**Author**: Jürgen Jost

**Publisher:** Springer Science & Business Media

**ISBN:** 9783642005411

**Category:** Mathematics

**Page:** 217

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# Free eBooks PDF

## Geometry and Physics

"Geometry and Physics" addresses mathematicians wanting to understand modern physics, and physicists wanting to learn geometry. It gives an introduction to modern quantum field theory and related areas of theoretical high-energy physics from the perspective of Riemannian geometry, and an introduction to modern geometry as needed and utilized in modern physics. Jürgen Jost, a well-known research mathematician and advanced textbook author, also develops important geometric concepts and methods that can be used for the structures of physics. In particular, he discusses the Lagrangians of the standard model and its supersymmetric extensions from a geometric perspective.
## The Geometry and Physics of Knots

Deals with an area of research that lies at the crossroads of mathematics and physics. The material presented here rests primarily on the pioneering work of Vaughan Jones and Edward Witten relating polynomial invariants of knots to a topological quantum field theory in 2+1 dimensions. Professor Atiyah presents an introduction to Witten's ideas from the mathematical point of view. The book will be essential reading for all geometers and gauge theorists as an exposition of new and interesting ideas in a rapidly developing area.
## Noncommutative Geometry and Physics

## Global Analysis

This book introduces the reader to the world of differential forms and their uses in geometry, analysis, and mathematical physics. It begins with a few basic topics, partly as review, then moves on to vector analysis on manifolds and the study of curves and surfaces in $3$-space. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are discussed, providing the appropriate framework for introducing symmetry in both mathematical and physical contexts. The final third of the book applies the mathematical ideas to important areas of physics: Hamiltonian mechanics, statistical mechanics, and electrodynamics. There are many classroom-tested exercises and examples with excellent figures throughout. The book is ideal as a text for a first course in differential geometry, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in mathematics or physics.
## Differential Geometry and Mathematical Physics

The book is devoted to the study of the geometrical and topological structure of gauge theories. It consists of the following three building blocks:- Geometry and topology of fibre bundles,- Clifford algebras, spin structures and Dirac operators,- Gauge theory.Written in the style of a mathematical textbook, it combines a comprehensive presentation of the mathematical foundations with a discussion of a variety of advanced topics in gauge theory.The first building block includes a number of specific topics, like invariant connections, universal connections, H-structures and the Postnikov approximation of classifying spaces.Given the great importance of Dirac operators in gauge theory, a complete proof of the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem is presented. The gauge theory part contains the study of Yang-Mills equations (including the theory of instantons and the classical stability analysis), the discussion of various models with matter fields (including magnetic monopoles, the Seiberg-Witten model and dimensional reduction) and the investigation of the structure of the gauge orbit space. The final chapter is devoted to elements of quantum gauge theory including the discussion of the Gribov problem, anomalies and the implementation of the non-generic gauge orbit strata in the framework of Hamiltonian lattice gauge theory.The book is addressed both to physicists and mathematicians. It is intended to be accessible to students starting from a graduate level.
## The Orbit Method in Geometry and Physics

The orbit method influenced the development of several areas of mathematics in the second half of the 20th century and remains a useful and powerful tool in such areas as Lie theory, representation theory, integrable systems, complex geometry, and mathematical physics. Among the distinguished names associated with the orbit method is that of A.A. Kirillov, whose pioneering paper on nilpotent orbits (1962), places him as the founder of orbit theory. The original research papers in this volume are written by prominent mathematicians and reflect recent achievements in orbit theory and other closely related areas such as harmonic analysis, classical representation theory, Lie superalgebras, Poisson geometry, and quantization. Contributors: A. Alekseev, J. Alev, V. Baranovksy, R. Brylinski, J. Dixmier, S. Evens, D.R. Farkas, V. Ginzburg, V. Gorbounov, P. Grozman, E. Gutkin, A. Joseph, D. Kazhdan, A.A. Kirillov, B. Kostant, D. Leites, F. Malikov, A. Melnikov, P.W. Michor, Y.A. Neretin, A. Okounkov, G. Olshanski, F. Petrov, A. Polishchuk, W. Rossmann, A. Sergeev, V. Schechtman, I. Shchepochkina. The work will be an invaluable reference for researchers in the above mentioned fields, as well as a useful text for graduate seminars and courses.
## Discrete Integrable Geometry and Physics

Recent interactions between the fields of geometry, classical and quantum dynamical systems, and visualization of geometric objects such as curves and surfaces have led to the observation that most concepts of surface theory and of the theory of integrable systems have natural discreteanalogues. These are characterized by the property that the corresponding difference equations are integrable, and has led in turn to some important applications in areas of condensed matter physics and quantum field theory, amongst others. The book combines the efforts of a distinguished team ofauthors from various fields in mathematics and physics in an effort to provide an overview of the subject. The mathematical concepts of discrete geometry and discrete integrable systems are firstly presented as fundamental and valuable theories in themselves. In the following part these concepts areput into the context of classical and quantum dynamics.
## Multivariable Calculus with MATLAB®

This comprehensive treatment of multivariable calculus focuses on the numerous tools that MATLAB® brings to the subject, as it presents introductions to geometry, mathematical physics, and kinematics. Covering simple calculations with MATLAB®, relevant plots, integration, and optimization, the numerous problem sets encourage practice with newly learned skills that cultivate the reader’s understanding of the material. Significant examples illustrate each topic, and fundamental physical applications such as Kepler’s Law, electromagnetism, fluid flow, and energy estimation are brought to prominent position. Perfect for use as a supplement to any standard multivariable calculus text, a “mathematical methods in physics or engineering” class, for independent study, or even as the class text in an “honors” multivariable calculus course, this textbook will appeal to mathematics, engineering, and physical science students. MATLAB® is tightly integrated into every portion of this book, and its graphical capabilities are used to present vibrant pictures of curves and surfaces. Readers benefit from the deep connections made between mathematics and science while learning more about the intrinsic geometry of curves and surfaces. With serious yet elementary explanation of various numerical algorithms, this textbook enlivens the teaching of multivariable calculus and mathematical methods courses for scientists and engineers.
## Multivariable Calculus and Mathematica®

Aiming to "modernise" the course through the integration of Mathematica, this publication introduces students to its multivariable uses, instructs them on its use as a tool in simplifying calculations, and presents introductions to geometry, mathematical physics, and kinematics. The authors make it clear that Mathematica is not algorithms, but at the same time, they clearly see the ways in which Mathematica can make things cleaner, clearer and simpler. The sets of problems give students an opportunity to practice their newly learned skills, covering simple calculations, simple plots, a review of one-variable calculus using Mathematica for symbolic differentiation, integration and numerical integration, and also cover the practice of incorporating text and headings into a Mathematica notebook. The accompanying diskette contains both Mathematica 2.2 and 3.0 version notebooks, as well as sample examination problems for students, which can be used with any standard multivariable calculus textbook. It is assumed that students will also have access to an introductory primer for Mathematica.
## The Geometry of Physics

This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang–Mills, the Aharonov–Bohm effect, Berry phase and instanton winding numbers, quarks and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space. The book is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study. This third edition includes an overview of Cartan's exterior differential forms, which previews many of the geometric concepts developed in the text.
## Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics

Groupoids often occur when there is symmetry of a nature not expressible in terms of groups. Other uses of groupoids can involve something of a dynamical nature. Indeed, some of the main examples come from group actions. It should also be noted that in many situations where groupoids have been used, the main emphasis has not been on symmetry or dynamics issues. For example, a foliation is an equivalence relation and has another groupoid associated with it, called the holonomy groupoid. While the implicit symmetry and dynamics are relevant, the groupoid records mostly the structure of the space of leaves and the holonomy. More generally, the use of groupoids is very much related to various notions of orbit equivalence. The point of view that groupoids describe ``singular spaces'' can be found in the work of A. Grothendieck and is prevalent in the non-commutative geometry of A. Connes. This book presents the proceedings from the Joint Summer Research Conference on ``Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics'' held in Boulder, CO. The book begins with an introduction to ways in which groupoids allow a more comprehensive view of symmetry than is seen via groups. Topics range from foliations, pseudo-differential operators, $KK$-theory, amenability, Fell bundles, and index theory to quantization of Poisson manifolds. Readers will find examples of important tools for working with groupoids. This book is geared to students and researchers. It is intended to improve their understanding of groupoids and to encourage them to look further while learning about the tools used.
## Differential Geometry and Physics

This volumes provides a comprehensive review of interactions between differential geometry and theoretical physics, contributed by many leading scholars in these fields. The contributions promise to play an important role in promoting the developments in these exciting areas. Besides the plenary talks, the coverage includes: models and related topics in statistical physics; quantum fields, strings and M-theory; Yang-Mills fields, knot theory and related topics; K-theory, including index theory and non-commutative geometry; mirror symmetry, conformal and topological quantum field theory; development of integrable systems; and random matrix theory. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Yangian and Applications (787 KB). Contents: Yangian and Applications (C-M Bai et al.); The Hypoelliptic Laplacian and the ChernOCoGaussOCoBonnet (J-M Bismut); S S Chern and ChernOCoSimos Terms (R Jackiw); Localization and Conjectures from String Duality (K F Liu); Topologization of Electron Liquids with ChernOCoSimons Theory and Quantum Computation (Z H Wang); Topology and Quantum Information (L H Kauffman); Toeplitz Quantization and Symplectic Reduction (X N Ma & W P Zhang); Murphy Operators in Knot Theory (H R Morton); Separation Between Spin and Charge in SU(2) YangOCoMills Theory (A J Niemi); LAwner Equations and Dispersionless Hierarchies (K Takasaki & T Takebe); and other papers. Readership: Graduate students and professional researchers in geometry and physics."
## The Symbolic Universe

With the development of the theory of relativity by Albert Einstein, physics underwent a revolution at the end of the 19th century. The boundaries of research were extended still further when in 1907-8 Minkowski applied geometrical ideas to this area of physics. This in turn opened the door to other researchers seeking to use non-Euclidean geometrical methods in relativity, and many notable mathematicians did so, Weyl in particular linking these ideas with broader philosophical issues inmathematics. The Symbolic Universe gives an overview of this exciting era, giving a full account for the first time of Minkowski's geometric reformulation of the theory of special relativity.
## Geometry and Physics

All papers have been peer-reviewed. The XVI International Fall Workshop on Geometry and Physics brought together geometers and physicists from within and outside the Iberian peninsula, to exchange ideas on how to describe and understand a variety of phenomena in areas such as mechanics or gravity.
## Physics, Geometry and Topology

The Banff NATO Summer School was held August 14-25, 1989 at the Banff Cen tre, Banff, Albert, Canada. It was a combination of two venues: a summer school in the annual series of Summer School in Theoretical Physics spon sored by the Theoretical Physics Division, Canadian Association of Physi cists, and a NATO Advanced Study Institute. The Organizing Committee for the present school was composed of G. Kunstatter (University of Winnipeg), H.C. Lee (Chalk River Laboratories and University of Western Ontario), R. Kobes (University of Winnipeg), D.l. Toms (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) and Y.S. Wu (University of Utah). Thanks to the group of lecturers (see Contents) and the timeliness of the courses given, the school, entitled PHYSICS, GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY, was popular from the very outset. The number of applications outstripped the 90 places of accommodation reserved at the Banff Centre soon after the school was announced. As the eventual total number of participants was increased to 170, it was still necessary to tum away many deserving applicants. In accordance with the spirit of the school, the geometrical and topologi cal properties in each of the wide ranging topics covered by the lectures were emphasized. A recurring theme in a number of the lectures is the Yang-Baxter relation which characterizes a very large class of integrable systems including: many state models, two-dimensional conformal field theory, quantum field theory and quantum gravity in 2 + I dimensions.
## Algebra, Geometry, and Physics in the 21st Century

This volume is a tribute to Maxim Kontsevich, one of the most original and influential mathematicians of our time. Maxim’s vision has inspired major developments in many areas of mathematics, ranging all the way from probability theory to motives over finite fields, and has brought forth a paradigm shift at the interface of modern geometry and mathematical physics. Many of his papers have opened completely new directions of research and led to the solutions of many classical problems. This book collects papers by leading experts currently engaged in research on topics close to Maxim’s heart. Contributors: S. Donaldson A. Goncharov D. Kaledin M. Kapranov A. Kapustin L. Katzarkov A. Noll P. Pandit S. Pimenov J. Ren P. Seidel C. Simpson Y. Soibelman R. Thorngren
## Geometry and Physics

"Based on the proceedings of the Special Session on Geometry and Physics held over a six month period at the University of Aarhus, Denmark and on articles from the Summer school held at Odense University, Denmark. Offers new contributions on a host of topics that involve physics, geometry, and topology. Written by more than 50 leading international experts."
## Higher Structures in Geometry and Physics

This book is centered around higher algebraic structures stemming from the work of Murray Gerstenhaber and Jim Stasheff that are now ubiquitous in various areas of mathematics— such as algebra, algebraic topology, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, mathematical physics— and in theoretical physics such as quantum field theory and string theory. These higher algebraic structures provide a common language essential in the study of deformation quantization, theory of algebroids and groupoids, symplectic field theory, and much more. Each contribution in this volume expands on the ideas of Gerstenhaber and Stasheff. The volume is intended for post-graduate students, mathematical and theoretical physicists, and mathematicians interested in higher structures.
## Curvature in Mathematics and Physics

Expert treatment introduces semi-Riemannian geometry and its principal physical application, Einstein's theory of general relativity, using the Cartan exterior calculus as a principal tool. Prerequisites include linear algebra and advanced calculus. 2012 edition.
## Hopf Algebras in Noncommutative Geometry and Physics

This comprehensive reference summarizes the proceedings and keynote presentations from a recent conference held in Brussels, Belgium. Offering 1155 display equations, this volume contains original research and survey papers as well as contributions from world-renowned algebraists. It focuses on new results in classical Hopf algebras as well as the classification theory of finite dimensional Hopf algebras, categorical aspects of Hopf algebras, and recent advances in the theory of corings and quasi-Hopf algebras. It provides examples and basic properties of corings and their comodules in relation to ring and Hopf algebra theory and analyzes entwining structures and Morita theory for corings.

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