Psychology

Drug Use and Ethnicity in Early Adolescence

Author: William A. Vega,Andres G. Gil

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471477

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 1133

This book presents new and important information about adolescent drug use. The book is intended for human service professionals, teachers, researchers, and students interested in the issue of early adolescent drug use and its causes and pervasiveness in a multiethnic population. Today, the field of adolescent drug use research relies on integrative models that permit competing explanations of drug use. This approach promotes flexibility in testing hypotheses pertinent to adol- cents of very different social and cultural backgrounds or personal characteristics. Longitudinal studies, including the one presented in these pages, have identified many risk and protective factors or processes that are linked to adolescent drug use. We review these throughout this book and present new information from our own research. Our point of departure is to extend and elaborate descriptive research and models of adolescent drug research to cover the unique and diverse experiences of adolescents who are Hispanic, African American, and White non-Hispanic.
Psychology

Drugs, Crime, and Other Deviant Adaptations

Longitudinal Studies

Author: Howard B. Kaplan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489909702

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

View: 5644

This volume brings together a sample of the best of the studies that illustrate two recent trends in research on deviant behavior. The first of these trends is the investigation of deviant behavior in longitudinal perspective. Panels of subjects are followed over long periods of time to establish temporal relationships be tween deviant behavior and the antecedents and consequences of deviant behav ior. The second trend in contemporary research on deviance is the recognition of the association among forms of deviant behavior such as violence, drug abuse, and theft. The recognition of the covariation among forms of deviance stimulated questions regarding the nature of the relationships among multiple forms of de viance. Is one form of deviant behavior a cause or a consequence of other forms of deviant behavior? What variables mediate and moderate such causal relation ships? Do different forms of deviant behavior have common antecedents and consequences? Independent of the foregoing relationships, do particular forms of deviant behavior have unique antecedents and consequences? The eight original research studies that, along with the introduction and overview, constitute this volume are based on data drawn from among the most influential longitudinal studies in the general area of deviant behavior. These studies variously consider common and pattern-specific antecedents and conse quences, reciprocal influences, and intervening and moderating variables in causal relationships among drug use, crime, and other forms of deviance.
Psychology

From Adolescence to Adulthood in the Vietnam Era

Author: Timothy J. Owens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387227870

Category: Psychology

Page: 195

View: 4870

Children born during the post-WWII era of peace and prosperity entered history at a time dominated by I-Like-Ike politics and domestic security. As they approached adolescence, however, their world was shaken by major cultural, economic, social, and political upheaval. And although it was time of great innovation and progress, a sense of chaos and bitterness began to envelop the country. It was the ‘60s. For many Americans, a mere mention of this decade evokes an extraordinary time and place in the country’s - and their own - history. Adolescents who had been enjoying the technological and medical advances of the era - television, drive-in movies, rock-and-roll, vaccinations that prevented once-incurable diseases - now were also experiencing the fallout from the Civil Rights Movement, domestic terrorism, stagflation, and (perhaps most significant) the Vietnam War. From Adolescence to Adulthood in the Vietnam Era provides a unique, detailed, long-term study of the psychological and social worlds of male adolescents who were on the cusp of adulthood as the 1960s were ending. This longitudinal analysis follows adolescent boys who graduated with the class of 1969 and transitioned into adulthood either through military service, full-time employment, or college life. The results examine the different pathways these boys chose and the affect these choices had on their transition from adolescents to young adult men.
Psychology

In Sync with Adolescence

The Role of Morningness-Eveningness in Development

Author: Anna-Karin Andershed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387238220

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 2185

At the start of every school day, it’s not an unfamiliar sight to see younger children bounding toward school, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, ready to seize the day. In contrast, adolescents sometimes seem to sleepwalk toward their middle and high schools, often bleary-eyed, cantankerous, and less than enthusiastic to get down to work. Why the difference? Recent developmental research has demonstrated a relationship between sleep/wake patterns and different kinds of problem behaviors, including social adjustment problems, family coercion, and disaffection from school. Adolescents who prefer staying up later in the evening and arising late in the morning (i.e., eveningness) have often been considered at greater risk of suffering from such problem behaviors as delinquency and negative relationships with parents and teachers. Those who tend to go to bed and arise earlier (i.e., morningness) have long been associated with more positive outcomes. In the majority of previous research, however, these concepts have never been adequately tested. In Sync with Adolescence: The Role of Morningness-Eveningness in Development examines the possible effects of adolescent preferences on problem behavior in different contexts. This volume presents a new way of looking at morningness-eveningness in relation to adolescent development in general and on problem behavior in particular. The study has produced results, the implications of which necessitate a reinterpretation of the current thinking about morningness-eveningness and adolescent adjustment. This volume should be of particular interest to developmental psychologists and researchers who are interested in examining the role of biological factors in psychological processes as well as to sleep researchers who are interested in both the clinical and behavioral aspects. In addition, it is a valuable resource for clinical child and school psychologists, medical staff, teachers, and anyone who works with adolescents.
Psychology

The Cycle of Deviant Behavior

Investigating Intergenerational Parallelism

Author: Howard B. Kaplan,Glen C. Tolle Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387326443

Category: Psychology

Page: 237

View: 3992

To conduct this study on criminal and antisocial behavior, the authors devoted years to collecting data from a large community sample of first-generation subjects. Data were garnered throughout their early adolescence, twenties, and thirties as well as from these first-generation subjects’ biological children during their own early adolescence. The results of these studies have profound implications for future research and methodology on deviant behavior.
Psychology

Handbook of Crime Correlates

Author: Lee Ellis,Kevin M. Beaver,John Wright

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080920092

Category: Psychology

Page: 264

View: 7020

Over the past two centuries, many aspects of criminal behavior have been investigated. Finding this information and making sense of it all is difficult when many studies would appear to offer contradictory findings. The Handbook of Crime Correlates collects in one source the summary analysis of crime research worldwide. It provides over 400 tables that divide crime research into nine broad categories: Pervasiveness and intra-offending relationships Demographic factors Ecological and macroeconomic factors Family and peer factors Institutional factors Behavioral and personality factors Cognitive factors Biological factors Crime victimization and fear of crime Within these broad categories, tables identify regions of the world and how separate variables are or are not positively or negatively associated with criminal behavior. Criminal behavior is broken down into separate offending categories of violent crime, property crime, drug offenses, sex offenses, delinquency, general and adult offenses, and recidivism. Accompanying each table is a description of what each table indicates in terms of the positive or negative association of specific variables with specific types of crime by region. This book should serve as a valuable resource for criminal justice personnel and academics in the social and life sciences interested in criminal behavior.
Psychology

Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents

Pathways to Self-discovery and Change : the Provider's Guide

Author: Harvey B. Milkman,Kenneth W. Wanberg

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: 9781412906159

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 7235

'Milkman and Wanberg's program rests upon the best that science has to offer. Once this workbook stimulates change, it pays attention to the principles of relapse prevention that will help young people stay changed - and this is the litmus test for any treatment program that targets behavioral problems.' -- Dr. Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. , Director &BAD:amp; Associate Professor, Division on Addictions, Harvard Medical School Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 'Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change is the most comprehensive and thoughtful program we have seen to help at-risk youth gain freedom from crime and drugs and develop attitudes and skills to lead productive prosocial lives.' -- G. Alan Marlatt, Ph.D. and George A. Parks, Ph.D. , Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington 'This exceptional and widely needed program shows great promise as a developmentally appropriate treatment model for adolescents who manifest co-occurring disturbances with substance abuse and criminal activity. It is uniquely designed to interest and engage high-risk teenagers in a thoughtful array of cognitive-behavioral restructuring exercises that are geared to promote fulfilling and responsible life choices.' -- Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, Formerly Director of Clinical Services, American Psychiatric Association, and Medical Director , McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolTHE PROVIDERÆS GUIDE (Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents) identifies psychological, biological, and social factors that contribute to the onset of adolescent deviance, including substance abuse, delinquency, and crime. Causal models for these problem behaviors are described, followed by a review of assessment and treatment protocols widely used in contemporary practice. Guidelines are provided for delivery of the 32- session PSD-C treatment curriculum, specifically designed for adolescents who manifest co-existing juvenile justice and substance abuse problems. The PSD-C ProviderÆs Guide explains how effective adolescent treatment derives from integration of the following evidence-based: strategies: motivational enhancement; stages of change; gender and diversity proficiency; cognitive-behavioral skill development; relapse and recidivism prevention; differential assessment; and individualized treatment planning. The ProviderÆs Guide delineates principles for effective adolescent-focused treatment in tandem with the ParticipantÆs Workbook: Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change (PSD-C).
Psychology

Resilience and Development

Positive Life Adaptations

Author: Meyer D. Glantz,Jeannette L. Johnson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471671

Category: Psychology

Page: 303

View: 1741

Leading experts review the research on resilience and represent the diverse perspectives and opinions found among both scientists and practitioners in the field. Although the chapters are written to the standards expected by researchers, they are equally useful for program developers and others in applied fields seeking science-based information on the topic. This book is a unique resource in keeping with the growing interest in resilience both in research and interventions.
Medical

Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963401

Category: Medical

Page: 4090

View: 6470

Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice. The editors have built Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine Research and Practice: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Family & Relationships

The Teen Years Explained

A Guide to Healthy Adolescent Development

Author: Clea McNeely,Jayne Blanchard

Publisher: Jayne Blanchard

ISBN: 0615302467

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 103

View: 9518

We idealize childhood and demonize adolescence, often viewing the typical teenager as a bundle of problems. Yet according to a new book, The Teen Years Explained: A Guide to Healthy Adolescent Development, by Clea McNeely, MPH, DrPH and Jayne Blanchard, adolescence can be a time of opportunity, not turmoil. By understanding the developmental stages and changes of adolescence, both teens and adults can get the most out of this second decade of life. In plain English, this guide incorporates the latest scientific findings about physical, emotional, cognitive, identity formation, sexual and spiritual development with tips and strategies on how to use this information in real-life situations involving teens. Whether you have five minutes or five hours, you will find something useful in this book. This practical and colorful guide to healthy adolescent development is an essential resource for parents, teens, and all people who work with young people.
Psychology

Plugged in

How Media Attract and Affect Youth

Author: Patti M. Valkenburg,Jessica Taylor Piotrowski

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300218877

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 9499

An illuminating study of the complex relationship between children and media in the digital age Now, as never before, young people are surrounded by media--thanks to the sophistication and portability of the technology that puts it literally in the palms of their hands. Drawing on data and empirical research that cross many fields and continents, authors Valkenburg and Piotrowski examine the role of media in the lives of children from birth through adolescence, addressing the complex issues of how media affect the young and what adults can do to encourage responsible use in an age of selfies, Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. This important study looks at both the sunny and the dark side of media use by today's youth, including why and how their preferences change throughout childhood, whether digital gaming is harmful or helpful, the effects of placing tablets and smartphones in the hands of toddlers, the susceptibility of young people to online advertising, the legitimacy of parental concerns about media multitasking, and more.
Learned institutions and societies

Research centers directory

Author: Gale Research Company,Gale Research Inc

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Learned institutions and societies

Page: N.A

View: 6085

Research institutes, foundations, centers, bureaus, laboratories, experiment stations, and other similar nonprofit facilities, organizations, and activities in the United States and Canada. Entry gives identifying and descriptive information of staff and work. Institutional, research centers, and subject indexes. 5th ed., 5491 entries; 6th ed., 6268 entries.
Education

Resources in Education

Annual Cumulation: 1997: Abstracts

Author: N.A

Publisher: Oryx Press

ISBN: 9781573560764

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 6691

Medical

Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963444

Category: Medical

Page: 4229

View: 2958

Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation. The editors have built Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Medical

Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963509

Category: Medical

Page: 3453

View: 4237

Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Psychology

Substance Abuse Recovery in College

Community Supported Abstinence

Author: H. Harrington Cleveland,Kitty S. Harris,Richard P. Wiebe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441917676

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 7117

Substance Abuse Recovery in College explains in authoritative detail what collegiate recovery communities are, the types of services they provide, and their role in the context of campus life, with extended examples from Texas Tech University’s influential CSAR (Center for the Study of Addiction and Recovery) program. Using data from both conventional surveys and end-of-day daily Palm Pilot assessments as well as focus groups, the book examines community members’ experiences. In addition, the importance of a positive relationship between the recovery community and the school administration is emphasized. Topics covered include: The growing need for recovery services at colleges. How recovery communities support abstinence and relapse prevention. Who are community members and their addiction and treatment histories. Daily lives of young adults in a collegiate recovery community. Challenges and opportunities in establishing recovery communities on campus. Building abstinence support into an academic curriculum. This volume offers clear insights and up-close perspectives of importance to developmental and clinical child psychologists, social workers, higher education policymakers, and related professionals in human development, family studies, student services, college health care, and community services.
Family & Relationships

World Report on Ageing and Health

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241565047

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 246

View: 4836

The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.