Science

Geo-information for Disaster Management

Author: Peter van Oosterom,Siyka Zlatanova,Elfriede Fendel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540274685

Category: Science

Page: 1433

View: 5585

Geo-information technology can be of considerable use in disaster management, but with considerable challenge in integrating systems, interoperability and reliability. This book provides a broad overview of geo-information technology, software, systems needed, currently used and to be developed for disaster management. The text invites discussion on systems and requirements for use of geo-information under time and stress constraints and unfamiliar situations, environments and circumstances.
Social Science

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management

Author: Brian Tomaszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482211696

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 477

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provide essential disaster management decision support and analytical capabilities. As such, homeland security professionals would greatly benefit from an interdisciplinary understanding of GIS and how GIS relates to disaster management, policy, and practice. Assuming no prior knowledge in GIS and/or disaster management, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Disaster Management guides readers through the basics of GIS as it applies to disaster management practice. Using a hands-on approach grounded in relevant GIS and disaster management theory and practice, this textbook provides coverage of the basics of GIS. It examines what GIS can and can’t do, GIS data formats (vector, raster, imagery), and basic GIS functions, including analysis, map production/cartography, and data modeling. It presents a series of real-life case studies that illustrate the GIS concepts discussed in each chapter. These case studies supply readers with an understanding of the applicability of GIS to the full disaster management cycle. Providing equal treatment to each disaster management cycle phase, the book supplies disaster management practitioners and students with coverage of the latest developments in GIS for disaster management and emerging trends. It takes a learning-by-examples approach to help readers apply what they have learned from the examples and disaster management scenarios to their specific situations. The book illustrates how GIS technology can help disaster management professionals, public policy makers, and decision-makers at the town, county, state, federal, and international levels. Offering software-neutral best practices, this book is suitable for use in undergraduate- or graduate-level disaster management courses. Offering extensive career advice on GIS for disaster management from working professionals, the book also includes a GIS for disaster management research agenda and ideas for staying current in the field.
Science

Geomatics Solutions for Disaster Management

Author: Jonathan Li,Sisi Zlatanova,Andrea Fabbri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540721088

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 7407

Effective utilization of satellite positioning, remote sensing, and GIS in disaster monitoring and management requires research and development in numerous areas, including data collection, information extraction and analysis, data standardization, organizational and legal aspects of sharing of remote sensing information. This book provides a solid overview of what is being developed in the risk prevention and disaster management sector.
Science

Intelligent Systems for Crisis Management

Geo-information for Disaster Management (Gi4DM) 2012

Author: Sisi Zlatanova,Rob Peters,Arta Dilo,Hans Scholten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642332188

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 7523

There have been major advances in technologies to support crisis response in the last few years. However, many aspects related to the efficient collection and integration of geo-information, applied semantics and situation awareness for disaster management are still open. To advance the systems and make them intelligent, an extensive collaboration is required between emergency responders, disaster managers, system designers and researchers. To facilitate this process the Geo-information for Disaster Management (Gi4DM) conference has been organized since 2005. Gi4DM is coordinated by the Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies (JB GIS) and the ad-hoc Committee on Risk and Disaster Management. This volume presents the results of the Gi4DM 2012 conference, held in Enschede, the Netherlands, on 13-15 December . It contains a selection of around 30 scientific and 25 best-practice peer-reviewed papers. The 2012 Gi4DM focuses on the intelligent use of geo-information, semantics and situation awareness.
Science

Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies for Monitoring and Prediction of Disasters

Author: Shailesh Nayak,Sisi Zlatanova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540792597

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9808

Lessons learned in the last several years have given clear indications that the prediction and efficient monitoring of disasters is one of the critical factors in decision-making process. In this respect space-based technologies have the great potential of supplying information in near real time. Earth observation satellites have already demonstrated their flexibility in providing data to a wide range of applications: weather forecasting, person and vehicle tracking, alerting to disaster, forest fire and flood monitoring, oil spills, spread of desertification, monitoring of crop and forestry damages. This book focuses on a wider utilisation of remote sensing in disaster management. The discussed aspects comprise data access/delivery to the users, information extraction and analysis, management of data and its integration with other data sources (airborne and terrestrial imagery, GIS data, etc.), data standardization, organisational and legal aspects of sharing remote sensing information.
Technology & Engineering

Geospatial Information Technology for Emergency Response

Author: Sisi Zlatanova,Jonathan Li

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203928814

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 7455

Disaster management is generally understood to consist of four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. While these phases are all important and interrelated, response and recovery are often considered to be the most critical in terms of saving lives. Response is the acute phase occurring after the event, and includes all arrangements to remove detriments and a long-term inventory of supplies to deal with irreversible damage. The timely provision of geospatial information is crucial in the decision-making process, and can save lives and rescue citizens. The aim of this volume is to share technological advances that allow wider, faster and more effective utilization of geospatial information in emergency response situations. The volume describes current accomplishments and challenges in providing geospatial information with these attributes, and is organized in six parts: - Practice and legislation, with a focus on the utilization of geospatial information in recent disaster events, as well as resulting legislative attempts to share and access data. - Data collection and data products. - Data management and routing in 3D. - Emerging technologies, including positioning, virtual reality and simulation models. - Integration of heterogeneous data. - Applications and solutions. This volume is aimed at researchers, practitioners and students who work in the variety of disciplines related to geospatial information technology for emergency response, and represents the very best of current thinking from a number of pioneering studies over the past four years.
Natural disasters

Natural Disaster Management

New Technologies and Opportunities

Author: Subir Ghosh

Publisher: SBS Publishers

ISBN: 9788131427323

Category: Natural disasters

Page: 250

View: 3883

CONTENTS: Disaster Management: Use of Technologies; Early Warnings for Natural Disasters; Disaster Management: The Challenges for a National Geographic Information Provider; Hurricanes & Global Warming; Digital Typhoon: The Way for Disaster Mitigation; Managing Information in the Disaster Coordination Centre: Lessons & Opportunities; Disaster Response Using Distributed Geospatial Web Services; Remote Sensing & GIS for Monitoring Coastal Hazards & Disasters; Science & Technology Trends in Fire Protection & Disaster Management: A Consideration of Characteristics & Directions in Science & Technology for Safety & Peace of Mind; Remote Sensing & Geographical Information System for Natural Disaster Management; Recent Trends in Earthquake Disaster Management in Japan; Role of Earth System Sciences in Disaster Management; Disaster Forensics: Leveraging Crisis Information Systems for Social Science; Application of GIS & Remote Sensing Technologies in Disaster Management in Algeria.
Nature

Global Changes and Natural Disaster Management: Geo-information Technologies

Author: Saied Pirasteh,Jonathan Li

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319518445

Category: Nature

Page: 228

View: 8285

This book presents ongoing research and ideas related to earth observations and global change, natural hazards and disaster management studies, with respect to geospatial information technology, remote sensing, and global navigation satellite systems. Readers will discover uses of advanced geospatial tools, spatiotemporal models, and earth observation systems. Chapters identify the international aspects of the coupled social, land and climate systems in global change studies, and consider such global challenges as agriculture monitoring, the smart city, and risk assessment. The work presented here has been carefully selected, edited, and peer reviewed in order to advance research and development, as well as to encourage innovative applications of Geomatics technologies in global change studies. The book will appeal not only to academicians, but also to professionals, politicians and decision makers who wish to learn from the very latest and most innovative, quality research in this area of global change and natural disaster management. /divContributions are drawn from revised submissions based on state-of-the-art papers from the 7th GiT4NDM - 5th EOGC, 2015 event.
Science

Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management

Towards Better Solutions

Author: Milan Konecny,Sisi Zlatanova,Temenoujka L. Bandrova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642034428

Category: Science

Page: 429

View: 8332

Cartography and geographic information (GI) are remarkably appropriate for the requirements of early warning (EW) and crisis management (CM). The use of geospatial technology has increased tremendously in the last years. ICT has changed from just using maps created in advance, to new approaches, allowing individuals (decision-makers) to use cartography interactively, on the basis of individual user's requirements. The new generation of cartographic visualizations based on standardisation, formal modelling, use of sensors, semantics and ontology, allows for the better adaptation of information to the needs of the users. In order to design a new framework in pre-disaster and disaster management safety/security/privacy aspects of institutions and citizens need to be considered. All this can only be achieved by demonstrating new research achievements, sharing best practices (e.g. in the health area) and working towards the wider acceptance of geospatial technology in society, with the help of education and media. This book will outline research frontiers and applications of cartography and GI in EW and CM and document their roles and potentials in wider processes going on in information/knowledge-based societies.
Science

Geoinformation for Informed Decisions

Author: Alias Abdul Rahman,Pawel Boguslawski,François Anton,Mohamad Nor Said,Kamaludin Mohd Omar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319036440

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 5906

This book presents the latest research developments in geoinformation science, which includes all the sub-disciplines of the field, such as: geomatic engineering, GIS, remote sensing, digital photogrammetry, digital cartography, etc.
Technology & Engineering

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing

Author: Andrew Skidmore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203302214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 1640

Most government agencies and private companies are investing significant resources in the production and use of geographical data. The capabilities of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for data analysis are also improving, to the extent that the potential performance of GIS software and the data available for analysis outstrip the abilities of managers and analysts to use and analyze the information. This is especially true for environmental applications. Here the need to keep up-to-date is essential for providing effective and efficient services. Environmental Modeling with GIS and Remote Sensing derives from a training course run by ITC for professionals and managers in the environmental sciences, detailing the applications of remote sensing and GIS for environmental modeling and assessment. It sets out the current research results and provides operational methods for environmental mapping and monitoring.
Business & Economics

Information Systems for Emergency Management

Author: Bartel Van De Walle,Murray Turoff,Starr Roxanne Hiltz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317467965

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 1272

This book provides the most current and comprehensive overview available today of the critical role of information systems in emergency response and preparedness. It includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners, and industry researchers, and covers all phases of disaster management - mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. 'Foundational' chapters provide a design framework and review ethical issues. 'Context' chapters describe the characteristics of individuals and organizations in which EMIS are designed and studied. 'Case Study' chapters include systems for distributed microbiology laboratory diagnostics to detect possible epidemics or bioterrorism, humanitarian MIS, and response coordination systems. 'Systems Design and Technology' chapters cover simulation, geocollaborative systems, global disaster impact analysis, and environmental risk analysis. Throughout the book, the editors and contributors give special emphasis to the importance of assessing the practical usefulness of new information systems for supporting emergency preparedness and response, rather than drawing conclusions from a theoretical understanding of the potential benefits of new technologies.
Technology & Engineering

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466620390

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2102

View: 7076

Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.
Geographic information systems

AGILE 2003

6th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: PPUR presses polytechniques

ISBN: 9782880745417

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 787

View: 8344

The mission of the Association of Geographic Information Laboratories for Europe (AGILE) is to promote academic teaching and research at the European level, and to facilitate networking activities bet ween geographic information laboratories, including focused meetings based on state-of-the-art presentations on key research issues and European geographic information research conferences. The AGILE Conferences on Geographic Information Science (GIS) have become an essential meeting place for European researchers and practitioners, where they meet and exchange ideas and experiences at the European level. These proceedings regroup the papers given in the Lyon conference held in April 2003 and presenting the more advanced results in GIS.
Science

Geospatial Techniques in Urban Hazard and Disaster Analysis

Author: Pamela S. Showalter,Yongmei Lu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048122387

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 9243

This book is the second in a series that examines how geographic information te- nologies (GIT) are being implemented to improve our understanding of a variety of hazard and disaster situations. The main types of technologies covered under the umbrella of GIT, as used in this volume, are geographic information systems, remote sensing (not including ground-penetrating or underwater systems), and global po- tioning systems. Our focus is on urban areas, broadly de ned in order to encompass rapidly growing and densely populated areas that may not be considered “urban” in the conventional sense. The material presented here is also unabashedly applied – our goal is to provide GIT tools to those seeking more ef cient ways to respond to, recover from, mitigate, prevent, and/or model hazard and disaster events in urban settings. Therefore, this book was created not only with our colleagues in the academic world in mind, but also for hazards professionals and practitioners. We also believe graduate students will nd the material presented here of interest, as may upper division undergraduate students.
Political Science

Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity

Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity

Author: Silva, Carlos Nunes

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466641703

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 6212

The relationship between citizens and city governments is gradually transforming due to the utilization of advanced information and communication technologies in order to inform, consult, and engage citizens. Citizen E-Participation in Urban Governance: Crowdsourcing and Collaborative Creativity explores the nature of the new challenges confronting citizens and local governments in the field of urban governance. This comprehensive reference source explores the role that Web 2.0 technologies play in promoting citizen participation and empowerment in the city government and is intended for scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of urban studies, urban planning, political science, public administration, and more.
Architecture

Environment and Planning

Planning & design

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 598

Journal of urban planning and design. Publishes research in the application of formal methods, methods models, and theories to spatial problems involving the built environment and the spatial structure of cities and regions. Includes the application of computers to planning and design, in particular the use of shape grammars, artificial intelligence, and morphological methods to buildings and towns, the use of multimedia and GIS in urban and regional planning, and the development of ideas concerning the virtual city.