Medical

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence

Author: Brian J. Heard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119964776

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 6553

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.
Law

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence

Author: Brian J. Heard

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0470694599

Category: Law

Page: 416

View: 1293

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.
Medical

Forensic Ballistics in Court

Interpretation and Presentation of Firearms Evidence

Author: Brian J. Heard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119962684

Category: Medical

Page: 375

View: 3831

Forensic Ballistics in Court: Interpretation and Presentation of Firearms Evidence is an accessible introduction to firearms and ballistics evidence and how this is analysed and presented as evidence in a court of law. The book contains little or no coverage of the history and development of weapons, ammunition and forensic technologies but rather approaches the subject in terms of the realities of case work. Opening with a clear explanation of the correct nomenclature for various weapon types and their parts, illustrations help to clarify the names of the various components of these weapons. Ammunition is also extensively covered, again with annotated illustrations. Basic external and terminal ballistics, wounding capabilities are likewise covered to give an overview of the subject. The book is not intended to provide a detailed examination of all aspects of firearms and ballistics and should the reader need more detail on the subject reference is made to 'The Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics' also authored by Brian Heard. A key aspect of the book covers the theory and philosophy behind striation matches and the associated statistics, how positive matches should be peer reviewed and the importance accreditation has on this subject. Gunshot residue formation and identification and the various methods used in its analysis are reviewed in depth. This includes a critical examination of the pros and cons of each type of examination and the evidential weight which can be applied to each method. This type of analysis, due to the extremely small particles involved, is very susceptible to contamination, both environmental and cross contamination from police officers or other investigating agencies e.g. during exhibit photography or the taking of fingerprints. As the main thrust of the book is directed towards the interpretation and assessment of the weight of evidence presented at court this will take up the major portion of the book. There will be considerable reliance on case work that the author has dealt with over the past 40 years to illustrate the various pitfalls of placing too much reliance on the face value of the various types of evidence. The majority of evidence presented at court can be interpreted in various ways and each and every one should be explored before deciding which is the more viable. Key Differences between the proposed book and the Handbook for Firearms and Ballistics: History of firearms, ammunition, propellant and primer will not be included in this book- this is covered in detail in the Handbook. Information on internal and external ballistics and headstamps will not be covered as in the Handbook. Instead there will be large sections to assist the lawyer when interpreting such evidence. Some of these areas follow: Evidence from crime scene investigations, Ricochet analysis, The results of stria comparisons submitted by the forensic expert, Range of fire estimations, A weapons potential for accidental discharge Identification of bullet entry/exit holes. Missile penetration potential The 'lethality' of a weapon/ammunition combination Determination of when the weapon was last fired Examination as to the viability of ammunition Determining the age and origin of ammunition Whether recovered cartridge cases were from blank or live ammunition Determining the age of a weapon (i.e. can it be considered to be an antique) Lethality of air, gas and spring guns Convertability of toy, replica and blank firing weapons into firearms The importance of witness and accused statements and their interpretation in relation to the investigation under review will also be examined. This is not covered in the Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics.
Law

Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics, Third Edition

Author: Tom Warlow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439818282

Category: Law

Page: 518

View: 8761

While gun design has undergone only minimal change over the centuries, investigative tools surrounding firearm use have grown significantly in sophistication. Now in its third edition, Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics has been updated to reflect recently published research and new technology developed since the last volume. Beginning with a discussion of the development of arms and ammunition from the fourteenth century to the present day, this book examines: Firearms laws around the world, including legal challenges raised in the U.S. by the Daubert decision Firearms manufacturing processes, the mechanisms of various firearms, and the linking of a particular bullet or spent cartridge with a suspected weapon The origins and development of new science in firearms, including controversies, pioneers, and an exposé of the "quack" purveyors of pseudo-science Internal, external, and terminal (wound) ballistics The nature, composition, and analytical detection of discharge residue left on a suspect The role of the ballistics expert at all stages of a case, ranging from the scene of the shooting incident, the post mortem examinations, the examination and testing of exhibits at the laboratory, and the presentation of evidence in court Recently introduced computer search techniques applied to captured and digitally stored images of marks left on fired bullets and spent cartridge cases Manual microscopic comparison work and computer-based searches on digital images of bullet and cartridge case marks to determine if a particular weapon has been fired in previous cases Written by an expert with more than 50 years of experience using and handling firearms, this text is enhanced with nearly 250 illustrations, making it a premier guide to the fundamentals of firearms and related evidentiary considerations.
Law

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

A Path Forward

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309142393

Category: Law

Page: 348

View: 4322

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.
Law

Forensic Investigation of Unusual Firearms

Ballistic and Medico-Legal Evidence

Author: J.K. Sinha

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466571381

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 3368

In recent years, the use of illegally produced firearms has increased exponentially worldwide. These are often cheap, nonstandard firearms that defy known classification and identification criteria. The use of unusual firearms in crimes has frequently led to unpredictable and misleading reconstruction of shooting incidents. In this book, internationally known forensic firearm expert, J.K. Sinha, presents a detailed forensic study of unusual firearms, with the goal of helping crime-scene investigators to minimize erroneous conclusions in cases where these types of firearms are used. Based on his extensive experimentation with more than 1,000 nonstandard firearms, the author identifies new class characteristic parameters needed to establish linkage of projectiles with irregular rifled and smoothbore barrels. The book begins with an introduction to unusual firearms and proceeds to discuss forensic investigation of fired bullets, medico-legal evidence, barrel marks on fired shots, and investigation of fired cartridges and shot charge. Chapters also cover topics such as timing of firing, unusual rifling marks, shooter identification, and unusual bullet hole evaluations. Providing concise yet complete techniques for making forensic analyses and conclusions, this is the first book of its kind to critically examine the use of unusual, nonstandard firearms in perpetrating crimes. It is intended for professionals and academicians working in the field: forensic firearm experts and consultants, forensic medicine professionals and medico-legal experts, prosecution and defense attorneys, enforcement agencies and judiciary, university students and researchers studying forensic science, forensic medicine, criminology and law.
True Crime

Hidden Evidence

Forty True Crimes and How Forensic Science Helped Solve Them

Author: David Owen

Publisher: Firefly Books

ISBN: 9781552094839

Category: True Crime

Page: 240

View: 6362

Looks at the role of forensic science in criminal investigations and examines forty high-profile cases and the diverse technologies used to solve them, including fingerprinting, handwriting analysis, DNA testing, and toxicology. Simultaneous.
Law

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123821665

Category: Law

Page: 2250

View: 5923

Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association
Political Science

Ballistic Imaging

Author: Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on National Statistics,National Materials Advisory Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309117240

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 4381

Ballistic Imaging assesses the state of computer-based imaging technology in forensic firearms identification. The book evaluates the current law enforcement database of images of crime-related cartridge cases and bullets and recommends ways to improve the usefulness of the technology for suggesting leads in criminal investigations. It also advises against the construction of a national reference database that would include images from test-fires of every newly manufactured or imported firearm in the United States. The book also suggests further research on an alternate method for generating an investigative lead to the location where a gun was first sold: "microstamping," the direct imprinting of unique identifiers on firearm parts or ammunition.
Firearms

The British Firearms Law Handbook

Author: Laura Saunsbury,Nick Doherty,Helen Dobby

Publisher: Sweet & Maxwell

ISBN: 9780414044982

Category: Firearms

Page: 190

View: 3427

This book is devoted exclusively to the law relating to the use of guns. In it the ordinary person who handles guns will find all the requirements of the law which he needs to know, and those who have to enforce the law will find it of invaluable assistance to them in their work.Issues addressed include: shooting game, protected birds and animals, guns for sport, rifle clubs, the tenant's right to shoot, the definitions of firearms and ammunition (including prohibited weapons and imitation firearms), the licensing of firearms, how to obtain a license and how to appeal a refusal or revocation, young people and guns, poaching, and criminal offences relating to firearms and ammunition. Useful appendices complete the book.
Law

Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition

Author: James Robertson,Claude Roux,Kenneth G. Wiggins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439830711

Category: Law

Page: 465

View: 5588

In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence. This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained. Fully updated with the latest advances, Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition continues in the tradition of the First (1992) and Second Editions (1999) as the premier text on the subject of forensic fibre analysis. The international team of contributing authors detail the recovery of the evidence—through the different stages of laboratory examination—to the evaluation of the meaning of findings. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material, has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared microspectroscopy and thin layer chomatography, and colour analyses.? This edition also highlights the critical role of quality assurance in ensuring the reliability of the technical observations and results, and, in doing so, looks at the implications of supervisory managers and labs in the accurate and responsible analysis of such evidence. Features include: Outlining evidentiary process from collecting and preserving the evidence at the crime scene through the laboratory analysis of fibres Detailing the latest developments and emerging technologies including Kevlar and other such advances in fibre technology Coverage of a broad array of fibres both, natural (cellulose, protein, and mineral) and man-made fibres including synthetic, inorganic and regenerated Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition is a much-needed update to the classic book, serving as an indispensable reference to crime scene technicians, laboratory forensic scientists and microscopists, students in police, forensic, and justice science programs.
Law

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

Author: Michael G. Haag,Lucien C. Haag

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123822424

Category: Law

Page: 440

View: 6221

Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, and the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur. This book is generated from the authors' numerous years of conducting courses and seminars on the subject of shooting incident reconstruction. It seeks to thoroughly address matters from simple to complex in providing the reader an explanation of the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes. The ultimate objectives of this unique book are to assist investigators, crime scene analysts, pathologists, ballistics experts, and lawyers to understand the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. The book will cover the full range of related topics including the range from which a firearm was discharged, the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident, the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge, the position of a victim at the moment of impact, the probable flight path of a projectile, the manner in which a firearm was discharged and much more. Written by the most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts in the world Contains over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs that support and illustrate key concepts Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts
Biography & Autobiography

The Killer Catcher

Britain's Top Ballistics Expert Reveals How He Hunted the World's Deadliest Criminals

Author: Brian J. Heard

Publisher: John Blake

ISBN: 9781844545193

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 4591

Provides information on the techniques that are used to fight crime. This book is suitable for those who have wondered how horrific mysteries are solved.
Law

Forensic Evidence in Court

Evaluation and Scientific Opinion

Author: Craig Adam

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119054435

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 9552

The interpretation and evaluation of scientific evidence and its presentation in a court of law is central both to the role of the forensic scientist as an expert witness and to the interests of justice. This book aims to provide a thorough and detailed discussion of the principles and practice of evidence interpretation and evaluation by using real cases by way of illustration. The presentation is appropriate for students of forensic science or related disciplines at advanced undergraduate and master's level or for practitioners engaged in continuing professional development activity. The book is structured in three sections. The first sets the scene by describing and debating the issues around the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence presented to the court. In the second section, the principles underpinning interpretation and evaluation are explained, including discussion of those formal statistical methods founded on Bayesian inference. The following chapters present perspectives on the evaluation and presentation of evidence in the context of a single type or class of scientific evidence, from DNA to the analysis of documents. For each, the science underpinning the analysis and interpretation of the forensic materials is explained, followed by the presentation of cases which illustrate the variety of approaches that have been taken in providing expert scientific opinion.
Law

Forensic Analysis

Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Scientific Assessment of Bullet Lead Elemental Composition Comparison

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309166430

Category: Law

Page: 226

View: 9524

Since the 1960s, testimony by representatives of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in thousands of criminal cases has relied on evidence from Compositional Analysis of Bullet Lead (CABL), a forensic technique that compares the elemental composition of bullets found at a crime scene to the elemental composition of bullets found in a suspect’s possession. Different from ballistics techniques that compare striations on the barrel of a gun to those on a recovered bullet, CABL is used when no gun is recovered or when bullets are too small or mangled to observe striations. Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence assesses the scientific validity of CABL, finding that the FBI should use a different statistical analysis for the technique and that, given variations in bullet manufacturing processes, expert witnesses should make clear the very limited conclusions that CABL results can support. The report also recommends that the FBI take additional measures to ensure the validity of CABL results, which include improving documentation, publishing details, and improving on training and oversight.
Juvenile Nonfiction

Forensic Ballistics

Styles of Projectiles

Author: Sue L. Hamilton

Publisher: ABDO Publishing Company

ISBN: 1617842737

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 5234

Introduces the fascinating world of forensic ballistics.
Reference

Forensic Science for Writers

A Reference Guide

Author: Phillip Jones

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1483510247

Category: Reference

Page: 145

View: 478

Do you want forensics to play a starring role in your fiction, but you find that you’re not quite sure what it’s all about? Forensic Science for Writers reveals how investigators analyze blood, DNA, fingerprints, hair, documents, ammunition, corpses, and other physical evidence. The book won the 2013 Silver Award in the Writing/Publishing division of the Independent Publisher Book Awards contest. From the code-breaking tricks of the cyber-sleuth to the traditional procedures of the autopsy room, you’ll investigate the strengths and weaknesses of forensic science. But Forensic Science for Writers is not just about science. And it’s not just about forensic speak. You’ll learn how to use forensics to create plot twists. And you’ll see how best-selling authors successfully incorporated forensic science in their stories. You’ll also learn common misconceptions about forensic analysis that plague films and novels – the types of errors that you’ll want to avoid in your own writing. “If you’ve been getting your forensic details from television, try this instead! It’s packed with an amazing amount of detail, and helps the reader sort out not only what can be done, but exactly who does it,” says Moira Allen, author of Starting Your Career as a Freelance Writer. “I found myself exclaiming, ‘I didn’t know THAT!’ Now I do!” Forensic Science for Writers is based upon an online course that was offered through colleges and other organizations. More than 800 students took the course, including writers, schoolteachers, law enforcement personnel, and attorneys. Here’s what some students had to say: “As an already successful writer, I am sure I will refer to these lessons over the coming years as I continue to write novels.” “Thank you so much for all of the information you gave us! I feel much more confident now about the forensic aspects of my writing. I especially liked how you gave us ideas in our lessons about how evidence and the processing of that evidence could create plot twists.” “Thanks. I needed that for the screenplay I’m working on.” “I am a Police Officer and have found this course interesting, factual, and very informative. I will certainly use this information daily and when I pursue training in the Forensic Identification Bureau.”
Psychology

Crime Classification Manual

A Standard System for Investigating and Classifying Violent Crime

Author: John Douglas,Ann W. Burgess,Allen G. Burgess,Robert K. Ressler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118421531

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 8574

Praise for Crime Classification Manual "The very first book by and for criminal justice professionals in the major case fields. . . . The skills, techniques, and proactive approaches offered are creatively concrete and worthy of replication across the country. . . . Heartily recommended for those working in the 'front line' of major case investigation." —John B. Rabun Jr., ACSW, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children "[CCM] is an outstanding resource for students pursuing forensic science degrees. It provides critical information on major crimes, which improve the user's ability to assess and evaluate." —Paul Thomas Clements, PhD, APRN-BC, CGS, DF-IAFN Drexel University Forensic Healthcare Program The landmark book standardizing the language, terminology, and classifications used throughout the criminal justice system Arranged according to the primary intent of the criminal, the Crime Classification Manual, Third Edition features the language, terms, and classifications the criminal justice system and allied fields use as they work to protect society from criminal behavior. Coauthored by a pioneer of modern profiling and featuring new coverage of wrongful convictions and false confessions, the Third Edition: Tackles new areas affected by globalization and new technologies, including human trafficking and internationally coordinated cybercrimes Expands discussion of border control, The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and Homeland Security Addresses the effects of ever-evolving technology on the commission and detection of crime The definitive text in this field, Crime Classification Manual, Third Edition is written for law enforcement personnel, mental health professionals, forensic scientists, and those professionals whose work requires an understanding of criminal behavior and detection.