Medical

Falls in Older People

Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

Author: Stephen R. Lord,Catherine Sherrington,Hylton B. Menz,Jacqueline C. T. Close

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320054

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 3917

Since the first edition of this very successful book was written to synthesise and review the enormous body of work covering falls in older people, there has been an even greater wealth of informative and promising studies designed to increase our understanding of risk factors and prevention strategies. This second edition, first published in 2007, is written in three parts: epidemiology, strategies for prevention, and future research directions. New material includes recent studies covering: balance studies using tripping, slipping and stepping paradigms; sensitivity and depth perception visual risk factors; neurophysiological research on automatic or reflex balance activities; and the roles of syncope, vitamin D, cataract surgery, health and safety education, and exercise programs. This edition will be an invaluable update for clinicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, researchers, and all those working in community, hospital and residential or rehabilitation aged care settings.
Medical

Falls in Older People

Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

Author: Stephen R. Lord,Catherine Sherrington,Hylton B. Menz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521589642

Category: Medical

Page: 249

View: 8887

Covering epidemiology, evidence-based risk assessment and falls-prevention strategies, this book will be invaluable to all involved with health care of the elderly.
Medical

Falls in Older People

Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention

Author: Stephen R. Lord,Catherine Sherrington,Hylton B. Menz,Jacqueline C. T. Close

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521680998

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 7379

Since the first edition of this very successful book was written to synthesise and review the enormous body of work covering falls in older people, there has been an even greater wealth of informative and promising studies designed to increase our understanding of risk factors and prevention strategies. This second edition, first published in 2007, is written in three parts: epidemiology, strategies for prevention, and future research directions. New material includes recent studies covering: balance studies using tripping, slipping and stepping paradigms; sensitivity and depth perception visual risk factors; neurophysiological research on automatic or reflex balance activities; and the roles of syncope, vitamin D, cataract surgery, health and safety education, and exercise programs. This edition will be an invaluable update for clinicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, researchers, and all those working in community, hospital and residential or rehabilitation aged care settings.
Medical

WHO Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563532

Category: Medical

Page: 47

View: 2453

The WHO Falls Prevention for Active Ageing model provides an action plan for making progress in reducing the prevalence of falls in the older adult population. By building on the three pillars of falls prevention, the model proposes specific strategies for: 1. Building awareness of the importance of falls prevention and treatment; 2. Improving the assessment of individual, environmental, and societal factors that increase the likelihood of falls; and 3. For facilitating the design and implementation of culturally appropriate, evidence-based interventions that will significantly reduce the number of falls among older persons. The model provides strategies and solutions that will require the engagement of multiple sectors of society. It is dependent on and consistent with the vision articulated in the WHO Active Ageing Policy Framework. Although not all of the awareness, assessment, and intervention strategies identified in the model apply equally well in all regions of the world, there are significant evidence-based strategies that can be effectively implemented in all regions and cultures. The degree to which progress will be made depends on to the success in integrating falls prevention strategies into the overall health and social care agendas globally. In order to do this effectively, it is necessary to identify and implement culturally appropriate, evidence-based policies and procedures. This requires multi-sectoral, collaborations, strong commitment to public and professional education, interaction based on evidence drawn from a variety of traditional, complementary, and alternative sources. Although the understanding of the evidence-base is growing, there is much that is not yet understood. Thus, there is an urgent need for continued research in all areas of falls prevention and treatment in order to better understand the scope of the problem worldwide. In particular, more evidence of the cost-effectiveness of interconnections is needed to develop strategies that are most likely to be effective in specific setting and population sub-groups.
Family & Relationships

Falls in Older People

Prevention and Management

Author: Rein Tideiksaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781878812858

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 240

View: 2082

Shows readers how to avoid falls throughout daily life by controlling, minimizing, or eliminating hazards found in the home and the environment.
Medical

Medication-Related Falls in Older People

Causative Factors and Management Strategies

Author: Allen R. Huang,Louise Mallet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319323040

Category: Medical

Page: 261

View: 9483

Comprising a single repository of knowledge and scientific evidence in the field, this book provides strategies to mitigate fall risk by providing information on the complex interactions between aging processes, co-morbid conditions and prescribed medications in older patients. Geriatric health is becoming a more prominent issue as the population ages, and balancing the beneficial effects of medication against the potential and real side-effects in these patients involves a deliberate and thoughtful task: physiologic aging, the accumulation of co-morbidities, and the use of drugs to manage various conditions and symptoms generates a unique set of problems for each patient. Falls are a dreaded event in older people. The event can affect a person in a physical, and psychological manner, resulting in soft tissue and bony injury, fear of falling, and depression. The identification of and reduction in fall risks in older people is a worldwide concern, and reducing the incidence of falls is a ubiquitous quality measure of health care delivery. Heterogeneity amongst older people precludes a single solution. However, physicians and others involved in the care of geriatric patients will benefit from the presented insights into how medication use can be modified to limit its impact as a contributing factor.
Health & Fitness

Falls and Their Prevention, an Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

Author: Laurence Z. Rubenstein,David Ganz

Publisher: W B Saunders Company

ISBN: 9781437727890

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 540

View: 445

This issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, Guest Edited by Laurence Rubenstein, MD, MPH, and David Ganz, MD, PhD, will feature such article topics as: Epidemiology of Falls in Older Adults; Exercise for Fall Prevention; Cardiac Causes of Falls and their Treatment; Medications and Falls; Vision and Fall Prevention; Preventing Falls in the Hospital, and Public Health Approach to Falls on a State and National Level.
Business & Economics

Global Health Risks

Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 62

View: 4734

This publication is a comprehensive assessment of leading risks to global health. It provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health attributable to 24 global risk factors.--Publisher's description.
Social Science

Elder Mistreatment:

Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America

Author: Panel to Review Risk and Prevalence of Elder Abuse and Neglect,National Research Council,Committee on National Statistics,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084342

Category: Social Science

Page: 570

View: 8154

Since the late 1970s when Congressman Claude Pepper held widely publicized hearings on the mistreatment of the elderly, policy makers and practitioners have sought ways to protect older Americans from physical, psychological, and financial abuse. Yet, during the last 20 years fewer than 50 articles have addressed the shameful problem that abusers-and sometimes the abused themselves-want to conceal. Elder Mistreatment in an Aging America takes a giant step toward broadening our understanding of the mistreatment of the elderly and recommends specific research and funding strategies that can be used to deepen it. The book includes a discussion of the conceptual, methodological, and logistical issues needed to create a solid research base as well as the ethical concerns that must be considered when working with older subjects. It also looks at problems in determination of a report's reliability and the role of physicians, EMTs, and others who are among the first to recognize situations of mistreatment. Elder Mistreatment in an Aging America will be of interest to anyone concerned about the elderly and ways to intervene when abuse is suspected, including family members, caregivers, and advocates for the elderly. It will also be of interest to researchers, research sponsors, and policy makers who need to know how to advance our knowledge of this problem.
Medical

Community Mental Health for Older People

Author: Gerard J. Byrne,Christine C. Neville

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578992

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 4813

Community Mental Health for Older People is the perfect resource for mental health workers as it discuses the ageing population, within the context of community mental health. It provides a comprehensive overview of the important issues and clinical practices that influence mental health care for older people. Written from a multidisciplinary perspective it is suitable for all health workers in community mental health teams (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers, clinical psychologists, consumer representatives, medical practitioners, occupational therapists, registered nurses, social workers, etc) as it incorporates the use of case studies to aid in the application of evidence-based practice. Multidisciplinary approach serves to illustrate the breadth and context of mental issues for older people Chapters are topical and relevant, discussing issues such as service provision, cultural and rural issues, major disorders and interventions, as well as ethical and legal issues. Vignettes are included throughout the clinical chapters and serve to illustrate real cases derived from practice Evidence-based practice is a key element to this pivotal new text as it highlights the best method of practise, in a clear and accessible manner. Highly readable style without the bulkiness of excessive references This text will cover issues relevant to the mental health of older people within a community context in Australia and New Zealand. Issues will include population health and the clinical management of the major concerns experienced with the diverse clinical presentations by older people. The mental health care of older people is now considered a specialist area with older person’s mental health services being key components of the mental health service framework. The publication is primarily aimed at health workers in community mental health teams (registered nurses, clinical psychologists, medical practitioners, social workers, occupational therapists, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers etc), but would incorporate those trainee health professionals involved in relevant undergraduate and postgraduate studies.
Medical

Falling In Old Age , 2nd edition

Author: Rein Tideiksaar, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826152930

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 5552

Falling is one of the most common causes of disability in later life and is also one of the most preventable. This book provides an enormous body of fall-related research that has been organized by the author into easy, digestible information for geriatric health professionals. Extensively updated and revised for its second edition, the book has direct clinical applications and strategies for preventing and managing falls. It also contains new information on the physical, psychological, and social complications of falling. For physicians, nurses, administrators, and staff in long-term and other geriatric care settings, this book will be an essential resource.
Medical

Adult Nursing Practice

Using evidence in care

Author: Ian Bullock,Jill Macleod Clark,Joanne Rycroft-Malone

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191631183

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 7139

Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care enables today's students and newly qualified nurses develop the knowledge and skills they need to deliver, and lead care tomorrow. Reflecting the principles of evidence-based care in line with the current NMC competencies, this textbook helps students learn to manage patients with common conditions and fundamental health needs so they can provide the best possible evidence-based care. Written, and edited by leading nurses from practice, education and research, it focuses on common diseases, fundamental health needs, and symptoms that nurses' encounter in daily practice. Conditions are clearly explained so that the causes of ill health are easily understood. Every chapter covers pathophysiology, indicates the key priorities for nursing assessment, and discusses 'what the evidence says', before considering nursing management options. Throughout the authors' clear signposts to trustworthy evidence mean that students can effortlessly select the best nursing interventions for their patients using the current available evidence-base. The ideal guide for students preparing for registration and newly qualified staff going through preceptorship, it is packed with over 115 illustrations and lots of features to bring the subject to life and make learning easier: BLNursing assessment illustrations outline challenges caused by common diseases in a helpful and memorable way, highlighting issues that need assessment BLRed flag icons indicate the warning signs of deterioration and urgent questions are listed that can be used for assessment and monitoring BLCase studies of effective evidence-based interventions show the difference that high quality nursing care makes BLCross references between common conditions' causes and managing related health needs and symptoms develop understanding by clearly linking pathophysiology with nursing management options BLTheory into practice boxes further enhance learning through suggested activities, such as exploring key evidence, considering major practice issues or applying core knowledge while out on placement BLOnline resource centre at www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/bullock /. Filled with interactive and useful e-learning resources to help students test their learning, keep up-to-date with the latest evidence and further expand their knowledge, it features: BLClinical decision making scenarios BLQuiz questions BLUpdates to content BLHyperlinked references BLimages from the book BLLecturer resources
Medical

Falls in Older Persons

Prevention and Management

Author: Rein Tideiksaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781878812445

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 2579

"In both hospitals and long-term care facilities it's the older patients and residents who are most prone to falling and most vulnerable to serious injury from a fall. Staff must constantly be on the alert for hazardous situations and know how to deal with falls. This easy-to-read guide provides just the right amount of information needed by health care staff to prevent and manage this common problem among older adults." "This book presents a wealth of practical recommendations, modifications, equipment, and resources that will improve the health and safety of older adult patients and long-term care residents."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Social Science

Measures of Association

Author: Albert M. Liebetrau

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803919747

Category: Social Science

Page: 95

View: 1959

Clearly reviews the properties of important contemporary measures of association and correlation. Liebetrau devotes full chapters to measures for nominal, ordinal, and continuous (interval) data, paying special attention to the sampling distributions needed to determine levels of significance and confidence intervals. Valuable discussions also focus on the relationships between various measures, the sampling properties of their estimators and the comparative advantages and disadvantages of different approaches.
Medical

Osteoporosis in Men

The Effects of Gender on Skeletal Health

Author: Eric S. Orwoll,John P. Bilezikian,Dirk Vanderschueren

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080923468

Category: Medical

Page: 741

View: 1963

Since the publication of the first edition, the U.S. Surgeon General released the first-ever report on bone health and osteoporosis in October 2004. This report focuses even more attention on the devastating impact osteoporosis has on millions of lives. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2 million American men have osteoporosis, and another 12 million are at risk for this disease. Yet despite the large number of men affected, the lack of awareness by doctors and their patients puts men at a higher risk that the condition may go undiagnosed and untreated. It is estimated that one-fifth to one-third of all hip fractures occur in men. This second edition brings on board John Bilezikian and Dirk Vanderschueren as editors with Eric Orwoll. The table of contents is more than doubling with 58 planned chapters. The format is larger – 8.5 x 11. This edition of Osteoporosis in Men brings together even more eminent investigators and clinicians to interpret developments in this growing field, and describe state-of-the-art research as well as practical approaches to diagnosis, prevention and therapy. Brings together more eminent investigators and clinicians to interpret developments in this growing field. Describes state-of-the-art research as well as practical approaches to diagnosis, prevention and therapy. There is no book on the market that covers osteoporosis in men as comprehensively as this book.
Medical

Nursing Older People

Issues and Innovations

Author: Rhonda Nay,Sally Garratt

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578984

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5964

This edition captures the underlying new approach in patient centred care and thinking from a multidisciplinary perspective. It highlights the most recent ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience from both Australia and Internationally. Contemporary research compliments the vignettes of practice and in conjunction with accompanying ‘video’ clips serve to capture the realities of caring for older people in our society. Change in focus of health care system with the patient centered care taking precedence and this new philosophy is incorporated into the third edition Key focus on issues and innovations in aged care, with evidence-based examples and clinical vignettes included throughout the new edition Cases are incorporated into each chapter to re-enforce and highlight many issues faced by nurses and health care workers in aged care Written by experts in the field of aged care Accompanying DVD, provides video clips of interviews with health practitioners and it highlights innovations to health care demands; issues such as dementia and broader aging issues. These serve to re-enforce the underpinning interdisciplinary and innovative approach of the third edition. An Evolve ebooks will be available of this title This text reflects new thinking in care; include the ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience mainly from Australia but with international contributions and be based on contemporary research. It will also point readers to ‘the evidence’ where it exists, and include vignettes of practice and ‘video’ clips where appropriate.
Technology & Engineering

Understanding and Preventing Falls

An Ergonomics Approach

Author: Roger Haslam,David Stubbs

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203647238

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 6755

Readable and authoritative, Understanding and Preventing Falls provides a guide to the nature and extent of the problem of falls. Drawing on the latest research, the authors outline the combination of environmental factors that commonly lead to falls and explore how to prevent them. The case is made for a multifaceted approach to falls prevention, taking account of the complex interplay that exists between individuals and the environment. Broad in scope, the book is divided into two parts. The first part examines the current state of knowledge and understanding of the causes and prevention of falls, with chapters on human ambulation and balance on level surfaces and on steps and stairs followed by chapters exploring vision and the effects of aging. Rounding out the coverage, the second part contains a series of case studies illustrating how falls occur in different circumstances and varying approaches to their prevention. While there have been reductions in the number and severity of injuries from other causes over recent decades, the incidence of injuries from falling has remained consistently high. However, many falls are preventable. This unique resource supplies a concise overview of how to minimize the occurrences of slips, trips, and falls in a variety of situations and conditions.
Medical

Fractures in the Elderly

A Guide to Practical Management

Author: Robert J. Pignolo,Mary Ann Keenan,Nader M Hebela

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781603274678

Category: Medical

Page: 335

View: 3953

Fractures in the Elderly: A Guide to Practical Management provides geriatricians and other medical specialists who provide care for older adults with the vital guidance and most current data and opinions regarding the treatment of elderly patients who sustain a variety of fractures. It also provides orthopedic surgeons with the necessary information and most current data and opinions regarding assessment and management of geriatric conditions that predispose the elderly to fracture, perioperative complications and subsequent functional decline. Each chapter is both readable and appealing not only to geriatricians and orthopedic surgeons but to all clinicians that have contact with elderly patients who have sustained or are at high risk of sustaining a fracture. Emphasis is placed on the fact that although in some cases pre- and post-operative care in elderly fracture patient may proceed as it does in younger individuals, often there are considerations owing to functional status, pre-existing conditions, and age-related physiological declines that require specialized knowledge and alternative approaches. Developed by a group of renowned experts, Fractures in the Elderly: A Guide to Practical Management is a major addition to the literature and provides a wealth of specialized knowledge and approaches to care. It is an essential reference for all clinicians who care for older adults as well as fellows and residents in training.
Medical

Geriatric Trauma and Critical Care

Author: Jay A. Yelon,Fred A. Luchette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461485010

Category: Medical

Page: 390

View: 4011

Geriatric Trauma and Critical Care provides a multidisciplinary overview of the assessment and management of the elderly patient presenting with surgical pathology. By utilizing current literature and evidence-based resources, the textbook elucidates the unique nature of caring for the elderly population. The structure of the volume provides the reader with an overview of the physiologic and psychological changes, as well as the impact on the healthcare system, associated with the aging process. Emphasis is placed on the impact of aging, pre-existing medical problems, effects of polypharmacy, advanced directives and end-of-life wishes on acute surgical problems, including trauma and surgical critical care. Special attention is given to the ethical implications of management of the aged. The multidisciplinary contributors provide a unique point of view not common to surgical texts. The textbook is the definitive resource for practicing surgeons, emergency medicine physicians, intensivists, anesthesiologists, hospitalists, geriatricians, as well as surgical residents, nurses and therapists, all who care for elderly patients with surgical emergencies.