Philosophy

Ethics in the Real World

82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888735

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 2269

Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation, Practical Ethics, Rethinking Life and Death, and The Life You Can Save, he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World, Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and what is the value of the pale blue dot that is our planet. The collection also includes some more personal reflections, like Singer’s thoughts on one of his favorite activities, surfing, and an unusual suggestion for starting a family conversation over a holiday feast. Now with a new afterword by the author, this provocative and original book will challenge—and possibly change—your beliefs about many real-world ethical questions.
Philosophy

Ethics in the Real World

82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400882850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 4025

Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation, Practical Ethics, Rethinking Life and Death, and The Life You Can Save, he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World, Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and what is the value of the pale blue dot that is our planet. The collection also includes some more personal reflections, like Singer’s thoughts on one of his favorite activities, surfing, and an unusual suggestion for starting a family conversation over a holiday feast. Provocative and original, these essays will challenge—and possibly change—your beliefs about a wide range of real-world ethical questions.
Philosophy

Ethics in the Real World

86 Brief Essays on Things that Matter

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Text Publishing

ISBN: 1925410226

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 8314

In this book of brief essays, Singer applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalised, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and whether the pale blue dot that is our planet has any value. The collection also includes some more personal reflections, like Singer's thoughts on one of his favourite activities, surfing, and an unusual suggestion for starting a family conversation over a holiday feast. Provocative and original, these essays will challenge—and possibly change—your beliefs about a wide range of real-world ethical questions. Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics, Princeton University, and Laureate Professor, School of Historical and Philosophical Studies, University of Melbourne. He is the author of more than twenty books, including The Life You Can Save and The Most Good You Can Do. Singer was born in Australia. He divides his time between New York City and Melbourne. ‘Lucidly conceived and written, the brief essays in Ethics in the Real World attest to Singer’s enduring facility for wise, clear-headed enquiry into some of the most pressing issues we face. It is not a manifesto for utilitarianism, but a convincing case for philosophy's continued engagement with ethical questions that matter in the real world.’ Australian Book Review ‘I’d recommend Ethics in the Real World for reading at relaxed weekend breakfasts...These pieces are beaut conversation starters about topics of interest to everyone.’ ANZ LitLovers
Philosophy

Writings on an Ethical Life

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1497645581

Category: Philosophy

Page: 374

View: 6528

The essential collection of writings by one of the most visionary and daring philosophers of our time Since bursting sensationally into the public consciousness in 1975 with his groundbreaking work Animal Liberation, Peter Singer has remained one of the most provocative ethicists of the modern age. His reputation, built largely on isolated incendiary quotations and outrage-of-the-moment news coverage, has preceded him ever since. Aiming to present a more accurate and thoughtful picture of Singer’s pioneering work, Writings on an Ethical Life features twenty-seven excerpts from some of his most lauded and controversial essays and books. The reflections on life, death, murder, vegetarianism, poverty, and ethical living found in these pages come together in a must-read collection for anyone seeking a better understanding of the issues that shape our world today. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Peter Singer, including rare photos from the author’s personal collection.
Medical

Rethinking Life and Death

The Collapse of Our Traditional Ethics

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312144012

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 4764

In a reassessment of the meaning of life and death, a noted philosopher offers a new definition for life that contrasts a world dependent on biological maintenance with one controlled by state-of-the-art medical technology
Philosophy

Philosophers Take On the World

Author: David Edmonds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191068144

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 7921

Every day the news shows us provoking stories about what's going on in the world, about events which raise moral questions and problems. In Philosophers Take On the World a team of philosophers get to grips with a variety of these controversial issues, from the amusing to the shocking, in short, engaging, often controversial pieces. Covering topics from guns to abortion, the morality of drinking alone, hating a sports team, and being rude to cold callers, the essays will make you think again about the judgements we make on a daily basis and the ways in which we choose to conduct our lives. Philosophers Take On the World is based on the blog run by the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics at the University of Oxford, one of the world's leading centres for applied ethics.
Business & Economics

Ethics for the Real World

Creating a Personal Code to Guide Decisions in Work and Life

Author: Ronald Arthur Howard,Clinton D. Korver

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 1422121062

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 9063

People often act reflexively when faced with an ethical challenge. The necessity to make a fast decision leaves little time to think clearly. We get distracted by what our colleagues and others expect from us, and we make snap decisions that we regret. While most agree that outright lying, stealing, and harming are wrong, they seem to disagree about smaller compromises. This book argues that it's better and more satisfying to choose instead of react, to understand distinctions instead of guess what is right for us, and to remain cognizant of the impact of ethical compromise on our effectiveness at work and our personal relationships. The chapters of this book offer lessons and practical tools to help readers: 1. Develop radar to identify the situations where we are forced to make ethical compromises; 2. Understand how to use solid ethical logic and principles to foster clear thinking; 3. Draft and refine a personal code of conduct, and make it practical for everyday use; 4. Go beyond ethical basics to using your personal code as a lever for making more consistent decisions and reducing stress in work and life. Many books about ethics discuss weighty and controversial issues that few of us deal with in daily life--abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, animal rights. While these books are valuable, they are not so much tools for decision making as food for thought. This book, in contrast, focuses on one of ethics' most insidious problems: our inability to make clear and consistent choices in everyday life. The practical tools and techniques in this book help readers design a set of personal standards, based on sound ethical reasoning, for reducing everyday compromises.
Philosophy

How Are We to Live?

Ethics in an Age of Self-Interest

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1615920919

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 9885

Is there still anything worth living for? Is anything worth pursuing, apart from money, love, and caring for one's own family?Internationally known social philosopher and ethicist Peter Singer has an answer to these and other questions in this compelling new volume. If we can detach ourselves from our own immediate preoccupations and look at the world as a whole and our place in it, there is something absurd about the idea that people should have trouble finding something to live for.Singer suggests that people who take an ethical approach to life often avoid the trap of meaninglessness, finding a deeper satisfaction in what they are doing than those people whose goals are narrower and more self-centered. He spells out what he means by an ethical approach to life, and shows that it can bring about significant and far-reaching changes to one's life.After completing each section, the reader will be compelled to stop and ponder for a while. -San Antonio Current. . . extremely well written. -Mind (UK)Imagine that you could choose a book that everyone in the world would read. My choice would be this book by Peter Singer. It is a good philosophy book, which covers many historical, social, and biological issues with command and verve, but I would choose it because its persuasive power could change many people's lives for the better, both from their own point of view and from that of the world as a whole. -Ethics
Philosophy

Practical Ethics

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496891

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8657

For thirty years, Peter Singer's Practical Ethics has been the classic introduction to applied ethics. For this third edition, the author has revised and updated all the chapters and added a new chapter addressing climate change, one of the most important ethical challenges of our generation. Some of the questions discussed in this book concern our daily lives. Is it ethical to buy luxuries when others do not have enough to eat? Should we buy meat from intensively reared animals? Am I doing something wrong if my carbon footprint is above the global average? Other questions confront us as concerned citizens: equality and discrimination on the grounds of race or sex; abortion, the use of embryos for research and euthanasia; political violence and terrorism; and the preservation of our planet's environment. This book's lucid style and provocative arguments make it an ideal text for university courses and for anyone willing to think about how she or he ought to live.
Philosophy

Applied Ethics

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Oxford Readings in Philosophy

ISBN: 0198750676

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 612

This volume collects a wealth of articles covering a range of topics of practical concern in the field of ethics, including active and passive euthanasia, abortion, organ transplants, capital punishment, the consequences of human actions, slavery, overpopulation, the separate spheres of men and women, animal rights, and game theory and the nuclear arms race. The contributors are Thomas Nagel, David Hume, James Rachels, Judith Jarvis Thomson, Michael Tooley, John Harris, John Stuart Mill, Louis Pascal, Jonathan Glover, Derek Parfit, R.M. Hare, Janet Radcliffe Richards, Peter Singer, and Nicholas Measor.
Philosophy

The Most Good You Can Do

How Effective Altruism Is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300182414

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 6265

Peter Singer’s books and ideas have been disturbing our complacency ever since the appearance of Animal Liberation. Now he directs our attention to a challenging new movement in which his own ideas have played a crucial role: effective altruism. Effective altruism is built upon the simple but profoundly unsettling idea that living a fully ethical life involves doing the "most good you can do." Such a life requires a rigorously unsentimental view of charitable giving: to be a worthy recipient of our support, an organization must be able to demonstrate that it will do more good with our money or our time than other options open to us. Singer introduces us to an array of remarkable people who are restructuring their lives in accordance with these ideas, and shows how, paradoxically, living altruistically often leads to greater personal fulfillment than living for oneself. Doing the Most Good develops the challenges Singer has made, in the New York Times and Washington Post, to those who donate to the arts, and to charities focused on helping our fellow citizens, rather than those for whom we can do the most good. Effective altruists are extending our knowledge of the possibilities of living less selfishly, and of allowing reason, rather than emotion, to determine how we live. Doing the Most Good offers new hope for our ability to tackle the world’s most pressing problems.
Philosophy

Singer and His Critics

Author: Dale Jamieson

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781557869098

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 2229

This is the first book devoted to the work of Peter Singer, one of the leaders of the practical ethics movement, and one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century.
Philosophy

The Point of View of the Universe

Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek,Peter Singer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199603693

Category: Philosophy

Page: 403

View: 2285

Tests the views and metaphor of 19th-century utilitarian philosopher Henry Sidgwick against a variety of contemporary views on ethics, determining that they are defensible and thus providing a defense of objectivism in ethics and of hedonistic utilitarianism.
Philosophy

On What Matters

Volume One

Author: Derek Parfit

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199681031

Category: Philosophy

Page: 592

View: 9528

This is the first volume of a major work in moral philosophy, the long-awaited follow-up to Parfit's classic Reasons and Persons, a landmark of 20th-century philosophy. Parfit presents a powerful new treatment of reasons and a critical examination of the most prominent systematic moral theories, leading to his own ground-breaking conclusion.
Philosophy

Doing Good Better

How Effective Altruism Can Help You Help Others, Do Work That Matters, and Make Smarter Choices about Giving Back

Author: William MacAskill

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1592409660

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 3187

" ... MacAskill and his colleagues developed effective altruism - a practical, data-driven approach to doing good that allows us to make a tremendous difference regardless of our resources. Effective altruists operate by asking certain key questions, which force them to think differently, overcome biases, and use evidence and careful reasoning rather than act on impulse."--Page 4 of cover.
Philosophy

Utilitarianism: a Very Short Introduction

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek,Peter Singer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198728794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 699

In this Very Short Introduction Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek provide an authoritative account of the nature of utilitarianism, from its nineteenth-century origins, to its justification and its varieties. Considering how utilitarians can respond to objections that are often regarded as devastating, they explore the utilitarian answer to the question of whether torture can ever be justified. They also discuss what it is that utilitarians should seek to maximize, paying special attention to the classical utilitarian view that only pleasure or happiness is of intrinsic value. Singer and de Lazari-Radek conclude by analysing the continuing importance of utilitarianism in the world, indicating how it is a force for new thinking on contemporary moral challenges like global poverty, the treatment of animals, climate change, reducing the risk of human extinction, end-of-life decisions for terminally-ill patients, and the shift towards assessing the success of government policies in terms of their impact on happiness.
Philosophy

A Companion to Ethics

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118724968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 592

View: 1959

In this volume, some of today's most distinguished philosophers survey the whole field of ethics, from its origins, through the great ethical traditions, to theories of how we ought to live, arguments about specific ethical issues, and the nature of ethics itself. The book can be read straight through from beginning to end; yet the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive outline of contents and bibliographies of relevant literature, means that the volume also serves as a work of reference, both for those coming afresh to the study of ethics and for readers already familiar with the subject.
Philosophy

The Quest for a Moral Compass

A Global History of Ethics

Author: Kenan Malik

Publisher: Melville House

ISBN: 1612194044

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 6983

The story of the global search for moral truths In this remarkable and groundbreaking book, Kenan Malik explores the history of moral thought as it has developed over three millennia, from Homer’s Greece to Mao’s China, from ancient India to modern America. It tells the stories of the great philosophers, and breathes life into their ideas, while also challenging many of our most cherished moral beliefs. Engaging and provocative, The Quest for a Moral Compass confronts some of humanity’s deepest questions. Where do values come from? Is God necessary for moral guidance? Are there absolute moral truths? It also brings morality down to earth, showing how, throughout history, social needs and political desires have shaped moral thinking. It is a history of the world told through the history of moral thought, and a history of moral thought that casts new light on global history.
Psychology

Just Babies

The Origins of Good and Evil

Author: Paul Bloom

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0307886867

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 8439

A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society—and especially parents—to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research at Yale, Bloom demonstrates that, even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others’ actions; feel empathy and compassion; act to soothe those in distress; and have a rudimentary sense of justice. Still, this innate morality is limited, sometimes tragically. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Bringing together insights from psychology, behavioral economics, evolutionary biology, and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, violent psychopaths, religious extremists, and Ivy League professors, and explores our often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion, and race. In his analysis of the morality of children and adults, Bloom rejects the fashionable view that our moral decisions are driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, he argues, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries, such as the wrongness of slavery. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion, and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Paul Bloom has a gift for bringing abstract ideas to life, moving seamlessly from Darwin, Herodotus, and Adam Smith to The Princess Bride, Hannibal Lecter, and Louis C.K. Vivid, witty, and intellectually probing, Just Babies offers a radical new perspective on our moral lives. From the Hardcover edition.
Philosophy

Ethics

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192892454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 415

View: 7170

What is ethics? Where does it come from? Can we really hope to find any rational way of deciding how we ought to live? If we can, what would it be like, and how are we going to know when we have found it? To capture the essentials of what we know about the origins and nature of ethics, Peter Singer has drawn on anthropology, evolution, game theory, and works of fiction, in addition to the classic moral philosophy of such thinkers as Nietzsche, Kant, and Confucius. By choosing some of the finest pieces of writing, old and new, in and about ethics, he conveys the intellectual excitement of the search for answers to basic questions about how we ought to live. From the debates of Socrates and the profound writing of Rousseau to Jane Goodall's reflections on the ethics of chimpanzee kinship and Luther's commentary on the Sixth Commandment (thou shalt not kill), this engaging reader offers a complete and thorough introduction to the fascinating world of ethical debate.