Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference of Differential Geometric Methods in Theoretical Physics, Tianjin, China, 20-26 August 2005

Author: Mo-Lin Ge,Weiping Zhang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812703772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 522

View: 8836

This volumes provides a comprehensive review of interactions between differential geometry and theoretical physics, contributed by many leading scholars in these fields. The contributions promise to play an important role in promoting the developments in these exciting areas. Besides the plenary talks, the coverage includes: models and related topics in statistical physics; quantum fields, strings and M-theory; Yang-Mills fields, knot theory and related topics; K-theory, including index theory and non-commutative geometry; mirror symmetry, conformal and topological quantum field theory; development of integrable systems; and random matrix theory.

"Geometry and Physics" addresses mathematicians wanting to understand modern physics, and physicists wanting to learn geometry. It gives an introduction to modern quantum field theory and related areas of theoretical high-energy physics from the perspective of Riemannian geometry, and an introduction to modern geometry as needed and utilized in modern physics. Jürgen Jost, a well-known research mathematician and advanced textbook author, also develops important geometric concepts and methods that can be used for the structures of physics. In particular, he discusses the Lagrangians of the standard model and its supersymmetric extensions from a geometric perspective.

Mathematics by H. Pedersen,J. Andersen,J. Dupont,Andrew Swann

Author: H. Pedersen,J. Andersen,J. Dupont,Andrew Swann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824797911

Category: Mathematics

Page: 768

View: 8742

"Based on the proceedings of the Special Session on Geometry and Physics held over a six month period at the University of Aarhus, Denmark and on articles from the Summer school held at Odense University, Denmark. Offers new contributions on a host of topics that involve physics, geometry, and topology. Written by more than 50 leading international experts."

Recent interactions between the fields of geometry, classical and quantum dynamical systems, and visualization of geometric objects such as curves and surfaces have led to the observation that most concepts of surface theory and of the theory of integrable systems have natural discreteanalogues. These are characterized by the property that the corresponding difference equations are integrable, and has led in turn to some important applications in areas of condensed matter physics and quantum field theory, amongst others. The book combines the efforts of a distinguished team ofauthors from various fields in mathematics and physics in an effort to provide an overview of the subject. The mathematical concepts of discrete geometry and discrete integrable systems are firstly presented as fundamental and valuable theories in themselves. In the following part these concepts areput into the context of classical and quantum dynamics.

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Deals with an area of research that lies at the crossroads of mathematics and physics. The material presented here rests primarily on the pioneering work of Vaughan Jones and Edward Witten relating polynomial invariants of knots to a topological quantum field theory in 2+1 dimensions. Professor Atiyah presents an introduction to Witten's ideas from the mathematical point of view. The book will be essential reading for all geometers and gauge theorists as an exposition of new and interesting ideas in a rapidly developing area.

Author: Christian Duval,Laurent Guieu,Valentin Ovsienko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461200296

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 6873

The orbit method influenced the development of several areas of mathematics in the second half of the 20th century and remains a useful and powerful tool in such areas as Lie theory, representation theory, integrable systems, complex geometry, and mathematical physics. Among the distinguished names associated with the orbit method is that of A.A. Kirillov, whose pioneering paper on nilpotent orbits (1962), places him as the founder of orbit theory. The original research papers in this volume are written by prominent mathematicians and reflect recent achievements in orbit theory and other closely related areas such as harmonic analysis, classical representation theory, Lie superalgebras, Poisson geometry, and quantization. Contributors: A. Alekseev, J. Alev, V. Baranovksy, R. Brylinski, J. Dixmier, S. Evens, D.R. Farkas, V. Ginzburg, V. Gorbounov, P. Grozman, E. Gutkin, A. Joseph, D. Kazhdan, A.A. Kirillov, B. Kostant, D. Leites, F. Malikov, A. Melnikov, P.W. Michor, Y.A. Neretin, A. Okounkov, G. Olshanski, F. Petrov, A. Polishchuk, W. Rossmann, A. Sergeev, V. Schechtman, I. Shchepochkina. The work will be an invaluable reference for researchers in the above mentioned fields, as well as a useful text for graduate seminars and courses.

Mathematics by Alberto S. Cattaneo,Anthony Giaquinto,Ping Xu

Author: Alberto S. Cattaneo,Anthony Giaquinto,Ping Xu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647353

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 4753

This book is centered around higher algebraic structures stemming from the work of Murray Gerstenhaber and Jim Stasheff that are now ubiquitous in various areas of mathematics— such as algebra, algebraic topology, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, mathematical physics— and in theoretical physics such as quantum field theory and string theory. These higher algebraic structures provide a common language essential in the study of deformation quantization, theory of algebroids and groupoids, symplectic field theory, and much more. Each contribution in this volume expands on the ideas of Gerstenhaber and Stasheff. The volume is intended for post-graduate students, mathematical and theoretical physicists, and mathematicians interested in higher structures.

Author: Andrew Dancer,Jørgen Ellegaard Andersen,Oscar Garcia-Prada

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198802013

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 441

Nigel Hitchin is one of the world's foremost figures in the fields of differential and algebraic geometry and their relations with mathematical physics, and he has been Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford since 1997. Geometry and Physics: A Festschrift in honour of Nigel Hitchin contain the proceedings of the conferences held in September 2016 in Aarhus, Oxford, and Madrid to mark Nigel Hitchin's 70th birthday, and to honour his far-reaching contributions to geometry and mathematical physics. These texts contain 29 articles by contributors to the conference and other distinguished mathematicians working in related areas, including three Fields Medallists. The articles cover a broad range of topics in differential, algebraic and symplectic geometry, and also in mathematical physics. These volumes will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in geometry and mathematical physics.

Branes are solitonic configurations of a string theory that are represented by extended objects in a higher-dimensional space-time. They are essential for a comprehension of the non-perturbative aspects of string theory, in particular, in connection with string dualities. From the mathematical viewpoint, branes are related to several important theories, such as homological mirror symmetry and quantum cohomology. Geometry and Physics of Branes provides an introduction to current research in some of these different areas, both in physics and mathematics. The book opens with a lucid introduction to the basic aspects of branes in string theory. Topics covered in subsequent chapters include tachyon condensation, the geometry surrounding the Gopakumar-Vafa conjecture (a duality between the SU(N) Chern-Simons theory on S3 and a IIA string theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau 3-fold), two-dimensional conformal field theory on open and unoriented surfaces, and the development of a homology theory naturally attached to the deformations of vector bundles that should be relevant to the study of homological mirror symmetry.

In Honour of Demeter Krupka's Sixty-fifth Birthday

Author: Olga Krupková,D. J. Saunders

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781604569209

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 5835

This book is a collection of survey articles in a broad field of the geometrical theory of the calculus of variations and its applications in analysis, geometry and physics. It is a commemorative volume to celebrate the sixty-fifth birthday of Professor Krupa, one of the founders of modern geometric variational theory, and a major contributor to this topic and its applications over the past thirty-five years. All the authors invited to contribute to this volume have established high reputations in their field. The book will exclusively provide a variety of important results, techniques and applications that are usually available only by consulting original papers in many different journals. It will be of interest to researchers in variational calculus, mathematical physics and the other related areas of differential equations, natural operators and geometric structures. Also, it will become an important source of current research for doctoral students and postdoctorals in these fields.

With the development of the theory of relativity by Albert Einstein, physics underwent a revolution at the end of the 19th century. The boundaries of research were extended still further when in 1907-8 Minkowski applied geometrical ideas to this area of physics. This in turn opened the door to other researchers seeking to use non-Euclidean geometrical methods in relativity, and many notable mathematicians did so, Weyl in particular linking these ideas with broader philosophical issues inmathematics. The Symbolic Universe gives an overview of this exciting era, giving a full account for the first time of Minkowski's geometric reformulation of the theory of special relativity.

Mathematics by Geometry AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids in Analysis,Arlan Ramsay,Jean Renault,AMS-IMS-SIAM JOINT SUMMER RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON G,Geometry Ams-Ims-Siam Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids I

AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics, June 20-24, 1999, University of Colorado, Boulder

Author: Geometry AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids in Analysis,Arlan Ramsay,Jean Renault,AMS-IMS-SIAM JOINT SUMMER RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON G,Geometry Ams-Ims-Siam Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids I

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821820427

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 946

Groupoids often occur when there is symmetry of a nature not expressible in terms of groups. Other uses of groupoids can involve something of a dynamical nature. Indeed, some of the main examples come from group actions. It should also be noted that in many situations where groupoids have been used, the main emphasis has not been on symmetry or dynamics issues. For example, a foliation is an equivalence relation and has another groupoid associated with it, called the holonomy groupoid. While the implicit symmetry and dynamics are relevant, the groupoid records mostly the structure of the space of leaves and the holonomy.More generally, the use of groupoids is very much related to various notions of orbit equivalence. The point of view that groupoids describe 'singular spaces' can be found in the work of A. Grothendieck and is prevalent in the non-commutative geometry of A. Connes. This book presents the proceedings from the Joint Summer Research Conference on 'Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics' held in Boulder, CO. The book begins with an introduction to ways in which groupoids allow a more comprehensive view of symmetry than is seen via groups. Topics range from foliations, pseudo-differential operators, $KK$-theory, amenability, Fell bundles, and index theory to quantization of Poisson manifolds. Readers will find examples of important tools for working with groupoids. This book is geared to students and researchers. It is intended to improve their understanding of groupoids and to encourage them to look further while learning about the tools used.

Differential Forms in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics

Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821829513

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

View: 5485

This book introduces the reader to the world of differential forms and their uses in geometry, analysis, and mathematical physics. It begins with a few basic topics, partly as review, then moves on to vector analysis on manifolds and the study of curves and surfaces in $3$-space. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are discussed, providing the appropriate framework for introducing symmetry in both mathematical and physical contexts. The final third of the book applies the mathematical ideas to important areas of physics: Hamiltonian mechanics, statistical mechanics, and electrodynamics. There are many classroom-tested exercises and examples with excellent figures throughout. The book is ideal as a text for a first course in differential geometry, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in mathematics or physics.

Mathematics by Ronald L. Lipsman,Jonathan M. Rosenberg

This comprehensive treatment of multivariable calculus focuses on the numerous tools that MATLAB® brings to the subject, as it presents introductions to geometry, mathematical physics, and kinematics. Covering simple calculations with MATLAB®, relevant plots, integration, and optimization, the numerous problem sets encourage practice with newly learned skills that cultivate the reader’s understanding of the material. Significant examples illustrate each topic, and fundamental physical applications such as Kepler’s Law, electromagnetism, fluid flow, and energy estimation are brought to prominent position. Perfect for use as a supplement to any standard multivariable calculus text, a “mathematical methods in physics or engineering” class, for independent study, or even as the class text in an “honors” multivariable calculus course, this textbook will appeal to mathematics, engineering, and physical science students. MATLAB® is tightly integrated into every portion of this book, and its graphical capabilities are used to present vibrant pictures of curves and surfaces. Readers benefit from the deep connections made between mathematics and science while learning more about the intrinsic geometry of curves and surfaces. With serious yet elementary explanation of various numerical algorithms, this textbook enlivens the teaching of multivariable calculus and mathematical methods courses for scientists and engineers.

This book is a collection of the lectures and talks presented in the Tohoku Forum for Creativity in the thematic year 2015 "Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics: Strings, Black Holes and Quantum Information", and related events in the period 2014–2016. This volume especially contains an overview of recent developments in the theory of strings and membranes, as well as topological field theory.

D-branes by Giuseppe Dito,Motoko Kotani,Yoshiaki Maeda

Proceedings of the Noncommutative Geometry and Physics 2008, on K-theory and D-brane, Shonan Village Center, Japan, 18-22 February 2008 ; [proceedings of the RIMS Thematic Year 2010 on Perspectives in Deformation Quantization and Noncommutative Geometry, Kyoto University, Japan, 1 April 2010-31 March 2011]

Author: Giuseppe Dito,Motoko Kotani,Yoshiaki Maeda

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981442501X

Category: D-branes

Page: 536

View: 524

Noncommutative differential geometry has many actual and potential applications to several domains in physics ranging from solid state to quantization of gravity. The strategy is to formulate usual differential geometry in a somewhat unusual manner, using in particular operator algebras and related concepts, so as to be able to plug in noncommutativity in a natural way. Algebraic tools such as K-theory and cyclic cohomology and homology play an important role in this field.