Mathematics

Geometry and Quantization of Moduli Spaces

Author: Vladimir Fock,Andrey Marshakov,Florent Schaffhauser,Constantin Teleman,Richard Wentworth

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319335782

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 6129

This volume is based on four advanced courses held at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (CRM), Barcelona. It presents both background information and recent developments on selected topics that are experiencing extraordinary growth within the broad research area of geometry and quantization of moduli spaces. The lectures focus on the geometry of moduli spaces which are mostly associated to compact Riemann surfaces, and are presented from both classical and quantum perspectives.
Mathematics

From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs

Author: Davar Khoshnevisan,René Schilling

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319341200

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 8307

This volume presents the lecture notes from two courses given by Davar Khoshnevisan and René Schilling, respectively, at the second Barcelona Summer School on Stochastic Analysis. René Schilling’s notes are an expanded version of his course on Lévy and Lévy-type processes, the purpose of which is two-fold: on the one hand, the course presents in detail selected properties of the Lévy processes, mainly as Markov processes, and their different constructions, eventually leading to the celebrated Lévy-Itô decomposition. On the other, it identifies the infinitesimal generator of the Lévy process as a pseudo-differential operator whose symbol is the characteristic exponent of the process, making it possible to study the properties of Feller processes as space inhomogeneous processes that locally behave like Lévy processes. The presentation is self-contained, and includes dedicated chapters that review Markov processes, operator semigroups, random measures, etc. In turn, Davar Khoshnevisan’s course investigates selected problems in the field of stochastic partial differential equations of parabolic type. More precisely, the main objective is to establish an Invariance Principle for those equations in a rather general setting, and to deduce, as an application, comparison-type results. The framework in which these problems are addressed goes beyond the classical setting, in the sense that the driving noise is assumed to be a multiplicative space-time white noise on a group, and the underlying elliptic operator corresponds to a generator of a Lévy process on that group. This implies that stochastic integration with respect to the above noise, as well as the existence and uniqueness of a solution for the corresponding equation, become relevant in their own right. These aspects are also developed and supplemented by a wealth of illustrative examples.
Mathematics

Combinatorial Matrix Theory

Author: Richard A. Brualdi,Ángeles Carmona,P. van den Driessche,Stephen Kirkland,Dragan Stevanović

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319709534

Category: Mathematics

Page: 219

View: 2898

This book contains the notes of the lectures delivered at an Advanced Course on Combinatorial Matrix Theory held at Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (CRM) in Barcelona. These notes correspond to five series of lectures. The first series is dedicated to the study of several matrix classes defined combinatorially, and was delivered by Richard A. Brualdi. The second one, given by Pauline van den Driessche, is concerned with the study of spectral properties of matrices with a given sign pattern. Dragan Stevanović delivered the third one, devoted to describing the spectral radius of a graph as a tool to provide bounds of parameters related with properties of a graph. The fourth lecture was delivered by Stephen Kirkland and is dedicated to the applications of the Group Inverse of the Laplacian matrix. The last one, given by Ángeles Carmona, focuses on boundary value problems on finite networks with special in-depth on the M-matrix inverse problem.
Mathematics

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4704

Mathematics

Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry

Volume II: In Honor of Yu. I. Manin

Author: Yuri Tschinkel,Yuri Zarhin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817647473

Category: Mathematics

Page: 704

View: 740

EMAlgebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry: In Honor of Yu. I. ManinEM consists of invited expository and research articles on new developments arising from Manin’s outstanding contributions to mathematics.
Technology & Engineering

Electronic Properties of Materials

Author: Rolf E. Hummel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642865380

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 0

View: 2201

Books are seldom finished. At best, they are abandoned. The second edition of "Electronic Properties of Materials" has been in use now for about seven years. During this time my publisher gave me ample opportunities to update and improve the text whenever the Ibook was reprinted. There were about six of these reprinting cycles. Eventually, however, it became clear that substantially more new material had to be added to account for the stormy developments which occurred in the field of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials. In particular, expanded sections on flat-panel displays (liquid crystals, electroluminescence devices, field emission displays, and plasma dis. : plays) were added. Further, the recent developments in blue- and green emitting LED's and in photonics are included. Magnetic storage devices also underwent rapid development. Thus, magneto-optical memories, magneto resistance devices, and new' magnetic materials needed to be covered. The sections on dielectric properties, ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, electrostric tion, and thermoelectric properties have been expanded. Of course, the entire text was critically reviewed, updated, and improved. However, the most extensive change I undertook was the conversion of all equations to SI units throughout. In most of the world and in virtually all of the interna tional scientific journals use of this system of units is required. If today's students do not learn to utilize it, another generation is "lost" on this matter. In other words, it is important that students become comfortable with SI units.
Mathematics

Geometric Topology: Localization, Periodicity and Galois Symmetry

The 1970 MIT Notes

Author: Dennis P. Sullivan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789048103508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 3024

The seminal ‘MIT notes’ of Dennis Sullivan were issued in June 1970 and were widely circulated at the time. The notes had a - jor in?uence on the development of both algebraic and geometric topology, pioneering the localization and completion of spaces in homotopy theory, including p-local, pro?nite and rational homotopy theory, le- ing to the solution of the Adams conjecture on the relationship between vector bundles and spherical ?brations, the formulation of the ‘Sullivan conjecture’ on the contractibility of the space of maps from the classifying space of a ?nite group to a ?nite dimensional CW complex, theactionoftheGalois groupoverQofthealgebraicclosureQof Q on smooth manifold structures in pro?nite homotopy theory, the K-theory orientation ofPL manifolds and bundles. Some of this material has been already published by Sullivan him- 1 self: in an article in the Proceedings of the 1970 Nice ICM, and in the 1974 Annals of Mathematics papers Genetics of homotopy theory and the Adams conjecture and The transversality character- 2 istic class and linking cycles in surgery theory . Many of the ideas originating in the notes have been the starting point of subsequent 1 reprinted at the end of this volume 2 joint with John Morgan vii viii 3 developments . However, the text itself retains a unique ?avour of its time, and of the range of Sullivan’s ideas.
Mathematics

Stochastic Integration by Parts and Functional Itô Calculus

Author: Vlad Bally,Lucia Caramellino,Rama Cont

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319271288

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 6750

This volume contains lecture notes from the courses given by Vlad Bally and Rama Cont at the Barcelona Summer School on Stochastic Analysis (July 2012). The notes of the course by Vlad Bally, co-authored with Lucia Caramellino, develop integration by parts formulas in an abstract setting, extending Malliavin's work on abstract Wiener spaces. The results are applied to prove absolute continuity and regularity results of the density for a broad class of random processes. Rama Cont's notes provide an introduction to the Functional Itô Calculus, a non-anticipative functional calculus that extends the classical Itô calculus to path-dependent functionals of stochastic processes. This calculus leads to a new class of path-dependent partial differential equations, termed Functional Kolmogorov Equations, which arise in the study of martingales and forward-backward stochastic differential equations. This book will appeal to both young and senior researchers in probability and stochastic processes, as well as to practitioners in mathematical finance.
Mathematics

Analysis on h-Harmonics and Dunkl Transforms

Author: Feng Dai,Yuan Xu

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034808879

Category: Mathematics

Page: 118

View: 3237

​This book provides an introduction to h-harmonics and Dunkl transforms. These are extensions of the ordinary spherical harmonics and Fourier transforms, in which the usual Lebesgue measure is replaced by a reflection-invariant weighted measure. The authors’ focus is on the analysis side of both h-harmonics and Dunkl transforms. Graduate students and researchers working in approximation theory, harmonic analysis, and functional analysis will benefit from this book.
Mathematics

Spectral Analysis in Geometry and Number Theory

International Conference on the Occasion of Toshikazu Sunada's 60th Birthday, August 6-10, 2007, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Author: Toshikazu Sunada

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842692

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 6678

This volume is an outgrowth of an international conference in honor of Toshikazu Sunada on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. The conference took place at Nagoya University, Japan, in 2007. Sunada's research covers a wide spectrum of spectral analysis, including interactions among geometry, number theory, dynamical systems, probability theory and mathematical physics. Readers will find papers on trace formulae, isospectral problems, zeta functions, quantum ergodicity, random waves, discrete geometric analysis, value distribution, and semiclassical analysis. This volume also contains an article that presents an overview of Sunada's work in mathematics up to the age of sixty.
Mathematics

Geometry and Dynamics of Integrable Systems

Author: Alexey Bolsinov,Juan J. Morales-Ruiz,Nguyen Tien Zung

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319335030

Category: Mathematics

Page: 135

View: 9358

Based on lectures given at an advanced course on integrable systems at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica in Barcelona, these lecture notes address three major aspects of integrable systems: obstructions to integrability from differential Galois theory; the description of singularities of integrable systems on the basis of their relation to bi-Hamiltonian systems; and the generalization of integrable systems to the non-Hamiltonian settings. All three sections were written by top experts in their respective fields. Native to actual problem-solving challenges in mechanics, the topic of integrable systems is currently at the crossroads of several disciplines in pure and applied mathematics, and also has important interactions with physics. The study of integrable systems also actively employs methods from differential geometry. Moreover, it is extremely important in symplectic geometry and Hamiltonian dynamics, and has strong correlations with mathematical physics, Lie theory and algebraic geometry (including mirror symmetry). As such, the book will appeal to experts with a wide range of backgrounds.
Mathematics

Extended Abstracts Spring 2015

Interactions between Representation Theory, Algebraic Topology and Commutative Algebra

Author: Dolors Herbera,Wolfgang Pitsch,Santiago Zarzuela

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319454412

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 1110

This book includes 33 expanded abstracts of selected talks given at the two workshops "Homological Bonds Between Commutative Algebra and Representation Theory" and "Brave New Algebra: Opening Perspectives," and the conference "Opening Perspectives in Algebra, Representations, and Topology," held at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (CRM) in Barcelona between January and June 2015. These activities were part of the one-semester intensive research program "Interactions Between Representation Theory, Algebraic Topology and Commutative Algebra (IRTATCA)." Most of the abstracts present preliminary versions of not-yet published results and cover a large number of topics (including commutative and non commutative algebra, algebraic topology, singularity theory, triangulated categories, representation theory) overlapping with homological methods. This comprehensive book is a valuable resource for the community of researchers interested in homological algebra in a broad sense, and those curious to learn the latest developments in the area. It appeals to established researchers as well as PhD and postdoctoral students who want to learn more about the latest advances in these highly active fields of research.
Mathematics

Integral Fourier Operators

Proceedings of a Summer School, Ouagadougou 14–25 September 2015

Author: Michèle Audin,Catherine Ducourtioux,Françoise Ouédraogo,René Schulz,Julio Delgado,Michael Ruzhansky,Gilles Lebeau

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam

ISBN: 386956413X

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5764

This volume of contributions based on lectures delivered at a school on Fourier Integral Operators held in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 14–26 September 2015, provides an introduction to Fourier Integral Operators (FIO) for a readership of Master and PhD students as well as any interested layperson. Considering the wide spectrum of their applications and the richness of the mathematical tools they involve, FIOs lie the cross-road of many a field. This volume offers the necessary background, whether analytic or geometric, to get acquainted with FIOs, complemented by more advanced material presenting various aspects of active research in that area.
Mathematics

String Topology and Cyclic Homology

Author: Ralph L. Cohen,Kathryn Hess,Alexander A. Voronov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764373887

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 4866

This book explores string topology, Hochschild and cyclic homology, assembling material from a wide scattering of scholarly sources in a single practical volume. The first part offers a thorough and elegant exposition of various approaches to string topology and the Chas-Sullivan loop product. The second gives a complete and clear construction of an algebraic model for computing topological cyclic homology.
Computers

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing

Implementations, Algorithms and Applications

Author: Karl Heinz Hoffmann,Arnd Meyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540335412

Category: Computers

Page: 362

View: 9530

This book presents advances in high performance computing as well as advances accomplished using high performance computing. It contains a collection of papers presenting results achieved in the collaboration of scientists from computer science, mathematics, physics, and mechanical engineering. From science problems to mathematical algorithms and on to the effective implementation of these algorithms on massively parallel and cluster computers, the book presents state-of-the-art methods and technology, and exemplary results in these fields.
Mathematics

Matrices in Combinatorics and Graph Theory

Author: Bolian Liu,Hong-Jian Lai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475731655

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 3113

Combinatorics and Matrix Theory have a symbiotic, or mutually beneficial, relationship. This relationship is discussed in my paper The symbiotic relationship of combinatorics and matrix theoryl where I attempted to justify this description. One could say that a more detailed justification was given in my book with H. J. Ryser entitled Combinatorial Matrix Theon? where an attempt was made to give a broad picture of the use of combinatorial ideas in matrix theory and the use of matrix theory in proving theorems which, at least on the surface, are combinatorial in nature. In the book by Liu and Lai, this picture is enlarged and expanded to include recent developments and contributions of Chinese mathematicians, many of which have not been readily available to those of us who are unfamiliar with Chinese journals. Necessarily, there is some overlap with the book Combinatorial Matrix Theory. Some of the additional topics include: spectra of graphs, eulerian graph problems, Shannon capacity, generalized inverses of Boolean matrices, matrix rearrangements, and matrix completions. A topic to which many Chinese mathematicians have made substantial contributions is the combinatorial analysis of powers of nonnegative matrices, and a large chapter is devoted to this topic. This book should be a valuable resource for mathematicians working in the area of combinatorial matrix theory. Richard A. Brualdi University of Wisconsin - Madison 1 Linear Alg. Applies., vols. 162-4, 1992, 65-105 2Camhridge University Press, 1991.
Mathematics

Fourier-Mukai Transforms in Algebraic Geometry

Author: Daniel Huybrechts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199296863

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 5129

This work is based on a course given at the Institut de Mathematiques de Jussieu, on the derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth projective variety. It is aimed at students with a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and contains full proofs and exercises that aid the reader.
Mathematics

The Diversity and Beauty of Applied Operator Theory

Author: Albrecht Böttcher,Daniel Potts,Peter Stollmann,David Wenzel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319759965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 4208

This book presents 29 invited articles written by participants of the International Workshop on Operator Theory and its Applications held in Chemnitz in 2017. The contributions include both expository essays and original research papers illustrating the diversity and beauty of insights gained by applying operator theory to concrete problems. The topics range from control theory, frame theory, Toeplitz and singular integral operators, Schrödinger, Dirac, and Kortweg-de Vries operators, Fourier integral operator zeta-functions, C*-algebras and Hilbert C*-modules to questions from harmonic analysis, Monte Carlo integration, Fibonacci Hamiltonians, and many more. The book offers researchers in operator theory open problems from applications that might stimulate their work and shows those from various applied fields, such as physics, engineering, or numerical mathematics how to use the potential of operator theory to tackle interesting practical problems.
Mathematics

Extended Abstracts Summer 2015

Strategic Behavior in Combinatorial Structures; Quantitative Finance

Author: Josep Díaz,Lefteris Kirousis,Luis Ortiz-Gracia,Maria Serna

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3319517538

Category: Mathematics

Page: 139

View: 9531

This book is divided into two parts, the first of which seeks to connect the phase transitions of various disciplines, including game theory, and to explore the synergies between statistical physics and combinatorics. Phase Transitions has been an active multidisciplinary field of research, bringing together physicists, computer scientists and mathematicians. The main research theme explores how atomic agents that act locally and microscopically lead to discontinuous macroscopic changes. Adopting this perspective has proven to be especially useful in studying the evolution of random and usually complex or large combinatorial objects (like networks or logic formulas) with respect to discontinuous changes in global parameters like connectivity, satisfiability etc. There is, of course, an obvious strategic element in the formation of a transition: the atomic agents “selfishly” seek to optimize a local parameter. However, up to now this game-theoretic aspect of abrupt, locally triggered changes had not been extensively studied. In turn, the book’s second part is devoted to mathematical and computational methods applied to the pricing of financial contracts and the measurement of financial risks. The tools and techniques used to tackle these problems cover a wide spectrum of fields, like stochastic calculus, numerical analysis, partial differential equations, statistics and econometrics. Quantitative Finance is a highly active field of research and is increasingly attracting the interest of academics and practitioners alike. The material presented addresses a wide variety of new challenges for this audience.