All macroscopic systems consist ultimately of atoms obeying the laws of quantum mechanics. That premise forms the basis for this comprehensive text, intended for a first upper-level course in statistical and thermal physics. Reif emphasizes that the combination of microscopic concepts with some statistical postulates leads readily to conclusions on a purely macroscopic level. The authors writing style and penchant for description energize interest in condensed matter physics as well as provide a conceptual grounding with information that is crystal clear and memorable. Reif first introduces basic probability concepts and statistical methods used throughout all of physics. Statistical ideas are then applied to systems of particles in equilibrium to enhance an understanding of the basic notions of statistical mechanics, from which derive the purely macroscopic general statements of thermodynamics. Next, he turns to the more complicated equilibrium situations, such as phase transformations and quantum gases, before discussing nonequilibrium situations in which he treats transport theory and dilute gases at varying levels of sophistication. In the last chapter, he addresses some general questions involving irreversible processes and fluctuations. A large amount of material is presented to facilitate students later access to more advanced works, to allow those with higher levels of curiosity to read beyond the minimum given on a topic, and to enhance understanding by presenting several ways of looking at a particular question. Formatting within the text either signals material that instructors can assign at their own discretion or highlights important results for easy reference to them. Additionally, by solving many of the 230 problems contained in the text, students activate and embed their knowledge of the subject matter.
للفيزياء الحرارية أهمية كبيرة في فهم العالم الذي نعيش فيه، إذ إن لكل جسم من حولنا هويته الحرارية الخاصة به التي تمنحه خواص فيزيائية مختلفة. إن كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) وضع ليوضح علاقة حرارة المواد بما حولها، ويجيب عن كثير من الأسئلة التي يمكن أن تخطر ببالنا. وينقسم كتاب (الفيزياء الحرارية) إلى أربعة أقسام رئيسة، حيث يناقش القسم الأول الأساسيات من مثل القانونين الأول والثاني، والطاقة في الفيزياء الحرارية والتفاعلات والدلالات كالبارامغناطيسية والاتزان الميكانيكي والضغط واتزان وانتشار الجهد الميكانيكي، ويتمحور القسم الثاني حول الثرموديناميكا، والمكائن الحرارية والثلاجات ومكائن الاحتراق الداخلي والماكينة البخارية والطاقة الحرة وتحولاتها. القسم الثالث والأخير من الكتاب يتناول ميكانيكا الإحصاء، كإحصاء بولتزمان والإحصاء الكمّي، وأنظمة الجسيمات المتفاعلة. ويختتم الكتاب بملحقين: الأول عن عناصر ميكانيكا الكمّ والثاني عن النتائج الرياضية. الكتاب يحتوي على تطبيقات في مجالات متعددة، كالكيمياء والجيولوجيا وعلوم الحياة وعلوم البيئة وعلم التعدين وفيزياء الجوامد وفيزياء الفلك، وغيرها مما يساعد على استيعاب أكبر لمفاهيم الفيزياء الحرارية وأسسها. العبيكان للنشر
"Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics" provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. "Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: " Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.
Graduate-level text covers properties of the Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distributions; the interrelated subjects of fluctuations, thermal noise, and Brownian movement; and the thermodynamics of irreversible processes. 1958 edition.
In this text, Shigeji Fujita and Salvador Godoy guide first and second-year graduate students through the essential aspects of superconductivity. The authors open with five preparatory chapters thoroughly reviewing a number of advanced physical concepts-such as free-electron model of a metal, theory of lattice vibrations, and Bloch electrons. The remaining chapters deal with the theory of superconductivity-describing the basic properties of type I, type II compound, and high-Tc superconductors as well as treating quasi-particles using Heisenberg's equation of motion. The book includes step-by-step derivations of mathematical formulas, sample problems, and illustrations.
This book is based on many years of teaching statistical and thermal physics. It assumes no previous knowledge of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, or probability---the only prerequisites are an elementary knowledge of classical and modern physics, and of multivariable calculus. The first half of the book introduces the subject inductively but rigorously, proceeding from the concrete and specific to the abstract and general. In clear physical language the book explains the key concepts, such as temperature, heat, entropy, free energy, chemical potential, and distributions, both classical and quantum. The second half of the book applies these concepts to a wide variety of phenomena, including perfect gases, heat engines, and transport processes. Each chapter contains fully worked examples and real-world problems drawn from physics, astronomy, biology, chemistry, electronics, and mechanical engineering.