Biography & Autobiography

Gorbatschow

Der Mann und seine Zeit

Author: William Taubman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700454

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 935

View: 9136

Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?
History

Themes in Modern European History Since 1945

Author: Rosemary Wakeman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134601069

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4454

This collection explores the most important transformations & upheavals of post-1945 Europe in the light of recent scholarship. It examines the post-war economic boom & the political realignment of eastern European states in the 1990s, amongst other topics.
History

The 1989 Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe

From Communism to Pluralism

Author: Kevin McDermott,Matthew Stibbe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719085276

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9276

This important book reassesses a defining historical, political and ideological moment in contemporary history: the 1989 revolutions in central and eastern Europe. Adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, the authors reconsider such crucial themes as the broader historical significance of the 1989 events, the complex interaction between external and internal factors in the origins and outcomes of the revolutions, the impact of the 'Gorbachev phenomenon', the West and the end of the Cold War, the political and socio-economic determinants of the revolutionary processes in Poland, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Bulgaria, and the competing academic, cultural and ideological perceptions of the year 1989 as communism gave way to post-communist pluralism in the 1990s and beyond. Concluding that the contentious term 'revolution' is indeed apt for the momentous developments in eastern Europe in 1989, this book will be essential reading for undergraduates, postgraduates and specialists alike.
History

The Routledge Companion to Modern European History since 1763

Author: Chris Cook,John Stevenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134281862

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 5232

The Routledge Companion to Modern European History since 1763 is a compact and highly accessible work of reference covering the broad sweep of events from the last days of the ancient regime to the ending of the Cold War, and from the reshaping of Eastern Europe to the radical expansion of the European Union in 2004. Within the broad coverage of this outstanding volume, particular attention is given to subjects such as: the era of the Enlightened Despots the Revolutionary and Napoleonic era in France, and the revolutions of 1848 nationalism and imperialism, and the retreat from Empire the First World War, the rise of the European dictators, the coming of the Second World War, the Holocaust, and the post-war development of Europe the Cold War, the Soviet Union and its break up the protest and upheavals of the 1960s, as well as social issues such as the rise of the welfare state, and the changing place of women in society throughout the period. With a fully comprehensive glossary, a biographical section, a thorough bibliography and informative maps, this volume is the indispensable companion for all those who study modern European history.
Reference

Sociological Worlds

Comparative and Historical Readings on Society

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966141

Category: Reference

Page: 388

View: 359

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
History

The Crisis of Détente in Europe

From Helsinki to Gorbachev 1975-1985

Author: Leopoldo Nuti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134044976

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1019

This edited volume is the first detailed exploration of the last phase of the Cold War, taking a critical look at the crisis of détente in Europe in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The transition from détente to a new phase of harsh confrontation and severe crises is an interesting, indeed crucial, phase of the evolution of the international system. This book makes use of previously unreleased archival materials, moving beyond existing interpretations of this period by challenging the traditional bipolar paradigm that focuses mostly on the role of the superpowers in the transformation of the international system. The essays here emphasize the combination and the interplay of a large number of variables- political, ideological, economic and military - and explore the topic from a truly international perspective. Issues covered include human rights, the Euromissiles, the CSCE (Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe), the Revolution in Military Affairs, economic growth and its consequences.
Religion

Beyond Calvin

The Intellectual, Political and Cultural World of Europe's Reformed Churches, c. 1540-1620

Author: Graeme Murdock

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137197161

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 4183

An international community of Reformed churches emerged during the sixteenth century. Although attempts were made by Calvinists to reach agreement over key beliefs, and to establish uniformity in patterns of worship and church government, there were continuing divisions over some ideas and differences between local practices of moral discipline and religious life. However, Reformed intellectuals developed common ideas about rights of resistance against tyrants, communities prayed, fasted and donated money to aid brethren in distress, and many Calvinists across the Continent developed a strong sense of collective identity. Beyond Calvin considers the Reformed churches of Europe in an international and comparative context from around 1540 to 1620. Graeme Murdock: - discusses how Calvinism operated as an international movement by looking at links between Reformed churches, communities and states - explains what Reformed churches across the Continent stood for - focuses on how Calvinists sought to purify the practice of Christian religion, and to renew European politics, society and culture - examines both the strengths and limits of the international Reformed community
Philosophy

Philosophy, Society and the Cunning of History in Eastern Europe

Author: Costica Bradatan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135761167

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 9400

Philosophy, Society and the Cunning of History in Eastern Europe charts the intellectual landscape of twentieth century East-Central Europe under the unifying theme of 'precariousness' as a mode of historical existence. Caught between empires, often marked by catastrophic historic events and grand political failures, the countries of East-Central Europe have for a long time developed a certain intellectual self-representation, a culture that not only helps them make some sense of such misfortunes, but also protects them somehow from a collapse into nihilism. An interdisciplinary study of this sophisticated culture of survival and endurance has been long overdue. Not only is it charming and worth studying in its own right, but with the re-integration of the 'new Europe' into the 'old' one and the emergence on the 'Western' European intellectual scene of many authors from the 'East,' such a culture will also shape the European mind of the 21st century. This volume decodes and explores this culture of 'precariousness' from the complementary angles of philosophy, political theory, intellectual history and literary studies. Expert contributors look at a wide range of topics, from philosophical martyrdom to collective suffering to geographical fatalism, and explore the works of key authors in the field including Cioran, Kołakowski, Kertész, Bauman and Žižek. This book was originally published as a special issue of Angelaki: The Journal of the Theoretical Humanities.
History

Cold War Endgame

Oral History, Analysis, Debates

Author: William C. Wohlforth

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046594

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 1689

Cold War Endgame is the product of an unusual collaborative effort by policy makers and scholars to promote better understanding of how the Cold War ended. It includes the transcript of a conference, hosted by former Secretary of State James Baker and former Soviet Foreign Minister Alexander Bessmertnykh, in which high-level veterans of the Bush and Gorbachev governments shared their recollections and interpretations of the crucial events of 1989&–91: the revolutions in Eastern Europe; the reunification of Germany; the Persian Gulf War; the August 1991 coup; and the collapse of the USSR. Taking this testimony as a common reference and drawing on the most recent evidence available, six chapters follow in which historians and political scientists explore the historical and theoretical puzzles presented by this extraordinary transition. This discussion features a debate over the relative importance of ideas, personality, and economic pressures in explaining the Cold War's end.
Political Science

Eastern Europe, Gorbachev, and Reform:The Great Challenge

Author: Karen Dawisha

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521386524

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 4119

In this revised second edition of this highly successful book, Karen Dawisha shows how the first five years of the Gorbachev era have affected the reform process in Eastern Europe.
History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9007

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Social Science

Time and Revolution

Marxism and the Design of Soviet Institutions

Author: Stephen E. Hanson

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807846155

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 4200

Stephen Hanson traces the influence of the Marxist conception of time in Soviet politics from Lenin to Gorbachev. He argues that the history of Marxism and Leninism reveals an unsuccessful revolutionary effort to reorder the human relationship with time a
History

Soviet Politics in Perspective

Author: Richard Sakwa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415071536

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 3296

Thoroughly revised and updated, this text offers offers a comprehensive and accessible exploration of the Soviet system from its rise in 1919 to the 1991 collapse.
History

The Gorbachev Factor

Author: Archie Brown

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191573981

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 3396

`To understand this singular man, the reader can do no better than to turn to Archie Brown's astute and lucid book. There have been several excellent works on Mr Gorbachev ... but none examines the subject as thoroughly as this volume ... a rich study, as impressive in its sweep as in its details.' Abraham Brumberg, New York Times `Archie Brown's book is not only a richly researched, easily readable biography of Gorbachev himself. It should be studied at once in every diplomatic service worthy of the name, starting with our own Foreign Office.' Michael Foot, Evening Standard `Archie Brown has mastered the material and met the people ... he writes with a historical perspective unavailable to authors of the instant biographies which appeared while Gorbachev was in power.' Rodric Braithwaite, Financial Times `Archie Brown's closely reasoned book ... makes a better case for Gorbachev's record as a reformer than Gorbachev's own memoirs ... the most thorough exposition of Gorbachev's domestic political record yet to appear.' Jack F. Matlock, Jr, New York Review of Books `This Oxford don, for years one of the world's most talented Kremlinologists, has already found the memoirs, documents and interviews that allow him to provide a remarkably detailed and authoritative account of the key moments in Gorbachev's career.' Robert G. Kaiser, Washington Post `It is hard to come away from this admirable book without an affection for Gorbachev's insistence on peaceful change, his willingness to let Eastern Europe go and his determination to nurture a pluralist culture.' Nick Cohen, Observer `Brown's latest book is the product of many years of intensive research: it proves to be the most detailed and revealing study of the man who revolutionised the USSR. Excellent.' Good Book Guide
Biography & Autobiography

Das neue Russland

Der Umbruch und das System Putin

Author: Michail Gorbatschow

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3732513777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 560

View: 5299

Nach Jahren der Annäherung ist das Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland so angespannt wie seit mehr als 25 Jahren nicht mehr. Was Putin antreibt, warum er die Konfrontation mit dem Westen sucht und den Rückfall in den Kalten Krieg in Kauf nimmt, ist vielen ein Rätsel. Nicht Michail Gorbatschow. Mit einzigartiger Kennerschaft beschreibt er die Entstehung des "Systems Putin" und die Absichten dieses Mannes. Unverblümt rechnet er mit Putin ab. Dieser zerstöre um seiner eigenen Macht willen die Errungenschaften der Perestroika in Russland und errichte ein System ohne Zukunft. Deshalb fordert Gorbatschow ein neues politisches System für Russland, und er mahnt den Westen, nicht mit dem Feuer zu spielen. Ein wichtiges, ein notwendiges Buch, das neue Blickwinkel eröffnet - und das politische Vermächtnis des großen Mannes, der die deutsche Einheit mitermöglichte.
History

Tiny Revolutions in Russia

Twentieth-century Soviet and Russian History in Anecdotes

Author: Bruce Friend Adams

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415351731

Category: History

Page: 173

View: 5170

This book presents a large collection of anecdotes and jokes from different periods of the twentieth century to provide an unusual perspective on Soviet and Russian history. Anecdotes and jokes were a hidden form of discursive communication in the Soviet era, lampooning official practices and acting as a confidential form of self-affirmation. They were not necessarily anti-Soviet, by their very nature both criticising existing reality and acting as a form of acquiescence. Above all they provide invaluable insights into everyday life, and the attitudes and concerns of ordinary people. The book also includes anecdotes and jokes from the post-Soviet period, when ordinary people in Russia continued to have to cope with rather grim reality, and the compiler provides extensive introductory and explanatory matter to set the anecdotes and jokes in context.
Printing

20th-century Type

Author: Lewis Blackwell

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856693516

Category: Printing

Page: 215

View: 9234

'20th-Century type' provides a decade-by-decade analysis of the significant issues that have shaped the history of typographic and, latterly, graphic design. The book shows how current typographic trends are part of a continuum of change that can be plott