Social Science

Industry and Inequality

The Social Anthropology of Indian Labour

Author: Mark Holmström

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521267458

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 3142

This Book, Co-Published With Cambridge University Press, Breaks New Ground In The Field Of Industrial Anthroplogy. The Focus Of The Book Is On The Uneasy Relationship Between The Permanent (Organised Sector) Industrial Workers, Who Have The Protection Of The Factory Act And The Trade Unions, And The Temporary (Unorganised) Workers. The Author Questions Whether India Has A Dual Economy And Society In Which These Two Groups Of Workers Act As Distinct Classes With Opposed Interests. Dr Holmstrom Uses A Wide Range Of Material, From The Opinions And Life Stories Of Workers To Accounts Of Recent Union Movements In The `Unorganised Sector`, And Contributes Critically To The Debate On `Dualism` And Its Underlying Assumptions.
Social Science

A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Second Edition

Author: James G. Carrier

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809291

Category: Social Science

Page: 662

View: 1952

Acclaim for the first edition: 'The volume is a remarkable contribution to economic anthropology and will no doubt be a fundamental tool for students, scholars, and experts in the sub-discipline.' – Mao Mollona, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 'This excellent overview would serve as an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level classroom use. . . Because of the clarity, conciseness, and accessibility of the writing, the chapters in this volume likely will be often cited and recommended to those who want the alternative and frequently culturally comparative perspective on economic topics that anthropology provides. Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries.' – K.F. Rambo, Choice The first edition of this unique Handbook was praised for its substantial and invaluable summary discussions of work by anthropologists on economic processes and issues, on the relationship between economic and non-economic areas of life and on the conceptual orientations that are important among economic anthropologists. This thoroughly revised edition brings those discussions up to date, and includes an important new section exploring ways that leading anthropologists have approached the current economic crisis. Its scope and accessibility make it useful both to those who are interested in a particular topic and to those who want to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological study of economy. This comprehensive Handbook will strongly appeal to undergraduate and post-graduate students in anthropology, economists interested in social and cultural dimensions of economic life, and alternative approaches to economic life, political economists, political scientists and historians.
Business & Economics

The Institutional Approach to Labour and Development

Author: Klárá Fóti,Laurids Lauridsen,Gerry Rodgers,Head of the Labor Market Program Gerry Rodgers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135777799

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 2162

Bringing together the work of economists and sociologists in research programmes in a number of European institutions concerned with development, this collection analyses how social institutions contribute to an understanding of development. It shows how labour markets, labour relations and employment patterns respond to institutional forces, and thereby shape development paths and determine how different groups benefit from economic growth.
History

The Economy of Modern India

From 1860 to the Twenty-First Century

Author: B. R. Tomlinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021189

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 7772

A unique examination of the development of the modern Indian economy over the past 150 years.
History

The Transformation of an Indian Labor Market

The Case of Pune

Author: Richard D. Lambert,Ralph B. Ginsberg,Sarah J. Moore

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027233837

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 2422

This book presents the results of a series of studies of the labor markets in Pune, a medium-sized city in India. In the seven-year period over which these studies were carried out, Pune was transformed from a quiet administrative and educational center with a few isolated, relatively low technology factories, employing mostly unskilled and semi-skilled laborers, into a major manufacturing city with a substantial number of large-scale factories producing a diverse set of products, requiring high technology and a skilled work force. At the same time there was what is referred to as the Pune urban agglomoration growth. If there ever was a mix of rapid industrialization, and rapid urbanization, this was it.
History

The Politics of the Urban Poor in Early Twentieth-Century India

Author: Nandini Gooptu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521443661

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 2853

Nandini Gooptu's magisterial history of the Indian urban poor represents a tour-de-force. By focusing on the role of the poor in caste, religious and national politics, the author demonstrates how they emerged as a major social factor in South Asia during the interwar period. The empirical material provides compelling insights into what it meant to be poor and how the impoverished dealt with their predicament. In this way, the book contributes to some of the most crucial debates on the nature of subaltern politics and consciousness.
Business & Economics

The worlds of Indian industrial labour

Author: Jonathan P. Parry,Jan Breman,Karin Kapadia

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd

ISBN: 9780761993957

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 442

View: 1343

Bringing together original papers by anthropologists, sociologists and historians, this volume represents a response to the relative neglect in recent sociological research of the social processes and consequences of industrialisation in India. It points to the continued disjunction between the study of industrial labour and the `traditional` concerns of Indian sociology, which tend to emphasise the cultural particularity of India, and advocates a rapprochement between the two.
Business & Economics

Rural Capitalists in Asia

A Comparative Analysis on India, Indonesia and Malaysia

Author: Mario Rutten

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135789401

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 584

This is a comparative study of small capitalists and rural industrialists in three Asian countries. Studies on the entrepreneurial class in South Asia tend to focus on the structural aspects of entrepreneurial behaviour, while studies on this class in Southeast Asia tend to focus on cultural aspects of their behaviour. In fact, this book points to striking similarities between Indian, overseas Chinese and Muslim businessmen in Asia, similarities usually hidden under variations in analytical approaches. Although this study emphasizes similarities within Asia, it does not support the view of a specific Asian business pattern different to the rise of non-Asian, especially European, entrepreneurs. The findings are of major interest not just within the fields of anthropology and entrepreneurship, but to all scholars working on South or Southeast Asia, who will find much of interest in the author's observations of variable research results between the two regions.
Social Science

Migration, modernity, and social transformation in South Asia

Author: Filippo Osella,Katy Gardner

Publisher: Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd

ISBN: 9780761932093

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 5295

Human movement—and how it should be controlled—has become a major political issue in recent years. This volume reopens discussions on movement both within rural areas, and between villages, towns and cities—aspects and types of migration on which contemporary anthropology and sociology are largely silent—in South Asia. The book demonstrates how economic considerations apart, migrations are ‘projects of transformation’, in which migrants forge new identities and challenge the existing order.
Political Science

Criminal Capital

Violence, Corruption and Class in Industrial India

Author: Andrew Sanchez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315466597

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3856

Criminal Capital explores the relationship between neoliberalism, criminality and the reshaping of class in modern India. It discusses how the political vocabularies of urban industrial workers reflect the processes by which power is distributed across the region. Based upon field research among a ‘casualised’ workforce in the industrial city of Jamshedpur, the book examines the links between the decline of employment security, and criminality in trade unions, corporations and the state. The volume compares popular discourses of corruption against the ethnography of local labour politics, business enterprise and debt collection, and shows how corruption and criminality consolidate class power in industrial environments. Using an interdisciplinary ethnographic approach, this study interrogates the relationship between capitalism, corruption, violence and labour politics in contemporary Indian society. An important intervention in the study of Indian political economy, this work will be of interest to scholars and researchers of Indian politics, social anthropology, economics, labour relations and criminology.
History

Lines of the Nation

Indian Railway Workers, Bureaucracy, and the Intimate Historical Self

Author: Laura Bear

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511515

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4728

Lines of the Nation radically recasts the history of the Indian railways, which have long been regarded as vectors of modernity and economic prosperity. From the design of carriages to the architecture of stations, employment hierarchies, and the construction of employee housing, Laura Bear explores the new public spaces and social relationships created by the railway bureaucracy. She then traces their influence on the formation of contemporary Indian nationalism, personal sentiments, and popular memory. Her probing study challenges entrenched beliefs concerning the institutions of modernity and capitalism by showing that these rework older idioms of social distinction and are legitimized by forms of intimate, affective politics. Drawing on historical and ethnographic research in the company town at Kharagpur and at the Eastern Railway headquarters in Kolkata (Calcutta), Bear focuses on how political and domestic practices among workers became entangled with the moralities and archival technologies of the railway bureaucracy and illuminates the impact of this history today. The bureaucracy has played a pivotal role in the creation of idioms of family history, kinship, and ethics, and its special categorization of Anglo-Indian workers still resonates. Anglo-Indians were formed as a separate railway caste by Raj-era racial employment and housing policies, and other railway workers continue to see them as remnants of the colonial past and as a polluting influence. The experiences of Anglo-Indians, who are at the core of the ethnography, reveal the consequences of attempts to make political communities legitimate in family lines and sentiments. Their situation also compels us to rethink the importance of documentary practices and nationalism to all family histories and senses of relatedness. This interdisciplinary anthropological history throws new light not only on the imperial and national past of South Asia but also on the moral life of present technologies and economic institutions.
Business & Economics

Labour, Finance and Inequality

The Insecurity Cycle in British Public Policy

Author: Suzanne J. Konzelmann,Simon Deakin,Marc Fovargue-Davies,Frank Wilkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131741893X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 358

View: 4130

Following the 2008 "global" financial crisis, the viability of globalised financial capitalism was called into question. The resulting fear and uncertainty produced a momentary return to "Keynesian" policies. But as soon as emergency stimuli – and bank bail-outs – appeared to stabilise the situation, there was a sharp reversal; and successive British governments and the financial sector have since attempted to return to business as usual. Historically, much smaller shocks have been able to produce dramatic change, with the 1978 "Winter of Discontent" providing a catalyst for the election of Margaret Thatcher, the ultimate abandonment of the post-war Keynesian consensus, and the ushering-in of neoliberalism. Nor is apparent success a guarantee against change, with Winston Churchill being swept from office by the first majority Labour government in 1945 – at a point which should have marked his greatest triumph. In this book, these apparently inexplicable shifts in the conventional wisdom and the accompanying policy paradigm are explored through the lens of the interest groups that have jostled for position since the second industrial revolution. In this context, inequality, poverty, free market capitalism and the social welfare state have interacted in an uneasy, dynamic dance – the "insecurity cycle". The authors explore these interactions, their impact on the relationship between society and the economy, and the possible implications of Brexit and a re-energised political left. Written in an engaging and accessible style, Labour, Finance and Inequality will be a key resource for academics and students of social and political economics as well as public policy. It will also offer considerable insight to policy makers and a more general non-specialist audience.
Social Science

Wombs in Labor

Transnational Commercial Surrogacy in India

Author: Amrita Pande

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231169914

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7265

Surrogacy is IndiaÕs new form of outsourcing, as couples from all over the world hire Indian women to bear their children for a fraction of the cost of surrogacy elsewhere with little to no government oversight or regulation. In the first detailed ethnography of IndiaÕs surrogacy industry, Amrita Pande visits clinics and hostels and speaks with surrogates and their families, clients, doctors, brokers, and hostel matrons in order to shed light on this burgeoning business and the experiences of the laborers within it. From recruitment to training to delivery, PandeÕs research focuses on how reproduction meets production in surrogacy and how this reflects characteristics of IndiaÕs larger labor system. PandeÕs interviews prove surrogates are more than victims of disciplinary power, and she examines the strategies they deploy to retain control over their bodies and reproductive futures. While some women are coerced into the business by their families, others negotiate with clients and their clinics to gain access to technologies and networks otherwise closed to them. As surrogates, the women Pande meets get to know and make the most of advanced medical discoveries. They traverse borders and straddle relationships that test the boundaries of race, class, religion, and nationality. Those who focus on the inherent inequalities of IndiaÕs surrogacy industry believe the practice should be either banned or strictly regulated. Pande instead advocates for a better understanding of this complex labor market, envisioning an international model of fair-trade surrogacy founded on openness and transparency in all business, medical, and emotional exchanges.
Ethnology

Anthropos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 5250

South Asia

South Asia Bulletin

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: South Asia

Page: N.A

View: 354

Social Science

Social stratification in India

issues and themes

Author: Kanhaiyalal Sharma

Publisher: Sage Pubns

ISBN: 9780803993631

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 5676