Law

Criminal Courts

Structure, Process, and Issues

Author: Richard D. Hartley,Gary A. Rabe,Dean J. Champion

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780133779745

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 4224

A comprehensive examination of the criminal court system and the processing of defendants From the actors in the system, including judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys, through the sentencing and appeals process, Criminal Courts provides comprehensive coverage of the United States Criminal Court systems in a succinct, readable approach. It examines issues confronting the system from historical, philosophical, sociological, and psychological perspectives, and throughout there are comparisons of court ideals with what actually happens in the courts. Comprehensive coverage of the processing of offenders from when they are arrested and charged with crimes, to when they are convicted and sentenced is presented, and throughout the text, practical, real-life applications of the topics and issues give the material meaning. Included to enhance learning are: evidence-based chapter openings that provide context to the chapter's material, boxes that discuss relevant case law, chapter summaries to reiterate the chapter learning objectives, and policy-oriented critical thinking exercises based on current issues facing the system.
Law

Criminal Courts

Structure, Process, and Issues

Author: Richard D. Hartley,Gary A. Rabe,Dean J. Champion

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0133824918

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 8629

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. A comprehensive examination of the criminal court system and the processing of defendants From the actors in the system, including judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys, through the sentencing and appeals process, Criminal Courts provides comprehensive coverage of the United States Criminal Court systems in a succinct, readable approach. It examines issues confronting the system from historical, philosophical, sociological, and psychological perspectives, and throughout there are comparisons of court ideals with what actually happens in the courts. Comprehensive coverage of the processing of offenders from when they are arrested and charged with crimes, to when they are convicted and sentenced is presented, and throughout the text, practical, real-life applications of the topics and issues give the material meaning. Included to enhance learning are: evidence-based chapter openings that provide context to the chapter’s material, boxes that discuss relevant case law, chapter summaries to reiterate the chapter learning objectives, and policy-oriented critical thinking exercises based on current issues facing the system.
Law

Criminal Courts

Structure, Process, and Issues

Author: Dean J. Champion,Richard D. Hartley,Gary A. Rabe

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780132457798

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 4885

Rabe's name appears first on the earlier edition.
Social Science

Criminal Courts

A Contemporary Perspective

Author: Craig Hemmens,David C. Brody,Cassia Spohn

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506306594

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 7423

Written by three nationally recognized experts in the field, Criminal Courts: A Contemporary Perspective explores all conventional topics (court structure, courtroom actors, and the trial and appeals process) as well as others seldom covered, such as specialty courts and the goals and functions of the law. Authors Craig Hemmens, David C. Brody, and Cassia Spohn take a comprehensive and accessible approach which allows instructors to cover all of the “standard” material and the option to add selections they consider interesting and relevant to their particular course. This text will provide students with an understanding of the foundational concepts and enable them to hold a detailed discussion about the criminal courts system and the participants involved. Packed with contemporary examples and new pedagogical tools, the Third Edition has been thoroughly revised with the most up-to date content and resources to give students a more comprehensive understanding of the criminal courts system. Additional instructor resources and study tools can be found online at www.sagepub.com/hemmens2e.
Law

Criminal Procedure

Constitution and Society

Author: Marvin Zalman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131575356

Category: Law

Page: 634

View: 4743

Using a blend of text and edited cases, this book provides up-to-date coverage of constitutional criminal procedure. It covers all relevant Fourth Amendment topics, incorporation, confessions, right to counsel, identification and entrapment, and separate chapters on the pre-trial and trial process. Important cases are highlighted using a case and comment approach, and this edition includes all new legal puzzles and updated Supreme Court biographies. With an emphasis on law and society, it provides essential information about the law of constitutional criminal procedure, the most meaningful Supreme Court cases, and discussion of criminal procedure in its social, political, and historical contexts. Includes the latest Supreme Court decisions through June 2006 in areas such as: Search Warrants; Arrest; Stop & Frisk; Consent; Counsel; Confessions; Trial. New! Additional sections on order and liberty in a time of terror - Confronts the important topic of how to process aliens and American citizens taken into custody for their alleged roles in the terror campaign. For people working in the criminal justice system.
Social Science

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Dean J. Champion

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 628

View: 8116

Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology 3e is about how to do research and investigate various types of research questions that arise in criminology and criminal justice. A complete discussion of research ethics–including ethical issues relating to the Nuremberg Code, research sponsorship, rights of human subjects and deception — helps readers understand their ethical responsibilities as researchers. This book explores the entire criminal justices and criminology research process from beginning to end including: sampling procedures; data collection techniques; measurement, validity and reliability issues; the role of ethics in the research process; and writing and documenting research papers. Presents a practical guide for conducting research in criminal justice and criminology careers.
Social Science

Introduction to Criminal Justice

Practice and Process

Author: Kenneth J. Peak,Tamara D. Madensen

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506391818

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 4113

A practical and applied introduction to criminal justice Introduction to Criminal Justice: Practice and Process shows you how to think practically about the criminal justice system by offering you a proven, problem-based approach to learning. Bestselling authors Kenneth J. Peak and Tamara D. Madensen draw on their many years of combined practitioner and academic experience to explain the importance of criminal justice and show how key trends, emerging issues, historical background, and practical lessons can be applied in the field. New to the Third Edition: An emphasis on constitutional policing, legitimacy, and procedural justice stresses the importance for police to develop a “guardian” mindset over a “soldier” mindset. New discussions of contemporary criminological theories—such as social structure theories, social process theories, social conflict theories, feminist theories, and environmental criminology theories—provide you with a concise explanation on why people commit crimes and how to prevent them in the modern world. An in-depth view of three particularly challenging problems and policy issues—terrorism, the mentally ill population, and illegal immigration—demonstrate how today’s society and the criminal justice system are affected by these issues and what can be done to address the problems. New examples and case studies of ethical dilemmas illustrate today's climate of distrust, dissension, and dysfunction to encourage you to think critically about what is considered “ethical”. New video interviews with criminal justice professionals offer you career advice, provide you with insights into a variety of career paths, and discuss challenges and misconceptions of each profession.
Law

Guide to Criminal Law for California

Author: Sandra Tozzini

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534644147

Category: Law

Page: 173

View: 9383

Available for convenient bundling with any Wadsworth Criminal Law text or for purchase as a stand-alone item, this state-specific guide assists students in their exploration of California laws and cases and features chapter introductions, overviews of codes and implications, and exercises for California-specific penal codes.
Political Science

Courts and Criminal Justice in America

Author: Larry J Siegel,Frank J. Schmalleger,John Worrall

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134526740

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5094

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For all courses in courts and criminal justice A balanced, modern, comprehensive approach to the court system in America today Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is the collaboration of the most popular criminal justice authors of the century. Featuring a balanced and modern presentation, this book not only looks at the basic structure of the court system and court process, but also covers cutting-edge topics and all sides of the most controversial issues facing courts today. This student-friendly text does not presuppose any knowledge about the courts or how they operate. Highlighted controversial cases illustrate the tremendous power that the court system has to regulate citizens' lives, to shape what is acceptable and what is forbidden, and to ensure that criminal justice policy balances both rights and liberties. Extensively revised throughout, the Third Edition features new and updated statistics, chapter-opening stories, and Courts in the News and What Will You Do? features that challenge readers to think critically and draw their own conclusions. This respected author team delivers the most comprehensive introduction to America's courts, their personnel, and the context in which they operate on the market today. Courts and Criminal Justice in America, Third Edition, is also available via Revel™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience.
Social Science

Contemporary Criminal Law

Concepts, Cases, and Controversies

Author: Matthew Lippman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544308124

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 8671

A book that students find interesting and instructors consider educationally valuable, this Fifth Edition of Contemporary Criminal Law combines traditional concepts with thought-provoking cases and engaging learning tools. Taking a casebook approach, the text covers both foundational and emerging legal topics such as terrorism, gangs, cybercrime, and hate crimes, illustrated by real-life examples that students connect with. Clear explanations of criminal law and defenses are complemented by provocative, well-edited cases followed by discussion questions to stimulate critical thinking and in-class discussion. The book provides a contemporary perspective on criminal law that encourages students to actively read and analyze the text. The Fifth Edition is enhanced throughout by new cases that offer the most up-to-date coverage of evolving legal opinions and developments in criminal law. New to This Edition New cases illuminate important concepts, including decisions on criminal acts, criminal intent, parties, corporate crime, kidnapping, identity theft, computer crime, prostitution, terrorism, and more. One or more new You Decide sections in most chapters clarify concepts to illustrate the complexity of legal analysis and enhance the interactive character of the text. Additional hypothetical problems are available on the companion site. New Crime in the News features look at recent events such as the criminal trial of Dylann Roof, the dark web, and the leaking of confidential government documents to help students apply important concepts to real-world scenarios. New and expanded discussions of critical topics cover the Second Amendment and gun control, the Trump administration's stance on marijuana, sentencing guidelines, and criminal defenses.
Political Science

Rules, Politics, and the International Criminal Court

Committing to the Court

Author: Yvonne Dutton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134124392

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 8683

In this new work, Dutton examines the ICC and whether and how its enforcement mechanism influences state membership and the court’s ability to realize treaty goals, examining questions such as: Why did states decide to create the ICC and design the institution with this uniquely strong enforcement mechanism? Will the ICC’s enforcement mechanism be sufficient to hold states accountable to their commitment so that the ICC can realize its goal of ending impunity for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes? Will states view the ICC’s enforcement mechanism as a credible threat and refuse to join unless they already have good domestic human rights practices and institutions that are independent and capable of prosecuting human rights abuses? If states that most need to improve their domestic legal practices as relates to protecting against human rights abuses do not join the court, is there any hope that the threat of punishment by the ICC can play a role in bettering state’s human rights practices and deterring individuals from committing mass atrocities? This work provides a significant contribution to the field, and will be of great interest to students and scholars of international law, international relations, international organizations and human rights.
Political Science

California's Criminal Justice System

Author: Christine L. Gardiner,Pamela Fiber-Ostrow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611635096

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 5566

California's Criminal Justice System, 2nd Edition, shares the history, purpose, structure and procedures of California's criminal justice system. It begins with conversations about the state of crime in California, the demographics of crime, and the practices of legislative actions and direct democracy in creating state laws. The book includes discussions of criminal justice policies as well as criminal justice institutions such as policing, courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. Each chapter is authored by an expert in the field and highlights some of the current issues, challenges, and controversies facing California's criminal justice system. The authors also highlight some of the current criminal justice policies and controversies within the state, including gun policy, sex policy, drug policy, capital punishment, realignment, gangs, and victims' rights. In addition, the authors include discussions on a variety of different employment opportunities related to criminal justice and the occupational outlook for these positions. This text is appropriate for undergraduate students in introductory courses on criminal justice, law and government and can be used either as a supplemental text or as a stand-alone resource for students. One drawback with many current books is that they pertain to the really non-existent ''American'' criminal justice system and ignore the local landscape. Each state has deliberately designed its own legislature, executive branch, law enforcement system, court and appellate review system, state supreme court, correctional system, and juvenile justice apparatus. Since many criminal justice students embark upon careers in their home states, they are better served by being exposed to their own state criminal justice system. Texts in this series are designed to be primary texts or as supplements to more general introduction to criminal justice texts.
Psychology

Psychological Evaluations for the Courts, Third Edition

A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers

Author: Gary B. Melton,John Petrila,Norman G. Poythress,Christopher Slobogin

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 160623739X

Category: Psychology

Page: 930

View: 2800

This is the definitive reference and text for both mental health and legal professionals. The authors offer a uniquely comprehensive discussion of the legal and clinical contexts of forensic assessment, along with best-practice guidelines for participating effectively and ethically in a wide range of criminal and civil proceedings. Presented are findings, instruments, and procedures related to criminal and civil competencies, civil commitment, sentencing, personal injury claims, antidiscrimination laws, child custody, juvenile justice, and more.
Education

Interviewing and Interrogation

The Discovery of Truth

Author: Steve Gilbert

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534197032

Category: Education

Page: 113

View: 5549

This text looks at the various strategies and techniques of interviewing and interrogating witnesses, victims and suspects. Topics include: types of interviews, crime scene considerations, deciding to interrogate, The Right To Remain Silent, interrogation techniques, interrogation props, defensive measures, recording the confession, etc. Gilbert takes a unique "offender-based" strategy that focuses on the offender and the witness type in order to create a more successful process. Rather than strictly examining the practicalities, including interrogation setting, demeanor or plan, Gilbert focuses on the "why" of offender confessions and witness communication.
Law

Examples & Explanations for Federal Courts

Author: Laura E. Little

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 1454841605

Category: Law

Page: 560

View: 2361

A favorite among successful students, and often recommended by professors, the unique Examples & Explanations series gives you extremely clear introductions to concepts followed by realistic examples that mirror those presented in the classroom throughout the semester. Use at the beginning and midway through the semester to deepen your understanding through clear explanations, corresponding hypothetical fact patterns, and analysis. Then use to study for finals by reviewing the hypotheticals as well as the structure and reasoning behind the accompanying analysis. Designed to complement your casebook, the trusted Examples & Explanations titles get right to the point in a conversational, often humorous style that helps you learn the material each step of the way and prepare for the exam at the end of the course. The unique, time-tested Examples & Explanations series is invaluable to teach yourself the subject from the first day of class until your last review before the final. Each guide: helps you learn new material by working through chapters that explain each topic in simple language challenges your understanding with hypotheticals similar to those presented in class provides valuable opportunity to study for the final by reviewing the hypotheticals as well as the structure and reasoning behind the corresponding analysis quickly gets to the point in conversational style laced with humor remains a favorite among law school students is often recommended by professors who encourage the use of study guides works with ALL the major casebooks, suits any class on a given topic provides an alternative perspective to help you understand your casebook and in-class lectures
Law

Psychological Evaluations for the Courts, Fourth Edition

A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals and Lawyers

Author: Gary B. Melton,John Petrila,Norman G. Poythress,Christopher Slobogin,Randy K. Otto,Douglas Mossman,Lois O. Condie

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462532667

Category: Law

Page: 976

View: 4363

Tens of thousands of readers have relied on this leading text and practitioner reference--now revised and updated--to understand the issues the legal system most commonly asks mental health professionals to address. Highly readable, the volume demystifies the forensic psychological assessment process and provides guidelines for participating effectively and ethically in legal proceedings. Presented are clinical and legal concepts and evidence-based assessment procedures pertaining to criminal and civil competencies, the insanity defense and related doctrines, sentencing, civil commitment, personal injury claims, antidiscrimination laws, child custody, juvenile justice, and other justice-related areas. Case examples, exercises, and a glossary facilitate learning; 19 sample reports illustrate how to conduct and write up thorough, legally admissible evaluations. New to This Edition *Extensively revised to reflect important legal, empirical, and clinical developments. *Increased attention to medical and neuroscientific research. *New protocols relevant to competence, risk assessment, child custody, and mental injury evaluations. *Updates on insanity, sentencing, civil commitment, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Social Security, juvenile and family law, and the admissibility of expert testimony. *Treatment of immigration law (including a sample report) and international law. *New and revised sample reports.
Law

Death Penalty Cases

Leading U.S. Supreme Court Cases on Capital Punishment

Author: Barry Latzer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123820259

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 1156

Death Penalty Cases presents significant verbatim excerpts of death-penalty decisions from the United States Supreme Court. The first chapter introduces the topics discussed throughout the book. It also includes a detailed history of the death penalty in the United States. After this introduction, the remaining eighteen chapters are divided into five parts: Foundational Cases, Death-Eligible Crimes and Persons, The Death Penalty Trial, Post-Conviction Review, and Execution Issues. The first part, consisting of five chapters, talks about the mandatory death penalty, mitigating evidence and racial bias. The next part covers death-eligible crimes, such as rape and other crimes that do not involve homicide and murder. The middle part presents the trial process, from choosing the appropriate decision-makers through the sentencing decision. Followed by this is a chapter focusing on the aftermath of conviction, such as claims of innocence. The book concludes by exploring issues related to execution, such as not executing insane convicts. Finally, execution methods are presented. Provides the most recent case material--no need to supplement Topical organization of cases provides a more logical organization for structuring a course Co-authors with different perspectives on the death penalty assures complete impartiality of the material Provides the necessary historical background, a clear explanation of the current capital case process, and an impartial description of the controversies surrounding the death penalty Provides the latest statistics relevant to discussions on the death penalty Clearly explains the different ways in which the states process death penalty cases, with excerpts of the most relevant statutes
Education

American Corrections

Author: Todd R. Clear,Michael D. Reisig,George F. Cole

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 133755765X

Category: Education

Page: 624

View: 4800

Long at the forefront of the course, Clear/Reisig/Cole's AMERICAN CORRECTIONS has been a trusted resource for introducing students to the dynamics of corrections in a way that captures their interest and encourages them to enter the field. The twelfth edition provides a complete update on the facts and figures of correctional policy and practice in the United States. With career-based material, insightful guest speakers, real-world cases and even-handed treatment of institutional and community sanctions, the text examines the U.S. correctional system from the perspectives of both the corrections worker and the accused person. The result is that students get the most well-rounded, balanced introduction to corrections available. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Political Science

Gender and the Judiciary in Africa

From Obscurity to Parity?

Author: Gretchen Bauer,Josephine Dawuni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317516494

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 4825

Between 2000 and 2015, women ascended to the top of judiciaries across Africa, most notably as chief justices of supreme courts in common law countries like Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Malawi, Lesotho and Zambia, but also as presidents of constitutional courts in civil law countries such as Benin, Burundi, Gabon, Niger and Senegal. Most of these appointments was a "first" in terms of the gender of the chief justice. At the same time, women are being appointed in record numbers as magistrates, judges and justices across the continent. While women’s increasing numbers and roles in African executives and legislatures have been addressed in a burgeoning scholarly literature, very little work has focused on women in judiciaries. This book addresses the important issue of the increasing numbers and varied roles of women judges and justices, as judiciaries evolve across the continent. Scholars of law, gender politics and African politics provide overviews of recent developments in gender and the judiciary in nine African countries that represent north, east, southern and west Africa as well as a range of colonial experiences, postcolonial trajectories and legal systems, including mixes of common, civil, customary, or sharia law. In the process, each chapter seeks to address the following questions: What has been the historical experience of the judicial system in a given country, from before colonialism until the present? What is the current court structure and where are the women judges, justices, magistrates and other women located? What are the selection or appointment processes for joining the bench and in what ways may these help or hinder women to gain access to the courts as judges and justices? Once they become judges, do women on the bench promote the rights of women through their judicial powers? What are the challenges and obstacles facing women judges and justices in Africa? Timely and relevant in this era in which governmental accountability and transparency are essential to the consolidation of democracy in Africa and when women are accessing significant leadership positions across the continent, this book considers the substantive and symbolic representation of women’s interests by women judges and the wider implications of their presence for changing institutional norms and advancing the rule of law and human rights.
Social Science

The Process is the Punishment

Handling Cases in a Lower Criminal Court

Author: Malcolm M. Feeley

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610442016

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 2614

It is conventional wisdom that there is a grave crisis in our criminal courts: the widespread reliance on plea-bargaining and the settlement of most cases with just a few seconds before the judge endanger the rights of defendants. Not so, says Malcolm Feeley in this provocative and original book. Basing his argument on intensive study of the lower criminal court system, Feeley demonstrates that the absence of formal "due process" is preferred by all of the court's participants, and especially by defendants. Moreover, he argues, "it is not all clear that as a group defendants would be better off in a more 'formal' court system," since the real costs to those accused of misdemeanors and lesser felonies are not the fines and prison sentences meted out by the court, but the costs incurred before the case even comes before the judge—lost wages from missed work, commissions to bail bondsmen, attorney's fees, and wasted time. Therefore, the overriding interest of the accused is not to secure the formal trappings of the judicial process, but to minimize the time, and money, spent dealing with the court. Focusing on New Haven, Connecticut's, lower court, Feeley found that the defense and prosecution often agreed that the pre-trial process was sufficient to "teach the defendant a lesson." In effect, Feeley demonstrates that the informal practices of the lower courts as they are presently constituted are more "just" than they are usually given credit for being. "... a book that should be read by anyone who is interested in understanding how courts work and how the criminal sanction is administered in modern, complex societies."— Barry Mahoney, Institute for Court Management, Denver "It is grounded in a firm grasp of theory as well as thorough field research."—Jack B. Weinstein, U.S. District Court Judge." a feature that has long been the hallmark of good American sociology: it recreates a believable world of real men and women."—Paul Wiles, Law & Society Review. "This book's findings are well worth the attention of the serious criminal justice student, and the analyses reveal a thoughtful, probing, and provocative intelligence....an important contribution to the debate on the role and limits of discretion in American criminal justice. It deserves to be read by all those who are interested in the outcome of the debate." —Jerome H. Skolnick, American Bar Foundation Research Journal