Social Science

Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohio

More Than Mounds and Geometric Earthworks

Author: Mark Lynott

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977546

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8847

Nearly 2000 years ago, people living in the river valleys of southern Ohio built earthen monuments on a scale that is unmatched in the archaeological record for small-scale societies. The period from c. 200 BC to c. AD 500 (Early to Middle Woodland) witnessed the construction of mounds, earthen walls, ditches, borrow pits and other earthen and stone features covering dozen of hectares at many sites and hundreds of hectares at some. The development of the vast Hopewell Culture geometric earthwork complexes such as those at Mound City, Chilicothe; Hopewell; and the Newark earthworks was accompanied by the establishment of wide-ranging cultural contacts reflected in the movement of exotic and strikingly beautiful artefacts such as elaborate tobacco pipes, obsidian and chert arrowheads, copper axes and regalia, animal figurines and delicately carved sheets of mica. These phenomena, coupled with complex burial rituals, indicate the emergence of a political economy based on a powerful ideology of individual power and prestige, and the creation of a vast cultural landscape within which the monument complexes were central to a ritual cycle encompassing a substantial geographical area. The labour needed to build these vast cultural landscapes exceeds population estimates for the region, and suggests that people from near (and possibly far) travelled to the Scioto and other river valleys to help with construction of these monumental earthen complexes. Here, Mark Lynott draws on more than a decade of research and extensive new datasets to re-examine the spectacular and massive scale Ohio Hopewell landscapes and to explore the society that created them.

Indian Mounds of Wisconsin

Author: Robert A. Birmingham,Amy L. Rosebrough

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299313646

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2828

Wisconsin's thousands of effigy mounds and other ancient earthworks are a treasure of world civilization. This popular introduction for general readers, updated throughout with new archaeological findings and satellite imagery, answers the questions, Who built the mounds? When and why were they built? Where can they be viewed?
Social Science

Feeding Cahokia

Early Agriculture in the North American Heartland

Author: Gayle J. Fritz

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817320059

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 3179

An authoritative and thoroughly accessible overview offarming and food practices at Cahokia Agriculture is rightly emphasized as the center of the economy in most studies of Cahokian society, but the focus is often predominantly on corn. This farming economy is typically framed in terms of ruling elites living in mound centers who demanded tribute and a mass surplus to be hoarded or distributed as they saw fit. Farmers are cast as commoners who grew enough surplus corn to provide for the elites. Feeding Cahokia: Early Agriculture in the North American Heartland presents evidence to demonstrate that the emphasis on corn has created a distorted picture of Cahokia’s agricultural practices. Farming at Cahokia was biologically diverse and, as such, less prone to risk than was maize-dominated agriculture. Gayle J. Fritz shows that the division between the so-called elites and commoners simplifies and misrepresents the statuses of farmers—a workforce consisting of adult women and their daughters who belonged to kin groups crosscutting all levels of the Cahokian social order. Many farmers had considerable influence and decision-making authority, and they were valued for their economic contributions, their skills, and their expertise in all matters relating to soils and crops. Fritz examines the possible roles played by farmers in the processes of producing and preparing food and in maintaining cosmological balance. This highly accessible narrative by an internationally known paleoethnobotanist highlights the biologically diverse agricultural system by focusing on plants, such as erect knotweed, chenopod, and maygrass, which were domesticated in the midcontinent and grown by generations of farmers before Cahokia Mounds grew to be the largest Native American population center north of Mexico. Fritz also looks at traditional farming systems to apply strategies that would be helpful to modern agriculture, including reviving wild and weedy descendants of these lost crops for redomestication. With a wealth of detail on specific sites, traditional foods, artifacts such as famous figurines, and color photos of significant plants, Feeding Cahokia will satisfy both scholars and interested readers.
Political Science

War paths, peace paths

an archaeology of cooperation and conflict in native eastern North America

Author: David H. Dye

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: 9780759107458

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 9891

Focusing on four major issues in prehistoric warfare studies: settlement data, skeletal trauma, weaponry, and iconography, David H. Dye presents a new interpretation of prehistoric warfare in the eastern United States.

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology

Author: Brian M. Fagan,Charlotte Beck

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Religion

Page: 844

View: 8484

Features articles written by archaeology scholars on such topics as bog bodies, underwater archaeology, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Valley of the Kings

Mound Builders & Cliff Dwellers

Author: Time-Life Books

Publisher: Time Life Education

ISBN: 9780809498581

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 9351

Surveys the cultures of various Indian tribes, and describes their dwellings and artifacts

Advanced Civilizations of Prehistoric America

The Lost Kingdoms of the Adena, Hopewell, Mississippians, and Anasazi

Author: Frank Joseph

Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co

ISBN: 1591431077

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 7115

Frank Joseph reveals that modern civilization in North America was preceded by four advanced cultures that rose and fell over the past three thousand years. How they achieved greatness and why they vanished so completely are explored in this unconventional prehistory.
Neolithic period

3300 BC

Mysteriöse Steinzeittote und ihre Welt

Author: Harald Meller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783943904338

Category: Neolithic period

Page: 384

View: 1843

Social Science

Exploring the Past

Readings in Archaeology

Author: James Bayman,Miriam T. Stark

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780890896990

Category: Social Science

Page: 566

View: 4916

Edgar Degas

1834-1917. Auf dem Parkett der Moderne

Author: Bernd Growe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783822811337


Page: 96

View: 9457

Social Science

Frühes Kupfer im Norden

Untersuchungen zu Chronologie, Herkunft und Bedeutung der Kupferfunde der Nordgruppe der Trichterbecherkultur

Author: Lutz Klassen

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: 9788788415056

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 1780

Kupferflachbeil - Nordgruppe der Trichterbecherkultur.

Chemische Reaktionstechnik


Author: Arno Löwe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527625674

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 7420

Kein typisches Buch über Chemische Reaktionstechnik: Der Lösungsweg ist das Ziel, die Hauptstationen dabei sind Modellierung, Simulation und Interpretation. Anhand repräsentativer Beispiele gibt das vorliegende Buch Anleitung zu wissenschaftlichem Rechnen mit Hilfe des Computers. Als Werkzeuge dienen hierbei MATLAB und SIMULINK unterstützt durch MAPLE. Sie sind vielseitiger als die herkömmlichen Programmiersprachen und einfacher zu benutzen als die großen Softwarepakete. Dem Leser werden Grundlagen sowie Anwendungen mit Hilfe praxisnaher Probleme und kommentierter Musterlösungen nähergebracht und eine Hybridbildung zwischen gleichungsorientierter (MATLAB) und grafikorinetierter (SIMULINK) Programmierung erläutert. Die Beispiele dieses Buches stammen aus der akademischen Lehre, aus der industriellen Praxis und aus Forschungsarbeiten, so daß eine ausgewogene und umfassende Darstellung des Gebietes gewährleistet ist. Am Arbeitsplatz wird Verfahrenstechnikern und Ingenieuren, Physikern und Mathematikern in der Prozeßentwicklung in der chemischen und in verwandten Industrien mit dem Einsatz von MATLAB und SIMULINK ein Quantensprung in der Anwendung und Vermittlung von Simulationstechniken ermöglicht.


Author: Rolf G. Renner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783836500319


Page: 95

View: 1301