Science

Crystallography

Author: A. M. Glazer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 305

Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal. In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
History

Complexity

Author: John H. Holland

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 95

View: 961

In this Very Short Introduction, John Holland presents an introduction to the science of complexity. Using examples from biology and economics, he shows how complexity science models the behaviour of complex systems.
Science

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 494

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Science

Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Peter Atkins

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 729

With the development of a variety of exciting new areas of research involving computational chemistry, nano- and smart materials, and applications of the recently discovered graphene, there can be no doubt that physical chemistry is a vitally important field. It is also perceived as the most daunting branch of chemistry, being necessarily grounded in physics and mathematics and drawing as it does on quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and statistical thermodynamics. With his typical clarity and hardly a formula in sight, Peter Atkins' Very Short Introduction explores the contributions physical chemistry has made to all branches of chemistry. Providing an insight into its central concepts Atkins reveals the cultural contributions physical chemistry has made to our understanding of the natural world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Science

The Physics of SiO2 and Its Interfaces

Author: Sokrates T. Pantelides

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 387

The Physics of SiO2 and Its Interfaces covers the proceedings of the International Topical Conference on the Physics of SiO2 and its Interfaces, held at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York on March 22-24, 1978. The book focuses on the properties, reactions, transformations, and structures of silicon dioxide (SiO2). The selection first discusses the electronic properties of vitreous SiO2 and small polaron formation and motion of holes in a-SiO2. Discussions focus on mobility edges and polarons, deep states in the gap, and excitons. The text also ponders on field-dependent hole and exciton transport in SiO2 and electron emission from SiO2 into vacuum. The publication takes a look at the electronic structures of crystalline and amorphous SiO2; band structures and electronic properties of SiO2; and optical absorption spectrum of SiO2. The text also tackles chemical bond and related properties of SiO2; topological effects on the band structure of silica; and properties of localized SiO2 clusters in layers of disordered silicon on silver. The selection is a good reference for physicists and readers interested in the physics of silicon dioxide.
Technology & Engineering

ICASSP'91

Author: IEEE Signal Processing Society

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3732

View: 151

Science

From Classical to Modern Chemistry

Author: Peter J. T. Morris

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 441

This lavishly illustrated book provides a focal point for any historian of chemistry or chemist with an interest in this fascinating topic.
Academic libraries

Choice

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 934