Mathematics

Encyclopedia of Applied and Computational Mathematics

Author: Björn Engquist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662528723

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1564

View: 605

EACM is a comprehensive reference work covering the vast field of applied and computational mathematics. Applied mathematics itself accounts for at least 60 per cent of mathematics, and the emphasis on computation reflects the current and constantly growing importance of computational methods in all areas of applications. EACM emphasizes the strong links of applied mathematics with major areas of science, such as physics, chemistry, biology, and computer science, as well as specific fields like atmospheric ocean science. In addition, the mathematical input to modern engineering and technology form another core component of EACM.
Mathematics

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 894

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.
Mathematical statistics

Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences

Author: Samuel Kotz,N. Balakrishnan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471743743

Category: Mathematical statistics

Page: 810

View: 2412

Entries cover statistical theory, methods, and applications. Includes the latest topics and advances made in statistical science over the past decade--in areas such as computer-intensive statistical methodology, genetics, medicine, the environment, and other applications.
Mathematics

Encyclopedia of Distances

Author: Michel Marie Deza,Elena Deza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662443422

Category: Mathematics

Page: 733

View: 6549

This updated and revised third edition of the leading reference volume on distance metrics includes new items from very active research areas in the use of distances and metrics such as geometry, graph theory, probability theory and analysis. Among the new topics included are, for example, polyhedral metric space, nearness matrix problems, distances between belief assignments, distance-related animal settings, diamond-cutting distances, natural units of length, Heidegger’s de-severance distance, and brain distances. The publication of this volume coincides with intensifying research efforts into metric spaces and especially distance design for applications. Accurate metrics have become a crucial goal in computational biology, image analysis, speech recognition and information retrieval. Leaving aside the practical questions that arise during the selection of a ‘good’ distance function, this work focuses on providing the research community with an invaluable comprehensive listing of the main available distances. As well as providing standalone introductions and definitions, the encyclopedia facilitates swift cross-referencing with easily navigable bold-faced textual links to core entries. In addition to distances themselves, the authors have collated numerous fascinating curiosities in their Who’s Who of metrics, including distance-related notions and paradigms that enable applied mathematicians in other sectors to deploy research tools that non-specialists justly view as arcane. In expanding access to these techniques, and in many cases enriching the context of distances themselves, this peerless volume is certain to stimulate fresh research.
Nature

Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology

Author: Alan Hastings,Louis Gross

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520269659

Category: Nature

Page: 823

View: 847

"A bold and successful attempt to illustrate the theoretical foundations of all of the subdisciplines of ecology, including basic and applied, and extending through biophysical, population, community, and ecosystem ecology. Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology is a compendium of clear and concise essays by the intellectual leaders across this vast breadth of knowledge."--Harold Mooney, Stanford University "A remarkable and indispensable reference work that also is flexible enough to provide essential readings for a wide variety of courses. A masterful collection of authoritative papers that convey the rich and fundamental nature of modern theoretical ecology."--Simon A. Levin, Princeton University "Theoretical ecologists exercise their imaginations to make sense of the astounding complexity of both real and possible ecosystems. Imagining a real or possible topic left out of the Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology has proven just as challenging. This comprehensive compendium demonstrates that theoretical ecology has become a mature science, and the volume will serve as the foundation for future creativity in this area."--Fred Adler, University of Utah "The editors have assembled an outstanding group of contributors who are a great match for their topics. Sometimes the author is a key, authoritative figure in a field; and at other times, the author has enough distance to convey all sides of a subject. The next time you need to introduce ecology students to a theoretical topic, you'll be glad to have this encyclopedia on your bookshelf."--Stephen Ellner, Cornell University “Everything you wanted to know about theoretical ecology, and much that you didn’t know you needed to know but will now! Alan Hastings and Louis Gross have done us a great service by bringing together in very accessible form a huge amount of information about a broad, complicated, and expanding field.”--Daniel Simberloff, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

COMPUTATIONAL MODELS - Volume I

Author: Shaidurov Vladimir Viktorovich

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848260350

Category:

Page: 542

View: 9898

Computational Models is a component of Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Modern Computational Mathematics arises in a wide variety of fields, including business, economics, engineering, finance, medicine and science. The Theme on Computational Models provides the essential aspects of Computational Mathematics emphasizing Basic Methods for Solving Equations; Numerical Analysis and Methods for Ordinary Differential Equations; Numerical Methods and Algorithms; Computational Methods and Algorithms; Numerical Models and Simulation. These two volumes are aimed at those seeking in-depth of advanced knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Mathematics

Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, 6 Volume Set

Author: Erwin Stein,René de Borst,Thomas J. R. Hughes

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9781119003793

Category: Mathematics

Page: 3256

View: 8412

ECM2 is a completely updated and expanded Second Edition of the well-established Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics. The project has once again been prepared under the guidance of three of the world’s foremost experts in the field: Erwin Stein, Professor Emeritus, Stein Institut für Baumechanik und Numerische Mechanik, Leibniz Universität, Hannover, Germany René de Borst, Centenary Professor of Civil Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK Thomas J. R. Hughes, Peter O'Donnell Jr. Chair in Computational and Applied Mathematics and Professor of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Texas at Austin, TX USA Though following the same structure as the first edition, ECM2 has been expanded from three to six volumes with the subjects "Fundamentals" in Volumes 1 & 2, "Solids and Structures" in Volumes 3 & 4, and "Fluids" in Volumes 5 & 6. It is published both in print and on line. Volumes 1 & 2, Fundamentals , contain contributions related to mathematics, mechanics, and computer science, and are structured as discretization methods, treating approximations with finite differences, discrete variational forms, boundary integral equations and further problem-oriented techniques, and the generation and visualization of geometry; meshes and results; various direct and iterative solvers; and time-dependent problems. Volumes 3 & 4, Solids and Structures , are organized into five different parts, namely, structural behavior; constitutive theories and their implementation; materials and processing; interaction problems; and identification, stochastics, and optimization. Volumes 5 & 6, Fluids, builds on the fundamentals described in Volumes 1 & 2. The chapters in Volumes 5 & 6 fall within four main groupings. The first grouping includes chapters describing additional basic methodologies used in computational fluid dynamics. The second comprises chapters on various aspects of incompressible viscous flows. The third part focuses on compressible fluid dynamics. The fourth pertains to problems involving moving domains and free surfaces, and application areas. With contributions from more than 50 leading experts drawn from around the globe, this is an essential and comprehensive reference for any university engineering department or corporation, containing must-have, up-to-date content of huge value to researchers, students and practitioners alike.
Mathematics

Angewandte Mathematik: Body and Soul

Band 2: Integrale und Geometrie in IRn

Author: Kenneth Eriksson,Donald Estep,Claes Johnson

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540269509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 386

"Angewandte Mathematik: Body & Soul" ist ein neuer Grundkurs in der Mathematikausbildung für Studienanfänger in den Naturwissenschaften, der Technik, und der Mathematik, der an der Chalmers Tekniska Högskola in Göteborg entwickelt wurde. Er besteht aus drei Bänden sowie Computer-Software. Das Projekt ist begründet in der Computerrevolution, die ihrerseits völlig neue Möglichkeiten des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens in der Mathematik, den Naturwissenschaften und im Ingenieurwesen eröffnet hat. Es besteht aus einer Synthese der mathematischen Analysis (Soul) mit der numerischen Berechnung (Body) sowie den Anwendungen. Die Bände I-III geben eine moderne Version der Analysis und der linearen Algebra wieder, einschließlich konstruktiver numerischer Techniken und Anwendungen, zugeschnitten auf Anfängerprogramme im Maschinenbau und den Naturwissenschaften. Weitere Bände behandeln Themen wie z.B. dynamische Systeme, Strömungsdynamik, Festkörpermechanik und Elektromagnetismus. Dieser Band entwickelt das Riemann-Integral, um eine Funktion zu einer gegebenen Ableitung zu bestimmen. Darauf aufbauend werden Differentialgleichungen und Anfangswertprobleme mit einer Vielzahl anschaulicher Anwendungen behandelt. Die lineare Algebra wird auf n-dimensionale Räume verallgemeinert, wobei wiederum dem praktischen Umgang und numerischen Lösungstechniken besonderer Platz eingeräumt wird. Die Autoren sind führende Experten im Gebiet des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens und haben schon mehrere erfolgreiche Bücher geschrieben. "[......] Oh, by the way, I suggest immediate purchase of all three volumes!" The Mathematical Association of America Online, 7.7.04
Mathematics

Unser mathematisches Universum

Auf der Suche nach dem Wesen der Wirklichkeit

Author: Max Tegmark

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710783

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 6856

„Max Tegmark, Prophet der Parallelwelten, flirtet mit der Unendlichkeit.“ ULF VON RAUCHHAUPT, FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE SONNTAGSZEITUNG WORUM GEHT ES? Max Tegmark entwickelt eine neue Theorie des Kosmos: Das Universum selbst ist reine Mathematik. In diesem Buch geht es um die physikalische Realität des Kosmos, um den Urknall und die „Zeit davor“ und um die Evolution des Weltalls. Welche Rollen spielen wir dabei – die Wesen, die klug genug sind, das alles verstehen zu wollen? Tegmark findet, dieses Terrain sollte nicht länger den Philosophen überlassen bleiben. Denn die Physiker von heute haben die besseren Antworten auf die ewigen Fragen. WAS IST BESONDERS? „Eine hinreißende Expedition, die jenseits des konventionellen Denkens nach der wahren Bedeutung von Realität sucht.“ BBC „Tegmark behandelt die großen Fragen der Kosmologie und der Teilchenphysik weitaus verständlicher als Stephen Hawking.“ THE TIMES WER LIEST? • Jeder, der das Universum verstehen will • Die Leser von Richard Dawkins und Markus Gabriel
Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 9165

Mathematics

Encyclopedia of Optimization

Author: Christodoulos A. Floudas,Panos M. Pardalos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387747583

Category: Mathematics

Page: 4622

View: 1306

The goal of the Encyclopedia of Optimization is to introduce the reader to a complete set of topics that show the spectrum of research, the richness of ideas, and the breadth of applications that has come from this field. The second edition builds on the success of the former edition with more than 150 completely new entries, designed to ensure that the reference addresses recent areas where optimization theories and techniques have advanced. Particularly heavy attention resulted in health science and transportation, with entries such as "Algorithms for Genomics", "Optimization and Radiotherapy Treatment Design", and "Crew Scheduling".
Mathematics

Lineare Algebra

Author: Gilbert Strang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642556310

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 7481

Diese Einführung in die lineare Algebra bietet einen sehr anschaulichen Zugang zum Thema. Die englische Originalausgabe wurde rasch zum Standardwerk in den Anfängerkursen des Massachusetts Institute of Technology sowie in vielen anderen nordamerikanischen Universitäten. Auch hierzulande ist dieses Buch als Grundstudiumsvorlesung für alle Studenten hervorragend lesbar. Darüber hinaus gibt es neue Impulse in der Mathematikausbildung und folgt dem Trend hin zu Anwendungen und Interdisziplinarität. Inhaltlich umfasst das Werk die Grundkenntnisse und die wichtigsten Anwendungen der linearen Algebra und eignet sich hervorragend für Studierende der Ingenieurwissenschaften, Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Informatik, die einen modernen Zugang zum Einsatz der linearen Algebra suchen. Ganz klar liegt hierbei der Schwerpunkt auf den Anwendungen, ohne dabei die mathematische Strenge zu vernachlässigen. Im Buch wird die jeweils zugrundeliegende Theorie mit zahlreichen Beispielen aus der Elektrotechnik, der Informatik, der Physik, Biologie und den Wirtschaftswissenschaften direkt verknüpft. Zahlreiche Aufgaben mit Lösungen runden das Werk ab.
Mathematics

Grundzüge der Mengenlehre

Author: Felix Hausdorff

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780828400619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 5049

This reprint of the original 1914 edition of this famous work contains many topics that had to be omitted from later editions, notably, Symmetric Sets, Principle of Duality, most of the ``Algebra'' of Sets, Partially Ordered Sets, Arbitrary Sets of Complexes, Normal Types, Initial and Final Ordering, Complexes of Real Numbers, General Topological Spaces, Euclidean Spaces, the Special Methods Applicable in the Euclidean Plane, Jordan's Separation Theorem, the Theory of Content and Measure, the Theory of the Lebesgue Integral. The text is in German.
Computers

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466658894

Category: Computers

Page: 10384

View: 866

"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.
Mathematics

Mathematische Edelsteine

der elementaren Kombinatorik, Zahlentheorie und Geometrie

Author: Ross Honsberger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322859304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 179

View: 9731

Computers

Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

Centennial Edition

Author: Saul I. Gass,Carl M. Harris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 079237827X

Category: Computers

Page: 917

View: 9309

Audience: Anyone concerned with the science, techniques and ideas of how decisions are made."--BOOK JACKET.