Science

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition

Author: Suzanne Amador Kane,Nancy Donaldson,Boris Gelman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439894892

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3712

From x-rays to lasers to magnetic resonance imaging, developments in basic physics research have been transformed into medical technologies for imaging, surgery and therapy at an ever accelerating pace. Physics has joined with genetics and molecular biology to define much of what is modern in modern medicine. Covering a wide range of applications, Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Second Edition builds on the bestselling original. Based on a course taught by the author, the book provides medical personnel and students with an exploration of the physics-related applications found in state-of-the-art medical centers. Requiring no previous acquaintance with physics, biology, or chemistry and keeping mathematics to a minimum, the application-dedicated chapters adhere to simple and self-contained qualitative explanations that make use of examples and illustrations. With an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and computers in medicine, the text gives readers a fundamental understanding of the practical application of each concept and the basic science behind it. This book provides medical students with an excellent introduction to how physics is applied in medicine, while also providing students in physics with an introduction to medical physics. Each chapter includes worked examples and a complete list of problems and questions. That so much of the technology discussed in this book was the stuff of dreams just a few years ago, makes this book as fascinating as it is practical, both for those in medicine as well as those in physics who might one day discover that the project they are working on is basis for the next great medical application. This edition: Covers hybrid scanners for cancer imaging and the interplay of molecular medicine with imaging technologies such as MRI, CT and PET Looks at camera pills that can film from the inside upon swallowing and advances in robotic surgery devices Explores Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy, proton therapy, and other new forms of cancer treatment Reflects on the use of imaging technologies in developing countries
Science

The Physics of Living Processes

A Mesoscopic Approach

Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698274

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 2620

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semester course, presents the fundamentals of biological physics, introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers, polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions, self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemical kinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, the senses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations of recent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the most diverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach is comprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale — structures on length scales between those of atoms and the macroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections between molecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novel integrated perspective on biological physics, making this an important text across a variety of scientific disciplines including biophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering and bioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included, which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools to approach problems in the life sciences from medicine, pharmaceutical science and agriculture.
Biophysics

Biophysik

Eine Einführung

Author: Rodney Cotterill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527406869

Category: Biophysics

Page: 395

View: 475

Was eignet sich besser zum Einstieg in ein neues Fachgebiet als ein in der Muttersprache verfasster Text? So manch angehender Biophysiker hätte sich den englischen 'Biophysics' von Cotterill schon lange als deutsche Übersetzung gewünscht. Hier ist sie: sorgfältig strukturiert und ausgewogen wie das englische Original, mit dem Vorzug der schnelleren Erfaßbarkeit. Vom Molekül bis zum Bewusstsein deckt der "Cotterill" alle Ebenen ab. Er setzt nur wenig Grundwissen voraus und ist damit für die Einführungsvorlesung nach dem Vordiplom ideal. Zusätzliche Anhänge mit mathematischen und physikalischen Grundlagen machen das Lehrbuch auch für Chemiker und Biologen attraktiv.
Science

Applications of Modern Physics in Medicine

Author: Mark Strikman,Kevork Spartalian,Milton W. Cole

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400865433

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 4136

Many remarkable medical technologies, diagnostic tools, and treatment methods have emerged as a result of modern physics discoveries in the last century—including X-rays, radiation treatment, laser surgery, high-resolution ultrasound scans, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging. This undergraduate-level textbook describes the fundamental physical principles underlying these technological advances, emphasizing their applications to the practice of modern medicine. Intended for science and engineering students with one year of introductory physics background, this textbook presents the medical applications of fundamental principles of physics to students who are considering careers in medical physics, biophysics, medicine, or nuclear engineering. It also serves as an excellent reference for advanced students, as well as medical and health researchers, practitioners, and technicians who are interested in developing the background required to understand the changing landscape of medical science. Practice exercises are included and solutions are available separately in an instructor's manual. Complete discussion of the fundamental physical principles underlying modern medicine Accessible exploration of the physics encountered in a typical visit to a doctor Practice exercises are included and solutions are provided in a separate instructor’s manual (available to professors) A companion website (modernphysicsinmedicine.com) presents supplementary materials
Medical

Nuclear and Radiation Physics in Medicine

A Conceptual Introduction

Author: Tony Key

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814566845

Category: Medical

Page: 940

View: 6131

Modern physics, radiation, atomic and nuclear physics have revolutionized medical diagnosis and the treatment of cancer. The work of the scientists whose discoveries fuelled this revolution is an important part of our scientific and cultural heritage. Using basic physics and simple mathematics this book shows how the discoveries of fundamental physics lead to an understanding of the important design principles of diagnosis and radiation therapy. With its carefully chosen and realistic exercises and worked examples, it provides a brief introduction and broad foundation for students and practitioners in the life sciences. This book could be used as a text for an introductory course in medical physics or biophysics. For those who are starting their careers in medical sciences or are already practitioners, it offers some interesting and useful background and an aide-memoire of the basics. For members of the public it could provide a deeper understanding of the science that informs the medical procedures that too many will be subject to, at a deeper level than the often excellent but, of necessity very basic and purely practical information available from hospitals and Web sites. The former audience may be interested in the mathematical demonstrations; the latter certainly will not be. However, for both audiences, the details of the calculations are less important than the knowledge that they can be done.
Mathematics

Einführung in die Mechanik und Symmetrie

Eine grundlegende Darstellung klassischer mechanischer Systeme

Author: Jerrold E. Marsden,Tudor S. Ratiu

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642568599

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 918

Symmetrie spielt in der Mechanik eine große Rolle. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Entwicklung zugrunde liegender Theorien. Besonderes Gewicht wird der Symmetrie beigemessen. Ursache hierfür sind Entwicklungen im Bereich dynamischer Systeme, der Einsatz geometrischer Verfahren und neue Anwendungen. Dieses Lehrbuch stellt Grundlagen bereit und beschreibt zahlreiche spezifische Anwendungen. Interessant für Physiker und Ingenieure. Ausgewählte Beispiele, Anwendungen, aktuelle Verfahren/Techniken veranschaulichen die Theorie.
Medical

Biomaterials Science

An Introduction to Materials in Medicine

Author: Buddy D. Ratner,Allan S. Hoffman,Frederick J. Schoen,Jack E. Lemons

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 008087780X

Category: Medical

Page: 1573

View: 2656

The revised edition of this renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science. It provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key reference for practitioners who are involved in the applications of materials in medicine. Over 29,000 copies sold, this is the most comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials: "the only such text that currently covers this area comprehensively" - Materials Today Edited by four of the best-known figures in the biomaterials field today; fully endorsed and supported by the Society for Biomaterials Fully revised and expanded, key new topics include of tissue engineering, drug delivery systems, and new clinical applications, with new teaching and learning material throughout, case studies and a downloadable image bank
Science

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine

Author: Laura Harkness-Brennan

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1643270346

Category: Science

Page: 94

View: 7377

The complexity and vulnerability of the human body has driven the development of a diverse range of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in modern medicine. The Nuclear Medicine procedures of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Radionuclide Therapy are well-established in clinical practice and are founded upon the principles of radiation physics. This book will offer an insight into the physics of nuclear medicine by explaining the principles of radioactivity, how radionuclides are produced and administered as radiopharmaceuticals to the body and how radiation can be detected and used to produce images for diagnosis. The treatment of diseases such as thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism and lymphoma by radionuclide therapy will also be explored.
Medical

An Introduction to Radiography E-Book

Author: Suzanne Easton

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0080982492

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 1104

This book provides an overview of all aspects of radiography for the practitioner. It is written to address the areas of practice of assistant practitioners and practitioners within the clinical environment. Areas covered range from ethics and communication, through to the physics of radiography and x-ray production, and specialist techniques. Anatomy, physiology and pathology are also covered, ensuring the text is a complete introduction to radiography. Each chapter covers key points and provides revision questions (with answers) and recommended reading for exploring the chapter topic in more depth. Very structured text with clear headings and relevance to practice indicated throughout Chapter style will enable students to dip into text to find relevant information as an aid to revision Set of revision questions at end of each chapter All contributors currently teach Assistant Practitioners and student radiographers
Medical

An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Author: Claude Bernard

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486204000

Category: Medical

Page: 226

View: 6831

The basic principles of scientific research from the great French physiologist whose contributions in the 19th century included the discovery of vasomotor nerves; nature of curare and other poisons in human body; more.
Science

Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

Author: Ervin B. Podgorsak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319253824

Category: Science

Page: 906

View: 7521

This textbook summarizes the basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and radiation physics that professionals working in medical physics and biomedical engineering need for efficient and safe use of ionizing radiation in medicine. Concentrating on the underlying principles of radiation physics, the textbook covers the prerequisite knowledge for medical physics courses on the graduate and post-graduate levels in radiotherapy physics, radiation dosimetry, imaging physics, and health physics, thus providing the link between elementary undergraduate physics and the intricacies of four medical physics specialties: diagnostic radiology physics, nuclear medicine physics, radiation oncology physics, and health physics. To recognize the importance of radiation dosimetry to medical physics three new chapters have been added to the 14 chapters of the previous edition. Chapter 15 provides a general introduction to radiation dosimetry. Chapter 16 deals with absolute radiation dosimetry systems that establish absorbed dose or some other dose related quantity directly from the signal measured by the dosimeter. Three absolute dosimetry techniques are known and described in detail: (i) calorimetric; (ii) chemical (Fricke), and (iii) ionometric. Chapter 17 deals with relative radiation dosimetry systems that rely on a previous dosimeter calibration in a known radiation field. Many relative radiation dosimetry systems have been developed to date and four most important categories used routinely in medicine and radiation protection are described in this chapter: (i) Ionometric dosimetry; (ii) Luminescence dosimetry; (iii) Semiconductor dosimetry; and (iv) Film dosimetry. The book is intended as a textbook for a radiation physics course in academic medical physics graduate programs as well as a reference book for candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical physics sub-specialties. It may also be of interest to many professionals, not only physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics or radiation physics and have a need or desire to improve their understanding of radiation physics.
Science

Fluid Mechanics

An Introduction to the Theory of Fluid Flows

Author: Franz Durst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540713433

Category: Science

Page: 723

View: 3388

Fluid mechanics embraces engineering, science, and medicine. This book’s logical organization begins with an introductory chapter summarizing the history of fluid mechanics and then moves on to the essential mathematics and physics needed to understand and work in fluid mechanics. Analytical treatments are based on the Navier-Stokes equations. The book also fully addresses the numerical and experimental methods applied to flows. This text is specifically written to meet the needs of students in engineering and science. Overall, readers get a sound introduction to fluid mechanics.
Education

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update

Author: Raymond A. Serway,John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305465393

Category: Education

Page: 1344

View: 9674

Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Education

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Volume 1, Technology Update

Author: Raymond A. Serway,John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305804465

Category: Education

Page: 784

View: 1543

Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 7730

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.
Science

Compendium to Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

300 Problems and Solutions

Author: Ervin B. Podgorsak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642201865

Category: Science

Page: 1148

View: 5899

This exercise book contains 300 typical problems and exercises in modern physics and radiation physics with complete solutions, detailed equations and graphs. This textbook is linked directly with the textbook "Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists", Springer (2010) but can also be used in combination with other related textbooks. For ease of use, this textbook has exactly the same organizational layout (14 chapters, 128 sections) as the "Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists" textbook and each section is covered by at least one problem with solution given. Equations, figures and tables are cross-referenced between the two books. It is the only large compilation of textbook material and associated solved problems in medical physics, radiation physics, and biophysics.
Education

Introduction to Understandable Physics

Modern and Frontier Physics

Author: Will Winn

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1452048983

Category: Education

Page: 444

View: 3859

Will Winn has written {Introduction to Understandable Physics} in a building-block fashion. Accordingly, {Volume IV - Modern and Frontier Physics} builds on the classical physics of the earlier volumes. {Volume IV} begins by studying the birth of quantum physics and relativity early in the twentieth century. These concepts then apply to atomic physics, explaining the periodic table relative to quantized electron shells. Similarly, nuclear physics explores the nucleus relative to its collective shell model. Atomic and nuclear applications are examined in medicine, power production and research, along with familiar items such as smoke detectors, cell phones and bar-code scanners. Frontier physics examines both extremely small and large structures. Protons, neutrons, and many other particles can be classified into families. Each particle comprises {quarks}, which define a "genetic" family. A deeper substructure of {strings} has also been theorized but experimental confirmation is problematic. For very large structures, cosmology explores the evolution of the universe, noting that the Big-Bang projects that "the very small" and "the very large" were "one-and-the-same" in their early development. This sameness argues that the four basic forces of nature were originally indistinguishable! Our understanding of the expansion of the universe has been impacted by the discoveries of {dark matter} and {dark energy}, The expansion rate projects the ultimate destiny of the universe - a "big crunch" or continued expansion. Much is yet to be explored! Near the end of each chapter a [Simple Projects] section suggests experiments and/or field trips that can reinforce the physics covered. Some experiments are simple enough for students to explore alone, while others benefit from equipment available to physics instructors. Also {optional} text sections provide students with a deeper appreciation of the subject matter; however these are not required for continuity. Some of these optional topics can be candidates for term projects.