Author: M. G. Myriam Hunink,Milton C. Weinstein,Eve Wittenberg,Michael F. Drummond,Joseph S. Pliskin,John B. Wong,Paul P. Glasziou
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Decision making in health care involves consideration of a complex set of diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic uncertainties. Medical therapies have side effects, surgical interventions may lead to complications, and diagnostic tests can produce misleading results. Furthermore, patient values and service costs must be considered. Decisions in clinical and health policy require careful weighing of risks and benefits and are commonly a trade-off of competing objectives: maximizing quality of life vs maximizing life expectancy vs minimizing the resources required. This text takes a proactive, systematic and rational approach to medical decision making. It covers decision trees, Bayesian revision, receiver operating characteristic curves, and cost-effectiveness analysis, as well as advanced topics such as Markov models, microsimulation, probabilistic sensitivity analysis and value of information analysis. It provides an essential resource for trainees and researchers involved in medical decision modelling, evidence-based medicine, clinical epidemiology, comparative effectiveness, public health, health economics, and health technology assessment.
Business & Economics by Corinna Sorenson,Michael Drummond,Panos Kanavos
This report addresses the concepts and controversy surrounding health technology assessment in Europe, with a particular focus on selected Member States including Sweden, the Netherlands, Finland, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. It is intended to identify and address current considerations regarding HTA methodological and process issues related to the prioritization and financing of modern health care. In particular, it describes the processes and challenges for identifying and prioritizing assessments; assesses and compares current assessment methods and procedures; and highlights the barriers to effective implementation. The report also ascertains the roles and terms of engagement of key stakeholders, and captures the opportunities and challenges for the use of HTA guidance in general priority-setting, decision-making and health-care provision.
Author: Jennifer L. Wiler,Jesse M. Pines,Michael J. Ward
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Access to acute and emergency care is essential when we are ill or injured, but the costs are significant. How can we make services more efficient and effective? This thought-provoking text provides twenty case studies detailing successful innovations to enhance value, including telehealth, observation medicine, high utilizer programs, and the use of informatics to improve clinical decision support. A detailed history of system developments over the last fifty years in the US and internationally is provided, and subjects including measurement and quality improvement, volume versus value based care, and emergency department crowding are discussed. This book is an ideal way for emergency physicians and healthcare managers to explore new ideas and enhance the quality of care in their area.
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In social work, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Social Work, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of social work. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
In the four pages committed to a discussion of myocardial infarction in the first edition of Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, published in 1950, there was no mention of use of the laboratory for management of patients. Thirty years later, when the first edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease, A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine was published, 2 out of the 1943 pages in the text contained a discussion of the laboratory examinations in acute myocardial infarction. Our knowledge base of the multitude of ways that physicians can and should use the clinical chemistry laboratory has expanded dramatically since these classic texts were published. The nomenclature has changed: terms such as “cardiac enzymes” have given way to “cardiac biomarkers. ” The number of assays has multiplied, and the operating characteristics of available assays are impr- ing at a gratifying but dizzying rate. We now use biomarkers to diagnose cardiovascular diseases and also to frame our treatment strategies. Thus, there is a clear need for a scholarly compilation of the state of the art of cardiac biomarkers. Dr. David Morrow has expertly edited an authoritative book that answers this need. The 34 chapters in Cardiovascular Biomarkers: Pathophysiology and Disease Mana- ment were written by a group of individuals who are internationally recognized thought leaders and experts in clinical and laboratory medicine.
Now in its Sixth Edition, this foremost leadership and management text incorporates application with theory and emphasizes critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making. More than 225 case studies and learning exercises promote critical thinking and interactive discussion. Case studies cover a variety of settings, including acute care, ambulatory care, long-term care, and community health. The book addresses timely issues such as leadership development, staffing, delegation, ethics and law, organizational, political, and personal power, management and technology, and more. Web links and learning exercises appear in each chapter. An Instructor's CD-ROM includes a testbank and PowerPoint slides.
Medical by José María Carrera,Luis Cabero,Roman Baraibar
Author: Maurice B. Line,Graham Mackenzie,Paul Sturges
Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company
Librarianship and Information Work Worldwide is an annual review of the year's most significant work in the field's literature. Writing on all types of libraries, the contributors emphasize events in Europe, Australia, Japan, the U.S., and Canada, although significant progress in other countries will also be covered. Topics include library and information science in context; national libraries; academic, public and special libraries; collections; rare books and special collections; health services information; research and consultancy; staff management; South Asia.
Max Weber: Wissenschaft als Beruf Erstdruck als erster Vortrag in: »Geistige Arbeit als Beruf«. Vier Vorträge vor dem Freistudentischen Bund, München und Leipzig (Duncker und Humblot) 1919. Der Aufsatz basiert auf einem Vortrag, den Max Weber am 7. November 1917 im Rahmen einer vom Freistudentischen Bund, Landesverband Bayern veranstalteten Vortragsreihe »Geistige Arbeit als Beruf« im Kunstsaal der Münchner Buchhandlung Steinicke gehalten hat. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.