GRASSES, SEDGES, RUSHES AND FERNS OF THE BRITISH ISLES - By N. BARRIE HODGSON - CONTENTS PAGE - GRASSES Grafninee - - - - - 7 SEDGES Cypeaced - - - - - - 35 RUSHES Jzincrace - - - - - - 60 FERN S Pteridolytec - - - - - 67 HORSETAILS Eqzkretum - - - - - 83 CLUB-hIOSSES Lyopodiztnj - - - - 88 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS GRASSES Sweet Vernal. Green Panick. Spreading Millet. Timothy. Slender Fox-tail. Meadow Fox-tail. Floating Fox-tail. Fiorin. Brown Bent. Tufted Hair. Silvery Hair. Early Hair. Perennial Oat. Wild Oat. False Oat. Yellow Oat. Upright Sea Lymegrass. Meadow Soft. Creeping Soft. Matgrass. Meadow Barley. Wild Barley. Squirrel-tail. Couch. Darnel. Fibrous-rooted Wheat. Hairy Brome. Upright Brome. Soft Brome. Barren Brome. Common Rye. Sheeps Fescue. Tall Brome. Hard Meadow. Barren Fescue. Cocks-foot. Crested Dogs-tail. Meadow Fescue. Common Quaking. Smooth-stalked Meadow. Reed Meadow. Floating Meadow. Sea Meadow. Annual Meadow. Wood Meadow. Water Whorl. Bulbous Meadow. Decumbent Heath. Common Reed. Roughish Meadow. Flattened Meadow. SEDGES Black Bog-rush. Marsh Club. Hares-tail Cotton-grass. White Beak. Floating Club Rush. Common Bulrush. Sea Club Rush. Great Panicled Sedge. Flea Sedge. Sand Sedge. Round-headed Sedge. Fox Sedge. Yellow Sedge. Common Cotton-grass. Cyperus-like Sedge. Great Marsh Sedge. Great Pendulous Sedge. Lesser Marsh Sedge. Loose Sedge. Pendulous Wood Sedge. RUSHES Soft Rush. Hard Rush. Common Rush. Great Sharp Sea Rush. Lesser Sharp Sea Rush. Jointed Rush. Field Woodrush. Great Hairy Woodrush. Heath Rush. Common Hairy Woodrush. FERNS Maidenhair. Bracken. Hard Fern. Sea Spleenwort. Maidenhair Spleenwort. Wall Rue. Black Spleenwort. Holly-fern. Scaly Spleenwort. Broad Buckler. Male Fern. Lady Fern. Common Polypody. Royal Fern. Mountain Buckler. Harts-tongue. Adders-tongue. Moonwort. HORSETAILS AND CLUB-MOSSES PLATE 17. Rough Horsetail. Great Horsetail. Field Horsetail. Marsh Horsetail. Wood Horsetail. Common Club-moss. Alpine Club-moss. Marsh Club-moss. Prickly Club-moss. Page Six -- GRASSES -- THERE exists no family of plants which are produced so abundantly as those known to us as Grasses, for their presence is much in evidence everywhere, covering the surface of our Islands with the familiar green carpet, whether it be on mountainside, in meadows, pastures or fields, on every piece of waste land and along roadsides, clothing the moors of the North to the Downs of the Southern Counties. Because Grasses are the hardiest of the British Flora they are able to flourish in situations where few other forms of vegetation could exist, and were it not for this fact, the countryside would indeed be bare and colourless. Economically, Grasses rank the highest in the vegetable kingdom to the agriculturalist, being essential for the maintenance of cattle, sheep and horses, both in the fresh green state and also when dried in the form of hay for winter feeding they are, therefore, cultivated extensively to meet this demand and, in consequence, we have vast acreages of luscious meadows containing very many species seen to perfection in May and June before the tall stems and stately flower-heads fall to the mowing machines to be dried and stacked, Grasses also constitute one of the most vital commodities for the sustenance of man himself, for the seeds are highly nutritious and, when cultivated, produce the foundation of mans essential food, for our very familiar fields of barley, rye, wheat and oats are but highly cultivated examples of the wild grasses...
Essential reading for both the amateur gardener and professional botanist, this is a definitive and comprehensive guide to all the native and naturalized grasses, sedges, rushes and ferns to be found in the British Isles, and all those that are frequently found in north-western Europe. Over 420 species are described and over 350 are illustrated in full colour plates of exceptional beauty and accuracy. Following the general nomenclature and classification, the author describes each species in detail, stressing the features most important for accurate identification. There is also an invaluable illustrated glossary of technical terms and plant structures.
Offers a comprehensive coverage of the methods used in environmental impact assessment, which is now firmly established as an obligatory procedure in proposing or launching any development project with possible impacts on the environment.
**ONE OF THE GUARDIAN’S BEST BOOKS OF 2018** Join renowned naturalist Peter Marren on an exciting quest to see every species of wild plant native to Britain. The mysterious Ghost Orchid blooms in near darkness among rotting leaves on the forest floor. It blends into the background to the point of invisibility, yet glows, pale and ghostly. The ultimate grail of flower hunters, it has been spotted only once in the past twenty-five years. Its few flowers have a deathly pallor and are said to smell of over-ripe bananas. Peter Marren has been a devoted flower finder all his life. While the Ghost Orchid offers the toughest challenge of any wild plant, there were fifty more British species Peter had yet to see, having ticked off the first 1,400 rummaging in hedges, slipping down gullies and peering in peat bogs. But he set himself the goal of finding the remaining fifty in a single summer. As it turned out, the wettest summer in years. This expert and emotional journey takes Peter the length and the breadth of the British Isles, from the dripping ancient woods of the New Forest to the storm-lashed cliffs of Sutherland. He paddles in lakes, clambers up cliffs in mist and rain, and walks several hundred miles, but does he manage to find them all? Partly about plants, partly autobiography, Chasing the Ghost is also a reminder that to engage with wild flowers, all we need to do is look around us and enjoy what we see. Praise for Chasing the Ghost: ‘Peter Marren is the unsung hero of Britain’s nature writers’ Stephen Moss, author of Dynasties ‘Jolly, quixotic and ends with real poignancy’ Guardian ‘A poignant reminder to us all to engage with the wild flowers that grow around us’ i Newspaper
With the intensification of agriculture during the last century, the number of grass species was reduced, and a small number have come to dominate the grasslands and the seed market. This publication profiles 43 grass species sown or naturally present in temperate grasslands, many of which are regaining importance in the context of agricultural intensification. Each profile includes illustrations and a description of the plant, its ecological requirements, agronomic characteristics and uses. The publication also contains chapters on the importance and diversity of grasses and grass communities; diversity of grass use; morphology and physiology of grasses; advantages of wild or secondary grasses and complex multispecies and multivariety mixtures; prospects for wild and little-selected species.
Unlock the secrets of Britain's natural world with this essential wildlife guide. Ever wanted to know if it's a great tit or a blue tit, a rabbit or a hare, a cowslip or an oxlip? Covering all common animals and plants found in the British Isles, Collins British Wildlife tells you everything you need to know about the things you see in British gardens, parks, or countrysides—and how to tell the difference between them. The key to enjoying the natural world is being able to put a name to the animal or plant that you see outdoors. Including all wildlife groups in one comprehensive volume, this is the perfect home reference guide—an essential volume for every bookshelf. With more than 3,500 stunning photographs, and written by one of the UK's leading naturalists, this is a book that will unlock the secrets of the extraordinary natural world around you.