Providing extensive coverage of the field, this book brings togethe the latest developments, theories, research and concerns from both a scientifi an social perspective. Beginning with an introduction on approaching environmenta problems, the text then moves on to look at climatic change, energy conversion the transport of pollutants, experimental methods and ends with a discussio on science and society Features li>/li>li>/li>li>/li>/ul>br> br> br> br>
Science by Anders Lund,Masaru Shiotani,Shigetaka Shimada
Author: Anders Lund,Masaru Shiotani,Shigetaka Shimada
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Principles and Applications of ESR Spectroscopy fills the gap between the detailed monographs in ESR spectroscopy and the general textbooks in molecular physics, physical chemistry, biochemistry or spectroscopy. The latter only briefly explain the underlying theory and do not provide details about applications, while the currently available ESR textbooks are primarily focused on the technique as such. This text is based upon the authors’ long experience of teaching the subject to a mixed audience, in the extreme case ranging from physics to biology. The potential of the method is illustrated with applications in fields such as molecular science, catalysis and environmental sciences, polymer and materials sciences, biochemistry and radiation chemistry/physics. Theoretical derivations have in general been omitted, as they have been presented repeatedly in previous works. The necessary theory is instead illustrated by practical examples from the literature.
Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture
International experts provide a comprehensive picture of the principles, concepts and methods that are applicable to problems originating from the interaction between the living/non-living environment and mankind. Both the analysis of such problems and the way solutions to environmental problems may work in specific societal contexts are addressed. Disciplinary approaches are discussed but there is a focus on multi- and interdisciplinary methods. A large number of practical examples and case studies are presented. There is special emphasis on modelling and integrated assessment. This book is different because it stresses the societal, cultural and historical dimensions of environmental problems. The main objective is to improve the ability to analyse and conceptualise environmental problems in context and to make readers aware of the value and scope of different methods. Ideal as a course text for students, this book will also be of interest to researchers and consultants in the environmental sciences.
This thoroughly revised and updated third edition focuses on the utilization of sustainable energy and mitigating climate change, serving as an introduction to physics in the context of societal problems. A distinguishing feature of the text is the discussion of spectroscopy and spectroscopic methods as a crucial means to quantitatively analyze and monitor the condition of the environment, the factors determining climate change, and all aspects of energy conversion. This textbook will be invaluable to students in physics and related subjects, and supplementary materials are available on a companion website.
Environmental Physics is a comprehensive introduction to the physical concepts underlying environmental science. The importance and relevance of physics is emphasised by its application to real environmental problems with a wide range of case studies. Applications included cover energy use and production, global climate, the physics of living things, radioactivity, environmental remote sensing, noise pollution and the physics of the Earth. The book makes the subject accessible to those with little physics background, keeping mathematical treatment straightforward. The text is lively and informative, and is supplemented by numerous illustrations, photos, tables of useful data, and a glossary of key terms.
Die Lebensmittelphysik befasst sich mit den physikalischen Eigenschaften der Lebensmittel und deren Erfassung. Die physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln spielen überall dort eine wesentliche Rolle, wo moderne lebensmitteltechnologische Verfahren für die Gewinnung der Rohstoffe oder die Herstellung eines Lebensmittels angewandt werden. Die Bestimmung physikalischer Größen von Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen sind aus der Planung, Steuerung und Automatisierung der Herstellungsprozesse in der Lebensmittel-, Pharma- und Kosmetikindustrie und angrenzenden Bereichen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Neben der chemischen Qualitätskontrolle spielt die Bestimmung physikalischer Eigenschaften darüber hinaus eine wichtige Rolle bei der Bestimmung und Sicherung der Qualität unserer Lebensmittel. Der Konsument fordert zunehmend "weniger Chemie" in der Lebensmittelproduktion und große Bereiche der Lebensmittelindustrie werden diesen Wünschen in steigendem Maße entgegenkommen müssen, indem sie moderne physikalische Verfahren in der Produktion einsetzen. Auch hierfür ist ein grundlegendes Verständnis der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln und den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ihrer messtechnischen Erfassung eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Lebensmittelphysik von Grund auf und orientiert sich hierbei ausschließlich an den Erfordernissen der Lebensmittelpraxis, ohne auf die wichtigen Grundlagen zu verzichten. Das Buch ist daher für Studenten der Lebensmittelchemie und -technologie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen eine wichtige Quelle für die zukünftige Ausbildung. Auch Ingenieure, Technologen und Techniker in der Lebensmittelindustrie werden dieses Buch benutzen, um ihre Kenntnisse zu vertiefen oder grundlegendes Verständnis für neue physikalische Verfahren zu erwerben.
The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of first-year calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.
Presenting a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense, this book deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between them that are a central feature of life on earth. Numerical problems and worked examples are included.
ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Fourth Edition is an introductory textbook that emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment. The text explains the basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including the study of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and atomic and nuclear physics. It also covers crucial environmental questions that currently are receiving much public attention, such as global warming, radioactive waste, municipal solid waste and nuclear energy production materials. The new fourth edition continues to emphasize the impact energy issues have on the individual and society. By placing energy issues within the context of everyday examples and asking students to define and support critical arguments, ENERGY utilizes relevant applications to capture student interest. A new ongoing email service provides subscribing instructors the opportunity to seamlessly incorporate current events into their course lectures. The text can be used in physics, technology, physical science, and environmental science courses for non-science majors. Many of the standard topics found in introductory physics textbooks are included. As a result, this book can be used as the text in a conceptual physics course with energy as the central theme. No math or other science prerequisite is necessary.
Environmental professionals who look beyond their specialties and acquire knowledge in a variety of sciences not only make solving on-the-job problems easier for themselves, but they also increase their employment opportunities. This fifth book in the 'non-specialist' series provides both professionals and students with a clear, concise overview of the most important aspects of physics in a way that anyone, even those who have never taken a formal physics course, can relate to. Starting with the basic principles of measurement, conversion factors, and math operations, the author explores the topics of motion and force, work and energy, gravity, atoms, heat, sound, light and color, and basic electricity. Each chapter examines the jargon, concepts, key concerns, and applications of physics in action and ends with a chapter review test.
International Conference, CSIE 2011, Zhengzhou, China, May 21-22, 2011. Proceedings
Author: Gang Shen,Xiong Huang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This two-volume set (CCIS 152 and CCIS 153) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Science and Information Engineering, CSIE 2011, held in Zhengzhou, China, in May 2011. The 159 revised full papers presented in both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from a large number of submissions. The papers present original research results that are broadly relevant to the theory and applications of Computer Science and Information Engineering and address a wide variety of topics such as algorithms, automation, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, computer networks, computer security, computer vision, modeling and simulation, databases, data mining, e-learning, e-commerce, e-business, image processing, knowledge management, multimedia, mobile computing, natural computing, open and innovative education, pattern recognition, parallel computing, robotics, wireless networks, and Web applications.
Applications of Soil Physics deals with the applications of soil physics and covers topics ranging from infiltration and surface runoff to groundwater drainage, evaporation from bare-surface soils, and uptake of soil moisture by plants. Water balance and energy balance in the field are also discussed, along with tillage and soil structure management. The development and extension of Penman's evaporation formula is also described. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with a systematic description of the field-water cycle and its management, with emphasis on infiltration and runoff; redistribution and drainage; evaporation and transpiration; and irrigation and tillage. Subsequent chapters focus on transpiration from plant canopies; freezing phenomena in soils; scaling and similitude of soil-water phenomena; spatial variability of soil physical properties; and movement of solutes during infiltration into homogeneous soil. Concepts of soil-water availability to plants are considered, together with principles of irrigation management and the advantages and limitations of drip irrigation. This monograph is intended for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of the environmental, engineering, and agronomic sciences.
Mutual recognition of professionals is a pre-requisite for the fulfillment of European Union policies concerning the free movement of professionals. The two associated fields of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Medical Physics (MP) are rapidly evolving and diversifying while the accelerated development of medical informatics, telematics and microelectronics have resulted in extended grey areas around the two professions. Competency-based education, training, assessment and accreditation of medical physists and biomedical engineers share not only common principles but also a certain number of common competencies. These issues have been negotiated, in this volume, by transnational professional bodies and also by TEMPERE - a European thematic network of universities under the SOCRATES EU programme - which has contributed a broadly accepted proposal for mutual co-operation and recognition in the two fields.
The interpretation of geophysical data in exploration geophysics, well logging, engineering, mining and environmental geophysics requires knowledge of the physical properties of rocks and their correlations. Physical properties are a "key" for combined interpretation techniques. The study of rock physics provides an interdisciplinary treatment of physical properties, whether related to geophysical, geotechnical, hydrological or geological methodology. Physical Properties of Rocks, 2nd Edition, describes the physical fundamentals of rock properties, based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models. It provides readers with all relevant rock properties and their interrelationships in one concise volume. Furthermore, it guides the reader through experimental and theoretical knowledge in order to handle models and theories in practice. Throughout the book the author focuses on the problems of applied geophysics with respect to exploration and the expanding field of applications in engineering and mining geophysics, geotechnics, hydrology and environmental problems, and the properties under the conditions of the upper Earth crust. Physical Properties of Rocks, Second Edition, guides readers through a systematic presentation of all relevant physical properties and their interrelationships in parallel with experimental and theoretical basic knowledge and a guide for handling core models and theories
Science by Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Jaime Klapp,Eloy Sira
Author: Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Jaime Klapp,Eloy Sira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The book presents a collection of selected papers from the I Workshop of the Venezuelan Society of Fluid Mechanics held on Margarita Island, Venezuela from November 4 to 9, 2012. Written by experts in their respective fields, the contributions are organized into five parts: - Part I Invited Lectures, consisting of full-length technical papers on both computational and experimental fluid mechanics covering a wide range of topics from drops to multiphase and granular flows to astrophysical flows, - Part II Drops, Particles and Waves - Part III Multiphase and Multicomponent Flows - Part IV Atmospheric and Granular Flows - and Part V Turbulent and Astrophysical Flows. The book is intended for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students as well as for physicists, chemists and engineers teaching and working in the field of fluid mechanics and its applications. The contributions are the result of recent advances in theoretical and experimental research in fluid mechanics, encompassing both fundamentals as well as applications to fluid engineering design, including pipelines, turbines, flow separators, hydraulic systems and biological fluid elements, and to granular, environmental and astrophysical flows.
Principles and Measurements in Environmental Biology aims to provide an understanding of some important physical principles and their application in biology. The book also aims to describe how instruments utilizing these principles can be used to measure biological and environmental processes and their interactions. This book covers the effects of the environment on biological organisms; the application of theories of radiation, kinetic theory, gas laws, and diffusion in biology; and water and its properties. The relation of plants with atmosphere near the ground is also discussed. This book also presents sampling techniques; the computation of errors used in the interpretation of data; the use of different devices; and data gathering and its practical applications. This text is for students, researchers, and professionals and experts in biology who wish to understand the mentioned principles in physics, its mathematical aspects, and their applications in the field.
Science by Panel on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics,Physics Survey Committee,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Author: Panel on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics,Physics Survey Committee,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The goals of atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMO physics) are to elucidate the fundamental laws of physics, to understand the structure of matter and how matter evolves at the atomic and molecular levels, to understand light in all its manifestations, and to create new techniques and devices. AMO physics provides theoretical and experimental methods and essential data to neighboring areas of science such as chemistry, astrophysics, condensed-matter physics, plasma physics, surface science, biology, and medicine. It contributes to the national security system and to the nation's programs in fusion, directed energy, and materials research. Lasers and advanced technologies such as optical processing and laser isotope separation have been made possible by discoveries in AMO physics, and the research underlies new industries such as fiber-optics communications and laser-assisted manufacturing. These developments are expected to help the nation to maintain its industrial competitiveness and its military strength in the years to come.This report describes the field, characterizes recent advances, and identifies current frontiers of research.
Principles and Application of Radiological Physics 6E provides comprehensive and easy-to-follow coverage of the principles and application of physics for both diagnostic and therapeutic radiography students. Regardless of changes in technology and clinical grading, the most important role of the radiographer remains unchanged - ensuring the production of high quality images and optimal treatment. These should be performed with the minimum of radiation hazard to patients, staff and others. An understanding of physics and the basics of radiographic technology is essential to do this effectively. The book covers all the physics and mathematics required by undergraduate diagnostic and therapeutic radiography students, catering for those who do not have a mathematics qualification as well as for those who do. NEW TO THIS EDITION: A focus upon application of physics to reflect current teaching approaches Completely revised structure, leading from science principles to applications New chapters on CT, MRI, ultrasound, PET, RNI, mammography and digital imaging Electronic learning resources for students, hosted on EVOLVE *Strong links between theory and practice throughout *Clear and concise text Focus on application of physics, as well as principles New, updated 2-colour design New Sections - Equipment for X-ray production, The Radiographic Image and Diagnostic Imaging Technologies Electronic learning resources for students support the text