Social Science

Crime in the United States 2015

Author: Shana Hertz Hattis

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598887661

Category: Social Science

Page: 750

View: 5612

Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: Violent and property crimes Hate crimes Crime trends Victims, by type Crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) Persons arrested (age, sex, and race) Juvenile offenders Law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) Characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated assault Property crimes include: Burglary Larceny-theft Motor vehicle theft Arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: Race Religion Sexual orientation Ethnicity/national origin Disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders. What’s new in Crime in the United States, 2015 An additional 125 population group agencies reported crime statistics to the FBI for inclusion in the UCR reports, representing approximately 2.2 million more people and strengthening the usefulness and accuracy of the data contained in Crime in the United States Beginning with this edition, the FBI has changed and widened the offense definition of rape and has overhauled the collection and analysis of all related data This edition includes arrest data distribution by Hispanic/Latino and non-Hispanic/non-Latino ethnicity
Business & Economics

Internal Revenue Service Data Book, 2013

Author: Internal Revenue Service (U S )

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780160923982

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 82

View: 1388

Covers October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2005. Provides data on collecting Federal tax revenue, enforcing tax law, assisting taxpayers, managing the internal revenue system. Includes lists of key IRS officials, and an organizational chart of the IRS.
Reference

The World Factbook

Author: Central Intelligence Agency

Publisher: Masterlab

ISBN: 8379912136

Category: Reference

Page: 3100

View: 602

The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency. Comprehensive guide full of facts, maps, flags, and detailed information. A must for travellers, businessmen, politicians, and all who wants to know more about our fascinating world. -- We share these facts with the people of all nations in the belief that knowledge of the truth underpins the functioning of free societies (From official webpage). Tags: world, guide, facts, almanach
Business & Economics

Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics 2015

Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data

Author: Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598887645

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 500

View: 7432

The Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics is recognized as an authoritative resource on the U.S. labor force. It continues and enhances the Bureau of Labor Statistics's (BLS) discontinued publication, Labor Statistics. The seventeenth edition allows the user to understand recent developments as well as to compare today's economy with past history. The Handbook is a comprehensive reference providing an abundance of data on a variety of topics including: employment and unemployment; earnings; prices; productivity; consumer expenditures; occupational safety and health; union membership; international labor comparisons; and much more! Features of the publication In addition to over 225 tables that present practical data, the Handbook provides: introductory material for each chapter that contains highlights of salient data and figures that call attention to noteworthy trends in the data; notes and definitions, which contain concise descriptions of the data sources, concepts, definitions, and methodology from which the data are derived; references to more comprehensive reports which provide additional data and more extensive descriptions of estimation methods, sampling, and reliability measures. New in the 18th edition of Handbook of U.S Labor Statistics: A section on worker displacement in Chapter 1 as well as a new section on local area unemployment statistics in Chapter 7 Several new tables on occupational safety and health in Chapter 14 along with new information on employee benefits in Chapter 6 Figures on a variety of topics including productivity, labor-management relations, prices, and workplace fatalities
Social Science

Everybody Lies

Big Data, New Data, and What the Internet Can Tell Us About Who We Really Are

Author: Seth Stephens-Davidowitz

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062390872

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7177

Foreword by Steven Pinker Blending the informed analysis of The Signal and the Noise with the instructive iconoclasm of Think Like a Freak, a fascinating, illuminating, and witty look at what the vast amounts of information now instantly available to us reveals about ourselves and our world—provided we ask the right questions. By the end of an average day in the early twenty-first century, human beings searching the internet will amass eight trillion gigabytes of data. This staggering amount of information—unprecedented in history—can tell us a great deal about who we are—the fears, desires, and behaviors that drive us, and the conscious and unconscious decisions we make. From the profound to the mundane, we can gain astonishing knowledge about the human psyche that less than twenty years ago, seemed unfathomable. Everybody Lies offers fascinating, surprising, and sometimes laugh-out-loud insights into everything from economics to ethics to sports to race to sex, gender and more, all drawn from the world of big data. What percentage of white voters didn’t vote for Barack Obama because he’s black? Does where you go to school effect how successful you are in life? Do parents secretly favor boy children over girls? Do violent films affect the crime rate? Can you beat the stock market? How regularly do we lie about our sex lives and who’s more self-conscious about sex, men or women? Investigating these questions and a host of others, Seth Stephens-Davidowitz offers revelations that can help us understand ourselves and our lives better. Drawing on studies and experiments on how we really live and think, he demonstrates in fascinating and often funny ways the extent to which all the world is indeed a lab. With conclusions ranging from strange-but-true to thought-provoking to disturbing, he explores the power of this digital truth serum and its deeper potential—revealing biases deeply embedded within us, information we can use to change our culture, and the questions we’re afraid to ask that might be essential to our health—both emotional and physical. All of us are touched by big data everyday, and its influence is multiplying. Everybody Lies challenges us to think differently about how we see it and the world.
Computers

Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Recognizing Threats, Defending Your Rights, and Protecting Your Family

Author: Theresa Payton,Ted Claypoole

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442225467

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 2052

Digital data collection and surveillance is pervasive and no one can protect your privacy without your help. Before you can help yourself, you need to understand the new technologies, what benefits they provide, and what trade-offs they require. Some of those trade-offs – privacy for convenience – could be softened by our own behavior or be reduced by legislation if we fight for it. This book analyzes why privacy is important to all of us, and it describes the technologies that place your privacy most at risk, starting with modern computing and the Internet.
Business & Economics

State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2013

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Gwenavere W. Dunn

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598886304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 4932

State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2013, First Edition Essential for any economic development official, regional planner, or urban researcher, The State and Metropolitan Area Data Book, previously published by the Census Bureau, is the first edition published by Bernan Press. This valuable resource continues to provide the most complete source of comprehensive and useful information about the nation’s individual states, metropolitan and micropolitan areas, and their component counties. This edition features the latest information on an array of topics such as population, birth and death rates, health coverage, school enrollment, crime rates, income and housing, employment, transportation, and government. Researchers, college students, and data users can easily see the trends and changes affecting the nation today. This edition includes: a complete listing and data for all states, metropolitan areas, including micropolitan areas, and their component counties 2010 census counts and more recent population estimates for all areas results of the 2012 national and state elections expanded vital statistics, communication, and criminal justice data data on migration and commuting habits American Community Survey 1- and 3-year estimates data on health insurance and housing and finance matters accurate and helpful citations to allow the user to directly consult the source source notes and explanations A guide to state statistical abstracts and state information A valuable addition for all academic and public libraries. The State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2013 is part of the County and City Extra Series available from Bernan Press. Other books include: County and City Extra: Annual Metro, City, and County Data Book The Who, What, and Where of America: Understanding the American Community Survey Places, Towns, and Townships
Social Science

Innovations in Federal Statistics

Combining Data Sources While Protecting Privacy

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Improving Federal Statistics for Policy and Social Science Research Using Multiple Data Sources and State-of-the-Art Estimation Methods

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030945428X

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 9584

Federal government statistics provide critical information to the country and serve a key role in a democracy. For decades, sample surveys with instruments carefully designed for particular data needs have been one of the primary methods for collecting data for federal statistics. However, the costs of conducting such surveys have been increasing while response rates have been declining, and many surveys are not able to fulfill growing demands for more timely information and for more detailed information at state and local levels. Innovations in Federal Statistics examines the opportunities and risks of using government administrative and private sector data sources to foster a paradigm shift in federal statistical programs that would combine diverse data sources in a secure manner to enhance federal statistics. This first publication of a two-part series discusses the challenges faced by the federal statistical system and the foundational elements needed for a new paradigm.
Mathematics

Storytelling with Data

A Data Visualization Guide for Business Professionals

Author: Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119002265

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 5645

Don't simply show your data—tell a story with it! Storytelling with Data teaches you the fundamentals of data visualization and how to communicate effectively with data. You'll discover the power of storytelling and the way to make data a pivotal point in your story. The lessons in this illuminative text are grounded in theory, but made accessible through numerous real-world examples—ready for immediate application to your next graph or presentation. Storytelling is not an inherent skill, especially when it comes to data visualization, and the tools at our disposal don't make it any easier. This book demonstrates how to go beyond conventional tools to reach the root of your data, and how to use your data to create an engaging, informative, compelling story. Specifically, you'll learn how to: Understand the importance of context and audience Determine the appropriate type of graph for your situation Recognize and eliminate the clutter clouding your information Direct your audience's attention to the most important parts of your data Think like a designer and utilize concepts of design in data visualization Leverage the power of storytelling to help your message resonate with your audience Together, the lessons in this book will help you turn your data into high impact visual stories that stick with your audience. Rid your world of ineffective graphs, one exploding 3D pie chart at a time. There is a story in your data—Storytelling with Data will give you the skills and power to tell it!
Business & Economics

Business Statistics of the United States 2017

Patterns of Economic Change

Author: Susan Ockert

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598889494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 524

View: 763

Business Statistics of the United States is a comprehensive and practical collection of data from as early as 1913 that reflects the nation's economic performance. It provides over 80 years of annual, quarterly, and monthly data in industrial and demographic detail including key indicators such as: gross domestic product, personal income, spending, saving, employment, unemployment, the capital stock, and more. Business Statistics of the United States is the best place to find historical perspectives on the U.S. economy. Of equal importance to the data are the introductory highlights, extensive notes, and figures for each chapter that help users to understand the data, use them appropriately, and, if desired, seek additional information from the source agencies. Business Statistics of the United States provides a rich and deep picture of the American economy and contains approximately 3,500 time series in all. The data are predominately from federal government sources including: Board of Governors of The Federal Reserve System Bureau of Economic Analysis Bureau of Labor Statistics Census Bureau Employment and Training Administration Energy Information Administration Federal Housing Finance Agency U.S. Department of the Treasury
Medical

Vital Statistics of the United States 2016

Births, Life Expectancy, Deaths, and Selected Health Data

Author: Shana Hertz Hattis

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598888552

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 3094

Vital Statistics of The United States: Births, Life Expectancy, Deaths, and Selected Health Data brings together a comprehensive collection of birth, mortality, and health data into a single volume. It provides a wealth of information compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics and other government agencies. Vital Statistics contains over 225 tables and is divided into 4 parts : Births, Mortality, Health, and Marriage and Divorce. Charts and graphs, available at applicable points in each chapter, illustrate some of the most vital trends in the data. In addition, updated definitions reflect the latest federal parameters for information about births, mortality, health, and marriages.
Political Science

The Technical Collection of Intelligence

Author: Robert M. Clark

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1483304957

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 989

Technical collection represents the largest asymmetric edge that technologically advanced countries such as the United States and its allies have in the intelligence business. Intelligence veteran Robert M. Clark’s new book offers a succinct, logically organized, and well written overview of technical collection, explained at a non technical level for those new to the field. Filling a void in the literature, The Technical Collection of Intelligence is the only book that comprehensively examines the collection, processing, and exploitation of non-literal intelligence information, including laser, acoustic, and infrared signals; non-imaging optical intelligence sources; and radar tracking and measurement of aerospace vehicles. A compelling final chapter addresses the substantial challenges that come with managing technical collection. A stunning full-color interior design features high quality graphics while a handy “tabs” feature keeps content at the ready. A useful list of recommended books and reports, a glossary of terms, and a list of acronyms make this guide a go-to resource. Technical Collection will prove invaluable to all source analysts, managers of technical collection, customers of intelligence, and recruiters for the intelligence community.
History

Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung

Author: Zedong Mao

Publisher: China Books

ISBN: 9780835123884

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 1856

This new reprint brings back our best-selling book to date, in the familiar red plastic cover. Still popular as a textbook and primary document of the Cultural Revolution. The book that changed the world and shaped a generation of Chinese people, it contains the essence of Mao's philosophy, political thinking and military strategy.
Computers

Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World

Author: Bruce Schneier

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393244822

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 5976

“Bruce Schneier’s amazing book is the best overview of privacy and security ever written.”—Clay Shirky “Bruce Schneier’s amazing book is the best overview of privacy and security ever written.”—Clay Shirky Your cell phone provider tracks your location and knows who’s with you. Your online and in-store purchasing patterns are recorded, and reveal if you're unemployed, sick, or pregnant. Your e-mails and texts expose your intimate and casual friends. Google knows what you’re thinking because it saves your private searches. Facebook can determine your sexual orientation without you ever mentioning it. The powers that surveil us do more than simply store this information. Corporations use surveillance to manipulate not only the news articles and advertisements we each see, but also the prices we’re offered. Governments use surveillance to discriminate, censor, chill free speech, and put people in danger worldwide. And both sides share this information with each other or, even worse, lose it to cybercriminals in huge data breaches. Much of this is voluntary: we cooperate with corporate surveillance because it promises us convenience, and we submit to government surveillance because it promises us protection. The result is a mass surveillance society of our own making. But have we given up more than we’ve gained? In Data and Goliath, security expert Bruce Schneier offers another path, one that values both security and privacy. He brings his bestseller up-to-date with a new preface covering the latest developments, and then shows us exactly what we can do to reform government surveillance programs, shake up surveillance-based business models, and protect our individual privacy. You'll never look at your phone, your computer, your credit cards, or even your car in the same way again.
Business & Economics

Factfulness

Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World--and Why Things Are Better Than You Think

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Flatiron Books

ISBN: 125012381X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1844

INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “One of the most important books I’ve ever read—an indispensable guide to thinking clearly about the world.” – Bill Gates “Hans Rosling tells the story of ‘the secret silent miracle of human progress’ as only he can. But Factfulness does much more than that. It also explains why progress is so often secret and silent and teaches readers how to see it clearly.” —Melinda Gates "Factfulness by Hans Rosling, an outstanding international public health expert, is a hopeful book about the potential for human progress when we work off facts rather than our inherent biases." - Former U.S. President Barack Obama Factfulness: The stress-reducing habit of only carrying opinions for which you have strong supporting facts. When asked simple questions about global trends—what percentage of the world’s population live in poverty; why the world’s population is increasing; how many girls finish school—we systematically get the answers wrong. So wrong that a chimpanzee choosing answers at random will consistently outguess teachers, journalists, Nobel laureates, and investment bankers. In Factfulness, Professor of International Health and global TED phenomenon Hans Rosling, together with his two long-time collaborators, Anna and Ola, offers a radical new explanation of why this happens. They reveal the ten instincts that distort our perspective—from our tendency to divide the world into two camps (usually some version of us and them) to the way we consume media (where fear rules) to how we perceive progress (believing that most things are getting worse). Our problem is that we don’t know what we don’t know, and even our guesses are informed by unconscious and predictable biases. It turns out that the world, for all its imperfections, is in a much better state than we might think. That doesn’t mean there aren’t real concerns. But when we worry about everything all the time instead of embracing a worldview based on facts, we can lose our ability to focus on the things that threaten us most. Inspiring and revelatory, filled with lively anecdotes and moving stories, Factfulness is an urgent and essential book that will change the way you see the world and empower you to respond to the crises and opportunities of the future. --- “This book is my last battle in my life-long mission to fight devastating ignorance...Previously I armed myself with huge data sets, eye-opening software, an energetic learning style and a Swedish bayonet for sword-swallowing. It wasn’t enough. But I hope this book will be.” Hans Rosling, February 2017.
Education

The Almanac of American Education 2018

Author: Hannah Anderson Krog

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1641432594

Category: Education

Page: 514

View: 3755

Compiled from official U.S. government sources, the book contains historical and current data, insightful analysis, and useful graphs that provide compelling insights into the state of education in America.

Investigation of the Ferguson Police Department

Author: U.s. Department of Justice,Civil Division

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781523856671

Category:

Page: 108

View: 3389

The Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice opened its investigation of the Ferguson Police Department ("FPD") on September 4, 2014. This investigation has revealed a pattern or practice of unlawful conduct within the Ferguson Police Department that violates the First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution, and federal statutory law. Over the course of the investigation, we interviewed City officials, including City Manager John Shaw, Mayor James Knowles, Chief of Police Thomas Jackson, Municipal Judge Ronald Brockmeyer, the Municipal Court Clerk, Ferguson's Finance Director, half of FPD's sworn officers, and others. We spent, collectively, approximately 100 person-days onsite in Ferguson. We participated in ride-alongs with on-duty officers, reviewed over 35,000 pages of police records as well as thousands of emails and other electronic materials provided by the police department. Enlisting the assistance of statistical experts, we analyzed FPD's data on stops, searches, citations, and arrests, as well as data collected by the municipal court. We observed four separate sessions of Ferguson Municipal Court, interviewing dozens of people charged with local offenses, and we reviewed third-party studies regarding municipal court practices in Ferguson and St. Louis County more broadly. As in all of our investigations, we sought to engage the local community, conducting hundreds of in-person and telephone interviews of individuals who reside in Ferguson or who have had interactions with the police department. We contacted ten neighborhood associations and met with each group that responded to us, as well as several other community groups and advocacy organizations. Throughout the investigation, we relied on two police chiefs who accompanied us to Ferguson and who themselves interviewed City and police officials, spoke with community members, and reviewed FPD policies and incident reports.
History

Out of the Crucible

How the Us Military Transformed Combat Casualty Care in Iraq and Afghanistan

Author: Arthur L. Kellermann,Eric Elster,Borden Institute

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160943621

Category: History

Page: 451

View: 6226

Out of the Crucible: How the U.S. Military Transformed Combat Casualty Care in Iraq and Afghanistan edited by Arthur L. Kellermann, MD and MPH, and Eric Elster, MD is now available by the US Army, Borden Institute. This comprehensive resource, part of the renowned Textbooks of Military Medicine series, documents one of the most extraordinary achievements in the history of American medicine - the dramatic advances in combat casualty care developed during Operations Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Each chapter is written by one or more military health professionals who played an important role in bringing the advancement to America's military health system. Written in plain English and amply illustrated with informative figures and photographs, Out of the Crucible engages and informs the American public and policy makers about how America's military health system, devised, tested and widely adopted numerous inventions, innovations, technologies that collectively produced the highest survival rate from battlefield trauma in the history of warfare.
Education

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael G. Maxfield,Earl R. Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337091820

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 1804

Featuring real-world examples throughout and comprehensive coverage of quantitative and qualitative methods, the market-leading RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY combines the scholarship, accuracy, and conversational tone of Earl Babbie's best-selling THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH with Mike Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice. Providing the most comprehensive, authoritative introduction to criminal justice research available today -- and enhanced by new examples, research, applications, and built-in study tools -- the eighth edition continues its focus on getting students to DO research. Updates include the latest techniques and technologies for sampling and surveys as well as current methods in content analysis and secondary data analysis. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Political Science

Algorithmic Life

Calculative Devices in the Age of Big Data

Author: Louise Amoore,Volha Piotukh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317527372

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 9263

This book critically explores forms and techniques of calculation that emerge with digital computation, and their implications. The contributors demonstrate that digital calculative devices matter beyond their specific functions as they progressively shape, transform and govern all areas of our life. In particular, it addresses such questions as: How does the drive to make sense of, and productively use, large amounts of diverse data, inform the development of new calculative devices, logics and techniques? How do these devices, logics and techniques affect our capacity to decide and to act? How do mundane elements of our physical and virtual existence become data to be analysed and rearranged in complex ensembles of people and things? In what ways are conventional notions of public and private, individual and population, certainty and probability, rule and exception transformed and what are the consequences? How does the search for ‘hidden’ connections and patterns change our understanding of social relations and associative life? Do contemporary modes of calculation produce new thresholds of calculability and computability, allowing for the improbable or the merely possible to be embraced and acted upon? As contemporary approaches to governing uncertain futures seek to anticipate future events, how are calculation and decision engaged anew? Drawing together different strands of cutting-edge research that is both theoretically sophisticated and empirically rich, this book makes an important contribution to several areas of scholarship, including the emerging social science field of software studies, and will be a vital resource for students and scholars alike.