Business & Economics

Institutions and Entrepreneurship

Author: Wesley D. Sine,Robert J. David

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857242407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 9988

Examines how the institutional environment affects entrepreneurial organizations, and vice-versa.
Social Science

Work and Family in the New Economy

Author: Samantha K. Ammons,Erin L. Kelly

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784416290

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 2163

This volume will focus on innovative research examining how the nature of paid work intersects with family and personal life today. This collection of cutting-edge research will be instrumental in shaping the next wave of work-family scholarship.
Business & Economics

Communities and Organizations

Author: Chris Marquis,Michael Lounsbury,Royston Greenwood

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780522851

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 363

View: 3088

Considers how diverse types of communities influence organizations, as well as the associated benefit of developing an accounting for community processes in organizational theory. This title focuses on social proximity and networks that has characterized the work on communities.
Business & Economics

The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism

Author: Royston Greenwood,Christine Oliver,Thomas B. Lawrence,Renate E. Meyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526415054

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 928

View: 8651

The second edition of the bestselling The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism has been thoroughly revised with new chapters added, bringing together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory.
Business & Economics

Institutions and Entrepreneurship

Author: Wesley D. Sine,Robert J. David

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857242393

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 5679

In this volume, we examine how the institutional environment affects entrepreneurial organizations, and vice-versa. This includes not only how the institutional environment constrains both founding processes and the type of organizations founded, but also how institutional dynamics construct new entrepreneurial opportunities, empower and facilitate action, and how entrepreneurs manipulate the institutional environment to serve their own ends. This institutional approach to entrepreneurship shifts attention away from the personal traits and backgrounds of individual entrepreneurs, and towards how institutions shape entrepreneurial opportunities and actions; how entrepreneurs navigate their cognitive, normative, and regulatory environments; and, how actors modify and build institutions to support new types of organizations.
Political Science

Social Entrepreneurship and Citizenship in China

The rise of NGOs in the PRC

Author: Carolyn L. Hsu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134854374

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 5079

Over the last thirty years, social entrepreneurship has boomed in the People’s Republic of China. Today there are hundreds of thousands of legally registered NGOs, and millions more unregistered, working in the areas of the environment, education, women’s issues, disability services, community development, LGBTQ rights, and healthcare. The rise of these Chinese NGOs and their implications for civil society merits the focus of significant scholarly attention. This book draws upon the personal stories of social entrepreneurs in China, as well as their supporters and beneficiaries, in order to examine what the rapid growth of social entrepreneurship reveals about China's complex and dynamic society in the 21st century. It discusses the historical, cultural, and political circumstances that allowed and inspired people to become social entrepreneurs and create new forms of democratic engagement. Examining what social entrepreneurship with Chinese characteristics looks like, the book explores how it is changing the relationship between Chinese citizens and the state, and goes on to explain the subsequent effect on Chinese society. Highlighting the importance of citizen activism in the PRC from an interdisciplinary perspective, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Chinese Politics, Civil Society and Sociology.
Business & Economics

Governing the Energy Transition

Reality, Illusion or Necessity?

Author: Geert Verbong,Derk Loorbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136456627

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 2311

The Energy Transition, the inevitable shift away from cheap, centralized, largely fossil-based energy systems, is one of the core challenges of our time. This book provides a coherent and novel insight into the nature of this challenge and possible strategies to accelerate and guide such transitions. It brings together prominent European scholars and practitioners from the fields of energy transition research and governance to draw attention to the current complex dynamics in the energy domain, and offer elegant and provocative explanations for current crises and lock-ins. They identify multiple energy transition pathways that emerge and increasingly compete, and emphasize the need and possibilities for novel governance. By analysing the complexity of energy transition processes and the difficulties in shifting to sustainable pathways, this text questions the extent to which actually governing energy transitions is already reality, just an illusion, or a bare necessity.
Business & Economics

The Sociology of Entrepreneurship

Author: Martin Ruef,Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762314338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 6178

Takes stock of entrepreneurship research within organizational sociology, critically examining the theoretical presuppositions of the field and situating extant research within the sociological canon. This work points the way towards a more comprehensive framework for the development of the sociology of entrepreneurship
Business & Economics

Entrepreneurship and Self-Help among Black Americans

A Reconsideration of Race and Economics, Revised Edition

Author: John Sibley Butler

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791458945

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 402

View: 1508

This long-awaited revision of a classic work traces the unique development of business enterprises and other community organizations among black Americans from before the Civil War to the present.
Business & Economics

The Routledge Companion to the Makers of Modern Entrepreneurship

Author: David B. Audretsch,Erik E. Lehmann

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317561716

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2054

Once relegated to the dusty shelves of ancient muses, research and scholarship on entrepreneurship has exploded as a field of research, with impactful additions from a range of disciplines rendering the field a tricky one to traverse. The Routledge Companion to the Makers of Modern Entrepreneurship offers a comprehensive guide to entrepreneurship, providing an authoritative exploration of the key people and their ideas. This book tells the stories of the scholars who have set the standard and tone for thinking and analysing entrepreneurship. Edited by two of the world’s leading entrepreneurship scholars, this comprehensive volume offers a platform for understanding and future research that is both state-of-the-art and authoritative. It expands on how modern entrepreneurship has developed, with a focus on the key "makers" of the field – including theories, such as social psychology; concepts, such as neuroeconomics; and types, such as political entrepreneurship. The contributions to the collection are grouped into three sections: Emergence of Entrepreneurship Research Theories in Modern Entrepreneurship Concepts and Makers in Modern Entrepreneurship This companion is essential reading for students and academics interested in entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial management and business management.
History

Violent Entrepreneurs

The Use of Force in the Making of Russian Capitalism

Author: Vadim Volkov

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801487781

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 9220

Entering the shady world of what he calls "violent entrepreneurship," Vadim Volkov explores the economic uses of violence and coercion in Russia in the 1990s. Violence has played, he shows, a crucial role in creating the institutions of a new market economy. The core of his work is competition among so-called violence-managing agencies—criminal groups, private security services, private protection companies, and informal protective agencies associated with the state—which multiplied with the liberal reforms of the early 1990s. This competition provides an unusual window on the dynamics of state formation. Violent Entrepreneurs is remarkable for its research. Volkov conducted numerous interviews with members of criminal groups, heads of protection companies, law enforcement employees, and businesspeople. He bases his findings on journalistic and anecdotal evidence as well as on his own personal observation. Volkov investigates the making of violence-prone groups in sports clubs (particularly martial arts clubs), associations for veterans of the Soviet—Afghan war, ethnic gangs, and regionally based social groups, and he traces the changes in their activities across the decade. Some groups wore state uniforms and others did not, but all of their members spoke and acted essentially the same and were engaged in the same activities: intimidation, protection, information gathering, dispute management, contract enforcement, and taxation. Each group controlled the same resource—organized violence.
Business & Economics

The Routledge Companion to Entrepreneurship

Author: Ted Baker,Friederike Welter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136218629

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 500

View: 9476

Research in entrepreneurship has been booming, with perspectives from a range of disciplines and numerous developing schools of thought. It can be difficult for young scholars and even long-time researchers to find their way through the lush garden of ideas we see before us. The purpose of this book is to map the research terrain of entrepreneurship, providing the perfect starting point for new and existing researchers looking to explore. Topics covered range from emerging perspective, through issues at the core of the field to innovative methodologies. Starting off with a preface by Bill Gartner, each section of the book brings together a world class set of established leading researchers and rising stars. This considered, comprehensive and conclusive companion integrates the recent debates in entrepreneurship research under one cover, to provide a resource which will be useful across disciplinary boundaries and for a whole range of students and researchers.
Business & Economics

Categories in Markets

Origins and Evolution

Author: Greta Hsu,Ozgecan Kocak,Giacomo Negro

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857245937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 8628

Focuses on how market categories shape processes of production and consumption and how these activities in turn shape category systems. This volume explores topics such as: how new categories emerge, become enacted and gain consensus, how categories are used by market agents, and how category systems change over time.

Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation

Ecosystems for Inclusion in Europe

Author: Mario Biggeri,Enrico Testi,Marco Belluci,H. Thomas R. Persson,Roel During

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780815375791

Category:

Page: 224

View: 7938

This book provides comprehensive and advanced analysis of the characteristics of social entrepreneurship in Europe. It offers innovative, up-to-date research on the ecosystems of social entrepreneurship, the behavior of social entrepreneurs, their ability to produce social innovation, social capital and social inclusion, and the role of stakeholders in fostering socially oriented businesses. Moreover, it addresses the diversity of the European social enterprise sector from an evolutionary perspective, with particular reference to the rise of social entrepreneurship and the role of new-generation social entrepreneurs throughout Europe. Multidisciplinary contributions authored by experts from business and accounting, economics and sociology serve the purpose of delivering a holistic study of social entrepreneurship, also providing the necessary data for delivering policy implications on the features of the most effective enabling social and institutional eco-systems. The broad approach based on different theoretical frameworks and methodologies, across numerous disciplines, enables the authors to tackle all of the complex research issues connected to social entrepreneurship in the region. The book builds on the results of the European Union 7FP (European Union's Research and Innovation funding programme for 2007-2013) funded "EFESEIIS - Enabling the flourishing and evolution of social entrepreneurship for innovative and inclusive societies" research project. The central theme of the book is an evolutionary perspective on the dynamics and the rise of the social enterprise in Europe. This evolutionary perspective can both be used in an economic as well as a social longitudinal analysis of changing contexts and entrepreneurial practices. The evolutionary perspective will be used as a tool to account for the specificity of developmental pathways in different contexts and countries.
Social Science

Handbook of Religion and Society

Author: David Yamane

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319313959

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 705

The Handbook of Religion and Society is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of a vital force in the world today. It is an indispensable resource for scholars, students, policy makers, and other professionals seeking to understand the role of religion in society. This includes both the social forces that shape religion and the social consequences of religion. This handbook captures the breadth and depth of contemporary work in the field, and shows readers important future directions for scholarship. Among the emerging topics covered in the handbook are biological functioning, organizational innovation, digital religion, spirituality, atheism, and transnationalism. The relationship of religion to other significant social institutions like work and entrepreneurship, science, and sport is also analyzed. Specific attention is paid, where appropriate, to international issues as well as to race, class, sexuality, and gender differences. This handbook includes 27 chapters by a distinguished, diverse, and international collection of experts, organized into 6 major sections: religion and social institutions; religious organization; family, life course, and individual change; difference and inequality; political and legal processes; and globalization and transnationalism.
Social Science

Sociology of Organizations

Structures and Relationships

Author: Mary Godwyn,Jody Hoffer Gittell

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412991951

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 5254

Sociology of Organizations: Structures and Relationships is a timely and unique collection of both classic and contemporary studies of organizations. Designed around competing theoretical frameworks, this cutting-edge book examines organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. This volume sheds light on some of the most interesting changes and challenges facing organizations today: the integration of new media, the implementation of diversity and inclusion, and the promotion of sustainable workforce engagement. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organization studies.
Business & Economics

Entrepreneurship

The Engine of Growth

Author: Maria Minniti,Andrew Zacharakis,Stephen Spinelli

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275989866

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 832

View: 4892

A landmark collection of original essays that explore the dynamics of entrepreneurship in the U.S. and around the world--from the "mindset" of the entrepreneur to the challenges of establishing and sustaining new ventures to the institutions and technologies that support new business creation
Social Science

The Sense of Dissonance

Accounts of Worth in Economic Life

Author: David Stark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831005

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3579

What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. This can be disorienting and disconcerting. Because of this, many organizations devote considerable resources to limiting and clarifying the logics used for evaluating worth. But as David Stark argues, firms would often be better off, especially in managing change, if they allowed multiple logics of worth and did not necessarily discourage uncertainty. In fact, in many cases multiple orders of worth are unavoidable, so organizations and firms should learn to harness the benefits of such "heterarchy" rather than seeking to purge it. Stark makes this argument with ethnographic case studies of three companies attempting to cope with rapid change: a machine-tool company in late and postcommunist Hungary, a new-media startup in New York during and after the collapse of the Internet bubble, and a Wall Street investment bank whose trading room was destroyed on 9/11. In each case, the friction of competing criteria of worth promoted an organizational reflexivity that made it easier for the company to change and deal with market uncertainty. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that "perplexing situations" provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, Stark argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery.
Business & Economics

The Institutional Logics Perspective

A New Approach to Culture, Structure and Process

Author: Patricia H. Thornton,William Ocasio,Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057363

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 1104

How do institutions influence and shape cognition and action in individuals and organizations, and how are they in turn shaped by them? Various social science disciplines have offered a range of theories and perspectives to provide answers to this question. Within organization studies in recent years, several scholars have developed the institutional logics perspective. An institutional logic is the set of material practices and symbolic systems including assumptions, values, and beliefs by which individuals and organizations provide meaning to their daily activity, organize time and space, and reproduce their lives and experiences. This approach affords significant insights, methodologies, and research tools, to analyze the multiple combinations of factors that may determine cognition, behaviour, and rationalities. In tracing the development of the institutional logics perspective from earlier institutional theory, the book analyzes seminal research, illustrating how and why influential works on institutional theory motivated a distinct new approach to scholarship on institutional logics. The book shows how the institutional logics perspective transforms institutional theory. It presents novel theory, further elaborates the institutional logics perspective, and forges new linkages to key literatures on practice, identity, and social and cognitive psychology. It develops the microfoundations of institutional logics and institutional entrepreneurship, proposing a set of mechanisms that go beyond meta-theory, integrating this work with macro theory on institutional logics into a cross-levels model of cultural heterogeneity. By incorporating current psychological understanding of human behaviour and linking it to sociological perspectives, it aims to provide an encompassing framework for institutional analysis, and to be an essential and accessible reference for scholars and advanced students of organizational behaviour, organization and management theory, business strategy, and cultural sociology.
Business & Economics

Contextualizing Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries

Author: Marcela Ramírez Pasillas,Ethel Brundin,Magdalena Markowska

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1785367536

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1297

Contextualizing Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries