Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites. The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed. With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.
Technology & Engineering by Narottam P. Bansal,Jacques Lamon
This book is a comprehensive source of information on variousaspects of ceramic matrix composites (CMC). It covers ceramic andcarbon fibers; the fiber-matrix interface; processing, propertiesand industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture,mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures,environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign objectdamage, modeling, life prediction, integration and joining. Eachchapter in the book is written by specialists and internationallyrenowned researchers in the field. This book will providestate-of-the-art information on different aspects of CMCs. The bookwill be directed to researchers working in industry, academia, andnational laboratories with interest and professional competence onCMCs. The book will also be useful to senior year and graduatestudents pursuing degrees in ceramic science and engineering,materials science and engineering, aeronautical, mechanical, andcivil or aerospace engineering. Presents recent advances, new approaches and discusses newissues in the field, such as foreign object damage, lifepredictions, multiscale modeling based on probabilistic approaches,etc. Caters to the increasing interest in the application of ceramicmatrix composites (CMC) materials in areas as diverse as aerospace,transport, energy, nuclear, and environment. CMCs are consideredans enabling technology for advanced aeropropulsion, spacepropulsion, space power, aerospace vehicles, space structures, aswell as nuclear and chemical industries. Offers detailed descriptions of ceramic and carbon fibers;fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrialapplications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanicalbehavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effectsand protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, lifeprediction, integration/joining.
International Series on the Strength and Fracture of Materials and Structures
Author: Michael R. Piggott
Category: Technology & Engineering
Load-Bearing Fibre Composites provides a unified view of the entire field of fiber and platelet composites. This book explores the complex interactions between fibers and matrix. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental ideas in the field of fiber reinforced composites. This text then provides data on their load-bearing capabilities. Other chapters consider a rough estimate of how strong a material could be and describe the two main sources of weakness in real materials. This book discusses as well the slender forms of material and describes the simple slip theory of reinforcement that gives the modulus and strength for aligned short-fiber composites. The final chapter deals with the versatile use of fiber reinforced materials, which can be designed for a specific application by suitable choice of components and volume fraction. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, metallurgists, designers, engineers, and research workers.
Updated and improved, Stress Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials, Hyer's work remains the definitive introduction to the use of mechanics to understand stresses in composites caused by deformations, loading, and temperature changes. In contrast to a materials science approach, Hyer emphasizes the micromechanics of stress and deformation for composite material analysis. The book provides invaluable analytic tools for students and engineers seeking to understand composite properties and failure limits. A key feature is a series of analytic problems continuing throughout the text, starting from relatively simple problems, which are built up step-by-step with accompanying calculations. The problem series uses the same material properties, so the impact of the elastic and thermal expansion properties for a single-layer of FR material on the stress, strains, elastic properties, thermal expansion and failure stress of cross-ply and angle-ply symmetric and unsymmetric laminates can be evaluated. The book shows how thermally induced stresses and strains due to curing, add to or subtract from those due to applied loads.Another important element, and one unique to this book, is an emphasis on the difference between specifying the applied loads, i.e., force and moment results, often the case in practice, versus specifying strains and curvatures and determining the subsequent stresses and force and moment results. This represents a fundamental distinction in solid mechanics.
Exploring state-of-the-art composite materials, this newly expanded and revised edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials and adds emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials.
Technology & Engineering by F L Matthews,G A O Davies,D Hitchings,C Soutis
Author: F L Matthews,G A O Davies,D Hitchings,C Soutis
Category: Technology & Engineering
Finite element modelling of composite materials and structures provides an introduction to a technique which is increasingly being used as an analytical tool for composite materials. The text is presented in four parts: Part one sets the scene and reviews the fundamentals of composite materials together with the basic nature of FRP and its constituents. Two-dimensional stress-strain is covered, as is laminated plated theory and its limitations. Part two reviews the basic principles of FE analysis, starting with underlying theoretical issues and going on to show how elements are derived, a model is generated and results are processed. Part three builds on the basics of FE analysis and considers the particular issues that arise in applying finite elements to composites, especially to the layered nature of the material. Part four deals with the application of FE to FRP composites, presenting analytical models alongside FE representations. Specific issues addressed include interlaminar stresses, fracture delamination, joints and fatigue. This book is invaluable for students of materials science and engineering, and for engineers and others wishing to expand their knowledge of structural analysis. Covers important work on finite element analysis of composite material performance Based on material developed for an MSc course at Imperial College, London, UK Covers particular problems such as holes, free edges with FE results compared with experimental data and classical analysis
The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.
Technology & Engineering by Xiao-Su Yi,Shanyi Du,Litong Zhang
In two volumes, this book provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamental knowledge and technology of composite materials. This second volume reviews the research developments of a number of widely studied composite materials with different matrices. It also describes the related process technology that is necessary for a successful production. This work is ideal for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in the fields of materials science and engineering, as well as mechanical engineering.
Much research has been carried out and a lot of progress has been made towards the use of composite materials in a wide field of tribological applications. In recent years studies have been made to determine to what degree phenomena governing the tribological performance of composites can be generalized and to consolidate interdisciplinary information for polymer-, metal- and ceramic matrix composites. The importance of promoting better knowledge in the areas of friction, lubrication and wear, in general, is demonstrated by the contents of this volume. It covers a wide range of subjects extending from fundamental research on the tribological characteristics of various multi-phase materials up to final applications of composites in wear loaded, technical components. Besides the emphasis on composites tribology, the great practical aspect of the field in many industrial applications is also reviewed by authors who are engaged in applied research as well as those in more academic activities. The articles in this volume will facilitate both researchers and mechanical designers in their work towards a set of predictive, materials engineering-related models for a more reliable use of composites as tribo-materials. Through the study of, and observation of, the tribology of sensibly formulated composite systems may emerge a clear and more profound understanding of the subject of tribology. In this sense, this book offers a major and critical evaluation of the state of understanding of the principles of tribology and its ability to serve the practical and commercial needs of this technology generally, and particularly in the context of composite systems.
Science by West European Graduate Education Marine Technology
Author: West European Graduate Education Marine Technology
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The two volumes that comprise this work provide a comprehensive guide and source book on the marine use of composite materials. The first volume, Fundamental Aspects, provides a rigorous development of theory. Areas covered include materials science, environmental aspects, production technology, structural analysis, finite-element methods, materials failure mechanisms and the role of standard test procedures. An appendix gives tables of the mechanical properties of common polymeric composites and laminates in marine use. The second volume, Practical Considerations, examines how the theory can be used in the design and construction of marine structures, including boats, submersibles, offshore structures and other deep-ocean installations.
Technology & Engineering by A.G. Mamalis,D. E. Manolakos,G. A. Demosthenous,M. B. Ioannidis
Author: A.G. Mamalis,D. E. Manolakos,G. A. Demosthenous,M. B. Ioannidis
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
FROM THE INTRODUCTION Vehicle crashworthiness has been improving in recent years with attention mainly directed towards reducing the impact of the crash on the passengers. Effort has been spent in experimental research and in establishing safe theoretical design criteria on the mechanics of crumpling, providing to the engineers the ability to design vehicle structures so that the maximum amount of energy will dissipate while the material surrounding the passenger compartment is deformed, thus protecting the people inside. During the last decade the attention given to crashworthiness and crash energy management has been centered on composite structures. The main advantages of fibre reinforced composite materials over more conventional isotropic materials, are the very high specific strengths and specific stiffness which can be achieved. Moreover, with composites, the designer can vary the type of fibre, matrix and fibre orientation to produce composites with proved material properties. Besides the perspective of reduced weight, design flexibility and low fabrication costs, composite materials offer a considerable potential for lightweight energy absorbing structures; these facts attract the attention of the automotive and aircraft industry owing to the increased use of composite materials in various applications, such as frame rails used in the apron construction of a car body and the subfloor of an aircraft, replacing the conventional materials used. Our monograph is intended to provide an introduction to this relatively new topic of structural crashworthiness for professional engineers. It will introduce them to terms and concepts of it and acquaint them with some sources of literature about it. We believe that our survey constitutes a reasonably well-balanced synopsis of the topic.
Technology & Engineering by George C. Sih,Alberto Carpinteri,G. Surace
Applications to the Automotive, Marine, Aerospace and Construction Industry
Author: George C. Sih,Alberto Carpinteri,G. Surace
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
The last decade has seen a significant growth in the processing and fabrication of advanced composite materials. This volume contains the up-to-date contributions of those with working experience in the automotive, marine, aerospace and construction field. Starting with modern technologies concerned with assessing the change in material microstructure in terms of the processing parameters, methodologies are offered to account for tradeoffs between the fundamental variables such as temperature and pressure that control the product quality. The book contains new ideas and data, not available in the open literature.
The current automotive industry faces numerous challenges, including increased global competition, more stringent environmental and safety requirements, the need for higher performance vehicles, and reducing costs. The materials used in automotive engineering play key roles in overcoming these issues. Automotive Engineering: Lightweight, Functional, and Novel Materials focuses on both existing materials and future developments in automotive science and technology. Divided into four sections, the book first describes the development of future vehicles, aluminum alloys for manufacturing lighter body panels, and various polymer composites for stronger module carriers. It then reviews state-of-the-art functional materials and smart technologies and projects in which application areas they will most impact future automotive designs and manufacturing. The next section considers the difficulties that must be overcome for light alloys to displace ferrous-based materials and the increasing competition from lightweight polymeric-based composites. The final section explores newer processing and manufacturing technologies, including welding and joining, titanium alloys, and durable, high-performance composites. With contributions from internationally recognized experts, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge automotive materials and technologies. It will help you understand the key materials and engineering concerns currently confronting this industry.
Technology & Engineering by Zvi Hashin,Carl T. Herakovich
Mechanics of Composite Materials: Recent Advances covers the proceedings of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) Symposium on Mechanics of Composite Materials. The book reviews papers that emphasize fundamental mechanics, developments, and unresolved problems of the field. The text covers topics such as mechanical properties of composite materials; influence of microstructure on the thermoplastics and transport properties of particulate and short-fiber composites; and further applications of the systematic theory of materials with disordered constitution. The selection also explains the curved thermal crack growth in the interface of a unidirectional carbon-aluminum composite and energy release rates of various microcracks in short-fiber composites. The book will be of great interest to researchers and professionals whose line of work requires the understanding of the mechanics of composite materials.
Applications of Engineering Materials in Structural, Electronics, Thermal, and Other Industries
Author: Deborah D. L. Chung
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Materials are the foundation of technology. As such, most universities provide engineering undergraduates with the fundamental concepts of materials science, including crystal structures, imperfections, phase diagrams, materials processing, and materials properties. Few, however, offer the practical, applications-oriented background that their students need to succeed in industry. Applied Materials Science: Applications of Engineering Materials in Structural, Electronics, Thermal, and Other Industries fills that gap. From a cross-disciplinary perspective that reflects both the multifunctionality of many materials and the wide scope industrial needs, the author examines the practical applications of metal, ceramic, polymer, cement, carbon, and composite materials across a broad range of industries. The topics addressed include electronic packaging, smart materials, thermal management, nondestructive evaluation, and materials development. The text is clear, coherent, and tutorial in style, includes numerous up-to-date references, and provides background material in a series of appendices. Unique in its breadth of coverage of both materials and their applications, Applied Materials Science is both scientifically rich and technologically relevant. If you work or teach those that aspire to work in an engineering capacity, you will find no text or reference that better prepares its readers for real-world applications of engineering materials.
Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.
In recent years the theory and technology of modelling and computation in engineering has expanded rapidly, and has been widely applied in various kinds of engineering projects. Modelling and Computation in Engineering is a collection of 37 contributions, which cover the state-of-the-art on a broad range of topics, including: - Tunnelling - Seismic reduction technologies - Wind-induced vibration control - Asphalt-rubber concrete - Open boundary field problems - Road structures - Bridge structures - Earthquake engineering - Steel structures Modelling and Computation in Engineering will be much of interest to academics, leading engineers, industry researchers and scholar students in engineering and engineering-related disciplines.
Science and Technology of the Fatigue Response of Fibre-Reinforced Plastics
Author: B. Harris
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
Category: Technology & Engineering
Fiber composites, like metals, exhibit a form of degradation in service described as fatigue. Engineers must understand composite fatigue because it is a causative agent of design and structural failures. Engineers need to increase their knowledge of the mechanisms which result in degradation in order to predict the life of a composite under specified conditions and produce composites with greater durability. This book provides an extensive account of contemporary research on fatigue from a selection of internationally recognized researchers. Part one introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. The second part reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination, and damage accumulation. The next two sections cover the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior and detail physical, micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final parts offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers in aerospace, marine, and structural engineering.