A comprehensive review of the theory and practice for designing, operating, and optimizing electric distribution systems, revised and updated Now in its second edition, Electric Distribution Systems has been revised and updated and continues to provide a two-tiered approach for designing, installing, and managing effective and efficient electric distribution systems. With an emphasis on both the practical and theoretical approaches, the text is a guide to the underlying theory and concepts and provides a resource for applying that knowledge to problem solving. The authors—noted experts in the field—explain the analytical tools and techniques essential for designing and operating electric distribution systems. In addition, the authors reinforce the theories and practical information presented with real-world examples as well as hundreds of clear illustrations and photos. This essential resource contains the information needed to design electric distribution systems that meet the requirements of specific loads, cities, and zones. The authors also show how to recognize and quickly respond to problems that may occur during system operations, as well as revealing how to improve the performance of electric distribution systems with effective system automation and monitoring. This updated edition: • Contains new information about recent developments in the field particularly in regard to renewable energy generation • Clarifies the perspective of various aspects relating to protection schemes and accompanying equipment • Includes illustrative descriptions of a variety of distributed energy sources and their integration with distribution systems • Explains the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources, various types of energy storage systems and the role they play to improve power quality, stability, and reliability Written for engineers in electric utilities, regulators, and consultants working with electric distribution systems planning and projects, the second edition of Electric Distribution Systems offers an updated text to both the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of electrical distribution systems.
Technology & Engineering by James Larminie,Andrew Dicks
The use of fuel cells as independent power sources is expected to become increasingly widespread. This book aids understanding of the technology by setting out the working methods, behaviour, limitations, special features and potential of fuel cells. This edition includes a section on standards within the industry.
Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.
Technology & Engineering by Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong
Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control, and Applications describes advanced research results on modeling and control designs for fuel cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on fuel cell modeling, analysis, and nonlinear control. The book begins with an introduction to fuel cells and fuel cell power systems as well as the fundamentals of fuel cell systems and their components. It then presents the linear and nonlinear modeling of fuel cell dynamics, before discussing typical approaches of linear and nonlinear modeling and control design methods for fuel cells. The authors also explore the Simulink implementation of fuel cells, including the modeling of PEM fuel cells and control designs. They cover the applications of fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, stand-alone systems, and hybrid renewable energy systems. The book concludes with the modeling and analysis of hybrid renewable energy systems, which integrate fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Mathematical preliminaries on linear and nonlinear control are provided in an appendix. With the need for alternative power well established, we are seeing unprecedented research in fuel cell technology. Written by scientists directly involved with the research, this book presents approaches and achievements in the linear and nonlinear modeling and control design of PEM fuel cells.
A Comprehensive Reference for Electrochemical Engineering Theory and Application From chemical and electronics manufacturing, to hybrid vehicles, energy storage, and beyond, electrochemical engineering touches many industries—any many lives—every day. As energy conservation becomes of central importance, so too does the science that helps us reduce consumption, reduce waste, and lessen our impact on the planet. Electrochemical Engineering provides a reference for scientists and engineers working with electrochemical processes, and a rigorous, thorough text for graduate students and upper-division undergraduates. Merging theoretical concepts with widespread application, this book is designed to provide critical knowledge in a real-world context. Beginning with the fundamental principles underpinning the field, the discussion moves into industrial and manufacturing processes that blend central ideas to provide an advanced understanding while explaining observable results. Fully-worked illustrations simplify complex processes, and end-of chapter questions help reinforce essential knowledge. With in-depth coverage of both the practical and theoretical, this book is both a thorough introduction to and a useful reference for the field. Rigorous in depth, yet grounded in relevance, Electrochemical Engineering: Introduces basic principles from the standpoint of practical application Explores the kinetics of electrochemical reactions with discussion on thermodynamics, reaction fundamentals, and transport Covers battery and fuel cell characteristics, mechanisms, and system design Delves into the design and mechanics of hybrid and electric vehicles, including regenerative braking, start-stop hybrids, and fuel cell systems Examines electrodeposition, redox-flow batteries, electrolysis, regenerative fuel cells, semiconductors, and other applications of electrochemical engineering principles Overlapping chemical engineering, chemistry, material science, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering, electrochemical engineering covers a diverse array of phenomena explained by some of the important scientific discoveries of our time. Electrochemical Engineering provides the critical understanding required to work effectively with these processes as they become increasingly central to global sustainability.
The Aircraft Engineering Principles and Practice Series provides students, apprentices and practicing aerospace professionals with the definitive resources to take forward their aircraft engineering maintenance studies and career. This book provides a detailed introduction to the principles of aircraft electrical and electronic systems. It delivers the essential principles and knowledge required by certifying mechanics, technicians and engineers engaged in engineering maintenance on commercial aircraft and in general aviation. It is well suited for anyone pursuing a career in aircraft maintenance engineering or a related aerospace engineering discipline, and in particular those studying for licensed aircraft maintenance engineer status. The book systematically covers the avionic content of EASA Part-66 modules 11 and 13 syllabus, and is ideal for anyone studying as part of an EASA and FAR-147 approved course in aerospace engineering. All the necessary mathematical, electrical and electronic principles are explained clearly and in-depth, meeting the requirements of EASA Part-66 modules, City and Guilds Aerospace Engineering modules, BTEC National Units, elements of BTEC Higher National Units, and a Foundation Degree in aircraft maintenance engineering or a related discipline.
Technology & Engineering by Francis Vanek,Louis Albright
A Unique Systems Approach to Energy Engineering, Covering Carbon-Based, Nuclear, and Renewable Sources! An essential reference for all engineers and students working with energy systems, Energy Systems Engineering presents a systems approach to future energy needs, covering carbon-based, nuclear, and renewable energy sources. This unique guide explores the latest technology within each energy systems area, the benefits and liabilities of each, the challenges posed by changing energy supplies, the negative impacts from energy consumption, especially CO2 emissions, and the ways in which a portfolio of new technologies can address these problems. Filled with over 200 detailed illustrations and tables, the book examines short-, medium-, and long-term energy options for the remainder of the twenty-first century. For each energy system, the authors provide equations and problems to help practitioners quantify the performance of the technology and better understand its potential. Energy Systems Engineering features: A valuable systems approach to energy engineering Coverage of all major energy topics_from climate change to wind power Both U.S. and global energy perspectives, with international comparisons Emphasis on CO2 issues and abatement, including carbon sequestration A wealth of equations and problems for each area of energy technology Numerous tables and graphs in PowerPoint format for easy presentation An extensive online ancillary package for instructors provides an instructor's manual, solution files, course syllabus, Matlab scripts, and teaching PowerPoint files. Inside This Cutting-Edge Guide to the Technology of Energy Systems: Systems Engineering and Economic Analysis Tools • Climate Change • Fossil Fuels, Relative CO2 Emissions, and Modeling of Consumption and Remaining Reserves • Fossil Fuel Combustion Technologies • Carbon Sequestration • Nuclear Energy • The Solar Energy Resource • Solar Technology • Wind Energy • Energy Technologies for Transportation • Systems Issues for Transportation Energy • Other Emerging Renewable Energy Technologies
Electrification is an evolving paradigm shift in the transportation industry toward more efficient, higher performance, safer, smarter, and more reliable vehicles. There is in fact a clear trend to move from internal combustion engines (ICEs) to more integrated electrified powertrains. Providing a detailed overview of this growing area, Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles begins with an introduction to the automotive industry, an explanation of the need for electrification, and a presentation of the fundamentals of conventional vehicles and ICEs. It then proceeds to address the major components of electrified vehicles—i.e., power electronic converters, electric machines, electric motor controllers, and energy storage systems. This comprehensive work: Covers more electric vehicles (MEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), range-extended electric vehicles (REEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs) including battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) Describes the electrification technologies applied to nonpropulsion loads, such as power steering and air-conditioning systems Discusses hybrid battery/ultra-capacitor energy storage systems, as well as 48-V electrification and belt-driven starter generator systems Considers vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interface and electrical infrastructure issues, energy management, and optimization in advanced electric drive vehicles Contains numerous illustrations, practical examples, case studies, and challenging questions and problems throughout to ensure a solid understanding of key concepts and applications Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles makes an ideal textbook for senior-level undergraduate or graduate engineering courses and a user-friendly reference for researchers, engineers, managers, and other professionals interested in transportation electrification.
Heat pumps by Srinivas Garimella,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Advanced Energy Systems Division
An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques
Author: S. Sumathi,L. Ashok Kumar,P. Surekha
This textbook starts with a review of the principles of operation, modeling and control of common solar energy and wind-power generation systems before moving on to discuss grid compatibility, power quality issues and hybrid models of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). MATLAB/SIMULINK models of fuel cell technology and associated converters are discussed in detail. The impact of soft computing techniques such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms in the context of solar and wind energy is explained with practical implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK models. This book is intended for final year undergraduate, post-graduate and research students interested in understanding the modeling and control of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems based on MATLAB/SIMULINK. - Each chapter includes “Learning Objectives” at the start, a “Summary” at the end and helpful Review Questions - Includes MATLAB/SIMULINK models of different control strategies for power conditioning units in the context of Solar PV - Presents soft computing techniques for Solar PV and WECS, as well as MATLAB/SIMULINK models, e.g. for wind turbine topologies and grid integration - Covers hybrid solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems with converters and MATLAB/SIMULINK models - Reviews harmonic reduction in Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems in connection with power quality issues - Covers fuel cells and converters with implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK
From the forefront of news today to your classroom, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, 4e, UPDATE EDITION: Now with Technology and Ethics in the news and information on Engineering Ethics, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY stresses the latest technological innovations and how these advancements represent new ethical challenges and dilemmas for society as a whole. Winston/Edelbach's timely anthology closely examines technological change and its social consequences from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Your students gain a strong foundation in theoretical and applied ethical matters as they learn how to examine critically the social effects of technology surrounding their daily lives. In addition to highlighting ethical theory, readings assist students in establishing solid decision-making frameworks. Detailed coverage examines the impact of specific, recent technological advances, such as artificial intelligence and surveillance. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on medieval and twentieth-century developments as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. In addition to the history of technology, the book delves into what the future holds in areas such as human rights, information technology, biotechnology, energy, and the environment. Readings in this edition from prominent scholars and leaders focus on the most current issues and debates, while useful introductions and Focus Questions guide student comprehension. Additional readings, drawn from a variety of contemporary social issues, touch on numerous disciplines, from philosophy and sociology to engineering and computer science. This update edition now includes information on engineering ethics as well as summaries of recent news events with discussion and writing questions to help focus students' attention on the related ethical issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Technology & Engineering by D.P. KOTHARI,K. C. SINGAL,RAKESH RANJAN
This book, now in its Second Edition, is an introductory text on renewable energy sources, technologies and their applications—a subject which is becoming increasingly important worldwide. This edition includes two new chapters that introduce contemporary practices in renewable technologies. It also discusses issues on environmental degradation and its reasons and remedies. Besides this, a large number of numerical problems to correlate theory with typical values and chapter-end review questions are also given to reinforce the understanding of the subject matter. Written in an accessible style, this text is designed to serve the needs of undergraduate students in electrical, mechanical and civil engineering disciplines. It will also be useful for all higher-level courses in energy programmes and multi-disciplinary postgraduate courses in science and engineering. NEW TO THIS EDITION : Inclusion of two new chapters—‘Hybrid Systems’ and ‘Environment, Energy and Global Climate Change’. A new section on Distributed Energy System and Dispersed Generation. Appendices on • Smart grid and grid system in India • Remote village electrification with renewable energy sources • Indian Electricity Act 2003, which supports exploration of Renewable Energy. SALIENT FEATURES : Provides balanced introduction to all aspects of solar energy conversion including PV technology. Gives comprehensive coverage of all facets of wind power development. Explains small hydropower projects with illustrative figures. Emphasises the importance of availability of biofuel from Jatropa plant. Special attention is given to ‘gas hydrates’ and ‘hydrogen energy’ sources. Fuel cells are explained as per the latest technology available. Harnessing of ocean energy is dealt with in detail. Utilisation of biomass and solid waste for energy recovery is emphasised.