The second edition of the popular A First Course in Fuzzy Logic will continue to provide the ideal introduction to the theory and applications of fuzzy logic. The authors provide a firm mathematical basis for the calculus of fuzzy concepts-necessary to design intelligent systems-and give the student a solid background for further studies and real-world applications. This new edition provides many new exercises designed to enhance the reader's understanding of the concepts. The authors have expanded on the algebra background needed for the more advanced topics, and include significant new material on basic connectives and the algebraic properties of fuzzy logic, rough sets, conditional events, distributions of random sets, and derivatives of fuzzy measures. With its comprehensive updates, A First Course in Fuzzy Logic, Second Edition presents all the background necessary for students to begin using fuzzy logic in its many-and rapidly growing-applications.
A First Course in Fuzzy Logic, Third Edition continues to provide the ideal introduction to the theory and applications of fuzzy logic. This best-selling text provides a firm mathematical basis for the calculus of fuzzy concepts necessary for designing intelligent systems and a solid background for readers to pursue further studies and real-world applications. New in the Third Edition: A section on type-2 fuzzy sets - a topic that has received much attention in the past few years Additional material on copulas and t-norms More discussions on generalized modus ponens and the compositional rule of inference Complete revision to the chapter on possibility theory Significant expansion of the chapter on fuzzy integrals Many new exercises With its comprehensive updates, this new edition presents all the background necessary for students and professionals to begin using fuzzy logic in its many-and rapidly growing- applications in computer science, mathematics, statistics, and engineering.
The texts presented in Proportion Harmonies and Identities (PHI) - MODERNITY, FRONTIERS AND REVOLUTIONS were compiled with the intent to establish a multidisciplinary platform for the presentation, interaction and dissemination of research. It also aims to foster awareness of and discussion on the topics of Harmony and Proportion with a focus on different visions relevant to Architecture, Arts and Humanities, Design, Engineering, Social and Natural Sciences, and their importance and benefits for the sense of both individual and community identity. The idea of modernity has been a significant driver of development since the Western Early Modern Age. Its theoretical and practical foundations have become the working tools of scientists, philosophers, and artists, who seek strategies and policies to accelerate the development process in different contexts.
In this paper, we propose a bank-based explanation for the decade-long Japanese slowdown following the asset price collapse in the early 1990s. We start with the well known observation that most large Japanese banks were only able to comply with capital standards because regulators were lax in their inspections. To facilitate this forbearance the banks often engaged in sham loan restructurings that kept credit flowing to otherwise insolvent borrowers (that we call zombies). Thus, the normal competitive outcome whereby the zombies would shed workers and lose market share was thwarted. Our model highlights the restructuring implications of the zombie problem. The counterpart of the congestion created by the zombies is a reduction of the profits for healthy firms, which discourages their entry and investment. In this context, even solvent banks will not find good lending opportunities. We confirm our story's key predictions that zombie-dominated industries exhibit more depressed job creation and destruction, and lower productivity. We present firm-level regressions showing that the increase in zombies depressed the investment and employment growth of non-zombies and widened the productivity gap between zombies and non-zombies. Keywords: Japan, zombies, investment, employment, job flows, restructuring, bankruptcy, creative destruction, productivity, congestion, sclerosis, scrambling, distortions, lost decade, subsidies. JEL Classifications: E44, G34, L16, O53.
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A practical, managerial-oriented approach to show how IT is used in organizations for the improvement of quality and productivity. * Contains a variety of cases which highlight problems many corporations encounter, as well as international cases, written by prominent international figures in the field, to illustrate how IT can be adapted to conform to other cultures. * Substantial coverage of new technology and applications (e.g. fuzzy logic, neural computing, hypermedia). * Icons highlight the use of functional areas of business, health care, and government, not-for profit agencies.