Social Science

Folk Devils and Moral Panics

Author: Stanley Cohen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136807047

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 1509

'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.
Technology & Engineering

Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars

Author: William Patry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199743940

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 2468

Metaphors, moral panics, folk devils, Jack Valenti, Joseph Schumpeter, John Maynard Keynes, predictable irrationality, and free market fundamentalism are a few of the topics covered in this lively, unflinching examination of the Copyright Wars: the pitched battles over new technology, business models, and most of all, consumers. In Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars, William Patry lays bare how we got to where we are: a bloated, punitive legal regime that has strayed far from its modest, but important roots. Patry demonstrates how copyright is a utilitarian government program--not a property or moral right. As a government program, copyright must be regulated and held accountable to ensure it is serving its public purpose. Just as Wall Street must serve Main Street, neither can copyright be left to a Reaganite "magic of the market." The way we have come to talk about copyright--metaphoric language demonizing everyone involved--has led to bad business and bad policy decisions. Unless we recognize that the debates over copyright are debates over business models, we will never be able to make the correct business and policy decisions. A centrist and believer in appropriately balanced copyright laws, Patry concludes that calls for strong copyright laws, just like calls for weak copyright laws, miss the point entirely: the only laws we need are effective laws, laws that further the purpose of encouraging the creation of new works and learning. Our current regime, unfortunately, creates too many bad incentives, leading to bad conduct. Just as President Obama has called for re-tooling and re-imagining the auto industry, Patry calls for a remaking of our copyright laws so that they may once again be respected.
Social Science

Flüchtige Zeiten

Leben in der Ungewissheit

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868545697

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 5495

Wir leben in einer Welt des Übergangs von der "festen" zur "flüssigen" Moderne. Unsicherheit und Ungewissheit prägen den Alltag vieler Menschen, denen ohne stabile gesellschaftliche Formen und Institutionen ein Bezugsrahmen sowohl für ihr Handeln als auch für langfristige Lebenspläne fehlt und die sich gezwungen sehen, ihr Leben aus einer endlosen Abfolge von kurzfristigen Projekten und Episoden zusammenzuflicken. Konzepte wie "Karriere" oder "Fortschritt" können nur noch von wenigen aktiv verfolgt werden, und "in Sicherheit zu leben" bedeutet schon heute vielerorts - vorausgesetzt, man kann es sich leisten -, bewacht zu werden und abgeschottet zu sein von den Wirren der globalen Megacitys, von Armut und dem "menschlichen Abfall". Der renommierte Soziologe Zygmunt Bauman erkundet in diesem Band die endemische Unsicherheit, die unser heutiges Leben formt. In "flüchtigen Zeiten" wird dem Individuum ein sehr hohes Maß an Flexibilität und Anpassungsfähigkeit abverlangt und die permanente Bereitschaft, Taktiken zu ändern, Verpflichtungen und Loyalitäten ohne Bedauern fallenzulassen und Gelegenheiten je nach kurzfristiger Verfügbarkeit zu ergreifen. Leben bedeutet mit der Ungewissheit umzugehen.
Social Science

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 9478

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.
Social Science

Introducing Cultural Studies

Author: Brian Longhurst,Gaynor Bagnall,Greg Smith

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9781405858434

Category: Social Science

Page: 347

View: 8523

This completely revised second edition of Introducing Cultural Studies gives a systematic overview of the concepts, theories, debates and latest research in this field. Reinforcing the interdisciplinary nature of Cultural Studies, this text first considers cultural theory before branching out to examine different dimensions of culture in detail. This edition contains figures, diagrams, cartoons and photographs to help convey ideas and stimulate the reader, while pedagogical features such as Defining Concepts, Extract boxes and Further Reading sections help draw attention to the key topics covered. This text will be core reading for undergraduates and postgraduates in a variety of disciplines - including Cultural Studies, Communication and Media Studies, English, Geography, Sociology, and Social Studies – looking for a clear and comprehensible introduction to the field.
Social Science

Moral Panics

The Social Construction of Deviance

Author: Erich Goode,Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444307931

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7975

Packed with new examples and material, this second edition providesa fully up-to-date exploration of the genesis, dynamics, and demiseof moral panics and their impacts on the societies in which theytake place. Packed with updated and recent examples including terrorism,the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Towers, school shootings, flagburning, and the early-2000s resurgence of the “sexslave” scare Includes a new chapter on the media, currently regarded as amajor component of the moral panic Devotes a chapter to addressing criticisms of the first editionas well as the moral panics concept itself Written by long-established experts in the field Designed to fit both self-contained courses on moral panics andwider courses on deviance
Knowledge, Sociology of

Was heißt "soziale Konstruktion"?

zur Konjunktur einer Kampfvokabel in den Wissenschaften

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Frankfurt am Main : Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 9783596144341

Category: Knowledge, Sociology of

Page: 207

View: 8269

Fiction

Generation X

Geschichten für eine immer schneller werdende Kultur. Roman

Author: Douglas Coupland

Publisher: Aufbau Digital

ISBN: 3841216145

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 7608

Die Bibel der Heutezeit. Willst du ein Haus oder ein Leben? Andy, Dag und Claire teilen die Sehnsüchte ihrer Eltern, der Babyboomer, nicht. Sicherheit ist ihnen egal. Denn das heraufdämmernde neue Jahrtausend verspricht nichts als Katastrophen. Überschuldung, Überbevölkerung, Klimaerwärmung, Komsumterror - vor diesem Hintergrund zählt nur noch eins: Frei zu sein und zu genießen. Die drei beschließen sich loszusagen, auf Karriere und Kaufkraft zu verzichten, um sich ins Rentneridyll Palm Springs zurückzuziehen, Gin Tonic zu trinken, Geschichten zu erzählen und auf den Sonnenaufgang zu warten. Als „Generation X“ 1991 in den Vereinigten Staaten erschien, waren Leute wie Andy, Dag und Claire ihre Haltung, die lässige Unverbindlichkeit, Patchworkkleidung, ihre Trink- und Schlafgewohnheiten noch Fiktion. Inzwischen gehören ihre Wiedergänger zum täglichen Straßenbild der Städte weltweit. Millennials und Xennials, Emos, Hipster, die Generation Y und Z. Ihr Denken und Fühlen zu verstehen, wäre ohne „Generation X“ nicht möglich.
Social Science

Crime, Social Control and Human Rights

From Moral Panics to States of Denial, Essays in Honour of Stanley Cohen

Author: David Downes,Professor of Social Administration David Downes,Paul Rock,Professor of Social Institutions Paul Rock,Christine Chinkin,Conor Gearty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134005954

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 309

The work of Stanley Cohen over four decades has come to acquire a classical status in the fields of criminology, sociology and human rights. His writing, research, teaching and practical engagement in these fields have been at once rigorously analytical and intellectually inspiring. It amounts to a unique contribution, immensely varied yet with several unifying themes, and it has made, and continues to make, a lasting impact around the world. His work thus has a protean character and scope which transcend time and place. This book of essays in Stanley Cohen's honour aims to build on and reflect some of his many-sided contributions. It contains chapters by some of the world's leading thinkers as well as the rising generation of scholars and practitioners whose approach has been shaped in significant respects by his own.
History

Mass Deception

Moral Panic and the U.S. War on Iraq

Author: Scott A. Bonn

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813547881

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 2667

The attacks of 9/11 led to a war on Iraq, although there was neither tangible evidence that the nation's leader, Saddam Hussein, was linked to Osama bin Laden nor proof of weapons of mass destruction. Why, then, did the Iraq war garner so much acceptance in the United States during its primary stages? Mass Deception argues that the George W. Bush administration manufactured public support for the war on Iraq. Scott A. Bonn introduces a unique, integrated, and interdisciplinary theory called "critical communication" to explain how and why political elites and the news media periodically create public panics that benefit both parties. Using quantitative analysis of public opinion polls and presidential rhetoric pre- and post-9/11 in the news media, Bonn applies the moral panic concept to the Iraq war. He critiques the war and occupation of Iraq as violations of domestic and international law. Finally, Mass Deception connects propaganda and distortion efforts by the Bush administration to more general theories of elite deviance and state crime.
Political Science

Methoden der Textanalyse

Leitfaden und Überblick

Author: Stefan Titscher,Ruth Wodak,Michael Meyer,Eva Vetter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322873021

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 2993

Dieses Lehrbuch verwirklicht zwei Ziele: Einerseits bietet es eine Einführung in die Vorgehensweise zur wissenschaftlichen Analyse von gesprochenen oder geschriebenen Texten. Andererseits werden insgesamt 15 Methoden und Verfahren aus der Linguistik und der Soziologie dargestellt und diskutiert. Die Darstellung erfolgt nach einer einheitlichen Gliederung und ermöglicht damit einen direkten Vergleich. Umfangreiche kommentierte Literaturverweise erleichtern den vertieften Zugang zur Thematik. Damit schafft dieses Werk den derzeit umfassendsten Überblick über sozialwissenschaftliche Methoden der Textanalyse.
Social Science

Criminology

A Reader

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Gayle Letherby

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947110

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 9114

This reader provides a thorough grounding in issues related to the study of crime, the criminal justice system, and social control. The editors indicate crime's varied and conflicting history as well as its current debates. The mixture of historical and more recent readings shows a variety of perspectives.
Imperialism

Die ohnmächtige Supermacht

warum die USA die Welt nicht regieren können

Author: Michael Mann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593373133

Category: Imperialism

Page: 357

View: 8958

Education

The Day Care Ritual Abuse Moral Panic

Author: Mary de Young

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786418303

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 9090

In the United States during the early 1980s, hundreds of day care providers were accused of sexually abusing their young charges in satanic rituals that included blood drinking, cannibalism, and human sacrifice. The panic surrounding the ritual abuse of children has spread quickly to Canada, Europe, and Australasia, and its rapid dispersion has been unimpeded by international investigations that found no evidence to corroborate the allegations and warned that a moral panic was thrusting them into professional public attention. This work is a sociologically based analysis of the day care ritual abuse panic in America. It introduces the concept of moral panic and analyzes its relevance to the ritual abuse scare, explores the ideological, political, economic, and professional forces that fomented the panic, discusses the McMartin Preschool case as the incident that brought attention to satanic menaces and children, and examines the dialect between the various interest groups that stirred up and spread the moral panic and the day care providers accused of ritual abuse. Also covered are the popular culture representations of day care ritual abuse, the diffusion of the scare to areas overseas, the institutionally symbolic and ideologically contradictory social ends of the panic, and the outcomes of the panic in various settings. The book ends with a discussion of moral panic theory and how it needs to be changed for a complex, multi-mediated postmodern culture, and what lessons can be learned from the scare.
Social Science

Scapegoats of September 11th

Hate Crimes & State Crimes in the War on Terror

Author: Michael Welch

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813538963

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 2386

From its largest cities to deep within its heartland, from its heavily trafficked airways to its meandering country byways, America has become a nation racked by anxiety about terrorism and national security. In response to the fears prompted by the tragedy of September 11th, the country has changed in countless ways. Airline security has tightened, mail service is closely examined, and restrictions on civil liberties are more readily imposed by the government and accepted by a wary public. The altered American landscape, however, includes more than security measures and ID cards. The country's desperate quest for security is visible in many less obvious, yet more insidious ways. In Scapegoats of September 11th, criminologist Michael Welch argues that the "war on terror" is a political charade that delivers illusory comfort, stokes fear, and produces scapegoats used as emotional relief. Regrettably, much of the outrage that resulted from 9/11 has been targeted at those not involved in the attacks on the Pentagon or the Twin Towers. As this book explains, those people have become the scapegoats of September 11th. Welch takes on the uneasy task of sorting out the various manifestations of displaced aggression, most notably the hate crimes and state crimes that have become embarrassing hallmarks both at home and abroad.Drawing on topics such as ethnic profiling, the Abu Ghraib scandal, Guantanamo Bay, and the controversial Patriot Act, Welch looks at the significance of knowledge, language, and emotion in a post-9/11 world. In the face of popular and political cheerleading in the war on terror, this book presents a careful and sober assessment, reminding us that sound counterterrorism policies must rise above, rather than participate in, the propagation of bigotry and victimization. Michael Welch is a professor of criminal justice at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous books including Ironies of Imprisonment and Detained: Immigration Laws and the Expanding INS Jail Complex.