Mathematics

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Revised and Updated Second Edition

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486806995

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 623

One of the most widely used texts in its field, this volume introduces the differential geometry of curves and surfaces in both local and global aspects. The presentation departs from the traditional approach with its more extensive use of elementary linear algebra and its emphasis on basic geometrical facts rather than machinery or random details. Many examples and exercises enhance the clear, well-written exposition, along with hints and answers to some of the problems. The treatment begins with a chapter on curves, followed by explorations of regular surfaces, the geometry of the Gauss map, the intrinsic geometry of surfaces, and global differential geometry. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students of mathematics, this text's prerequisites include an undergraduate course in linear algebra and some familiarity with the calculus of several variables. For this second edition, the author has corrected, revised, and updated the entire volume.
Technology & Engineering

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 9350

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang
Mathematics

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322854949

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 6121

Es gibt in der Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und FJachen zwei Betrachtungsweisen. Die eine, die man klassische Differentialgeometrie nennen konnte, entstand zusammen mit den Anfangen der Differential-und Integralrechnung. Grob gesagt studiert die klassische Differentialgeometrie lokale Eigenschaften von Kurven und FHichen. Dabei verstehen wir unter lokalen Eigenschaften solche, die nur vom Verhalten der Kurve oder Flache in der Umgebung eines Punktes abhiingen. Die Methoden, die sich als fUr das Studium solcher Eigenschaften geeignet erwiesen haben, sind die Methoden der Differentialrechnung. Aus diesem Grund sind die in der Differentialgeometrie untersuchten Kurven und Flachen durch Funktionen definiert, die von einer gewissen Differenzierbarkeitsklasse sind. Die andere Betrachtungsweise ist die sogenannte globale Differentialgeometrie. Hierbei untersucht man den EinfluB lokaler Eigenschaften auf das Verhalten der gesamten Kurve oder Flache. Der interessanteste und reprasentativste Teil der klassischen Differentialgeometrie ist wohl die Untersuchung von Flachen. Beim Studium von Flachen treten jedoch in nattirlicher Weise einige 10k ale Eigenschaften von Kurven auf. Deshalb benutzen wir dieses erste Kapi tel, urn kurz auf Kurven einzugehen.
Technology & Engineering

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

Author: Manfredo do Carmo

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783528272555

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 4988

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang
Mathematics

Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica, Second Edition

Author: mary Gray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849371646

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1088

View: 2130

The Second Edition combines a traditional approach with the symbolic manipulation abilities of Mathematica to explain and develop the classical theory of curves and surfaces. You will learn to reproduce and study interesting curves and surfaces - many more than are included in typical texts - using computer methods. By plotting geometric objects and studying the printed result, teachers and students can understand concepts geometrically and see the effect of changes in parameters. Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica explains how to define and compute standard geometric functions, for example the curvature of curves, and presents a dialect of Mathematica for constructing new curves and surfaces from old. The book also explores how to apply techniques from analysis. Although the book makes extensive use of Mathematica, readers without access to that program can perform the calculations in the text by hand. While single- and multi-variable calculus, some linear algebra, and a few concepts of point set topology are needed to understand the theory, no computer or Mathematica skills are required to understand the concepts presented in the text. In fact, it serves as an excellent introduction to Mathematica, and includes fully documented programs written for use with Mathematica. Ideal for both classroom use and self-study, Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica has been tested extensively in the classroom and used in professional short courses throughout the world.
Mathematics

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, Second Edition

Author: Thomas F. Banchoff,Stephen T. Lovett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482247372

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 5728

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, Second Edition takes both an analytical/theoretical approach and a visual/intuitive approach to the local and global properties of curves and surfaces. Requiring only multivariable calculus and linear algebra, it develops students’ geometric intuition through interactive computer graphics applets supported by sound theory. The book explains the reasons for various definitions while the interactive applets offer motivation for certain definitions, allow students to explore examples further, and give a visual explanation of complicated theorems. The ability to change parametric curves and parametrized surfaces in an applet lets students probe the concepts far beyond what static text permits. New to the Second Edition Reworked presentation to make it more approachable More exercises, both introductory and advanced New section on the application of differential geometry to cartography Additional investigative project ideas Significantly reorganized material on the Gauss–Bonnet theorem Two new sections dedicated to hyperbolic and spherical geometry as applications of intrinsic geometry A new chapter on curves and surfaces in Rn Suitable for an undergraduate-level course or self-study, this self-contained textbook and online software applets provide students with a rigorous yet intuitive introduction to the field of differential geometry. The text gives a detailed introduction of definitions, theorems, and proofs and includes many types of exercises appropriate for daily or weekly assignments. The applets can be used for computer labs, in-class illustrations, exploratory exercises, or self-study aids.
Mathematics

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Author: Manfredo Perdigão do Carmo

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 503

View: 7606

This volume covers local as well as global differential geometry of curves and surfaces.
Mathematics

Differentialgeometrie

Kurven - Flächen - Mannigfaltigkeiten

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834896551

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 1065

Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie. Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Im Laufe der Neuauflagen wurde der Text erweitert, neue Aufgaben wurden hinzugefügt und am Ende des Buches wurden zusätzliche Hinweise zur Lösung der Übungsaufgaben ergänzt. Der Text wurde für die fünfte Auflage gründlich durchgesehen und an einigen Stellen verbessert.
Mathematics

Differential Geometry

Curves - Surfaces - Manifolds

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821839881

Category: Mathematics

Page: 380

View: 4501

Our first knowledge of differential geometry usually comes from the study of the curves and surfaces in I\!\!R^3 that arise in calculus. Here we learn about line and surface integrals, divergence and curl, and the various forms of Stokes' Theorem. If we are fortunate, we may encounter curvature and such things as the Serret-Frenet formulas. With just the basic tools from multivariable calculus, plus a little knowledge of linear algebra, it is possible to begin a much richer and rewarding study of differential geometry, which is what is presented in this book. It starts with an introduction to the classical differential geometry of curves and surfaces in Euclidean space, then leads to an introduction to the Riemannian geometry of more general manifolds, including a look at Einstein spaces. An important bridge from the low-dimensional theory to the general case is provided by a chapter on the intrinsic geometry of surfaces. The first half of the book, covering the geometry of curves and surfaces, would be suitable for a one-semester undergraduate course. The local and global theories of curves and surfaces are presented, including detailed discussions of surfaces of rotation, ruled surfaces, and minimal surfaces. The second half of the book, which could be used for a more advanced course, begins with an introduction to differentiable manifolds, Riemannian structures, and the curvature tensor. Two special topics are treated in detail: spaces of constant curvature and Einstein spaces. The main goal of the book is to get started in a fairly elementary way, then to guide the reader toward more sophisticated concepts and more advanced topics. There are many examples and exercises to help along the way. Numerous figures help the reader visualize key concepts and examples, especially in lower dimensions. For the second edition, a number of errors were corrected and some text and a number of figures have been added.
Technology & Engineering

Kurven und Flächen im Computer Aided Geometric Design

Eine praktische Einführung

Author: Gerald Farin

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663106020

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 365

View: 7026

Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD) stellt die mathematischen Grundlagen für das in der Technik weitverbreitete CAD bereit. Vorlesungen zu diesem Themenbereich gehören heute an allen technisch orientierten Universitäten und Fachhochschulen zum Standard-Angebot. Das Buch liefert eine an der Praxis orientierte, dabei aber mathematisch exakte Einführung und führt den Leser bis an neueste Entwicklungen des Gebietes heran. Aus Besprechungen der amerikanischen Auflage: "Altogether, this book gives a solid introduction to CAGD methods, points out their advantages and disadvantages, can function as a reference book for programmers in CAGD, and is a perfect textbook."
Mathematics

Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica, Third Edition

Author: Elsa Abbena,Simon Salamon,Alfred Gray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584884484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1016

View: 2483

Presenting theory while using Mathematica in a complementary way, Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica, the third edition of Alfred Gray’s famous textbook, covers how to define and compute standard geometric functions using Mathematica for constructing new curves and surfaces from existing ones. Since Gray’s death, authors Abbena and Salamon have stepped in to bring the book up to date. While maintaining Gray's intuitive approach, they reorganized the material to provide a clearer division between the text and the Mathematica code and added a Mathematica notebook as an appendix to each chapter. They also address important new topics, such as quaternions. The approach of this book is at times more computational than is usual for a book on the subject. For example, Brioshi’s formula for the Gaussian curvature in terms of the first fundamental form can be too complicated for use in hand calculations, but Mathematica handles it easily, either through computations or through graphing curvature. Another part of Mathematica that can be used effectively in differential geometry is its special function library, where nonstandard spaces of constant curvature can be defined in terms of elliptic functions and then plotted. Using the techniques described in this book, readers will understand concepts geometrically, plotting curves and surfaces on a monitor and then printing them. Containing more than 300 illustrations, the book demonstrates how to use Mathematica to plot many interesting curves and surfaces. Including as many topics of the classical differential geometry and surfaces as possible, it highlights important theorems with many examples. It includes 300 miniprograms for computing and plotting various geometric objects, alleviating the drudgery of computing things such as the curvature and torsion of a curve in space.
Mathematics

Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition

Author: Barrett O'Neill

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080505428

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 5933

Written primarily for students who have completed the standard first courses in calculus and linear algebra, Elementary Differential Geometry, Revised 2nd Edition, provides an introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces. The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard. This revision of the Second Edition provides a thorough update of commands for the symbolic computation programs Mathematica or Maple, as well as additional computer exercises. As with the Second Edition, this material supplements the content but no computer skill is necessary to take full advantage of this comprehensive text. Over 36,000 copies sold worldwide Accessible, practical yet rigorous approach to a complex topic--also suitable for self-study Extensive update of appendices on Mathematica and Maple software packages Thorough streamlining of second edition's numbering system Fuller information on solutions to odd-numbered problems Additional exercises and hints guide students in using the latest computer modeling tools
Mathematics

A Treatise on the Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Author: Luther Pfahler Eisenhart

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486438207

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 8065

Created especially for graduate students by a leading writer on mathematics, this introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces concentrates on problems that students will find most helpful.
Mathematics

Lectures on Classical Differential Geometry

Author: Dirk Jan Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486656090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 5006

Elementary, yet authoritative and scholarly, this book offers an excellent brief introduction to the classical theory of differential geometry. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students who will find it not only highly readable but replete with illustrations carefully selected to help stimulate the student's visual understanding of geometry. The text features an abundance of problems, most of which are simple enough for class use, and often convey an interesting geometrical fact. A selection of more difficult problems has been included to challenge the ambitious student. Written by a noted mathematician and historian of mathematics, this volume presents the fundamental conceptions of the theory of curves and surfaces and applies them to a number of examples. Dr. Struik has enhanced the treatment with copious historical, biographical, and bibliographical references that place the theory in context and encourage the student to consult original sources and discover additional important ideas there. For this second edition, Professor Struik made some corrections and added an appendix with a sketch of the application of Cartan's method of Pfaffians to curve and surface theory. The result was to further increase the merit of this stimulating, thought-provoking text — ideal for classroom use, but also perfectly suited for self-study. In this attractive, inexpensive paperback edition, it belongs in the library of any mathematician or student of mathematics interested in differential geometry.
Mathematics

Elementare Differentialgeometrie

Author: Christian Bär

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110224593

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 3893

This textbook presents an introduction to the differential geometry of curves and surfaces. This second, revised edition has been expanded to include solutions and applications in cartography. Topics include Euclidean geometry, curve theory, surface theory, curvature concepts, minimal surfaces, Riemann geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem.
Mathematics

Elementary Differential Geometry

Author: Andrew Pressley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852331528

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 6973

Curves and surfaces are objects that everyone can see, and many of the questions that can be asked about them are natural and easily understood. Differential geometry is concerned with the precise mathematical formulation of some of these questions, and with trying to answer them using calculus techniques. It is a subject that contains some of the most beautiful and profound results in mathematics, yet many of them are accessible to higher level undergraduates.Elementary Differential Geometry presents the main results in the differential geometry of curves and surfaces while keeping the prerequisites to an absolute minimum. Nothing more than first courses in linear algebra and multivariate calculus are required, and the most direct and straightforward approach is used at all times. Numerous diagrams illustrate both the ideas in the text and the examples of curves and surfaces discussed there.The second edition has extra exercises with solutions available to lecturers online. There is additional material on Map Colouring, Holonomy and geodesic curvature and various additions to existing sections.
Mathematics

Modern differential geometry of curves and surfaces

Author: Alfred Gray

Publisher: Lewis Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 664

View: 6746

This is the first advanced text/reference to explain the mathematics of curves and surfaces and describe how to draw the pictures illustrating them using Mathematica. Learn not only the classical concepts, ideas, and methods of differential geometry, but also how to define, construct, and compute standard functions. Also learn how to create new curves and surfaces from old ones. Material includes 150+ exercises, 175 Mathematica programs, and 225 geometric figures to develop the topics presented. A tutorial explaining how to use Mathematica in differential geometry is included as well. This text/reference is excellent for mathematicians, scientists, and engineers who use differential geometric methods and investigate geometrical structures.

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

Author: Masaaki Umehara,Kotaro Yamada

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814740268

Category:

Page: 328

View: 5375

This engrossing volume on curve and surface theories is the result of many years of experience the authors have had with teaching the most essential aspects of this subject. The first half of the text is suitable for a university-level course, without the need for referencing other texts, as it is completely self-contained. More advanced material in the second half of the book, including appendices, also serves more experienced students well. Furthermore, this text is also suitable for a seminar for graduate students, and for self-study. It is written in a robust style that gives the student the opportunity to continue his study at a higher level beyond what a course would usually offer. Further material is included, for example, closed curves, enveloping curves, curves of constant width, the fundamental theorem of surface theory, constant mean curvature surfaces, and existence of curvature line coordinates. Surface theory from the viewpoint of manifolds theory is explained, and encompasses higher level material that is useful for the more advanced student. This includes, but is not limited to, indices of umbilics, properties of cycloids, existence of conformal coordinates, and characterizing conditions for singularities. In summary, this textbook succeeds in elucidating detailed explanations of fundamental material, where the most essential basic notions stand out clearly, but does not shy away from the more advanced topics needed for research in this field. It provides a large collection of mathematically rich supporting topics. Thus, it is an ideal first textbook in this field. Request Inspection Copy
Mathematics

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces

A Concise Guide

Author: Victor Andreevich Toponogov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817644024

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 2821

Central topics covered include curves, surfaces, geodesics, intrinsic geometry, and the Alexandrov global angle comparision theorem Many nontrivial and original problems (some with hints and solutions) Standard theoretical material is combined with more difficult theorems and complex problems, while maintaining a clear distinction between the two levels