Science

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition

Author: Suzanne Amador Kane,Nancy Donaldson,Boris Gelman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439894892

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4151

From x-rays to lasers to magnetic resonance imaging, developments in basic physics research have been transformed into medical technologies for imaging, surgery and therapy at an ever accelerating pace. Physics has joined with genetics and molecular biology to define much of what is modern in modern medicine. Covering a wide range of applications, Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition builds on the bestselling original. Based on a course taught by the author, the book provides medical personnel and students with an exploration of the physics-related applications found in state-of-the-art medical centers. Requiring no previous acquaintance with physics, biology, or chemistry and keeping mathematics to a minimum, the application-dedicated chapters adhere to simple and self-contained qualitative explanations that make use of examples and illustrations. With an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and computers in medicine, the text gives readers a fundamental understanding of the practical application of each concept and the basic science behind it. This book provides medical students with an excellent introduction to how physics is applied in medicine, while also providing students in physics with an introduction to medical physics. Each chapter includes worked examples and a complete list of problems and questions. That so much of the technology discussed in this book was the stuff of dreams just a few years ago, makes this book as fascinating as it is practical, both for those in medicine as well as those in physics who might one day discover that the project they are working on is basis for the next great medical application. This edition: Covers hybrid scanners for cancer imaging and the interplay of molecular medicine with imaging technologies such as MRI, CT and PET Looks at camera pills that can film from the inside upon swallowing and advances in robotic surgery devices Explores Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, proton therapy, and other new forms of cancer treatment Reflects on the use of imaging technologies in developing countries
Science

The Physics of Living Processes

A Mesoscopic Approach

Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698274

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 5959

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semestercourse, presents the fundamentals of biological physics,introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers,polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions,self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemicalkinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, thesenses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations ofrecent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the mostdiverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach iscomprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale —structures on length scales between those of atoms and themacroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections betweenmolecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novelintegrated perspective on biological physics, making this animportant text across a variety of scientific disciplines includingbiophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering andbioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included,which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools toapproach problems in the life sciences from medicine,pharmaceutical science and agriculture.
Science

Applications of Modern Physics in Medicine

Author: Mark Strikman,Kevork Spartalian,Milton W. Cole

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400865433

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 1362

Many remarkable medical technologies, diagnostic tools, and treatment methods have emerged as a result of modern physics discoveries in the last century—including X-rays, radiation treatment, laser surgery, high-resolution ultrasound scans, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging. This undergraduate-level textbook describes the fundamental physical principles underlying these technological advances, emphasizing their applications to the practice of modern medicine. Intended for science and engineering students with one year of introductory physics background, this textbook presents the medical applications of fundamental principles of physics to students who are considering careers in medical physics, biophysics, medicine, or nuclear engineering. It also serves as an excellent reference for advanced students, as well as medical and health researchers, practitioners, and technicians who are interested in developing the background required to understand the changing landscape of medical science. Practice exercises are included and solutions are available separately in an instructor's manual. Complete discussion of the fundamental physical principles underlying modern medicine Accessible exploration of the physics encountered in a typical visit to a doctor Practice exercises are included and solutions are provided in a separate instructor’s manual (available to professors) A companion website (modernphysicsinmedicine.com) presents supplementary materials
Science

Pohls Einführung in die Physik

Mechanik, Akustik und Wärmelehre

Author: Klaus Lüders,Robert O. Pohl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540351191

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 4409

Jahrzehntelang das klassische Lehrbuch der Experimentalphysik, steht der "Pohl" jetzt wieder zur Verfügung, in 2 Bänden, überarbeitet und mit Kommentaren und Videos ausgestattet. Band 1 ist eine CD-ROM beigefügt, mit über 40 Videos, die die Experimentdarstellung wesentlich ergänzen.
Medical

Nuclear and Radiation Physics in Medicine

A Conceptual Introduction

Author: Tony Key

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814566845

Category: Medical

Page: 940

View: 6320

Modern physics, radiation, atomic and nuclear physics have revolutionized medical diagnosis and the treatment of cancer. The work of the scientists whose discoveries fuelled this revolution is an important part of our scientific and cultural heritage. Using basic physics and simple mathematics this book shows how the discoveries of fundamental physics lead to an understanding of the important design principles of diagnosis and radiation therapy. With its carefully chosen and realistic exercises and worked examples, it provides a brief introduction and broad foundation for students and practitioners in the life sciences. This book could be used as a text for an introductory course in medical physics or biophysics. For those who are starting their careers in medical sciences or are already practitioners, it offers some interesting and useful background and an aide-memoire of the basics. For members of the public it could provide a deeper understanding of the science that informs the medical procedures that too many will be subject to, at a deeper level than the often excellent but, of necessity very basic and purely practical information available from hospitals and Web sites. The former audience may be interested in the mathematical demonstrations; the latter certainly will not be. However, for both audiences, the details of the calculations are less important than the knowledge that they can be done.
Science

Biomaterials Science

An Introduction to Materials in Medicine

Author: Buddy D. Ratner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0125824637

Category: Science

Page: 851

View: 6280

"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.
Science

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine

Author: Laura Harkness-Brennan

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1643270346

Category: Science

Page: 94

View: 5905

The complexity and vulnerability of the human body has driven the development of a diverse range of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in modern medicine. The Nuclear Medicine procedures of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Radionuclide Therapy are well-established in clinical practice and are founded upon the principles of radiation physics. This book will offer an insight into the physics of nuclear medicine by explaining the principles of radioactivity, how radionuclides are produced and administered as radiopharmaceuticals to the body and how radiation can be detected and used to produce images for diagnosis. The treatment of diseases such as thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism and lymphoma by radionuclide therapy will also be explored.
Science

Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

Author: Ervin B. Podgorsak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540294716

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 8746

This book is intended as a textbook for a course in radiation physics in a- demic medical physics graduate programs. The book may also be of interest to the large number of professionals, not only physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics and have a need to improve their understanding of radiation physics. Medical physics is a rapidly growing specialty of physics, concerned with the application of physics to medicine mainly, but not exclusively, in the - plication of ionizing radiation to diagnosis and treatment of human disease. In contrast to other physics specialties, such as nuclear physics, solid-state physics, and high-energy physics, studies of modern medical physics attract a much broader base of professionals including graduate students in me- cal physics, medical residents and technology students in radiation oncology and diagnostic imaging, students in biomedical engineering, and students in radiationsafetyandradiationdosimetryeducationalprograms.Theseprof- sionals have diverse background knowledge of physics and mathematics, but they all have a common desire to improve their knowledge of the physics that underlies the application of ionizing radiation in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Medical

An Introduction to Radiography E-Book

Author: Suzanne Easton

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0080982492

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 7514

This book provides an overview of all aspects of radiography for the practitioner. It is written to address the areas of practice of assistant practitioners and practitioners within the clinical environment. Areas covered range from ethics and communication, through to the physics of radiography and x-ray production, and specialist techniques. Anatomy, physiology and pathology are also covered, ensuring the text is a complete introduction to radiography. Each chapter covers key points and provides revision questions (with answers) and recommended reading for exploring the chapter topic in more depth. Very structured text with clear headings and relevance to practice indicated throughout Chapter style will enable students to dip into text to find relevant information as an aid to revision Set of revision questions at end of each chapter All contributors currently teach Assistant Practitioners and student radiographers
Medical

An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Author: Claude Bernard

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486204000

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 6120

The basic principles of scientific research from the great French physiologist whose contributions in the 19th century included the discovery of vasomotor nerves; nature of curare and other poisons in human body; more.
Medical

Physics in Biology and Medicine

Author: Paul Davidovits

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122048401

Category: Medical

Page: 303

View: 772

This interdisciplinary introductory text covers topics in physics as they apply to the life sciences, specifically medicine, physiology, nursing and other applied health fields. Physics for Biology and Medicine, Second Edition is a concise introductory paperback that surveys and relates basic physics to living systems. It discusses biological systems that can be analyzed quantitatively and how advances in the life sciences have been aided by physical or engineering analysis. Applicable courses are Biophysics and Applied Physics * Provides many practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems * Explains the operation of modern medical devices such as Computerised Axial Tomography (CAT) scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in simple understandable terms * Presents material in a straightforward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology * Includes many figures, examples, and illustrative problems * Includes appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics
Education

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update

Author: Raymond A. Serway,John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465393

Category: Education

Page: 1344

View: 7929

Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Education

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Volume 1, Technology Update

Author: Raymond A. Serway,John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305804465

Category: Education

Page: 784

View: 7784

Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Science

Modern Physics

An Introductory Text Second Edition

Author: Jeremy I Pfeffer,Shlomo Nir

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1908979577

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 5202

This second edition of the successful textbook, Modern Physics: An Introductory Text, preserves the unique blend of readability, scientific rigour and authenticity that made its predecessor so indispensible a text for non-physics science majors. As in the first edition, it sets out to present 20th century physics in a form accessible and useful to students of the life sciences, medicine, agricultural, earth and environmental sciences. It is also valuable as a first reader and source text for students majoring in the physical sciences and engineering. Two new chapters have been added, one on Einstein's elucidation of Brownian Motion and the second on Quantum Electrodynamics. Taking the discovery of the electron, the formulation of Maxwellian electromagnetism and Einstein's elucidation of Brownian motion as its starting point, the text proceeds to a comprehensive presentation of the three seminal ideas of 20th century physics: Special and General Relativity, Quantum Theory and the Nuclear Atom. From here the text moves on to the new discoveries prompted by these ideas, their impact on our understanding of natural phenomena and their application to the development and invention of the devices and technologies that define the 21st century. Questions, exercises and problems for student assignments are found at the end of each of the six parts into which the text is divided; answers to the numerical questions are at the end of the book. The techniques by which trigonometric functions, phasors (rotating vectors) and complex numbers are employed in the mathematical description of wave motion are summarised in a supplementary section. In consideration of the audience for whom the book is intended, all mathematics other than that required for descriptive or illustrative purposes has been omitted from the main body of the text and incorporated into the 47 worked examples and 11 appendices. Sample Chapter(s) Preface and Table of Contents (69 KB) Chapter 1.1: The Electron (65 KB) Request Inspection Copy
Medical

Essential Physics for Manual Medicine E-Book

Author: Martin Ferrier Young

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050024

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 2465

A textbook that covers Physical concepts at a basic level for manual therapists specifically . Clinicians in general and manual therapists in particular have a need tounderstand certain, specific aspects of physics to an advanced level.However, many lack prior education in this area, with chemistry and biology 'A' levels being emphasized in terms of entrance requirements. Most textbooks aimed at this field concentrate exclusively on the physics underpinning biomechanics, but the level at which these books are pitched is often too high to allow understanding by students who have an inadequate background in the subject. This book acts, in part, as a primer to address this deficit. Students are also required to understand the basic physics underpinning physiology, biochemistry, radiography and therapeutics. This textbook will be a guide to these specialist areas of knowledge. This text will cover biophysics as a core subject to guide the potential clinician from total ignorance to complete mastery in the areas of physics pertinent to manual medicine and its related disciplines.
Medical

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

Humanizing Modern Medicine

Author: James A. Marcum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402067976

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 9457

In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”