Philosophy

Ethics in the Real World

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 868

Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation, Practical Ethics, Rethinking Life and Death, and The Life You Can Save, he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World, Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and what is the value of the pale blue dot that is our planet. The collection also includes some more personal reflections, like Singer’s thoughts on one of his favorite activities, surfing, and an unusual suggestion for starting a family conversation over a holiday feast. Now with a new afterword by the author, this provocative and original book will challenge—and possibly change—your beliefs about many real-world ethical questions.
Philosophy

جمهورية أفلاطون

Author:

Publisher: Al Masriah Al Lubnaniah

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 349

أجل إننا لسنا نوافق أفلاطون في كل نظرياته, وقد نشرناها على مسؤوليته، ولكننا معجبون وأكثر من معجبين, بنظام تفكيره, ورحابة صدره, وضبطه في الإحكام, وفيض بلاغته وبيانه. ونشاركه في غرض التأليف العام وهو((السعادة)) وفي الوسيلة الخاصة المؤدية إلى ذلك الغرض وهي ((الفضيلة)) ونافقه في أن الفضيلة تراد لذاتها ونتائجها. وفي أن الفرد دولة مصغرة والدولة جسـم كبير, وأن ما يسعد الدولة يسـعد الفرد، وأن الرجل الكـامل – المثـل الأعلى – هو الذي تحكم عقله في شهواته, وانقادت حماسته إلى حكمته, وعاش ومات في خدمة المجموع. body,div,table,thead,tbody,tfoot,tr,th,td,p { font-family:"Calibri"; font-size:x-small } a.comment-indicator:hover + comment { background:#ffd; position:absolute; display:block; border:1px solid black; padding:0.5em; } a.comment-indicator { background:red; display:inline-block; border:1px solid black; width:0.5em; height:0.5em; } comment { display:none; }
Medical

Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Author: Jan Abel Olsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 377

Principles in Health Economics and Policy, second edition, is a concise introduction to health economics and its application to health policy. It introduces the subject of economics, explains the fundamental failures in the market for healthcare, and discusses the concepts of equity and fairness when applied to health and healthcare. This new edition presents a globally-relevant, policy-oriented approach, that emphasizes the application of economic analysis to universal health policy issues in an accessible manner. It explores four key questions currently facing health policy-makers across the globe: How should society intervene in the determinants that affect health? How should healthcare be financed? How should healthcare providers be paid? And, how should alternative healthcare programmes be evaluated when setting priorities? The book is an ideal guide to everyone interested in how the tools of health economics can be applied when shaping health policy.
Law

Ecological Integrity, Law and Governance

Author: Laura Westra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 950

Ecological integrity is concerned with protecting the planet in a holistic way, while respecting ethics and human rights. Over recent years it has been introduced directly and indirectly in several legal regimes, culminating in international law with the 2016 expanded remit of the International Criminal Court, which now includes "environmental disasters". This book celebrates the 25th anniversary of the Global Ecological Integrity Group (GEIG), which includes more than 250 scholars and independent researchers worldwide, from diverse disciplines, including ecology, biology, philosophy, epidemiology, public health, ecological economics, and international law. It reviews the role of ecological integrity across a number of fields through inter- and trans-disciplinary engagement on matters affecting and governing the sustainability of life for both present and future generations. These include, ethics, environmental disasters, crimes against humanity and environmental health, and how such issues can be subject to sound governance and be incorporated into international law. The book also looks forward to new applications of the concept of ecological integrity, such as crimes that result in the exploitation of natural resources and the illegal dispossession? of land.
Philosophy

The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy

Author: David Boonin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 859

View: 464

This book brings together a large and diverse collection of philosophical papers addressing a wide variety of public policy issues. Topics covered range from long-standing subjects of debate such as abortion, punishment, and freedom of expression, to more recent controversies such as those over gene editing, military drones, and statues honoring Confederate soldiers. Part I focuses on the criminal justice system, including issues that arise before, during, and after criminal trials. Part II covers matters of national defense and sovereignty, including chapters on military ethics, terrorism, and immigration. Part III, which explores political participation, manipulation, and standing, includes discussions of issues involving voting rights, the use of nudges, and claims of equal status. Part IV covers a variety of issues involving freedom of speech and expression. Part V deals with questions of justice and inequality. Part VI considers topics involving bioethics and biotechnology. Part VII is devoted to beginning of life issues, such as cloning and surrogacy, and end of life issues, such as assisted suicide and organ procurement. Part VIII navigates emerging environmental issues, including treatments of the urban environment and extraterrestrial environments.
Business & Economics

Strongly Sustainable Societies

Author: Karl Johan Bonnedahl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 200

The response of the international community to the pressing socio-ecological problems has been framed around the concept of ‘sustainable development’. The ecological pressure, however, has continued to rise and mainstream sustainability discourse has proven to be problematic. It contains an instrumental view of the world, a strong focus on technological solutions, and the premise that natural and human-made ‘capitals’ are substitutable. This trajectory, which is referred to as ‘weak sustainability’, reproduces inequalities, denies intrinsic values in nature, and jeopardises the wellbeing of humans as well as other beings. Based on the assumptions of strong sustainability, this edited book presents practical and theoretical alternatives to today’s unsustainable societies. It investigates and advances pathways for humanity that are ecologically realistic, ethically inclusive, and receptive to the task’s magnitude and urgency. The book challenges the traditional anthropocentric ethos and ontology, economic growth-dogma, and programmes of ecological modernisation. It discusses options with examples on different levels of analysis, from the individual to the global, addressing the economic system, key sectors of society, alternative lifestyles, and experiences of local communities. Examining key topics including human–nature relations and wealth and justice, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental and development studies, ecological economics, environmental governance and policy, sustainable business, and sustainability science.
Business & Economics

التأثير: علم نفس الإقناع

Author: Robert B. Cialdini

Publisher: العبيكان للنشر

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 936

التأثير, الكتاب الكلاسيكي حول عملية الإقناع, يشرح مبادئ علم النفس التي تقف وراء قول الناس «نعم» لأي طلب كان, كما يشرح كيفية تطبيق فهم هذه المبادئ. الدكتور روبرت سيالديني مدرّس خبير في حقلي التأثير والإقناع المتناميين بسرعة. إن هذا الكتاب الذي ينظر إليه في الأوساط العلمية نظرة مرموقة جداً؛ فهو حصيلة خمس وثلاثين سنة من الأبحاث الدقيقة المعتمدة على الأدلة القوية، إضافة إلى برنامج استمر ثلاث سنوات من الدراسة الميدانية لما يدفع الناس إلى تغيير سلوكهم. سوف نتعلم المبادئ الستة الأساسية, وكيف نستعملها كي نصبح مهرة في فن الإقناع- وكيف ندافع عن أنفسنا ضد من يحاول أن يستغلنا بإقناعنا بما يريد. هذا الكتاب مثالي لجميع الناس العاملين في جميع نواحي الحياة. سوف تغيّر مبادئ التأثيرشخصيتك تغييراً إيجابياً قوياً وتقودك نحو النجاح. العبيكان للنشر

الأوبانيشاد

Author: عبد السلام زيان

Publisher: Al Manhal

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 234

View: 989

كان ذلك منذ سنوات بعيدة عندما صادفتني كلمة "أوبانيشاد" لأول مرة بينما كنت في جولة دِرَاسية في بلاد أرمينيا بالقرب من جبل العرارات (يقال إنَّ سفينة نوح مدفونة داخله). كنت وقتها شابًّا يدرس الأديان والفلسفة. بمرور السنوات، وبتعمقي في البحث، اكتشفت مدى تأثير هذه النصوص التي كتبها حكماء الهندوسية منذ آلاف السنين بذلك الأسلوب البسيط، عن كبار فلاسفة الإغريق كأرسطو وأفلاطون... إلى أبي مدرسة الإسكندرية إفلوطين المصري. كما أدركت تأثيرها المباشر على بعض فلاسفة العصر الحديث مثل شوبنهاور الذي قال: "إن ترجمةَ الأوبانيشاد إلى اللاتينية سنة 1818 هو أكبر إنجاز لهذا القرن مقارنة بكل القرون الماضية

هكذا تكلم زرادشت

Author: فريدريك نيتشه

Publisher: وكالة الصحافة العربية

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 536

View: 313

إن نيتشه مفكر جبار يفتح أمام الفرد آفاقًا وسيعة في مجال القوة والثقة بالنفس وتحرير الحياة من المسكنة والذل، تائقًّا إلى إيجاد إنسان يتفوق على إنسانيته بالمجاهدة والتغلب على العناصر والعادات والتقاليد وما توارثته الأجيال من العقائد الموهنة للعزم؛ يقف وقفة الحائر المتردد عندما يحاول إقامة مجتمعٍ لأفراده المتفوقين بل هو يضطر إلى نقض أوليَّاته القائمة على احتقار الرحمة والرحماء حتى ينتهي إلى قوله: "إن العالم الذي يتفوق على الإنسانية إنما يعود بها بعد هذا الجنوح إلى بذل حبه للأصاغر ".. وهكذا ترى زرادشت الداعي إلى تحطيم ألواح الوصايا جميعها، وإلى إنكار الشريعة الأدبية لإقامة شرعة جديدة ما وراء الخير والشر.