Political Science

Globalizing Social Justice

The Role of Non-Government Organizations in Bringing about Social Change

Author: J. Atkinson,M. Scurrah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230277934

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 6816

A study of the international NGO advocacy for social and environmental justice, it looks at the fundamental issues of legitimacy, accountability and democracy that such activities involve and how they are manifested. It presents case studies on trade issues, labour rights, extractive industries and indigenous people in Asia and South America.
Political Science

Global Matters for Non-Governmental Public Action

Author: Jude Howell

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230290353

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 9620

Introduction-- J.Howell Global Norms, Domestic Politics: Children's Rights and Civil Society in Argentina-- J.Grugel & E.Peruzzotti Post-9/11 Global Security Regime and Non-governmental Public Action-- J.Howell NGO Coalitions and the Global Access to Medicines Campaign: the Impact of Intellectual Property Rights on Developing Countries-- D.Matthews The Influence of Transnational Non-governmental Public Actors on Policy Processes and Policy Outcomes: Rethinking North-south Relations-- R.Crook NGOs, the State and 'Cultural Values': Imagining the Global in Sri Lanka-- H.Amarasuriya & J.Spencer Alternative Media and Public Action: How Online Media Movements (Don't) Use Resources-- A.Spicer North-South Environmentalisms: Friends of the Earth International (FOEI)-- B.Doherty & T.Doyle Global Policy and the Public Action of Private Philanthropy: the Open Society Foundation-- D.Stone.
Political Science

The Currency of Power

The IMF and Monetary Reform in Central Asia

Author: A. Broome

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230278051

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 5664

This book examines how the International Monetary Fund engages in the politics of ideas to shape domestic institutional change. Drawing on case studies from post-Soviet Central Asia, André Broome explains that how governments interpret their policy options mediates the IMF's influence over economic reform during periods of crisis and uncertainty.
Science

Climate Terror

A Critical Geopolitics of Climate Change

Author: Sanjay Chaturvedi,Timothy Doyle

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137318953

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 5372

Climate Terror engages with a highly differentiated geographical politics of global warming. It explores how fear-inducing climate change discourses could result in new forms of dependencies, domination and militarised 'climate security'.
Law

Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice

The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order

Author: Shawkat Alam,Natalie Klein,Juliette Overland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415813181

Category: Law

Page: 14

View: 3485

There are few topics as controversial as globalisation. It is meant to bring economic growth and solve a range of social, cultural and humanitarian problems. However, there are significant debates in relation to the extent that the reality of globalisation reflects this idealized vision. In particular, globalisation has produced a highly interdependent world, rendering state boundaries meaningless and challenging the ideology and limits of certain areas of international law. This book will provide the opportunity to address some of the multifaceted issues provoked by the issue of globalisation. The book is an exploration of the intricate nexus that emerges as a result of globalisation, inextricably linking together issues of international law, human rights, environmental law and international trade law. Bringing together a number of experts in the field, the book focuses on the areas of social justice and environmental justice, and explores the links that exists between the two and the effect of globalisation on these areas. A variety of topics are addressed throughout the chapters of this book – including biodiversity, the law of the sea, biotechnology, child labour, the rights of women, corporate social responsibility, terrorism and counter-terrorism, water resources, intellectual property rights and the role of non-government organisations. As globalisation has many facets and actors, the contributions to the book engage with interdisciplinary research to deal with the various challenges identified, and critically explore both the potential of globalisation as a vehicle of sustainable and equitable development.
Political Science

Can NGOs Make a Difference?

The Challenge of Development Alternatives

Author: Anthony J. Bebbington,Samuel Hickey,Diana C. Mitlin

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136218

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7350

Can non-governmental organisations contribute to more socially just, alternative forms of development? Or are they destined to work at the margins of dominant development models determined by others? Addressing this question, this book brings together leading international voices from academia, NGOs and the social movements. It provides a comprehensive update to the NGO literature and a range of critical new directions to thinking and acting around the challenge of development alternatives. The book's originality comes from the wide-range of new case-study material it presents, the conceptual approaches it offers for thinking about development alternatives, and the practical suggestions for NGOs. At the heart of this book is the argument that NGOs can and must re-engage with the project of seeking alternative development futures for the world's poorest and more marginal. This will require clearer analysis of the contemporary problems of uneven development, and a clear understanding of the types of alliances NGOs need to construct with other actors in civil society if they are to mount a credible challenge to disempowering processes of economic, social and political development.

Ngos and Social Justice in South Africa and Beyond

Author: Sally Matthews

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781869143282

Category:

Page: 220

View: 8766

Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) are regarded by many as vital role players in improving the lives of the poor and bringing about social justice. This book includes contributions from NGO workers, academics and social movement activists in order to provide varying perspectives on what possible role NGOs can rightly play in popular struggles. Consequently, the book does not have a single message about what role NGOs ought to play in struggles for social justice, but rather invites careful reflection and critical discussion on their role both in South Africa and further afield. Sally Matthews teaches in the Department of Political and International Studies at Rhodes University. Her research and teaching focuses on the African continent, with particular interests in the politics of development and NGO work, the politics of teaching about Africa, and race and transformation in South African higher education. Contributors: Kirk Helliker, Mazibuko Jara, Ayanda Kota, Injairu Kulundu, Tshepo Madlingozi, Firoze Manji, Sally Matthews, Koketso Moeti, Gladys Mpepho, Michael Neocosmos, Patronella Nqaba, Thapelo Tselapedi, Ashley Westaway
Science

Non-Governmental Organizations and Development

Author: David Lewis,Nazneen Kanji

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134051778

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8443

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are high profile actors in the field of international development, both as providers of services to vulnerable individuals and communities and as campaigning policy advocates. This book provides a critical introduction to the wide-ranging topic of NGOs and development. Written by two authors with more than twenty years experience of research and practice in the field, the book combines a critical overview of the main research literature with a set of up-to-date theoretical and practical insights drawn from experience in Asia, Europe, Africa and elsewhere. It highlights the importance of NGOs in development, but it also engages fully with the criticisms that the increased profile of NGOs in development now attracts. Non-Governmental Organizations and Development begins with a discussion of the wide diversity of NGOs and their roles, and locates their recent rise to prominence within broader histories of struggle as well as within the ideological context of neo-liberalism. It then moves on to analyze how interest in NGOs has both reflected and informed wider theoretical trends and debates within development studies, before analyzing NGOs and their practices, using a broad range of short case studies of successful and unsuccessful interventions. David Lewis and Nazneen Kanji then moves on to describe the ways in which NGOs are increasingly important in relation to ideas and debates about ‘civil society’, globalization and the changing ideas and practices of international aid. The book argues that NGOs are now central to development theory and practice and are likely to remain important actors in development in the years to come. In order to appreciate the issues raised by their increasing diversity and complexity, the authors conclude that it is necessary to deploy a historically and theoretically informed perspective. This critical overview will be useful to students of development studies at undergraduate and masters levels, as well as to more general readers and practitioners. The format of the book includes figures, photographs and case studies as well as reader material in the form of summary points and questions. Despite the growing importance of the topic, no single short, up-to-date book exists that sets out the main issues in the form of a clearly written, academically-informed text: until now.
Business & Economics

NGOs, States and Donors

Too Close for Comfort?

Author: David Hulme,Michael Edwards

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137355140

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 1433

In 1997 we investigated the ways in which NGO-State-Donor relationships have changed the role that NGOs play in development, asking whether their growing popularity had helped them to 'solve' the problems of poverty or had changed them to become part of the 'development industry' that they used to criticize. Using case studies of African, Asian and Latin American NGOs, we highlighted that the evidence suggested that NGOs were 'losing their roots' – getting close to donors and governments and more distant from the poor beneficiaries they sought to assist. Since the book was first published, NGOs have continued to rise in number, scale and prominence, but our concerns have been little redressed and our argument remains strong today. The new Preface and Afterword to this IPE Classic provide an up to date review of the literature and debates on NGOs and the development sector that consolidate on this argument and look briefly at some of the reactions it has received.
Social Science

Social Movements

An Introduction

Author: Donatella della Porta,Mario Diani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148217

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 9004

Social Movements is a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in society today. In this new edition, the authors have updated all chapters with the most recent scientific literature, expanded on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Draws on research and empirical work across the social sciences to address the key questions in this international field. New edition expands on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Has been redesigned in a more user-friendly format.
Business & Economics

Measuring Globalisation

Gauging Its Consequences

Author: Axel Dreher,Noel Gaston,Pim Martens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387740690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 8604

Globalisation is a timely and controversial topic. Against the chorus of globalisation’s proponents and detractors, the authors propose an approach for measuring globalisation and its consequences. Undertaking a comprehensive review of the literature on globalisation and using data from the MGI and KOF indices, the well-respected authors build a framework for defining globalisation and analyzing the relationships among economic, political, and social variables.
Political Science

Making Globalization Work

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393066203

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 5923

"A damning denunciation of things as they are, and a platform for how we can do better."—Andrew Leonard, Salon Building on the international bestseller Globalization and Its Discontents, Joseph E. Stiglitz offers here an agenda of inventive solutions to our most pressing economic, social, and environmental challenges, with each proposal guided by the fundamental insight that economic globalization continues to outpace both the political structures and the moral sensitivity required to ensure a just and sustainable world. As economic interdependence continues to gather the peoples of the world into a single community, it brings with it the need to think and act globally. This trenchant, intellectually powerful, and inspiring book is an invaluable step in that process.
Technology & Engineering

Forestry Outlook Study for Africa

Regional Report, Opportunities and Challenges Towards 2020

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251049105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 66

View: 1496

This regional report examines the emerging trends and considers the opportunities and challenges involved in promoting the contribution of the forest sector to Africa's sustainable development over the next two decades, including policy and institutional, demographic, economic, technological and environmental factors.
Language Arts & Disciplines

Intercultural Communication

Globalization and Social Justice

Author: Kathryn Sorrells

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483324826

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 6828

Intercultural Communication: Globalization and Social Justice, Second Edition, introduces students to the study of communication among cultures within the broader context of globalization. Kathryn Sorrells highlights history, power, and global institutions as central to understanding the relationships and contexts that shape intercultural communication. Based on a framework that promotes critical thinking, reflection, and action, this text takes a social justice approach that provides students with the skills and knowledge to create a more equitable world through communication. Loaded with new case studies and contemporary topics, the Second Edition has been fully revised and updated to reflect the current global context, emerging local and global issues, and more diverse experiences.
History

Silences in NGO Discourse

The Role and Future of NGOs in Africa

Author: Issa G. Shivji

Publisher: Fahamu/Pambazuka

ISBN: 0954563751

Category: History

Page: 68

View: 3647

One of the most articulate critics of the destructive effects of neoliberal policies in Africa, and in particular of the ways in which they have eroded the gains of independence, Issa Shivji shows in two extensive essays in this book that the role of NGOs in Africa cannot be understood without placing them in their political and historical context. As structural adjustment programs were imposed across Africa in the 1980s and 1990s, the international financial institutions and development agencies began giving money to NGOs for programs to minimize the more glaring inequalities perpetuated by their policies. As a result, NGOs have flourished--and played an unwitting role in consolidating the neoliberal hegemony in Africa. Shivji argues that if social policy is to be determined by citizens rather than the donors, African NGOs must become catalysts for change rather than the catechists of aid that they are today.
Political Science

The Globalization of International Society

Author: Tim Dunne,Christian Reus-Smit

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192516396

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 9175

The Globalization of International Society re-examines the development of today's society of sovereign states, drawing on a wealth of new scholarship to challenge the landmark account presented in Bull and Watson's classic work, The Expansion of International Society (OUP, 1984). For Bull and Watson, international society originated in Europe, and expanded as successive waves of new states were integrated into a rule-governed order. International society, on their view, was thus a European cultural artefact - a claim that is at odds with recent scholarship in history, politics, and related fields of research. Bringing together leading scholars from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the United States, this book provides an alternative account: it draws out the diversity of polities that existed at around c1500; it shows how interacting identities, political orders, and economic forces were intensifying within and across regions; it details the tangled dynamics that helped to globalize the European conception of a pluralist international society, through patterns of warfare and between East and West. The Globalization of International Society examines the institutional contours of contemporary international society, with its unique blend of universal sovereignty and global law, and its forms of hierarchy that coexist with commitments to international human rights. The book explores the multiple forms of contestation that challenge international society today: contests over the limits of sovereignty in relation to cosmopolitan conceptions of responsibility, disputes over global governance, concerns about persistent economic, racial, and gender-based patterns of disadvantage, and lastly the threat to the established order opened up by the disruptive power of digital communications.
Political Science

Global Civil Society?

Author: John Keane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894623

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 3795

Amid fears of terrorism, rising tides of xenophobia, and protests, John Keane explores the contradictory arguments and traces the historical origins, contemporary meanings and political potential of globalization. Defending the idea of a global civil society, Keane stresses the need for new democratic ways of living and demonstrates how it is linked with such developments as turbocapitalism, social movements and the political institutions of "cosmocracy." Keane's provocative reflections in Global Civil Society? draw upon a variety of scholarly sources and offer a fresh perspective on contemporary political thinking and new global problems. John Keane was born in Australia and educated at the Universities of Adelaide, Toronto and Cambridge. He is Professor of Politics at the University of Westminster. In 1989, he founded the Centre for the Study of Democracy. His most recent work is a study of power, Václav Havel: A Political Tragedy in Six Acts (Basic Books, 1999). His other books include Civil Society: Old Images, New Visions (Stanford, 1998), Democracy and Civil Society (Verso Books, 1998), Reflections on Violence (Verso Books, 1996), the prizewinning Tom Paine: A Political Life (Little Brown, 1995), and The Media and Democracy (Blackwell, 1991). He has been awarded many fellowships and research grants and has lectured throughout the world; he often appears on radio and television and is a regular contributor to The Times Literary Supplement. Currently he is writing a full-scale history of democracy.
Medical

Closing the Gap in a Generation

Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health : Commission on Social Determinants of Health Final Report

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563702

Category: Medical

Page: 246

View: 5001

The Commission on Social Determinants of Health was set up by former World Health Organization Director-General J.W. Lee. It was tasked to collect, collate, and synthesize global evidence on the social determinants of health and their impact on health inequity, and to make recommendations for action to address that inequity.
Nature

Conservation and Globalization

A Study of National Parks and Indigenous Communities from East Africa to South Dakota

Author: Jim Igoe

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534613174

Category: Nature

Page: 183

View: 1705

CONSERVATION AND GLOBALIZATION opens with a discussion of these two broad issues as they relate to the author's fieldwork with Maasai herding communities on the margins of Tarangire National Park in Tanzania. It explores different theoretical perspectives (Neo-Marxist and Foucauldian) on globalization and why both are relevant to the case studies presented. Students are introduced to the practice of multi-sited ethnography and its centrality to the anthropological study of globalization. While drawing on examples from specific Maasai communities, the book is more broadly concerned with the historical and contemporary links between these communities and a global system of institutions, ideas, and money. The ecological incompatibility of Western national park-style conservation with East African savanna ecosystems and Maasai resource management practices, are highlighted. The concept of national parks is traced temporally and geographically from Maasai communities to the enclosure movement in 18th century England and westward expansion in 19th century North America. The relationships of parks to Judeo-Christian assumptions about "man's place in nature," colonial ideologies like Manifest Destiny and the Civilizing Mission, and capitalist notions of private property and "The Tragedy of the Commons," are explored.