Social Science

Democratic Professionalism

Citizen Participation and the Reconstruction of Professional Ethics, Identity, and Practice

Author: Albert W. Dzur

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271033320

Category: Social Science

Page: 281

View: 9163

Proposes an approach called "democratic professionalism" to build bridges between specialists in domains like law, medicine, and journalism and the lay public in such a way as to enable and enhance broader public engagement with and deliberation about major social issues.
Political Science

Reconsidering the Democratic Public

Author: George E. Marcus,Russell L. Hanson

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271042923

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4302

Business & Economics

America’s Culture of Professionalism

Past, Present, and Prospects

Author: D. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113733715X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 1513

America's Culture of Professionalism proves an emerging culture of interdependence is possible if and when enough professionals and laypersons refashion their roles and relationships having both something to contribute and something to learn from each other.
Political Science

We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For

The Promise of Civic Renewal in America

Author: Peter Levine

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199371296

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 596

Chronic unemployment, deindustrialized cities, and mass incarceration are among the grievous social problems that will not yield unless American citizens address them. Peter Levine's We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For is a primer for anyone motivated to help revive our fragile civic life and restore citizens' public role. After offering a novel theory of active citizenship, a diagnosis of its decline, and a searing critique of our political institutions, Levine-one of America's most influential civic engagement activists-argues that American citizens must address our most challenging issues. People can change the norms and structures of their own communities through deliberative civic action. He illustrates rich and effective civic work by drawing lessons from YouthBuild USA, Everyday Democracy, the Industrial Areas Foundation, and many other civic groups. Their organizers invite all citizens-including traditionally marginalized people, such as low-income teenagers-to address community problems. Levine explores successful efforts from communities across America as well as from democracies overseas. He shows how cities like Bridgeport, CT and Allentown, PA have bounced back from the devastating loss of manufacturing jobs by drawing on robust civic networks. The next step is for the participants in these local efforts to change policies that frustrate civic engagement nationally. Filled with trenchant analysis and strategies for reform, We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For analyzes and advocates a new citizen-centered politics capable of tackling problems that cannot be fixed in any other way.
History

Breeding Better Vermonters

The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State

Author: Nancy L. Gallagher

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9780874519525

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 8672

The disturbing story of eugenics in Vermont and the dark side of progressive social reform.
Education

Longing for Justice

Higher Education and Democracy's Agenda

Author: Jennifer S. Simpson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442619678

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 3017

A timely and persuasive argument for Higher Education’s obligations to our democratic society, Longing for Justice combines personal narrative with critical analysis to make the case for educational practices that connect to questions of democracy, justice, and the common good. Jennifer S. Simpson begins with three questions. First, what is the nature of the social contract that universities have with public life? Second, how might this social contract shape undergraduate education? And third, how do specific approaches to knowledge and undergraduate education inform how students understand society? In a bold challenge to conventional wisdom about Higher Education, Simpson argues that today’s neoliberal educational norms foreground abstract concepts and leave the complications of real life, especially the intricacies of power, unexamined. Analysing modern teaching techniques, including service learning and civic engagement, Simpson concludes that for Higher Education to serve democracy it must strengthen students’ abilities to critically analyse social issues, recognize and challenge social inequities, and pursue justice.
Law

Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury

Author: Albert W. Dzur

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199874093

Category: Law

Page: 221

View: 8213

Focusing democratic theory on the pressing issue of punishment, Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury argues for participatory institutional designs as antidotes to the American penal state. Citizen action in institutions like the jury and restorative justice programs can foster the attunement, reflectiveness, and full-bodied communication needed as foundations for widespread civic responsibility for criminal justice.
Political Science

Rebuilding Public Institutions Together

Professionals and Citizens in a Participatory Democracy

Author: Albert W. Dzur

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501721992

Category: Political Science

Page: 92

View: 5721

Language Arts & Disciplines

Challenges of Ordinary Democracy

A Case Study in Deliberation and Dissent

Author: Karen Tracy

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271036907

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 6938

"Analyzes the practice and meanings of democratic decision making through an extended case study of school board meetings in one western U.S. community. Argues that for communication conduct in local governance bodies, reasonable hostility is a more promising ideal than civility"--Provided by publisher.
Political Science

The Time of Popular Sovereignty

Process and the Democratic State

Author: Paulina Ochoa Espejo

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027107454X

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 914

Democracy is usually conceived as based on self-rule or rule by the people, and it is this which is taken to ground the legitimacy of the democratic form of government. But who constitutes the people? Democratic political theory has a potentially fatal weakness at its core unless it can answer this question satisfactorily. In The Time of Popular Sovereignty, Paulina Ochoa Espejo examines the problems the concept of the people raises for liberal democratic theory, constitutional theory, and critical theory. She argues that to solve these problems, the people cannot be conceived as simply a collection of individuals. Rather, the people should be seen as a series of events, an ongoing process unfolding in time. She then offers a new theory of democratic peoplehood, laying the foundations for a new theory of democratic legitimacy.
Political Science

Empowered Participation

Reinventing Urban Democracy

Author: Archon Fung

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400835638

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4540

Every month in every neighborhood in Chicago, residents, teachers, school principals, and police officers gather to deliberate about how to improve their schools and make their streets safer. Residents of poor neighborhoods participate as much or more as those from wealthy ones. All voices are heard. Since the meetings began more than a dozen years ago, they have led not only to safer streets but also to surprising improvements in the city's schools. Chicago's police department and school system have become democratic urban institutions unlike any others in America. Empowered Participation is the compelling chronicle of this unprecedented transformation. It is the first comprehensive empirical analysis of the ways in which participatory democracy can be used to effect social change. Using city-wide data and six neighborhood case studies, the book explores how determined Chicago residents, police officers, teachers, and community groups worked to banish crime and transform a failing city school system into a model for educational reform. The author's conclusion: Properly designed and implemented institutions of participatory democratic governance can spark citizen involvement that in turn generates innovative problem-solving and public action. Their participation makes organizations more fair and effective. Though the book focuses on Chicago's municipal agencies, its lessons are applicable to many American cities. Its findings will prove useful not only in the fields of education and law enforcement, but also to sectors as diverse as environmental regulation, social service provision, and workforce development.
Political Science

Deepening Democracy

Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance

Author: Archon Fung,Erik Olin Wright

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859846889

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 7578

Volume IV of the Real Utopias Project. Contributions by Rebecca Abers, Gianpaolo Baiocchi, Joshua Cohen, Patrick Heller, T.M. Thomas Isaac, Bradley Karkkainen, Rebecca Krantz, Jane Mansbridge, Joel Rogers, Craig W. Thomas.
Academic libraries

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 7423

Social Science

Engaging Contradictions

Theory, Politics, and Methods of Activist Scholarship

Author: Charles R. Hale

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520098617

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 3584

Scholars in many fields increasingly find themselves caught between the academy, with its demands for rigor and objectivity, and direct engagement in social activism. Some advocate on behalf of the communities they study; others incorporate the knowledge and leadership of their informants directly into the process of knowledge production. What ethical, political, and practical tensions arise in the course of such work? In this wide-ranging and multidisciplinary volume, leading scholar-activists map the terrain on which political engagement and academic rigor meet. Contributors: Ruth Wilson Gilmore, Edmund T. Gordon, Davydd Greenwood, Joy James, Peter Nien-chu Kiang, George Lipsitz, Samuel Martínez, Jennifer Bickham Mendez, Dani Nabudere, Jessica Gordon Nembhard, Jemima Pierre, Laura Pulido, Shannon Speed, Shirley Suet-ling Tang, João Vargas
Crime prevention

Democratic Theory and Mass Incarceration

Author: Richard Sparks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190243090

Category: Crime prevention

Page: 360

View: 6452

The United States leads the world in incarceration, and the United Kingdom is persistently one of the European countries with the highest per capita rates of imprisonment. Yet despite its increasing visibility as a social issue, mass incarceration - and its inconsistency with core democratic ideals - rarely surfaces in contemporary Anglo-American political theory. Democratic Theory and Mass Incarceration seeks to overcome this puzzling disconnect by deepening the dialogue between democratic theory and punishment policy. This collection of original essays initiates a multi-disciplinary discussion among philosophers, political theorists, and criminologists regarding ways in which contemporary democratic theory might begin to think beyond mass incarceration. Rather than viewing punishment as a natural reaction to crime and imprisonment as a sensible outgrowth of this reaction, the volume argues that crime and punishment are institutions that reveal unmet demands for public oversight and democratic influence. Chapters explore theoretical paths towards de-carceration and alternatives to prison, suggest ways in which democratic theory can strengthen recent reform movements, and offer creative alternatives to mass incarceration. Democratic Theory and Mass Incarceration offers guideposts for critical thinking about incarceration, examining ways to rebuild crime control institutions and create a healthier, more just society.
Electronic journals

History of Political Thought

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 1493

Education

Knowledge for Social Change

Bacon, Dewey, and the Revolutionary Transformation of Research Universities in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Ira Harkavy,Lee Benson,Matthew Hartley,Rita A. Hodges

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1439915199

Category: Education

Page: 210

View: 3583

Employing history, social theory, and a detailed contemporary case study, Knowledge for Social Change argues for fundamentally reshaping research universities to function as democratic, civic, and community-engaged institutions dedicated to advancing learning and knowledge for social change. The authors focus on significant contributions to learning made by Francis Bacon, Benjamin Franklin, Seth Low, Jane Addams, William Rainey Harper, and John Dewey—as well as their own work at Penn’s Netter Center for Community Partnerships—to help create and sustain democratically-engaged colleges and universities for the public good. Knowledge for Social Change highlights university-assisted community schools to effect a thoroughgoing change of research universities that will contribute to more democratic schools, communities, and societies. The authors also call on democratic-minded academics to create and sustain a global movement dedicated to advancing learning for the “relief of man’s estate”—an iconic phrase by Francis Bacon that emphasized the continued betterment of the human condition—and to realize Dewey’s vision of an organic “Great Community” composed of participatory, democratic, collaborative, and interdependent societies.
Education

Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases

Author: Charles E. Harris, Jr.,Michael S. Pritchard,Michael J. Rabins,Ray James,Elaine Englehardt

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 133767074X

Category: Education

Page: 50

View: 3106

Packed with examples pulled straight from recent headlines, ENGINEERING ETHICS, Sixth Edition, helps engineers understand the importance of their conduct as professionals as well as reflect on how their actions can affect the health, safety and welfare of the public and the environment. Numerous case studies give readers plenty of hands-on experience grappling with modern-day ethical dilemmas, while the book's proven and structured method for analysis walks readers step by step through ethical problem-solving techniques. It also offers practical application of the Engineering Code of Ethics and thorough coverage of critical moral reasoning, effective organizational communication, sustainability and economic development, risk management, ethical responsibilities, globalized standards for engineering and emerging challenges relating to evolving technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.