While numerous books are available on remediation systems, this is the first work to document and explain in full the design aspects of the subject. Based on sound engineering principles and practical construction considerations, this text explains the entire process of remediation design, from assessment to completion, and provides engineers with the tools they need to conduct a pilot test, apply the results, and design a practical, efficient system. Design of Remediation Systems first establishes the underlying principles behind each technology, then outlines the standard procedures for designing a system. This comprehensive manual explains feasibility and pilot tests, data evaluation, design considerations and parameters, calculations and equations, and construction aspects of the system. Also featured are discussions of the operation and maintenance of systems, and analysis of current trends, such as combining soil vapor extraction with air sparging. Detailed case study examples are included in each chapter. The book considers petroleum hydrocarbons as the primary contaminant, but the principles and procedures can be applied to a wide range of other contaminants. This hands-on text/reference presents a complete picture of remediation system design for engineers, students, and scientists. No other single work offers the thorough coverage of this critical aspect of remediation.
Building on the success of bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies, Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems explores remediation techniques that use the beneficial effects provided by Mother Nature. Written by a leader in the industry, the book provides state-of-the-art information on natural and enhanced remediation techniques such as monitored natural attenuation, in situ reactive zones, bio-augmentation, in situ chemical oxidation, phytoremediation, constructed wetlands, and engineered phyto-covers. It contrasts the new paradigms in remediation with the conventional remedies of the past two decades. It addresses theoretical and design aspects and includes case studies that illustrate implementation and performance details. The appendixes contain substantial information and data usually found scattered in many different books and research papers, making Natural and Enhanced Remediation Systems a comprehensive resource on cutting-edge remediation technologies.
By combining integrated solid waste management with the traditional coverage of landfills, this new edition offers the first comprehensive guide to managing the entire solid waste cycle, from collection, to recycling, to eventual disposal. * Includes new material on source reduction, recycling, composting, contamination soil remediation, incineration, and medical waste management. * Presents up-to-date chapters on bioreactor landfills, wetland mitigation, and landfill remediation. * Offers comprehensive coverage of the role of geotechnical engineering in a wide variety of environmental issues.
Science by Suthan S. Suthersan,John Horst,Matthew Schnobrich,Nicklaus Welty,Jeff McDonough
Author: Suthan S. Suthersan,John Horst,Matthew Schnobrich,Nicklaus Welty,Jeff McDonough
Publisher: CRC Press
Remediation engineering has evolved and advanced from the stage of being a sub-discipline of environmental engineering into its own engineering discipline supporting the growth of a global industry. This fully-updated second edition will capture the fundamental advancements that have taken place during the last two decades, within the sub-disciplines that form the foundation of the remediation engineering platform. The book will cover the entire spectrum of current technologies that are being employed in this industry, and will also touch on future trends and how practitioners should anticipate and adapt to those needs.
9th International Conference, Kes 2005, Melbourne, Australia, September 14-16, 2005, Proceedings
Author: Rajiv Khosla,Robert J. Howlett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The four volume set LNAI 3681, LNAI 3682, LNAI 3683, and LNAI 3684 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2005, held in Melbourne, Australia in September 2005. The 716 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from nearly 1400 submissions. The papers present a wealth of original research results from the field of intelligent information processing in the broadest sense. The second volume contains papers on machine learning, immunity-based systems, medical diagnosis, intelligent hybrid systems and control, emotional intelligence and smart systems, context-aware evolvable systems, intelligent fuzzy systems and control, knowledge representation and its practical application in today's society, approaches and methods into security engineering, communicative intelligence, intelligent watermarking algorithms and applications, intelligent techniques and control, e-learning and ICT, logic based intelligent information systems, intelligent agents and their applications, innovations in intelligent agents, ontologies and the semantic web, knowledge discovery in data streams, computational intelligence tools techniques and algorithms, watermarking applications, multimedia retrieval, soft computing approach to industrial engineering, and experience management and information systems.
In Situ Remediation Engineering provides a comprehensive guide to the design and implementation of reactive zone methods for treatment of all major classes of groundwater contamination. It teaches the fundamentals that underlie development of cost-effective reactive zone strategies, guides the selection of cost-effective remedial strategies and provides environmental engineers and scientists with tools to achieve optimal deployment of source area, reactive barrier, and site-wide treatments. It offers extensive coverage of remedial system operation, discussing reagent injection strategies, interpretation of process monitoring results for biological and chemical reactive zone systems, and impacts of treatment processes on aquifer hydraulic characteristics.
Author: Fred C. Payne,Joseph A. Quinnan,Scott T. Potter
Publisher: CRC Press
In situ treatments involving the arrangement of contact between prospective reactants in complex porous media require a refined understanding of solute migration. However, the tools and methods used to predict and control fluid movement in the subsurface need significant improvement. Practitioners and regulators must develop novel methods to achieve an advanced understanding of treatment mechanisms. Remediation Hydraulics addresses the need to predict and control fluid movement in the subsurface. It demonstrates how to conduct realistic assessments of contaminant plume structure and achieve contact between injected reagents and target compounds. The book describes both the advection-dispersion and continuous random walk theories of mass transport as well as explains the practical implications of each theory in remedial system design. In addition, it devotes an entire section to the development of conceptual site models and hydrostratigraphic characterization techniques that will aid practitioners in assessing the role of depositional environments in patterning groundwater flows and containment distributions. Based the authors’ sound experience at over one hundred groundwater treatment projects, this bookprovides an arsenal of relevant theories and practical applications to aid practitioners and regulators in the prediction of fluid movement in the subsurface as well as in the design of pilot to full-scale remediation systems.
Based on proven investigation into cleanup techniques, the material in this manual gives engineers a working knowledge of the field and a basis for making key decisions during the cleanup process. It is easy to get petroleum into the ground, but hard to get it back out again. The problem does not exist in the groundwater or the soil alone, but in a dynamic balance between the soil, water, and air in the soil. Gasoline and any of its volatile components can and do move between the soil, air and water, and they cost billions of dollars every year in contamination cleanup. This new book provides the information needed for cost- and time-effective petroleum-contaminated site cleanup. Originally developed as an oil company's training aid, this book discusses the hows and whys of site cleanup-geology, data gathering, cleanup alternatives, remediation costs, and manage-ment of consultants/contractors Plus the_book contains a criti-cal examination of the benefits and limitations of each type of remediation technology. There is never only one way to clean up a particular site. The choice of the method of cleanup is one of the greatest factors affecting the cost. Another important cost factor is the level of cleanup required to satisfy the regulatory cleanup community. This new book will not only provide a fundamental under-standing of site remediation techniques but also the knowledge to make cost-effective, environmentally-sound choices during the remediation process. Copies of this handy manual are available for immediate delivery. An order form follows the detailed table of contents on the reverse.
Science by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes
Publisher: National Academies Press
The primary purpose of systems engineering is to organize information and knowledge to assist those who manage, direct, and control the planning, development, production, and operation of the systems necessary to accomplish a given mission. However, this purpose can be compromised or defeated if information production and organization becomes an end unto itself. Systems engineering was developed to help resolve the engineering problems that are encountered when attempting to develop and implement large and complex engineering projects. It depends upon integrated program planning and development, disciplined and consistent allocation and control of design and development requirements and functions, and systems analysis. The key thesis of this report is that proper application of systems analysis and systems engineering will improve the management of tank wastes at the Hanford Site significantly, thereby leading to reduced life cycle costs for remediation and more effective risk reduction. The committee recognizes that evidence for cost savings from application of systems engineering has not been demonstrated yet.
Science by Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Transport and remediation of subsurface contaminants: introduction; Colloid deposition in porous media and an evaluation of bed-media cleaning techniques; Deposition of colloids in porous media: theory and numerical solution; Surface-charge repulsive effects on the mobility of inorganic colloids in subsurface systems; Colloid transport and the gas-water interface in porous media; Colloid remediation in groundwater by polyelectrolyte; Removal of chromate from aqueous strems by ultrafiltration and precipitation; Potential for bacterial remediation of waste sites containing selenium or lead; Heap leaching as a solvent-extraction technique for remediation of metals-contaminated soils; Factors affecting surfactant performance in groundwater remediation applicationsInfluence of surfactant sorption on capillary pressure-saturation relationships; Surfactant-enchanced solubilization of tetrachloroethylene and degradation products in pump and treat remediation; Solubilization and biodegradation of Hydrophobic organic compounds in soil-aqueous systems with nonionic surfactants; sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds and nonionic surfactants with subsurface materials; Field tests of surfactant flooding: mobility control of dense nonaqueous-phase liquids; Landfill leachate effects on transport of organic substances in aquifer materials; Clay and immiscible organic liquids: greater capillary trapping of the organic phase; Exposure assessmnet modeling for hydrocarbon spills into the subsurface: sensitivity to soil properties.
In the continuing fight against organic environmental xenobiotics, the initial success attributed to bioremediation has paled, in part due to the low availability of xenobiotics entrapped within a soil or sediment matrix. This has generated a very significant wave of interest in the bioavailability issue. However, much experimental evidence is puzzling or contradictory, mechanistic theories are embryonic, and implications for the practice of bioremediation or concerning the natural fate of xenobiotics are still tentative. The debate in Europe and the USA is vigorous. Eastern Europe, following the liberalisation of the economy and political life, is evolving in a similar direction. In many cases, however, limited access to literature sources, severe language barriers, and the lack of a strong pluridisciplinary tradition are hampering the adoption of state of the art techniques. Originally intended to allow scientists in East European countries to become acquainted with the key aspects of the bioavailability debate that is unfolding in the scientific literature in the West, and with its implications for bioremediation efforts, the present book presents a very complete coverage of the theoretical and practical aspects of the (limited) bioavailability of organic xenobiotics in the environment.