as operating in isolation. Contributors to the volume consider the ways in which perceptual contact with the world is or may be "multisensory," discussing such subjects as the modeling of multisensory integration and philosophical aspects of sensory modalities. Recent years have seen a similar surge of interest in unity of consciousness. Contributors explore a range of questions on this topic, including the nature of that unity, the degree to which conscious experiences are unified, and the relationship between unified consciousness and the self. ContributorsTim Bayne, David J. Bennett, Berit Brogaard, Barry Dainton, Ophelia Deroy, Frederique de Vignemont, Marc Ernst, Richard Held, Christopher S. Hill, Geoffrey Lee, Kristan Marlow, Farid Masrour, Jennifer Matey, Casey O'Callaghan, Cesare V. Parise, Kevin Rice, Elizabeth Schechter, Pawan Sinha, Julia Trommershaeuser, Loes C. J. van Dam, Jonathan Vogel, James Van Cleve, Robert Van Gulick, Jonas Wulff
Philosophy

Theories of Consciousness

An Introduction and Assessment

Author: William Seager

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135050511

Category: Philosophy

Page: 402

View: 1546

Despite recent strides in neuroscience and psychology that have deepened understanding of the brain, consciousness remains one of the greatest philosophical and scientific puzzles. The second edition of Theories of Consciousness: An Introduction and Assessment provides a fresh and up-to-date introduction to a variety of approaches to consciousness, and contributes to the current lively debate about the nature of consciousness and whether a scientific understanding of it is possible. After an initial overview of the status and prospects of physicalism in the face of the problem of consciousness, William Seager explores key themes from Descartes - the founder of the modern problem of consciousness. He then turns to the most important theories of consciousness: identity theories and the generation problem higher-order thought theories of consciousness self-representational theories of consciousness Daniel Dennett’s theory of consciousness attention-based theories of consciousness representational theories of consciousness conscious intentionality panpsychism neutral monism. Thoroughly revised and expanded throughout, this second edition includes new chapters on animal consciousness, reflexive consciousness, combinatorial forms of panpsychism and neutral monism, as well as a significant new chapter on physicalism, emergence and consciousness. The book’s broad scope, depth of coverage and focus on key philosophical positions and arguments make it an indispensable text for those teaching or studying philosophy of mind and psychology. It is also an excellent resource for those working in related fields such as cognitive science and the neuroscience of consciousness.

Developing Synaesthesia

Author: Nicolas Rothen,Julia Simner,Beat Meier

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889195791

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9253

Synaesthesia is a condition in which a stimulus elicits an additional subjective experience. For example, the letter E printed in black (the inducer) may trigger an additional colour experience as a concurrent (e.g., blue). Synaesthesia tends to run in families and thus, a genetic component is likely. However, given that the stimuli that typically induce synaesthesia are cultural artefacts, a learning component must also be involved. Moreover, there is evidence that synaesthetic experiences not only activate brain areas typically involved in processing sensory input of the concurrent modality; synaesthesia seems to cause a structural reorganisation of the brain. Attempts to train non-synaesthetes with synaesthetic associations have been successful in mimicking certain behavioural aspects and posthypnotic induction of synaesthetic experiences in non-synaesthetes has even led to the according phenomenological reports. These latter findings suggest that structural brain reorganization may not be a critical precondition, but rather a consequence of the sustained coupling of inducers and concurrents. Interestingly, synaesthetes seem to be able to easily transfer synaesthetic experiences to novel stimuli. Beyond this, certain drugs (e.g., LSD) can lead to synaesthesia-like experiences and may provide additional insights into the neurobiological basis of the condition. Furthermore, brain damage can both lead to a sudden presence of synaesthetic experiences in previously non-synaesthetic individuals and a sudden absence of synaesthesia in previously synaesthetic individuals. Moreover, enduring sensory substitution has been effective in inducing a kind of acquired synaesthesia. Besides informing us about the cognitive mechanisms of synaesthesia, synaesthesia research is relevant for more general questions, for example about consciousness such as the binding problem, about crossmodal correspondences and about how individual differences in perceiving and experiencing the world develop. Hence the aim of the current Research Topic is to provide novel insights into the development of synaesthesia both in its genuine and acquired form. We welcome novel experimental work and theoretical contributions (e.g., review and opinion articles) focussing on factors such as brain maturation, learning, training, hypnosis, drugs, sensory substitution and brain damage and their relation to the development of any form of synaesthesia.
Psychology

Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality

Author: Harald Walach,Stefan Schmidt,Wayne B. Jonas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400720794

Category: Psychology

Page: 300

View: 3300

Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality presents a variety of perspectives by leading thinkers on contemporary research into the brain, the mind and the spirit. This volumes aims at combining knowledge from neuroscience with approaches from the experiential perspective of the first person singular in order to arrive at an integrated understanding of consciousness. Individual chapters discuss new areas of research, such as near death studies and neuroscience research into spiritual experiences, and report on significant new theoretical advances. From Harald Walach’s introductory essay, “Neuroscience, Consciousness, Spirituality – Questions, Problems and Potential Solutions,” to the concluding chapter by Robert K. C. Foreman entitled “An Emerging New Model for Consciousness: The Consciousness Field Model,” this book represents a milestone in the progress towards an integrated understanding of spirituality, neuroscience and consciousness. It is the first in a series of books that are dedicated to this topic.
Health & Fitness

The Mind of God

Neuroscience, Faith, and a Search for the Soul

Author: Jay Lombard

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 055341867X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 224

View: 4813

With cutting-edge research and provocative case studies, renowned behavioral neurologist provides insights to some of the most curious spiritual questions of mortality. For fans of When Breath Becomes Air and the work of Oliver Sacks.
Philosophy

Der Ego-Tunnel

Eine neue Philosophie des Selbst: Von der Hirnforschung zur Bewusstseinsethik

Author: Thomas Metzinger

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492964966

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 3372

Unser »Selbst« existiert gar nicht. Dies beweisen, so der Philosoph und Bewusstseinsforscher Thomas Metzinger, die Erkenntnisse der aktuellen Forschung. Aber was bedeutet das für unser Menschenbild? Was sind die technologischen und kulturellen Konsequenzen? Brauchen wir neben der Neuroethik auch eine Bewusstseinsethik? Der Ego-Tunnel eröffnet einen ebenso faszinierenden wie fundierten Zugang zur geheimnisvollen Welt des menschlichen Geistes.
Philosophy

Aesthetics and the Embodied Mind: Beyond Art Theory and the Cartesian Mind-Body Dichotomy

Author: Alfonsina Scarinzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401793794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 8178

The project of naturalizing human consciousness/experience has made great technical strides (e.g., in mapping areas of brain activity), but has been hampered in many cases by its uncritical reliance on a dualistic “Cartesian” paradigm (though as some of the authors in the collection point out, assumptions drawn from Plato and from Kant also play a role). The present volume proposes a version of naturalism in aesthetics drawn from American pragmatism (above all from Dewey, but also from James and Peirce)—one primed from the start to see human beings not only as embodied, but as inseparable from the environment they interact with—and provides a forum for authors from diverse disciplines to address specific scientific and philosophical issues within the anti-dualistic framework considering aesthetic experience as a process of embodied meaning-making. Cross-disciplinary contributions come from leading researchers including Mark Johnson, Jim Garrison, Daniel D. Hutto, John T. Haworth, Luca F. Ticini, Beatriz Calvo-Merino. The volume covers pragmatist aesthetics, neuroaesthetics, enactive cognitive science, literary studies, psychology of aesthetics, art and design, sociology.
Medical

Inner Presence

Consciousness as a Biological Phenomenon

Author: Antti Revonsuo

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 473

View: 9150

An overview and critical analysis of the study of consciousness, integrating findings from philosophy, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience into a unified theoretical framework.
Philosophy

Arguing about the Mind

Author: Brie Gertler,Lawrence A. Shapiro

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415771627

Category: Philosophy

Page: 604

View: 9606

An accessible and engaging introductory reader that explores a broad range of topics and key arguments on the philosophy of mind.
Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Price - Sextus Empiricus

Author: Donald M. Borchert

Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 10

View: 5052

Containing material from hundreds of highly distinguished contributors representing the world's top universities and institutions, the second edition has a truly global perspective. It contains more than 2,100 entries -- including more than 450 new articles. Among the many topics covered are African, Islamic, Jewish, Russian, Chinese, and Buddhist philosophies; bioethics and biomedical ethics; art and aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics; peace and war; social and political philosophy; the Holocaust; feminist thought; and much more. Additionally, the second edition also features 1,000 biographical entries on major figures in philosophical thought throughout history.
Books

Books & Culture

A Christian Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 3734

Computers

Representation and Reality in Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines

Author: Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic,Raffaela Giovagnoli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319437844

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 8488

This book enriches our views on representation and deepens our understanding of its different aspects. It arises out of several years of dialog between the editors and the authors, an interdisciplinary team of highly experienced researchers, and it reflects the best contemporary view of representation and reality in humans, other living beings, and intelligent machines. Structured into parts on the cognitive, computational, natural sciences, philosophical, logical, and machine perspectives, a theme of the field and the book is building and presenting networks, and the editors hope that the contributed chapters will spur understanding and collaboration between researchers in domains such as computer science, philosophy, logic, systems theory, engineering, psychology, sociology, anthropology, neuroscience, linguistics, and synthetic biology.
Philosophy

Das Bewußtseinsfeld

Author: Aron Gurwitsch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110826674

Category: Philosophy

Page: 367

View: 5440

Medical informatics

Biomedizinische Ontologie

Wissen strukturieren für den Informatik-Einsatz

Author: Thomas Bittner

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728131830

Category: Medical informatics

Page: 249

View: 7345

Art and anthropology

Images

Critical and Primary Sources

Author: Sunil Manghani

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art and anthropology

Page: 1600

View: 4870

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