Democracy in Iran

Author: Misagh Parsa

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545044

Category: History

Page: 406

View: 4134

In Misagh Parsa’s view, the outlook for democracy in Iran is stark. Gradual reforms will not be sufficient for real change: the government must fundamentally rethink its commitment to the role of religion in politics and civic life. For Iran to democratize, the options are narrowing to a single path: another revolution.

Democracy in Iran

History and the Quest for Liberty

Author: Ali Gheissair,Vali Nasr,Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195396960

Category: History

Page: 214

View: 7721

Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. President George W. Bush labeled it part of the "Axis of Evil," and rails against the country's authoritarian leadership. Yet as Bush trumpets the spread of democracy throughout the Middle East, few note that Iran has one of the longest-running experiences with democracy in the region. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an in-depth analysis of the prospects for democracy to flourish there. After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution, and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce a genuine and indigenous democratic movement in the Muslim world. Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to authoritarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906. Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state. Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible?


a century of struggle against authoritarian rule

Author: Fakhreddin AZIMI,Fakhreddin Azimi

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020367

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 9753


Democracy in Modern Iran

Islam, Culture, and Political Change

Author: Ali Mirsepassi

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814763448

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 5870

Can Islamic societies embrace democracy? In Democracy in Modern Iran, Ali Mirsepassi maintains that it is in fact possible, demonstrating that Islam is not inherently hostile to the idea of democracy. Rather, he provides new perspective on how such a political and social transformation could take place, arguing that the key to understanding the integration of Islam and democracy lies in concrete social institutions rather than pre-conceived ideas, every day experiences rather than abstract theories. Mirsepassi, an Iranian native, provides a rare inside look into the country, offering a deep understanding of how Islamic countries like Iran and Iraq can and will embrace democracy. This essential volume contributes important insights to current discussions, creating a more complex conception of modernity in the Eastern world and, with it, Mirsepassi offers to a broad Western audience a more accurate, less clichd vision of Iran's political reality. Ali Mirsepassi is Professor of Middle Eastern Studies and Sociology at New York University and author of Intellectual Discourses and Politics of Modernization: Negotiating Modernity in Iran.
Political Science

The Road to Democracy in Iran

Author: Akbar Ganji

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262260743

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 3148

Akbar Ganji, called by some "Iran's most famous dissident," was a member of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. But, troubled by the regime's repressive nature, he became an investigative journalist in the 1990s, writing for Iran's pro-democracy newspapers. Most notably, he traced the murders of dissident intellectuals to Iran's secret service. In 2000 Ganji was arrested, sentenced to six years in prison, and banned from working as a journalist. His eighty-day hunger strike during his last year in prison mobilized the international human rights community. The Road to Democracy in Iran, Ganji's first book in English, demonstrates his lifelong commitment to human rights and democracy. A passionate call for universal human rights and the right to democracy from a Muslim perspective, it lays out the goals and means of Iran's democracy movement, why women's rights trump some interpretations of Islamic law, and how the West can help promote democracy in Iran (he strongly opposes U.S. intervention) and other Islamic countries. Throughout the book Ganji argues consistently for universal rights based on our common humanity (and he believes the world's religions support that idea). But his arguments never veer into abstraction; they are rooted deeply in the realities of life in Islamic countries, and offer a clear picture of the possibilities for and obstacles to improving human rights and promoting democracy in the Muslim world. Since his release from prison in March 2006, Akbar Ganji has been traveling outside Iran, meeting with intellectuals and activists in the international human rights community. He is currently living in the United States."Ganji goes beyond religion, ethnicity, or nationality in recognizing universality of concepts such as democracy and human rights. Thus he brings Iran back to the world, allying himself with democratic elements in his country no matter what their creed, and drawing freely upon the writings of democratic thinkers in the West."--Azar Nafisi, author of Reading Lolita in Tehran
Political Science

Winds of Change

The Furture of Democracy in Iran

Author: Reza Pahlavi

Publisher: Regnery Publishing

ISBN: 9780895261915

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 8726

Forced to become a normal citizen, the exiled son of the late shah of Iran attempts to provide understanding and direction for his country and its people.
Political Science

Democracy in Iran

Author: R. Jahanbegloo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137330171

Category: Political Science

Page: 109

View: 9432

Democratic government is something that has eluded Iran despite a series of non-violent revolutions aimed at establishing a system of governance that would promote both public freedom and political accountability. This explores the obstacles to the growth of democracy in Iran and posits a plan for non-violent action to help Iranians achieve it.
Political Science


Rogue, Reckless and Renegade: How the Government is Stealing Democracy One Agency at a Time

Author: Jay Sekulow

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501123084

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3800

"Updated with two new chapters" --Cover.
Political Science

Islam and Democracy in Iran

Eshkevari and the Quest for Reform

Author: Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari,Ziba Mir-Hosseini,Richard Tapper

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845111335

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 5909

Hasan Yousefi Eshkevari is a former revolutionary and reformer who became one of the Islamic Republic's outspoken critics. In presenting a selection of his writings, this book reveals a trajectory of dissent common to Islamic nations and makes a contribution to our understanding of the social and political issues confronting the Muslim world.
Political Science

Civil Society and Democracy in Iran

Author: Ramin Jahanbegloo

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739172239

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 4653

The book is focused on the work of Iranian civil society and the process of democratization in Iran. All contributors in this volume develop and discuss these issues with an eye on the political evolution of today’s ran. The book will of a great interest to students, specialists and researchers in different fields such as comparative politics, international affairs, Iranian studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Drugs, Deviancy and Democracy in Iran

The Interaction of State and Civil Society

Author: Janne Bjerre Christensen

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848856393

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3976

Explores the mounting problems of drug use in Iran, how treatment became legalized in 1998, how local NGOs offer methadone treatment in Tehran and face continuous political challenges in doing so, and how drug use is critically discussed in Iranian media and cinema.--From publisher description.
Political Science

The Ayatollahs' Democracy: An Iranian Challenge

Author: Hooman Majd

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393080390

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7877

"One of America's most astute revealers of Iranian culture and identity."-Reza Aslan, The Atlantic Hailed as one of the year's best foreign policy books, Hooman Majd's latest offers dramatic perspective on a country with global ambitions, an elaborate political culture, and policies with enormous implications for world peace. Drawing on privileged access to the Iranian power elite, Majd "gives a harrowing description of the aftermath of the 2009 presidential elections in Iran" (Haleh Esfandiari). This "nimble take on Iran's fraught political landscape" (Kirkus Reviews) "sounds a dire warning to those in the West who want a democratic Iran. . . . Let us hope the President is listening" (Reza Aslan, The Atlantic).
Social Science

Democracy and Constitutional Politics in Iran

A Weberian Analysis

Author: Farshad Malek-Ahmadi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137413948

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 2690

An inquisitive socio-historical analysis of the long road Iran has traveled in quest of constitutionalism and democracy. The book explicates the paradox that after over a hundred years of struggle for freedom, the Iranian people currently have less of it than they did a hundred years ago at this time.
Social Science

The Iranian Political Language

From the Late Nineteenth Century to the Present

Author: Yadullah Shahibzadeh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137536837

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 9298

In this detailed study of modern Iran, Yadullah Shahibzadeh examines changes in people's understanding of politics and democracy. The book aims to overcome the shortcomings of traditional historiography by challenging the monopoly of intellectuals' perspectives and demonstrating the intellectual and political agency of the ordinary people.
Political Science

Democracy and the Nature of American Influence in Iran, 1941-1979

Author: David R. Collier

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815653972

Category: Political Science

Page: 417

View: 9037

Collier presents a timely and fresh reexamination of one of the most important bilateral relationships of the last century. He delves deeply into the American desire to promote democracy in Iran from the 1940s through the early 1960s and examines the myriad factors that contributed to their success in exerting a powerful influence on Iranian politics. By creating a framework to understand the efficacy of external pressure, Collier explains how the United States later relinquished this control during the 1960s and 1970s. During this time, the shah emerged as a dominant and effective political operator who took advantage of waning American influence to assert his authority. Collier reveals how this shifting power dynamic transformed the former client-patron relationship into one approaching equality.


The Crisis of Democracy

Author: Fakhreddin Azimi

Publisher: N.A


Category: Iran

Page: 433

View: 8631

Literary Collections

Iranian Writers Uncensored

Freedom, Democracy and the Word in Contemporary Iran

Author: Shiva Rahbaran,Nilou Mobasser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781564786883

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 303

View: 9073

As poet Mohammad Hoghooghi says, “[Writing] constitutes resistance. Because, in any age, the poet has been a protestor of a kind; resisting the thought-molds of the day. However, this protest might be political, it might be social, or it might even be philosophical. At any rate, the artist is at odds with the prevalent conduct and thinking of his age; this has always been the case.” The 1979 Revolution in Iran was meant to bring freedom, hope, and prosperity to an oppressed people, but the reality is well known—the poets and writers interviewed by Shiva Rahbaran speak instead of humiliation, despotism, war, and poverty. These interviews with poets and writers still living and working in Iran demonstrate their belief that literature's value is in opening spaces of awareness in the minds of the reader—and pockets of freedom in society.
Social Science

Iran and the Challenge of Diversity

Islamic Fundamentalism, Aryanist Racism, and Democratic Struggles

Author: A. Asgharzadeh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230604889

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 6450

This interrogates the racist construction of Aria and Aryanism in an Iranian context, arguing that these concepts gave the Indo-European speaking Persian ethnic group an advantage over Iran's non-Persian nationalities and communities.

Revolution in Iran

The Transition to Democracy

Author: Omid Souresrafil

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745317434

Category: Iran

Page: 224

View: 1555

Is Iran a pariah state, or simply a misunderstood nation, undergoing a programme of modernization within its own traditions? This work examines the current role of Iran in the international arena, and particularly within the Middle East. Written from an insider's perspective, the text demystifies the complicated political history of a country that has evolved from a totalitarian regime to a democratic state founded on the popular vote of its people. After many centuries of oppression under tyrannical monarchies, the revolution gave the public the chance to voice their opinion for the first time. Their vote for an Islamic Republic led, in turn, to the remarkable election of Mohammad Khatami in 1997, with its incredible 20 million turnout, in the face of formidable opposition from traditionalist opponents. Examining the political and social changes within Iranian society from a historical perspective, this work goes on to look in detail at internal affairs since Khatami's election, and the ongoing political struggle between traditionalists and modernists.

Revolutionary Iran

A History of the Islamic Republic

Author: Michael Axworthy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199322279

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 3793

In Revolutionary Iran, Michael Axworthy guides us through recent Iranian history from shortly before the 1979 Islamic revolution through the summer of 2009, when Iranians poured into the streets of Tehran by the hundreds of thousands, demanding free, democratic government. Axworthy explains how that outpouring of support for an end to tyranny in Iran paused and then moved on to other areas in the region like Egypt and Libya, leaving Iran's leadership unchanged. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a defining moment of the modern era. Its success unleashed a wave of Islamist fervor across the Middle East and signaled a sharp decline in the appeal of Western ideologies in the Islamic world. Axworthy takes readers through the major periods in Iranian history over the last thirty years: the overthrow of the old regime and the creation of the new one; the Iran-Iraq war; the reconstruction era following the war; the reformist wave led by Mohammed Khatami; and the present day, in which reactionaries have re-established control. Throughout, he emphasizes that the Iranian revolution was centrally important in modern history because it provided the world with a clear model of development that was not rooted in Western ideologies. Whereas the world's major revolutions of the previous two centuries had been fuelled by Western, secular ideologies, the Iranian Revolution drew its inspiration from Islam. Revolutionary Iran is both richly textured and from one of the leading authorities on the region; combining an expansive scope with the most accessible and definitive account of this epoch in all its humanity.