African-American athletes have experienced a tumultuous relationship with mainstream white America. Glory Bound brings together 11 essays that explore this complex topic by sports studies scholar David K. Wiggins. In his writings, Wiggins recounts the struggle of black athletes to climb their own racial mountain - their struggle to fully participate in sport while maintaining their own cultural identity and pride.
A Biographical History of African American Athletes
Author: David K. Wiggins
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
Category: Social Science
The original essays in this comprehensive collection examine the lives and sports of famous and not-so-famous African American male and female athletes from the nineteenth century to today. Here are twenty insightful biographies that furnish perspectives on the changing status of these athletes and how these changes mirrored the transformation of sports, American society, and civil rights legislation. Some of the athletes discussed include Marshall Taylor (bicycling), William Henry Lewis (football), Jack Johnson, Satchel Paige, Jesse Owens, Joe Lewis, Alice Coachman (track and field), Althea Gibson (tennis), Wilma Rudolph, Bill Russell, Jim Brown, Arthur Ashe, Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams.
A Statistical Study of Race in the Ring, 1949-1983
Author: Andrew Lindsay
Category: Sports & Recreation
Professional sports in America offer numerous examples of equal opportunity and broken down racial barriers. These developments call for pride and celebration. Yet skin color continues to have an influence in how Americans experience sport. From Al Campanis' statement about the under-representation of blacks in baseball front offices to the almost exclusively white ownership of professional teams, one sees that sports, though admirably more equitable than other societal institutions, are hardly a colorblind American pursuit. Choosing the racially charged sport of boxing for investigation, the author has compiled dozens of statistics measuring whether or not America's racial majority still yearns for a white champion--a Great White Hope. Drawing upon data from The Ring Magazine and its annual record books, this study endeavors to bolster or refute the popular perception in boxing circles that white fighters of lesser ability are helped along to their sports elite level, as a result of being promotional gold in the eyes of the public.
A History of Women's Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America
Author: Martha H. Verbrugge
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Health & Fitness
"Active Bodies" examines the ideas, programs, and experiences of white and black female physical educators from the introduction of mandatory gym class through the recent revolution in women's sports. Amidst sweeping changes in science, feminism, and attitudes about gender, race, and sexuality, women teachers debated how to achieve equality for their female students and themselves.
History by Linda J. Borish,David K. Wiggins,Gerald R. Gems
Author: Linda J. Borish,David K. Wiggins,Gerald R. Gems
The Routledge History of American Sport provides the first comprehensive overview of historical research in American sport from the early Colonial period to the present day. Considering sport through innovative themes and topics such as the business of sport, material culture and sport, the political uses of sport, and gender and sport, this text offers an interdisciplinary analysis of American leisure. Rather than moving chronologically through American history or considering the historical origins of each sport, these topics are dealt with organically within thematic chapters, emphasizing the influence of sport on American society. The volume is divided into eight thematic sections that include detailed original essays on particular facets of each theme. Focusing on how sport has influenced the history of women, minorities, politics, the media, and culture, these thematic chapters survey the major areas of debate and discussion. The volume offers a comprehensive view of the history of sport in America, pushing the field to consider new themes and approaches as well. Including a roster of contributors renowned in their fields of expertise, this ground-breaking collection is essential reading for all those interested in the history of American sport.
African American Sport behind the Walls of Segregation
Author: David K. Wiggins,Ryan Swanson
Publisher: University of Arkansas Press
Winner of the 2017 NASSH Book Award for best edited collection. The hardening of racial lines during the first half of the twentieth century eliminated almost all African Americans from white organized sports, forcing black athletes to form their own teams, organizations, and events. This separate sporting culture, explored in the twelve essays included here, comprised much more than athletic competition; these “separate games” provided examples of black enterprise and black self-help and showed the importance of agency and the quest for racial uplift in a country fraught with racialist thinking and discrimination. The significance of this sporting culture is vividly showcased in the stories of the Cuban Giants baseball team, basketball’s New York Renaissance Five, the Tennessee State Tigerbelles track-and-field team, black college football’s Turkey Bowl Classic, car racing’s Gold and Glory Sweepstakes, Negro League Baseball’s East-West All-Star game, and many more. These teams, organizations, and events made up a vibrant national sporting complex that remained in existence until the integration of sports beginning in the late 1940s. Separate Games explores the fascinating ways sports helped bind the black community and illuminate race pride, business acumen, and organizational abilities.
The sixteen original essays in this collection cover influential and famous rivalries from a variety of sports, including track and field, golf, boxing, basketball, tennis, ice skating, baseball, football, soccer, and more. The essays are diverse, but together they illustrate what is common to any rivalry: equally matched opponents that often have decidedly different backgrounds, styles, and personalities. These differences may center on race and culture, political and societal ideologies, personality, geography, or religion—a mix intensified by fans and the media. From highly publicized and emotionally charged individual competitions to bitterly fought team contests, Rivals illuminates what one-of-a-kind opponents and the passion they inspire tell us about ourselves and our society.
Social Science by David Kenneth Wiggins,Patrick B. Miller
A Documentary History of the African American Experience in Sport
Author: David Kenneth Wiggins,Patrick B. Miller
Category: Social Science
Overview: This collection of primary sources charts the significant, intertwining histories of African Americans and sport. Featuring introductions and head notes by David K. Wiggins and Patrick B. Miller that place each selection in context, The Unlevel Playing Field contains more than one hundred documents on both pioneering and modern-day athletes.
In 1926, Atlanta's Theodore “Tiger” Flowers became the first African-American boxer to win the world middleweight title. The next year, he was dead. More than an account of Flowers's remarkable achievements, the book is a penetrating analysis of the cultural and historical currents that defined the terms of Flowers's success. Through the prism of prizefighting, the author reveals the personal cost African-Americans faced as they attempted to earn black respect while escaping white hostility.
Few issues have engaged sports scholars more than those of race and ethnicity. Today, globalization and migration mean all major sports leagues include players from around the globe, bringing into play a complex mix of racial, ethnic, cultural, political and geographical factors. These complexities have been examined from many angles by historians, sociologists, anthropologists and scientists. This is the first book to offer a comprehensive survey of the full sweep of approaches to the study of sport, race and ethnicity. The Routledge Handbook of Sport, Race and Ethnicity makes a substantial contribution to scholarship, presenting a collection of international case studies that map the most important developments in the field. Multi-disciplinary in its approach, it engages with a wide range of disciplines including history, politics, sociology, philosophy, science and gender studies. It draws upon the latest cutting-edge research to address key issues such as racism, integration, globalisation, development and management. Written by a world-class team of sports scholars, this book is essential reading for all students, researchers and policy-makers with an interest in sports studies.
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
1936: Wie neun Ruderer die Nazis in die Knie zwangen
Author: Daniel James Brown
Publisher: Riemann Verlag
Der Millionenseller aus den USA Von Beginn an ist es eine Reise mit unwahrscheinlichem Ausgang: Neun junge Männer aus der amerikanischen Provinz machen sich 1936 auf den Weg nach Berlin, um die Goldmedaille im Rudern zu gewinnen. Daniel James Brown schildert das Schicksal von Joe Rantz, einem Jungen ohne Perspektive, der rudert, um den Dämonen seiner Vergangenheit zu entkommen und seinen Platz in der Welt zu finden. Wie er und seine Freunde vor den laufenden Kameras Leni Riefenstahls den Nazis ihre Propagandashow stehlen, ist ein atemberaubendes Abenteuer und zugleich das eindringliche Porträt einer Ära. Eine unvergessliche wahre Geschichte von Entschlossenheit, Überleben und Mut.
Essays about sports by sociologists, organized around the theme of social organization and differentiation, Sports are viewed as they reinforce the structure of Western industrial society. Other topics include the role of sports throughout the life cycle.
Discussed how Americans spend their free time and entertain themselves. Essays present perspectives in the fields of American and cultural studies, sociology, recreation, sports, leisure studies, auctions, bloodsports, shopping malls, and theme parks.
The completely revised and updated second edition features new groundbreaking articles from leading scholars. Included are 'The African American Athlete: Social Myths & Stereotypes', 'Sociohistorical Influences on African American Elite Sportswomen' and 'Race Law and College Athletics.' Also included are updated and revised versions of articles from the first edition which pioneered the study of racism in college athletics.
Platz 1 der schwedischen Bestsellerliste und Platz 4 der New York Times Bestsellerliste: der bewegende neue Roman von Fredrik Backman, Autor des Welterfolgs ›Ein Mann namens Ove‹. »Backmans Meisterwerk: kunstvoll, emotional und zutiefst menschlich.« New York Journal of Books Wer glaubt noch an Björnstadt? Es liegt viel zu weit hinter den dunklen Wäldern im Norden. Doch die Menschen hier halten zusammen. Und sie teilen eine Leidenschaft, die sie wieder mit Stolz erfüllen könnte. Die den Rest der Welt an Björnstadt erinnern könnte. Deshalb liegen alle Träume und Hoffnungen nun auf den Schultern ein paar junger Björnstädter. Noch ahnt keiner in der Stadt, dass sich ihre Gemeinschaft über Nacht für immer verändern wird.
Drawing on original and published interviews, writings, and articles, the author offers an in-depth look at black participation in tennis, from the first courts in Tuskegee in 1880 through the achievements of Aletha Gibson, Arthur Ashe, and Venus and Serena Williams.