Colour imaging technology has become almost ubiquitous in modern life in the form of monitors, liquid crystal screens, colour printers, scanners, and digital cameras. This book is a comprehensive guide to the scientific and engineering principles of colour imaging. It covers the physics of light and colour, how the eye and physical devices capture colour images, how colour is measured and calibrated, and how images are processed. It stresses physical principles and includes a wealth of real-world examples. The book will be of value to scientists and engineers in the colour imaging industry and, with homework problems, can also be used as a text for graduate courses on colour imaging.
Computers by Erik Reinhard,Erum Arif Khan,Ahmet Oguz Akyuz,Garrett Johnson
Author: Erik Reinhard,Erum Arif Khan,Ahmet Oguz Akyuz,Garrett Johnson
Publisher: CRC Press
This book provides the reader with an understanding of what color is, where color comes from, and how color can be used correctly in many different applications. The authors first treat the physics of light and its interaction with matter at the atomic level, so that the origins of color can be appreciated. The intimate relationship between energy levels, orbital states, and electromagnetic waves helps to explain why diamonds shimmer, rubies are red, and the feathers of the Blue Jay are blue. Then, color theory is explained from its origin to the current state of the art, including image capture and display as well as the practical use of color in disciplines such as computer graphics, computer vision, photography, and film.
An introduction to color in three-dimensional image processing and the emerging area of multi-spectral image processing The importance of color information in digital image processing is greater than ever. However, the transition from scalar to vector-valued image functions has not yet been generally covered in most textbooks. Now, Digital Color Image Processing fills this pressing need with a detailed introduction to this important topic. In four comprehensive sections, this book covers: The fundamentals and requirements for color image processing from a vector-valued viewpoint Techniques for preprocessing color images Three-dimensional scene analysis using color information, as well as the emerging area of multi-spectral imaging Applications of color image processing, presented via the examination of two case studies In addition to introducing readers to important new technologies in the field, Digital Color Image Processing also contains novel topics such as: techniques for improving three-dimensional reconstruction, three-dimensional computer vision, and emerging areas of safety and security applications in luggage inspection and video surveillance of high-security facilities. Complete with full-color illustrations and two applications chapters, Digital Color Image Processing is the only book that covers the breadth of the subject under one convenient cover. It is written at a level that is accessible for first- and second-year graduate students in electrical and computer engineering and computer science courses, and that is also appropriate for researchers who wish to extend their knowledge in the area of color image processing.
Technology & Engineering by Jürgen Beyerer,Fernando Puente León,Christian Frese
Grundlagen, Methoden und Praxis der Bildgewinnung und Bildauswertung
Author: Jürgen Beyerer,Fernando Puente León,Christian Frese
Category: Technology & Engineering
Das Lehrbuch behandelt systematisch die Bildgewinnung für die automatische Sichtprüfung. Die Autoren leiten die wesentlichen Methoden detailliert ab und stellen alle gängigen Bildgewinnungsverfahren in einem strukturierten Zusammenhang dar. Der zweite Teil des Buches ist der Bildsignalbeschreibung und der Bildauswertung gewidmet, wobei insbesondere Methoden behandelt werden, die für die automatische Sichtprüfung relevant sind. Die Autoren skizzieren die Herleitung der beschriebenen Methoden, ohne sich in mathematischen Details zu verlieren. Ihr Ziel ist, dass der Leser die Zusammenhänge wirklich versteht und das "große Bild" des Fachgebietes erkennt. Das Buch ist in sich geschlossen und bedarf zum Verständnis keiner ergänzenden Literatur. Die 2. Auflage wurde gründlich überarbeitet, inhaltlich ergänzt und aktualisiert. Neue Beispiele verdeutlichen den Bezug zur Praxis. Die Zielgruppen Das Buch eignet sich für Studierende der Informatik, Elektro- und Informationstechnik, der Physik und des Maschinenbaus. Ebenso wendet es sich an Ingenieure in der Automatisierungstechnik.
Increasing use of digital signals for transmitting data in television, photography and printing means the reproduction of pictorial colour in the 21st century continues to drive innovation in its development. Hunt’s classic text The Reproduction of Colour has been fully revised and updated for the sixth edition to provide a comprehensive introduction to colour imaging and colour reproduction. New illustrations, diagrams and photographs ensure that both students and practising engineers using colour images can gain a full understanding of the theory and practical applications behind the phenomena they encounter. Key features: Describes the fundamental principles of colour reproduction for photography, television, printing and electronic imaging. Provides detailed coverage of the physics of light and the property of colorants. Includes new chapters on digital printing and digital imaging, which discuss colour reproduction on HDTV and desktop publishing. Presents expanded coverage of the evaluation of colour appearance. The Reproduction of Colour is already used as a basis for lectures in universities and specialist institutions and continues to be an essential resource for scientists, engineers and developers needing to appreciate the technologies of colour perception. Reviews of the Fifth Edition: "The book is beautifully written and superbly presented. It is a credit to both author and publisher, and deserves to be on the shelves of anyone who has any concern with the reproduction of colour." From The Journal of Photographic Science, Vol. 43 1995 "Using his ability as a teacher, Dr Hunt has made potentially very difficult topics quite readable...he brings the insight that leads the reader to a greater depth of understanding." From Color Research and Application, Vol. 23 1998 The Society for Imaging Science and Technology is an international society that aims to advance the science and practices of image assessment. A major objective of the Wiley-IS&T series will be to explain the latest scientific and technological developments in the field of imaging at a professional level. The broad scope of the series will focus on imaging in all its aspects, with particular emphasis on digital printing, electronic imaging, photofinishing, image preservation, image assessment, image archiving, pre-press technologies and hybrid imaging systems.
A human observer is able to recognize the color of objects irrespective of the light used to illuminate them. This is called color constancy. A digital camera uses a sensor to measure the reflected light, meaning that the measured color at each pixel varies according to the color of the illuminant. Therefore, the resulting colors may not be the same as the colors that were perceived by the observer. Obtaining color constant descriptors from image pixels is not only important for digital photography, but also valuable for computer vision, color-based automatic object recognition, and color image processing in general. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of color constancy, describing all the major color constancy algorithms, as well as presenting cutting edge research in the area of color image processing. Beginning with an in-depth look at the human visual system, Ebner goes on to: examine the theory of color image formation, color reproduction and different color spaces; discuss algorithms for color constancy under both uniform and non-uniform illuminants; describe methods for shadow removal and shadow attenuation in digital images; evaluate the various algorithms for object recognition and color constancy and compare this to data obtained from experimental psychology; set out the different algorithms as pseudo code in an appendix at the end of the book. Color Constancy is an ideal reference for practising engineers, computer scientists and researchers working in the area of digital color image processing. It may also be useful for biologists or scientists in general who are interested in computational theories of the visual brain and bio-inspired engineering systems.
Science by Stephen Westland,Caterina Ripamonti,Vien Cheung
Author: Stephen Westland,Caterina Ripamonti,Vien Cheung
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Computational Colour Science Using MATLAB 2ndEdition offers a practical, problem-based approach to colourphysics. The book focuses on the key issues encountered in moderncolour engineering, including efficient representation of colourinformation, Fourier analysis of reflectance spectra and advancedcolorimetric computation. Emphasis is placed on the practicalapplications rather than the techniques themselves, with materialstructured around key topics. These topics include colourcalibration of visual displays, computer recipe prediction andmodels for colour-appearance prediction. Each topic is carefully introduced at three levels to aidstudent understanding. First, theoretical ideas and backgroundinformation are discussed, then explanations of mathematicalsolutions follow and finally practical solutions are presentedusing MATLAB. The content includes: A compendium of equations and numerical data required by themodern colour and imaging scientist. Numerous examples of solutions and algorithms for a wide-rangeof computational problems in colour science. Example scripts using the MATLAB programming language. This 2nd edition contains substantial new and revisedmaterial, including three innovative chapters on colour imaging,psychophysical methods, and physiological colour spaces; the MATLABtoolbox has been extended with a professional, optimized, toolboxto go alongside the current teaching toolbox; and a java toolboxhas been added which will interest users who are writing webapplications and/or applets or mobile phone applications. Computational Colour Science Using MATLAB 2ndEdition is an invaluable resource for students taking coursesin colour science, colour chemistry and colour physics as well astechnicians and researchers working in the area. In addition, itacts a useful reference for professionals and researchers workingin colour dependent industries such as textiles, paints, print& electronic imaging. Review from First Edition: “…highly recommended as a concise introduction to thepracticalities of colour science…” (Color Technology,2004)
The essential resource for readers needing to understand visual perception and for those trying to produce, reproduce and measure color appearance in various applications such as imaging, entertainment, materials, design, architecture and lighting. This book builds upon the success of previous editions, and will continue to serve the needs of those professionals working in the field to solve practical problems or looking for background for on-going research projects. It would also act as a good course text for senior undergraduates and postgraduates studying color science. The 3rd Edition of Color Appearance Models contains numerous new and expanded sections providing an updated review of color appearance and includes many of the most widely used models to date, ensuring its continued success as the comprehensive resource on color appearance models. Key features: Presents the fundamental concepts and phenomena of color appearance (what objects look like in typical viewing situations) and practical techniques to measure, model and predict those appearances. Includes the clear explanation of fundamental concepts that makes the implementation of mathematical models very easy to understand. Explains many different types of models, and offers a clear context for the models, their use, and future directions in the field.
This book covers recent advances in image processing and imaging sciences from an optimization viewpoint, especially convex optimization with the goal of designing tractable algorithms. Throughout the handbook, the authors introduce topics on the most key aspects of image acquisition and processing that are based on the formulation and solution of novel optimization problems. The first part includes a review of the mathematical methods and foundations required, and covers topics in image quality optimization and assessment. The second part of the book discusses concepts in image formation and capture from color imaging to radar and multispectral imaging. The third part focuses on sparsity constrained optimization in image processing and vision and includes inverse problems such as image restoration and de-noising, image classification and recognition and learning-based problems pertinent to image understanding. Throughout, convex optimization techniques are shown to be a critically important mathematical tool for imaging science problems and applied extensively. Convex Optimization Methods in Imaging Science is the first book of its kind and will appeal to undergraduate and graduate students, industrial researchers and engineers and those generally interested in computational aspects of modern, real-world imaging and image processing problems.
Photography by Elizabeth Allen,Sophie Triantaphillidou
The tenth edition of The Manual of Photography is an indispensable textbook for anyone who is serious about photography. It is ideal if you want to gain insight into the underlying scientific principles of photography and digital imaging, whether you are a professional photographer, lab technician, researcher or student in the field, or simply an enthusiastic amateur. This comprehensive guide takes you from capture to output in both digital and film media, with sections on lens use, darkroom techniques, digital cameras and scanners, image editing techniques and processes, workflow, digital file formats and image archiving. This iconic text was first published in 1890 and has aided many thousands of photographers in developing their own techniques and understanding of the medium. Now in full colour, The Manual of Photography still retains its clear, reader-friendly style and is filled with images and illustrations demonstrating the key principles. Not only giving you the skills and know-how to take stunning photographs, but will also allowing you to fully understand the science behind the creation of great images.
Die Autoren geben eine fundierte Einführung in die wichtigsten Methoden der digitalen Bildverarbeitung. Dabei steht die praktische Anwendbarkeit im Vordergrund, formale und mathematische Aspekte sind auf das Wesentliche reduziert, ohne dabei auf eine präzise und konsistente Vorgehensweise zu verzichten. Der Text eignet sich für technisch orientierte Studiengänge ab dem 3.Semester und basiert auf der mehrjährigen Lehrerfahrung der Autoren zu diesem Thema. Der Einsatz in der Lehre wird durch zahlreiche praktische Übungsaufgaben unterstützt. Das Buch eignet sich auch als detaillierte Referenz für Praktiker und Anwender gängiger Verfahren der digitalen Bildverarbeitung, z.B. in der Medizin, der Materialprüfung, der Robotik oder der Medientechnik. Softwareseitig basiert das Buch auf der in Java implementierten und frei verfügbaren Bildverarbeitungsumgebung ImageJ.
An accessible but technically rigorous guide to color management for all users in all market segments Understanding Color Management, 2nd Edition explains the basics of color science as needed to understand color profiling software, color measuring instruments, and software applications, such as Adobe Photoshop and proofing RIPs. It also serves as a practical guide to International Color Consortium (ICC) profiles describing procedures for managing color with digital cameras, LCD displays, inkjet proofers, digital presses and web browsers and tablets. Updates since the first edition include new chapters on iPads, tablets and smartphones; home-cinema projection systems, as well as, with the industrial user in mind, new additional chapters on large-format inkjet for signage and banner printing, flexography, xerography and spot color workflows. Key features: Managing color in digital cameras with Camera Raw and DNG. Step-by-step approach to using color management in Adobe Photoshop CC. M0, M1, M2 instrument measurement modes explained. Testing of low cost, iPhone color measuring instruments. Updated to include iccMAX (Version 5.0) ICC profiles. G7 calibration explained with practical examples. Conventional printing conditions described - SNAP, GRACoL, SWOP, Fogra, CRPC. New sections on Pantone EXTENDED GAMUT Guide. Introduction to XML for color management applications. Understanding Color Management, 2nd Edition is a valuable resource for digital photographers, keen amateurs and end-users, graphic designers and artists, web masters, production and prepress operators and supervisors, color scientists and researchers, color consultants, and manufacturers. It is a must-have course text for college and university students of graphics arts, graphic communications, digital photography, print media, and imaging arts and sciences. The Society for Imaging Science and Technology (imaging.org) is an international professional society whose mission is to keep members and others aware of the latest scientific and technological developments in the greater field of imaging. A major objective of the Wiley-IS&T series is to advance this goal at the professional level. The broad scope of the series focuses on imaging in all its aspects, with particular emphasis on digital printing, electronic imaging, image assessment and reproduction, image archiving and preservation, color science, pre-press technologies, and hybrid imaging systems.
Photography by Elizabeth Allen,Sophie Triantaphillidou
The tenth edition of The Manual of Photography is an indispensable textbook for anyone who Presetous about photography. It is ideal if you want to gain insight into the underlying scientific principles of photography and digital imaging, whether you are a professional photographer, lab technician, researcher or student in the field, or simply an enthusiastic amateur. This comprehensive guide takes you from capture to output in both digital and film media, with sections on lens use, darkroom techniques, digital cameras and scanners, image editing techniques and processes, workflow, digital file formats and image archiving. This iconic text was first published in 1890 and has aided many thousands of photographers in developing their own techniques and understanding of the medium. Now in full colour, The Manual of Photography still retains its clear, reader-friendly style and is filled with images and illustrations demonstrating the key principles. We hope that it will not only give you the skills and know-how to take stunning photographs, but will also allow you to fully understand the science behind the creation of great images.
Increasing numbers of physicists, chemists, and mathematicians are moving into biology, reading literature across disciplines, and mastering novel biochemical concepts. To succeed in this transition, researchers must understand on a practical level what is experimentally feasible. The number of experimental techniques in biology is vast and often specific to particular subject areas; nonetheless, there are a few basic methods that provide a conceptual underpinning for broad application. Introduction to Experimental Biophysics is the ideal benchtop companion for physical scientists interested in getting their hands wet. Assuming familiarity with basic physics and the scientific method but no previous background in biology or chemistry, this book provides: A thorough description of modern experimental and analytical techniques used in biological and biophysical research Practical information and step-by-step guidance on instrumentation and experimental design Recipes for common solutions and media, lists of important reagents, and a glossary of biological terms used Developed for graduate students in biomedical engineering, physics, chemical engineering, chemistry, mathematics, and computer science, Introduction to Experimental Biophysics is an essential resource for scientists to overcoming conceptual and technical barriers to working in a biology wet lab.
Introduction to Ion Bean Biotechnology presents an comprehensive primer on radiation-induced mutations and implantation of charged particles altering biological development. As such, its one of the most intriging and leading tools in bioengineering cells. IIBB cover the physics of ions particles, the biological effects of ion implantations in cells, and the subsequent use in bacteria, in viruses, and in plants. IIBB covers important areas: Inducing genetic mutations on the molecular level Inducing cells to catalyze targeted gene transfer Ion beam technology is a new area, still very young IIBB will be essentinal reading for any student, reseacher, or industry professional seeking to understand and master the mechanisms of such mutations.
The Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of color to all fields of science and technology, including artistic and historical aspects of color. Many topics are discussed in this timely reference, including an introduction to the science of color, and entries on the physics, chemistry and perception of color. Color is described as it relates to optical phenomena of color and continues on through colorants and materials used to modulate color and also to human vision of color. The measurement of color is provided as is colorimetry, color spaces, color difference metrics, color appearance models, color order systems and cognitive color. Other topics discussed include industrial color, color imaging, capturing color, displaying color and printing color. Descriptions of color encodings, color management, processing color and applications relating to color synthesis for computer graphics are included in this work. The Encyclopedia also delves into color as it applies to other domains such as art and design – ie – color design, color harmony, color palettes, color and accessibility, researching color deficiency, and color and data visualization. There is also information on color in art conservation, color and architecture, color and educations, color and culture, and an overview of the history of color and comments on the future of color. This unique work will extend the influence of color to a much wider audience than has been possible to date.
Computers by Raimondo Schettini,Shoji Tominaga,Alain Trémeau
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third Computational Color Imaging Workshop, CCIW 2010, held in Milan, Italy, in April 2010. The 16 revised full papers, presented together with three invited papers, were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational photography, color and perception, color imaging, and computational imaging.
Computers by Konstantinos Plataniotis,Anastasios N. Venetsanopoulos
Author: Konstantinos Plataniotis,Anastasios N. Venetsanopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Reporting the state of the art of colour image processing, this monograph fills a gap in the literature on digital signal and image processing. It contains numerous examples and pictures of colour image processing results, plus a library of algorithms implemented in C.
Edited and expanded to keep pace with the digital revolution, the new edition of this highly popular and critically acclaimed work provides a comprehensive exploration of imaging science. Brilliantly written and extensively illustrated, The Science of Imaging: An Introduction, Second Edition covers the fundamental laws of physics as well as the cutting-edge techniques defining current and future directions in the field. Improvements to this Edition Include: A new chapter on astronomical imaging A larger format with a wealth of illustrations Major revisions in the areas of digital imaging and modern technology Updated references with links to a wealth of online resources—including teaching material and expanded information This accessible introduction to the subject takes students on a grand tour of imaging. Starting with the fundamentals of light and basic cameras, the author journeys through television and holography to advanced scientific and medical imaging. He highlights essential formulas, while keeping the complex mathematics to a minimum. Copiously illustrated with a wealth of examples and a 16-page color insert, the text covers optics, imaging systems, materials, and image interpretation and creation in a manner that makes it easy to understand. Praise for the critically acclaimed First Edition: It's the best book I have read on the subject at this level. —Ron Graham, RPS Journal ... every student should read it, every photographer should own it, and every lecturer and journalist should know its contents inside out. —Jon Tarrant, British Journal of Photography