An Anthropological Perspective and Local Points of View
Author: Aline Sapiezinskas
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Social Science
The aim of this book is to take a fresh look at public policies on historical and cultural heritage, which are currently the topic of much discussion both in academic circles and among a wider public. Brazil was one of the pioneering countries in Latin America in the development of policies on the preservation of historical and cultural heritage and serves as a model for other countries that are now starting to take an interest in preserving their cultural heritage. Anthropological knowledge is constructed on the basis of empirical data obtained during one stage of the research. The research data is analysed using theories from this field of knowledge, while knowledge of a specific type is produced from the encounter between theory and practice. Based on particular aspects, anthropological knowledge can serve to illuminate questions that are more general and can be applied to thinking on problems from different social contexts. Although the knowledge produced here stems from a local reality, it does not only refer to those who live in that area. The processes and practices learned in the field may serve to develop models of interpretation that tend to be more general. Comprehension of the universal illuminates knowledge of a particular reality, or as Bourdieu put it, “the deepest logic of the social world can be grasped only if one plunges into the particularity of an empirical reality, historically located and dated.” This book is an updated version of a research project conducted in Porto Alegre in southern Brazil between 2002 and 2004. It was initially presented as a Master’s thesis in social anthropology at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, where it was awarded the highest possible grade in 2004. It also received an honourable mention in the 2005 Silvio Romero Competition on Theses on Popular Culture, which is sponsored by the National Centre of Popular Culture and the Brazilian Ministry of Culture. Parts of the project were presented and debated in the following years at international anthropology congresses in Brazil, India and South Africa. In order to achieve my objectives, I decided to divide the questions to be explored into two parts. The first part (chapters 1 to 6) consists of a more general summary of the question of historical and cultural heritage in Brazil. I will present a general review of public heritage policies and try to identify the context of the emergence of this concept as we currently know it. I will then discuss the historical context in which the search to identify national historical heritage began to make sense, that is, at the time when the construction of national identity became associated with the modernisation of Brazil. I do not approach modernity as an historical period, but rather as a set of values and practices that influenced the way of perceiving the world and representing oneself in it. Baudelaire’s vision of this point provides a fitting poetic illustration of the proposed viewpoint. However, in tackling the question of modernity and modernism, a debate arises in which the modern and post-modern, or the modernists and post-modernists, clash. I thought it pertinent to describe part of this debate, which forms part of the context of anthropological theory as a concern that remains topical and present in relevant reflections on academic literature on the way we live today. Apart from contextualising the emergence of policies on preserving heritage in Brazil, the more general social context in which such concerns feature on the agenda is important. The context of late modernity, which introduces the debate on modernity or post-modernity, is articulated in the new perceptions of the globalised world, leading to a dialogue between the global and local levels. This dynamic between the global and the local is constantly present, both as a working method in the relationship between the universal and the particular, and in the actual policies on preserving heritage, whose
Author: Scott Ickes
An examination of why Afro-Bahian people are a marginalized racial group despite the fact that Bahia has a majority black population.
Author: Prof. Dr. Lourdes Arizpe Universidad Nacional Autonoma,Cristina Amescua
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A decade after the approval of the UNESCO 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), the concept has gained wide acceptance at the local, national and international levels. Communities are recognizing and celebrating their Intangible Heritage; governments are devoting important efforts to the construction of national inventories; and anthropologists and professionals from different disciplines are forming a new field of study. The ten chapters of this book include the peer-reviewed papers of the First Planning Meeting of the International Social Science Council’s Commission on Research on ICH, which was held at the Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias (UNAM) in Cuernavaca, Mexico in 2012. The papers are based on fieldwork and direct involvement in assessing and reconceptualizing the outcomes of the UNESCO Convention. The report in Appendix 1 highlights the main points raised during the sessions.
Author: Dr Paula Peres,Dr Anabela Mesquita
Publisher: Academic Conferences Limited
Category: Social media
Complete proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Social Media Porto Portugal Published by Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Author: Jane K. Cowan,Marie-B鈋n鈋dicte·Dembour
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Part I: Setting universal rights
A Global Perspective
Author: Phyllis Mauch Messenger,George S. Smith
Category: Social Science
Even as places and objects that have particular cultural significance are increasingly valued in our global world, powerful forces threaten them with destruction. Cultural Heritage Management discusses the efforts of a broad range of contributors devoted to safeguarding our cultural heritage. Editors Phyllis Mauch Messenger and George Smith have brought together an international group of contributors, featuring archaeologists, anthropologists, development specialists, and others engaged in the study, management, protection, and interpretation of places and objects that represent histories, traditions, and cultural identities. From international law to artifact preservation to site interpretation, there is a wide variety of approaches to the management of our cultural heritage. Combining the voices of scholars and practitioners, the book provides a much-needed diversity of voices and perspectives from people steeped in the issues that directly affect the future of the past.
A New History of Race and Music in Brazil
Author: Marc A. Hertzman
Publisher: Duke University Press
In November 1916, a young Afro-Brazilian musician named Donga registered sheet music for the song "Pelo telefone" ("On the Telephone") at the National Library in Rio de Janeiro. This apparently simple act—claiming ownership of a musical composition—set in motion a series of events that would shake Brazil's cultural landscape. Before the debut of "Pelo telephone," samba was a somewhat obscure term, but by the late 1920s, the wildly popular song had helped to make it synonymous with Brazilian national music. The success of "Pelo telephone" embroiled Donga in controversy. A group of musicians claimed that he had stolen their work, and a prominent journalist accused him of selling out his people in pursuit of profit and fame. Within this single episode are many of the concerns that animate Making Samba, including intellectual property claims, the Brazilian state, popular music, race, gender, national identity, and the history of Afro-Brazilians in Rio de Janeiro. By tracing the careers of Rio's pioneering black musicians from the late nineteenth century until the 1970s, Marc A. Hertzman revises the histories of samba and of Brazilian national culture.
Author: James Clifford
Publisher: Prickly Paradigm Press
Category: Social Science
Since the publication of Person and Myth: Maurice Leenhardt in the Melanesian World, James Clifford has become one of anthropology's most important interlocutors. A key figure in theory and criticism, he has written seminal essays on topics ranging from art and identity to museum studies and fieldwork. This collection of interviews captures Clifford in exchanges with his critics in Brazil, Hawaii, Japan, the United Kingdom, and Portugal, offering a set of provocative reflections on an intellectual career in transformation.
Publisher: OECD Publishing
This publication highlights the impact of culture on local economies and the methodological issues related to its identification.
A Scandinavian Perspective
Author: Lisbeth Lindeborg,Lars Lindkvist
Category: Business & Economics
In this new volume, 28 Scandinavian researchers and others who are active in arts and culture seek to answer the questions: What has been the effect of regional and local investment in arts and culture? And what positive and negative experiences have there been? This book describes and analyzes the extent to which cultural investments at local and regional levels have stimulated development and led to essential processes of change for the community in general. Of special interest is how different places manage to "turn the tide". What do their development processes involve? Which ways and means do they use to go forward in order to change their paths and start anew? These are just a few of the important questions addressed in this book. One of the most important findings is that while you can never transfer the successful renewal of one place to another like a blueprint, certain common patterns in the cultural processes are discernible. The contributors to this book show the breadth of theoretical tools that can be used to increase awareness of the significance of culture for regional development. Throughout the book readers will find a multitude of theoretical concepts, from entrepreneurship theory, organizational institutionalism and cultural economy, to cultural planning and art management. This book will appeal to scholars and practitioners of urban and regional studies, and cultural and creative economics.
Health Crises in a Transitional Society
Author: Richard L. Guerrant,M. Auxiliadora de Souza,Marilyn K. Nations
Category: Political Science
"Based on the firsthand experiences of a diverse team of physicians, anthropologists, nutritionists, epidemiologists, physiologists and parasitologists, all working over the last fifteen years in the research laboratory and in the field in both rural and urban impoverished communities in Brazil's vibrant but disparately poor Northeast, the authors of this book synthesize an approach to solving the health crises that challenge us to harness technological advances for the benefit of mankind. They point out the necessity of addressing the health crises of the disadvantaged as the only effective means of controlling the population explosion without violating fundamental human rights. They note the unique opportunities that a focus on health provides for addressing the key issues of development that transcend geographic and ideologic boundaries." "This book will appeal to a wide range of readers concerned with health in developing areas throughout the world. The anthropologist will learn about public health and epidemiology of tropical infectious diseases; the health professional and medical researcher will learn the importance of working in a culturally sensitive manner with existing practitioners and perceptions; and the economist will learn the issues that are key to health in 80 percent of the world's rapidly growing population who lived in the tropical, developing world. The health crises at the edge of development in Brazil's Northeast hold profound lessons for both developed and developing countries as we convulse into the 21st century, trying to bridge technology with a genuine improvement in the human condition around the world."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Urban Violence and Daily Life
Author: R. Ben Penglase
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Category: Social Science
The residents of Caxambu, a squatter neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, live in a state of insecurity as they face urban violence. Living with Insecurity in a Brazilian Favela examines how inequality, racism, drug trafficking, police brutality, and gang activities affect the daily lives of the people of Caxambu. Some Brazilians see these communities, known as favelas, as centers of drug trafficking that exist beyond the control of the state and threaten the rest of the city. For other Brazilians, favelas are symbols of economic inequality and racial exclusion. Ben Penglase’s ethnography goes beyond these perspectives to look at how the people of Caxambu themselves experience violence. Although the favela is often seen as a war zone, the residents are linked to each other through bonds of kinship and friendship. In addition, residents often take pride in homes and public spaces that they have built and used over generations. Penglase notes that despite poverty, their lives are not completely defined by illegal violence or deprivation. He argues that urban violence and a larger context of inequality create a social world that is deeply contradictory and ambivalent. The unpredictability and instability of daily experiences result in disagreements and tensions, but the residents also experience their neighborhood as a place of social intimacy. As a result, the social world of the neighborhood is both a place of danger and safety.
the Black experience in the Americas
Author: Colin A. Palmer,Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
Contains primary source material.
Readings in Cultural Anthropology
Author: James P. Spradley,David W. McCurdy
Publisher: Jill Potash
Category: Social Science
Demonstrate the nature of culture and its influence on people's lives. For over 40 years, the best-selling Conformity and Conflict has brought together original readings and cutting edge research alongside classic works as a powerful way to study human behavior and events. Its readings cover a broad range of theoretical perspectives and demonstrate basic anthropological concepts. The Fourteenth Edition incorporates successful articles from past editions and fresh ideas from the field to show fascinating perspectives on the human experience. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning - MyAnthroLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking - Articles, article introductions and review questions encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more! Engage Students - Section parts, key terms, maps, a glossary and subject index all spark student interest and illustrate the reader's main points with examples and visuals from daily life. Support Instructors - Teaching your course just got easier! You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor's Manual, Electronic “MyTest” Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides. Additionally, Conformity and Conflict's part introductions parallel the basic concepts taught in introductory courses – which allow the book to be used alone as a reader or in conjunction with a main text. Note: MyAnthroLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyAnthroLab, please visit www.MyAnthroLab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyAnthroLab (at no additional cost): VP ISBN-10: 0205176011/ISBN-13: 9780205176014
Author: Michelle L. Stefano,Peter Davis,Gerard Corsane
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Category: Social Science
Wide-ranging essays on intangible cultural heritage, with a focus on its negotiation, its value, and how to protect it.